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Visible Display of Divine Providence ; 



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Every remarkable Occurrence which took place on board the Ships 
Dvf % Le Grand Buonaparte, De Paquett Postilhao de Merica, 
Amazon a, am) Medvza, and in the Province of Paraguay, Spanish 
South America ; and at Portugal, on the return home, in thus 
Years 179S and 1799- 



With extracts compiled from the Journals of the Rev. Peter Levesque, 
Rev. John Hill, Dr. Turner, James Jones, John Levesque, and 
other Missionaries captured in the Duff. 

" Why should the w onders he hath wrought, 
** Be Jost in silence and forgot." Watts. 

To which is added, the Journal or Tour of the Author, sinct his 
return, through the North of Ike land, engaged under the pa- 
tronage of the Kvangdrral Society of Ulster, in the Summer of the 
Year 1800 ; containing interesting particulars relative to the state 
of Religion in that country, and success of the Gospel, Sec. &c. 


printed by J. Skirven, Ratclifi-highway, for, and sold by the Author, 
100, Whitehorse-street, Ratclitf -ck>ss ; Synionds, Paternoster-row, 
and by all Booksellers and Newscarriers in the three Kingdoms. 

Price only Four Shillings : a few Impressions on fine Paper, hotr 
press'd, Six Sir {lings. 
[entered at station erVh all.] 

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THE very favourable reception which the firft Edition met With, 
both from the religious and public at large, called for a second 
edition in a few months, and had not the Author been called io 
Providence to itenerate in Ireland immediately after the work ap- 
peared, it woujd have been publilhed. 

Since his return to his family in London, the great aflBduity with 
which it has been fought after has called the prefent edition forth % 
and as feveral Mrniflers and others have ex pre fled their defire to 
have the work more generally circulated, it has been recommended 
-that, if pofEble, the price might be reduced, when in compliance to 
Jtbisrequeft, this edition is prcfented oq a fmaller type, fo that the 
whole is contained in amuch lefs compafc, and nearly of half the 
price of the firft. 

Through the advice of fome of his friends, alfo, the lift of thofe 
fefpe&able fubCcribers who fan£tioned the . work has been omitted* 
to make rodm for what was fuppofed would prove acceptable to thav 
religious public,-P-His Jquknal in the North or laeLAup, 
and which is now fubjoined, 

It was with fome reluctance (r.otwithftanding the repeated applica- 
tions), that he undertook the prefent edition, as his lituation would 
not admit him to undertake or proceed in a latitude beyond hit 
poGtfon, This diffidence caufed him to delay the work till he 
was again called to embark for Ireland, where his itenerant labour* 
and di fiance from Londoii compel him to leave the fuperintendancy 
of the prefs to a friend. 

The Almighty having been pleafrd to blefs the perufal of this 
work to many who have been lead to derive encouragement under 
darknefs, and perceived a gleam of light under trouble, while others 
have difcovered yet a visible display of Divine Providence in favour 
of Miflionary attempts, notwithstanding the late lowering clouds 
have gathered blacknefs, has lead the Author, in humble dependence 
on the divine blefling, again to claim permiflion to introduce thill 
work rothe Public, and friends of the Miflionary caufe, entreating 
the Author of all mercies more abundantly to own the fame, which 
is y£t the prayer of a captured Miflionary. 


Dublin, 4fril 25th 9 1801. 

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ExtraSts from the different Reviews. 

Evangelical Magazine, July 1800. , 
Zvery friend to the missionary cause roust feel auch regret at the capture of 
the Duff, as to make the present volume highly interesting, while the events de- 
tailed are of that nature as to gratify the curiosity of general readers, to interest 
the feelings of persons of sensibility, and to excite the devout affections of 
xeal chriflians. • 

Though the author nukes no claim to Hterary merit, yet the simplicity and 
perspicuity of his narrative, with the piety and pertinence of his observations 
wilLstrongly recommend his work to the patronage of the religious public. 

Gospel Magazine, Sept. 1800. 
The above journal contains a very interesting account of the fecond missionary 
voyage, and of the capture of the ship Duff. The writer is one of the mission- 
aries, and relates the various viciflitudes to which his company were expofed 
with inflexible fidelity. The perusal of this plain and fimple detail of facts ex- 
cites in the breast of the reader constant sensations of hopes and fears, and is calcu- 
lated to leave a strong and lasting impression on every susceptible heart, and will 
no doubt sensibly interest the feelings of the peruser. 

Monthly Review, Dec. 1800. 
Our curiosity was much gratified by the perusal of this uncommon publication. 
The honest Journalist will doubtless be termed an enthusiast by many readers, and 
many pages of his book will be regarded as mere fanaticism ; but, exclusive of 
thofc passages in which Mr. Gregory considers the principal occurrences of the 
voyage as particular dispensations of Divine Providence, most readers, we con- 
ceive, will find themselves greatly interested in those distresses and deliverances 
Attach the pious and patient wanderers experienced, in the coarse of their 
adventurous and disastrous undertaking. On the whole, we are persuaded that 
Mr. G's work will be generally regarded not only at a pious but as a jaithjul 
and entertaining performance* 


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i. Particulars of the T>yage of the Difff, from England, until the time of her 


t. Partirulars of the capture, — Separation from tho families, — Occurrences oa 
board the Buonaparte — and, in a prize, wheic the author was put with 180 
negroes. \ 

3. Arrival in Rio de la Plata, and rc-union of the families on board the Duff. 

The Journalof t!te Females ; containing paiticulars of their vovage after thrir 
seperation fram their hu>bands t in the Daff. Occurrences while in ihe har- 
bour of Monte Video. 

4. Landing of the women and children, with their designation; and the singular 

appearances of providence, while in the country. 

5. Description of Rio de la Plata. Hatbour of Monte Video, with the country 

of Paraguay ; produce, inhabitants, drcls, customs, commerce, religion, &c 

6. Rcembarkation, and failing from Riode la Plata, with particulars of the fecond 

capture, and distribution of the Missionaries among the Portuguese Fleet, 

7. Particular occurrences in the fleet, duting the voyage to Europe, 

8. Arrival, with other particulars, at Portugal. Reerabarkaiion at Lisbon, and 

arrival in England. 

9. Appendix containing verses, written when a prisoner, on some of the most 

interesting occasions, Sec. including details never before published, of the 
natural and civil state of Paraguay, Sec. Sec. and embellished with seven 
copper- plate engravings, from drawings by the author, 
so* Tour through the north of Iieland. 



No. I. Frontispiece to face the Title Page. Chart of 

Rio de la Plata „ „ . 1 

- II. Capture of the Ship Duff * - 16 

- III. View of the High Mountain of Monte Video, fyc. 36 * 
» 1V # House and Premises, given to the 

Autlior - - * £8 

^ V. Carataa, drawn in Paraguay 70 

* VI. Manner of catching Bullocks to kill. + 99 

VV II. Method of mixing Clay for Bricks, #c. 103 


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Particulars, relative to the sailing of the Duff, on the Second Mission, 
till her Capture off Cape Frio, 

^p^HE Miflionary Society, with that perfeverence and uniformity 
of conduft, which become the children of Zion, anxious for the 
extention of the kingdom ,of Meffias, was not falisfied with having 
accompliflied one voyage to the Southern* I lies, but unanimoufly 
refolved to undertake another. 

Accordingly, on Tuefday, Nov. sOth, 1798, the Duff dropt 
down the river on her way to Portfmouth, where (he arrived with 
the unmarried Brethren, and the Rev. Mr. Wilks, on Saturday, the 
8th of December. 

Thurfday, Dec. 13th. I, with the greateft part of the MifEonaries, 
left the more, and embarked in, the Duff; and on the following even- 
ing, all our wives and children, reached the flup in a pilot boat. 
But as it was dark, and the wind blew frefli, which caufed the fea to 
run rather high for females, they found it fomewhat difficult to get 
on board. A fignal from the Commodore, for failing in the morn- 
ing, was the caufe of their embarkation in fuch weather. 

Missionaries on Board the Duff. 
John Beattte, wife and child, from Edinburgh. Clark Bentomr, 
from London. Spence Broughton, ditto. Jofeph Cooper, from 

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Rotherham. Thomas Firzgibbon, from Hackney. Rev. William 
Grvgory, wife and three childien, f»om London. George Greig, and 
wife, from Edinburgh. J<^hn Guard, from Falmouth. W. Haw* 
kins, wife anH dnighr?r, ditto. lames Hayward, London. Rev. 
JohnaHill and wife, from Edinburgh. Robert Hughes, and wife, 
from Lon 'on. John Icrrard, from Ipfwich. James Jones, wife 
and two children, from London. John Lcvefque, and wife, ditto. 
Rev. Peter Lcvefquc, and wife, ditto. John MacdonaH, from 
Perth. Daniel Miller, from Edinburgh. James Mitchell, from 
Manchrfter. Griffith Parry, from London. James Reid, ditto. 
James Sr/.iih. f rom Londcn. Jofeph Smith, ditto. William Soddy, 
duto. Samuel Turner, from Go i port. William Watters, from 
London. James Wilfon, ditto. Rev. Jofeph Lamhert Vardy, and 
wife, from Bury St. Edinond's. John Youl, from London. Rev. 
William Howell, of Knarefborougb, Superintendant of the MifTion. 

Saturday, 15th. The wind fhifted. a circumll ince which occafioned 
our detention, and proved very favourable, as the accommodations 
werr made more Cf mfortab c. 

Sunday, 1 6ih. A meeting, for prayer.*, was hfid, morning and 
evening, a: d for preaching twice. Mr. Wilks preached in the 
morning, from ?. Tim. ii. 15, c ' Study to fliew thyfelf approved," 
and Brother Macdonald in the afternoon. 

Wednefday, 19th. 3 P. M. Having weighed anchor, and dropt 
down to St. Helen'*, we again brought up with the Feft of the fleet, 
and b;<de adieu to Mr. W'ilks, and other friends. 

Thurfday, 20th. Again, we weighed anchor, and with a fair 
wind, failed under the convoy of the Amphion frigate. At 11, 
A. M. the Brethren met on the quarter-deck, and fung # the hvnrn, 
" Jmts uMhj command :" after which, Mr. Howell engaged in prayer. 

Friday, 21ft. The wind fhifiing againft us, and blowing hard, 
the whole flrct was compelled lo put back into Portland Roads. 

Sunday. This morning the wind was favourable. Atday- 

lighi the fignal for failing being hoi/ted, we all got under weigh, with 
a fine brteze from the eall, Mr. Howell, who had been on Ih-re, 
returned, accompanied by the Rev. Mr. Lamb, of Weymouth; 
who, after having prayed, deparied. At lO A. M. the Brethren 
met on the quarter-deck, when Mr. Kowcll preached from Pfalm 
lxxxiv. 11. 4t For the Lotd God is a Sun." At half pal] two, they 
agnin aflVmbled ; when the Author (poke from Pfalm xxix. 10, 11. 
*• The Lord (itteth upon the floods; yea, the Lord htteth King for 
ever; the Lord wity give ^(1 length to his people*; the Lord will blefs 
his people wuh peace." Bv this time we had loft light of land. 

Tueicby 25ih. Was a dark Chnilmas to moll of us, the wind 

bl^w haid, the fta »an high; and the greateft part of us were much 

indifpofed. The hatches were battened down, and we Hupped fe* 

veial feas» 

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Thuffday, 27th. The gale fince its commencement had regulaily 
incrcafcd, and the fea now runfo high, that all communication between 

: the Miffionartes was flopped. Notwithdanding the hatches were 
battened down, we {hipped more water than before; fo that mod of 

. the- articles between decks, particularly thofe belonging to Brother 
Jones and me, in our cabins, Were fet afloat ; as they were oppose 
the main hatch-way. We lay to, with our top-gallant.mafls fttuck, 

s fhrouds lalhed, and yards pointed to the wind. This was a night 
much to be remembered by our - children and us. The articles be- 
tween decks rolling from fide to fide, and few of us able to keep our 
places. The mountainous billows beat the (hip with that violence* 
that we often imagined me had ftruck againft a rock, which, made her 

. tremble from ftem to ftem. *One fea ran fo high, that it went over 

. our mizen-mail head, and a vaft quantity of water forced it* way down 
into the cabin. 

In the night, the laming of my cot gave way, in my cabin, fothac 
my wife and I were obliged to hbld by the opening of the (hip, to 
prevent our rolling from tide * to fide. During this time the water 
frequently came pouring upon us* One fea went oser all the children, 
which orCaGoned a general outcry f but kfted only a .(horttime ; in- 
deed thev were much quieter than it could have been reafonably ex- 
pected, in fuch a fituation. At midnight a /olemn (ilence prevailed 
for fome time, which was interrupted only by the roaring ot the fea, 
the failing and breaking of the things between decks; at length the 
(ilence gave way to the expreflion of fome fears, refpe&ing the dan- 
ger of the mip ; thefe alarms, however, foon fubfided. Few of us, 
I trud, were ftrangers to that declaration of our God, Job, xxviii, 9. 
" He bindeth the floods from overflowing.*' Happy are they who 
are enabled to lay in his hand, " who holdeth the winds in his fids,'* 
and ".meafuretb the waters in the hollow of his hand " I lay 'feeling 
the import of thefe fcriptures, and looked for their fulfilment, <; more 
than do thofe who watch for the morning. 1 * My wife, to my fur* 
prize, was even better than I • That which chiefly claimed my .at* 
tention was, that although (he fainted when in England, on heating 
the noife of the wind, at her fire-fide, where (he was in fafety, yet 
now, though (he felt fo much of its power, (he fainted not. Brother 
Levefqueand Hughes were in the evening able to afford fome affiftance* 

Friday, 28th. This morning was hailed with pleafure by us alU 
The wind having abated, the hatches were unbattened, and once 
more wefaw the light of day. Captain Robfon came down in the 
morning, and exprefled his joy at feeing us all alive, declaring, that 
he felt more in the lad trying night than he did all the two years 
voyage before. Several of us, who were much indifpofed, with 
afliftance, were got upon deck, while things were put to rights be- 
low. Here it may be obfervedj that all who were able, this morn. 
,ing, attended public prayer; for, in confequence of thegale r and 
indifpofition, it had been omitted fincc Tuelaay, 

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Saturday 19th. Moft of us were upon deck this day, and gave 
• public! thanks to the Lord for our deliverance. As I fat upon the 
quarter- deck, I faw floating upon the mighty deep, the body of one 
of myfellow creatures, with his hat at a fmall diflance. The Lord 
hath wonderfully preferved us all ; and why hath he preferved mc, ' 
was the language of my heart. We perceived this day that two of 
. the fleet were driven away by the gale, but whither we knew not. 
Sunday 30ih. We attended to our worfhip this day^ agreeable t« 
the plan adopted, which was, that on Sunday there fliould be a prayer 
' meeting at fix o'clock, in the morning and evening ; preaching morn- 
ing and afternoon ; preaching alfo on Tuefday and Friday evenings; 

fublic prayer every morning and evening. Having proceeded thus far, 
{hall omit in future faying much relative to our religious fervices, In- 
deed, it is proposed 10 give a very cpneife account of the voyage.of 
the l)uff,previoufly to her capture, that there may be greater fcope for 
: the relation of thofe incidents, which, in the narrative, are pecu- 
liarly intrrefting. The reader will, therefore, take it for granted, 
that henceforth I (hall confine myfelf to thofe circumftances, whick 
are likely to prove rooft acceptable. 

Monday 31ft. We faw a ftrange fail which our convoy chafed, 
but fhe proved to be a friend. 

JANUARY ift, 1799. 
I perceived myfelf not only entering upon a new year, but ajf« 
engaged in a new work ; I could adopt the language of St. Paul, 

<; Who is fufiicient for thefe things ?" 

2d. Lafl night we. lofl our convoy, and none of the fleet were in 
fight* In the evening we held a prayer meeting, and with prayer 
and fupplication commuted ourfelves to the protection of the God of 

3d. This morning a ftrange fail appeared in fight on our lee bow, 
•winch foon hoi fled her enfign and pendant, and bore down upon us. 
A degree of alarm took place left (he fhould be a French privateer. 
At half pall 11 A. M. fhe came clofe under our flern and hailed us ; 
when we found that fhe w *s an American armed brig of 14 guns, 
wellm3T;ned; they informed us that they came from Philadelphia, 
and were bound to Leghorn. In Lai. 35, 50 N. Long. 15, 30 W. 

5th. We faw the ifland of Madeira, the wind blowing ltrong, but 
fair, and the lhip going at the tate of two hundren miles in twenty* 
four hours. 

6th. As this was tbe hrft Sunday in the month, we fhould have 
celebrated the Lord's Supper, but on account of the indilpofition of 
feveral on board, and the fea runing high, it was pollponed till next 
Lord's day. 

7th. VV c faw the Ifland of Pal ma, which is exceedingly high ; 
the clouds, however, prevented us from perceiving its fummi.ts. 

In the evening, as it was the firfl Monday in the month, the 
Miffionary prayer meeting was held. 

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Srfi. Thii day, at a general meeting of all the Miflicmaries, Com©? 
aew regulationgs were adopted, in regard to our tcmpor.iLfupplies. 

10th. About 5 P. M. we eroded the Tropic, and entered the 
Torrid Zone, with a favourable brreze. 

w i ith. About 7 A. M. a ftrange (ail appeared on our (larboard beam ; 
we at firft fuppofed her bearing down upon us, but {he kept her 
courfe, and we continued ours. N. Lat. 21, 19. 

13th. This was a pleafint day,and very warm. I feltmyfflf mqre 
flrengthened both in body and mind, than I had experienced fince 
our departure from England. After fervice in the afternoon, the 
Lord's Supper was adminiftcred on the quarter deck, when, I bo* 
lieve, moft of us found it a good opportunity. 

14th. We enjoyed the view of St. Anthonaand St. Vincent, two 
of the Cape de Veid T (lands. Were abreatt of them about noon. 
At that time the clouds furrounding and concealing their fummits, and 
the beams of the fun being uncommonly brilliant, an opportunity 
was given of contemplating a flriking contrafl between the light and 
(hade, which were reprefented in this beautiful fcene, fo that the pic- 
ture, on the whole, formed at once a folemn and majctiic fight. 

16th. At day break we obferved another ftrange fail bearing down 
upon us. The Captain called up all the fmgle brethien, to affift in 
fetting all pofTible fail, being apprehenfive thai (he might prove an 
enemy. The married MilTionaries heard thenoifc on deck, but wen* 
rot fummoned.left it (hould alarm the females ; neverthelefs, we foon 
came on deck, and our fears were happily difperfed on finding that 
(he hoilied all the fail (he could carry, and bore away, from us, while 
we purfued our courfe. 

nit About 5 P. M. afudden fq nail of wind and rain came on, at 
the time we were about to take fome refrelhment. In the fquall, 
we carried away ourforetop gallant fludfail yard. The fquall ceafed 
by (even o'clock. 

ssd. At a general meeting, this day, it was agreed, that a public 
journal (hould be kept open to all the brethreen, to be fent to the 
Directors of the Society at London ; and that on Tuefday next, we 
fhould take into confideration the propriety of arranging the plan of 
our defignation to the feveral iflands of the South Seas. About half 
paft 10 P. M. we croffed the Equator, arid entered the fouthern he- 
mifphere with a fine breeze, 

25th. Early this morning we defcried the coaft of South America 
upon our lee bow. Land has al ways been pleaftnt to the fight ; but 
experience has taught many, that it is not always profitable. The 
land now feen was Cape St. Roque, and when we founded, about 9 
A. M. we found fcarcely feven fathoms water, although I fuppofe we 
were about four miles from land : our Captain inftantly put about, 
ahd (leered a courfe dire&ly oppofite 5 but the wind and a ftrong cur- 
rent were much againft us* which rendered it extremely painful t* 
moft on board. Alter a furvejr from the uaft head, the deals were 
difcovered. v r. , 1 <L . \. « ; 

B a 

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tSth; This day we found that we had been driven back f 0<f mile* 
by the wind and current. In endeavouring to clear this coaft, many 
of us were difcourag^d, which our Captain perceiving, after prayer 
this evening, he embraced the opportunity of infpiring us with be- 
coming fortitude by his feafonable arguments. Then our united fup. 
plications were prefented at the throne of grace, for a favourable gale, K 
to convey us from this dangerous coaft to the defirfcd haven. 

29th. The wind was rather more favourable, and we began to take 
courage. At 10 A. M. we afTembled to arrange the plan for our dis- 
tribution, fbould the Lord, in his allwife providence, permit us to 
reach thedeftined (bores. 

The inftruftions of the Directors were read ; in which it was re- 
commended, that we (hould divide in the following manner, viz. 

Four married and fix fingle brethren to go to Tongataboo* 

Three married and three fingle to the Marquefas. 

Three married and three fingle to Otahehe and Ulietea* 

Four fingle to the Navigator's Iflands. 

Two fingle to the Fegees, and 

Two fingle, if any remained, to the Vavao. 

This part of the inftruftions more particularly claimed our attention 
this day ; and after mature deliberation it was agreed, that if Provi- 
dence {hould be propitious to us, by pointing out the propriety and 
practicability of this plan* on our arrival we mould divide as follows : 


Rev. Feter Levefque, and wife. John Levefque, and wife, James 
Jones, wife and two children. Robert Hughes and wife, James 
Retd. William Soddy. Griffith Parry. Spence Broughton. John 


Rev. John Hill, and wife. John Hcatie, wife aud one child* 
George Greig, and wife* Thomas* Fitzgibbon. John Macdonald, 


Rev. Jofliua L. Vardy, and wife. Rev. William Gregory, wife and 
thYee children. Walter Hawkins, wife and daughter; Samuel Tur* 
ner, M. D. John Guard. James Smith. 


f Jofepb Cooper* Clark Bentom, John Jerrard. Jofeph Smith, 
James Hay ward. 

7ECEES. v 

James Mitchell. Charles Wilfon. 


William W»tters. Dai>iel Miller. 
After pffcyetr thfer meetfpg was- diffolvedj and each member ap* 
pfirtd fatnfied with the abwe arrangement,, 
c fttby ^*toveftc*ww4 as a^^ef^ay, of trial Jx that at 6 A*. M- 
we faw two itrange fails, a (hip of war and a fchooner, wbicj^wcfc 

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fupppofed to be her prize. The fchooner was fent off", and the (hip 
gave us chafe. On perceiving thi* we were extremely alarmed, as 
her (ituation gave us reafon to fuppofe, that {he would fpeedily over- 
take us. Captain Robfon manifefted the grcateu* anxiety on the 
occafion, and immediately put about the fliip, crouded all the fail he 
poflibly could, placed extra ropes., where it was fuppofed they would 
be neceffary, as it blew hard ; while we were placed fo as to trim the 
{hip, that we might efcape captivity. We here performed our reli- 
gipus fervice at 7 o'clock, and beheld our adverfary, purfuing hard 
after us. Some fuppofing that (he gained upon us, a converfation 
took place, on the propriety of contending with her, if flie overtook 
us ; and we thought, thai we were in a capacity to prefcrve our flrp 
frora N capture, opinions differed upon this fubje£.« — The Captain, 
Officers, andfeamen, with fome of the Milfionaries, thought it was 
our duty to engage her, if there was a probability of favingthe (hip. 
Mr. Howell and the reft thought otherwife. However, the gunf 
were got ready ; while we had recourfe to fpiritual means of protec- 
tion. For the purpofes of prayer, we afl'embled at it A. M, as we 
yet faw our enemy a ft em ; the means, which were employed to ac- 
celerate our progrefs, anfwered the deli red end, and flie could not 
overtake us. Hope and fear alternately took pofTefTion of our minds, 
and many an anxious look was call behind on our putfuer. About 
3 P. M. however, we had the unfpeakable fatisfa&inn of feeing her 
abandon the chafe, aud leave us in peace and tranquility to continue 
oiir voyage. The moment flie gave up the purfuit we.aflembled oiv 
the quarter-deck, and returned public thanks to the Lord, for this 
feafonable interpofition of his providence. 


The wind and- current continued] the fame as for fome days paft. 
We had failed upwards of tooo miles fince lall Friday, and yet we 
were flill almoft 200, diftant from our deftined port. This reminded 
me of the journey of lfrael towards the promifed land of Canaan, and 
we were ready to be difcouraged and faint, " on account of the way." 

3d. We beheld ourfelves near the coaft, which we found a dif- 
ficult matter to clear ; fome were of opinion, that it feemed to be the 
mind and will of the Lord, that we fliould go no farther, but land* 
U feemed a very defolate place, no inhabitants could be fully diftin- 
guiftied ; but almoft every night, when we were tacking about, we 
pjweeived that they lighted fires, which we considered as ugnals for us 
to land* The foil appeared hot burning fand ; yet, at foraediftance 
from the {bore* it was covered with trees, fome of which are Iarge f 
and I have no doubt but it is fruitful. Some of us would have wil- 
lingly gone onfhpre, but our fituation at the time would not admit of 
iu This ftej* might alfo. have be$n attended with much danger from 
the* inhabitants, 

4tbi Four large, fire*, were more* vifiWe this, aigjit, than . any, had 

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7th. The land was yet within fight; in' the ev^nirtf '£ ;*rr fmaM 
canoes made their appearance, near the fhore, but nor*e offered 10 
come off; being, very probably, afraid of u<. 

lOtb. This day a fine breeze fprung up, more in our Favour, and 
we went on our way, rejoicing. " 

13th. The fun was nearly vertical in lat. 12. 32 fouth.* 

18th. We caught fix large dolphins, which were a very' acceptable 
addition to our bill of fare, as they were the firft fi fh which we had 
caught during the voyage, two fl) ing-fifh excepted, which flew into 
our chains, being purfued by other hfh. 

, The dolphins were from four to five feet in len^rh, and the lafgeft 
five feet feven inches, very beautiful, both in and out of the "water, 
changing their colour, like the rainbow. The weather Was fine and 
fair, all hands on board very comfortably fuuated, an \ all in' high 
fpiiits, as we now drew ni^h the place of Our deftmat'ort. A; 5 
P.M. the expected land appeared in fiVht ; every foul flowed with 
thewarmeft fentiments of gratitude, while feveral even began t* con- 
sider in what order we mould go on fhor . ' : 

CHAP. IL . ' . . 

Particulars, respecting the Capture of the Duff* ty tie Trench 
Privateer, Le Grand Buonaparte, Captain Carbunelle, Commander^ 
off Cape Frio. . . • • 

FEBRUARY 19th, 1799. 

THIS was a day, much to be remembered by all on board the {nip 
Duff, by thoufands in o<ir native country, and even in oiher 
parts of the world, on account of r! c trying diipenfauon of Provi- 
dence which took place, as it appeared to check and retard, fop fome 
time, MilTionary efforts. 

1 ne morning was plea rant, there wa«hnt little wind, and we -were 
within fight of Cape Frio, with our <:a! Its bent, ready to anchor in 
the harbour of Rio Janeiro. 

Out fituation, which had been rendered more comfottatle by the 
fuppiy of frelh provifions, and the pleafing prof peel of being moored 
in a fafe harbour, on the morrow, after having been eight weeks at 
fea, caufed every heart to glow with p'eafure and gratitude *o the 
Giver of all Good} a pleafbre and gratitude, which were enhanced 
from contemplating the idea of partaking of a neceffary fuppiy, which- 
fhouid renew our ftrength, and furnifh additional motives • tor ctur 
perfeverance in that honourable cause, in which we ha<ji embarked. 
But the pleafure enjoyed in this contemplation, fo benumbed our fa- 1 
cilhies, as to makeuis infenffble to our real fixation. Tlie ^experifaont 
•f a chriftian, as wtll as that. 9f the foldier and the mari*er r batk ' 

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often taught him,, that cafe in waifarc ,is net always fafe; and that 
frequently, more danger is to be found in a calm, than in a Norm. 
The idea of Dr. Watts was highly applicable to us : 

" Wc fhould fufpeel fome danger near, 
44 Where vve polkfe delight," 

Thus was it with us, on this memorable day. Few, if any of us, 
enterrain the idea, that hitherto we were to come iu the Mifllonary 
{hip Duff, but no farther; and that all our pleafing hopes of reaching 
a fafe harbour, or engaging in Milfionary work, in the Southern Ifles, 
at lead, in this Miffion, were at an end : and, 

The hour approached for the commence ment of one of the fevereft 
trials ; nor was there any circumftance attending this, more painful 
and diftrefling, than the feparation, which took place, from thofe 
who were united to us by the deareft ties of natural aife&ion, and 
were now to {hare in the general calamity. 

Early in the morning we discovered a ftrange fail aftern, near the 
fliore, which appeared to us to be riding at anchor, as if (he had been 
becalmed. We afterwards faw her under way, and fuppofed, that 
Che was bound to the fame port. Truly Angular has it fince appeared 
to us, that the fight of this {hip had quite a different effect upon moil, 
from that which the view of others had produced. We perceived no 
danger, and offered up no prayers for deliverance, as we had done on 
former occafions. Several ttmes we viewed her with our glaffes, 
but as (he was very low, we could not perceive her hull. Different 
opinions were entertained, as to her force, but the moft general one 
was, that (he was the Porpus, the (hip which was to convey Gover- 
nor King to New South Wales ; for we had left her behind in Eng- 
land, as {he had not arrived at Portfmouth when the convoy failed. 

We had all our fails fet as well as (he ; but as there, was fcarcely 
any wind we made but little progrefs. All the Miflionaries were 
bufy as in days pafl. Some were warning their clothes, that they 
might be ready tm go on (hore ; others, and I, were employed in 
writing letters to our friends in England, wilhing to give tnem the 
earlieft information of our fafe arrival at the firA port. We per- 
formed our worfhip on deck as ufual, and Brother P. Levcfque 

The evening being pleafant, and the moon {hining clear, mod of 
us were upon deck, as ufual, to enjoy the air, and could perceive out 
enemy, though we did not then recognize her as fuch. After moft 
had fupped, our Captain, Mr. Smith, Mr. Howell, and feveral, 
retired to bed, and others were retiring, when a fudden fquall of 
wind and rain coming on, the remainder likewife withdrew, be- 
tween ten and eleven o'clock, " 

All the children were faft afleep, and my partner was retiring, 
when we heard the report of a gun from our fuppofed friend. The 
women began to be fomewhat alarmed, while moft of the Mifliona- 
ries, the Captain and feamen, did not believe that flic was an enemy. 

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At the worft, wc fupppfed fhe might be a Portugucfe, and if fo t 
all was well. , 
Captain Robfon ordered the (hip to be laid to, and then tame 
down to the women between decks, and exhorted them not to be 
afraid, as he had no doubt of her being a friend. As it rained 
hard* I put on my great coat, and went upon deck* Our (hip 
not bringing to fo foon as they wifhed, flie fired another fhot, 
which I perceived, as I flood on the quarter-deck, to pafs by our 
larboard quarter ; and a third gun flaftied, but did not go off, 
^'he (quail catching her before we felt it, fhe was foon abreaft of 
us, and hailed us in Englifli : " What skip? Whence come f and 
<' Whither bound?" At being hailed in EngttOi, it afforded us 
pleafure, as it * appeared to confirm our opinion that fhe was a 

Captain Robfon anfwered, and informed them what fliip, who 
we were; and whither bound ; when he received jar* anfwer to ^ 
fend our boat alongfids dirc&ly. Our boats had been frefh caulk- 
ed and painted, completely ready, in expectation of going on 
fhore at Rio Janeiro. The jolly-boat was now hoiftcd over the 
fide, when Mr. Smith the chief mate, with four feamen, went 
into h r, with the fhip's papers, and we wifhed him a fafe re- 
turn. When the boat reached the unknown (hip, the author 
with molt of the Miffronarics flood leaning over the fide, waiting 
the return of the boat, and to hear the true import of this unex- 
pe&?d falutation, when we heard the rtext report from this (hip. 
Which was. tf send all the passengers on board" At tb»», fcveral 
beoan to conclude that fhe was an enemy, although we ftiil 
faintly hoped that fhe -would turn out otherwise. But foon a boat 
came akwgfide witheut either Mrv Smith or the feampn, and this 
had a moft unfavourable appearance ; yet we derived fome hope 
from the circumftauce that ail the boat's crew fpoke good Engiifh. 
When the queftion was put, what fhip fhe was, they anfwered, 
u Tto Spitfire from the coast of Ireland." Thefe men paffed for 
Americans, but 1 believe that half of them were Engiilh, who, 
having violated all laws, (human and divine, were employed in 
this iniquitous work of plunder. The women were again en- 
couraged to believe that all would foon be well, at hearing no- 
thing but Englifh voices alongfkle, and our Captain again affured 
tbctn there were no grounds to be alarmed* But foon orders were 
iffued that every man rriuft leave, the Duff, enter the boat, and 
go oil board the unknown fhip, when, with others, I retired 
kejow to prepare ourfelves for a feparation from our wives and 
children. In the mean time we few fome ill-looking fellows 
take potieffion of our fliip, and! whatever property they could lay 
their hands on. 1 fhifted myfclf, putting on a clean fhirt, and 
f then gave* 'my watch to my wife. When, atj the fight of fo ve/y 
dilagreeable peifons, aimed with-cu^fes. 5and giftol , as enured 
between decks to feparaie us, fhe. began to cxprcfe her fear of 

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what would become of her dear little ones ; T felt my mind par- 
ticularly more compofed than ever \ could have fuppofed it would 
nave been in fo trying it moment, and endeavoured to difpel her 
fears, and to encourage her by remarking, that this providence 
evidently was the Lord's will, and Che, with me, would foe that 
it was amongfl the all things, which would work together for 
our good. That I, had no doubts of our meeting ag*in, that it 
was our duty to fubmit to him who " docs all things well"— and 
to be ftill and know that He was God, and fear not, for we were 
yet in his hands, who cared for us. My wife now refumed her 
courage, and dried up every tear, and we bade farewell to each 
other ; after which I proceeded to enter the boat, without hav- 
ing any thing to fhift my felf, or fixpence in my pocket, and no 
ftockings, as through the fudden furprize my wife could not find 
a pair, fo that I was compelled to go without them. 

I now entered the boat, in which were moft of the unmarried 
Brethren, Mr, Howell, and fome of the Teamen. When the 
boat had left the (hip, on furveying the company, I found my- 
felf to be the only married man amongft them, a circumftance 
which gave me fome concern, a« I entertained a thought that it 
might be allowed for the married men to continue with their 
families on board the Duff. But we werefoon atongfido of thi* 
prifon-fhip, the fight of which was far from appearing pleafant 
to any of us. We went on board, and being guided aft upon 
the quarter-deck, where centinels were placed over us. the num- 
ber of ftrangeand difagreeable perfons whom wefaw armed with 
fo many deftructive weapons, was fuch, that we could riot but 
forcibly feel for our fudden change. Soon our Captain, feamen, 
and all the other brethren, were brought on board, excepting 
two boys, John Greathead and James Webfter ; William Howell 
having come with his father along with up, and although the 
father pleaded hard for permiflion for the lad to flay with him it 
was not granted, and he was fent back on board the Doff to join 
the other lads. It was alfo rrquefted by Captain Robfon that the 
married men might be permitted to remain with their familes, but 
this was pofitively denied. After fome pleading Dr. Turner was 
permitted to return to the v omen, in cafe of the indifpofition of 
any of them, particularly as Mrs. Jones and my partner drew 
near the time of their delivery. We all knew that Brother 
Turner would afford much relief to our wives, as it did alfo to 
ourfelves; becaufe we had every reafon to believe that he would 
exert himfelf to the utmoft to make their fituation as comfortable as 
poffible. Captain Carbonelle, the commander of the French 
{hip, gave Mr. Smith alfo permiflion to return in the boat, that 
he might procure fome clothes. But although he made the at- 
tempt he was compelled to leave the cabin without getting any, 
being driven with a cutlafs upon deck. On his return we .'earned 
that he had been between decks, to take his leave of the women. 


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and found them Handing at the cabin-door, fufpicious that both 
their perfons and apparel were in imminent danger. They im- 
mediately furrounded him. when he exhorted them to take cou- 
rage ; and when he patted from them few tears fell from any eye, 
as they appeared to be wonderfully fupported, confidering their 
situation. , 

The French prize Captain had flationed a feniinel at' the hatch- 
way, with a drawn fword, to prevent any from going below 
where they were; when Mr. Smith requeued him preffingly to 
take, pal ticular care of the ladies. 

We all remained together on the quarter-deck, and we hoped 
to enjoy the privilege of the air the whole night. My mind was 

.yet cotnpbfed, and 1 could with liberty have t engaocd in the wor- 
fhip of God. It was propoled to our Captain to ling an hymn ; 
but it was recommended by him to defift this night, and he would 
requeft the Fiench Captain in the morning, to allow us to enjoy 
our worftiip as ufual. 

I fuppofe that it might be about two or three o'clock, A. M. 
when we received orders to go below. It was with concern 
thefe orders were heard, but with much more, when we found 
that we Were crammed together between decks, excepting the 
Captain arid Mr. Smith,, where the height was fcarcely lufHcjcnt 

.to allow us to fit upright, one over the other, under dirjy 
hammocks, and almoft fuffocatc i for want of air ; yet compelled 
to enter at the point of the fvvord, which was held to out backs, 
While thofe who had knives \£ere forced to deliver them up. 

. The remainder of the time till the morning advanced was fpent m 
a doleful Iituation, as we knew not but for want of natural air, 
fome of us would be deprived of life before bay-break. Oh ! 
with what urifpeakable pleafure, at fix o'clock, did we receive 
the order to come ori deck. But in what language fliail I convey 
an idea of the pleafurable fbnfation which I felt, at receiving the 
benefit of the falubrious air. 1 am at alofs for a companion to 
defcribe fully the ftate of my feelings. It was like a powerful 
ftream of life, flowing rapidly through my noftrils into every vein. 

Our fir ft concern was, to look after our Ihip the Duff, and 
our feelings may eafily be conceived by every man of fenfibility, 
when we beheld her lteering a direct courfe from us, in the pbf. 
feflion of the enemy, , and gradually difappearing. I felt with 

. others much at this affe&ing fight, which was as a dagger to our 
faith and hope ; and our concern was flill more heightened at re- 
ceiving the information from our Captain, who had been told by the 
French Cafrtatn, that the Duff could not be ranfomed, but would 
be carried to Rio de Plat*, to the Spamtti port of Monte Vide?, 
South America, and that he had come out upon a three months 

. cruize, and could not return into port until that time expired, or 

. he had captured two or three. good' prizes. 

We knew that the fhip was ic Grand Bw?iapdrte 9 pierced' for 
2ft nine-pounders, a Fie«ch privateer, manned by upwards of 

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too Tailors, Capjaiq A. Carbonclle, commander, which informa- 
tion we had not received on board the Duff. 

In addition to this, we underftood that as foon as they difco. 
vered us, they immediately gave chafe ; but as there was littl* 
wind they took to their long {weeps, bv which they rowed the 
fhip at the rate of three and four miles an hour ; that they fuppofed 
us Englifh, and for that reafon hailed us in our own language; 
and as we were fome time before we brought to, or fent ths b jat> 
they imagined that we were preparing for a£lion, and were or% 
the point of giving a broadfide, having already hailed and told 
us, that if we did not fend the boat they would fire. Tbeorcter 
was given for that purpofe, but as they were about to obey an 
officer prevented it, by declaring that we had (truck and backed 
our main-fail. 

On feeing the Duff this day taking her departure from us, I 
wrote the following lines: 

This gloomy fcene, which now attract my fight, 
Would baffle faith, and piu my hope to flight. 
I feel my fnirit fink— -yet, to the Lord 
Hook — believe— and reft upon his word : 
While all around docs but augment my grief, 
I feel the promife yet to my idief. 

Every one who is in the leaft degree acquainted with human 
nature mud acknowledge, that in certain filiations the mind is in. 
a continual fluttering between hope and £ ar : thefc two feelings 
alternately hold poflcflion of it ; and let a man be ever fo mucti 
endowed with fortitude, there are particular times when he feels 
his fortitude fo yielding to the adverfe events of lifp, as to makp 
his ipirit > fink within him, at the idea either of thefe dillreljTes 
which have been already felt, orofthofe, which, in future, he 
may in all probability feel. This I experienced fully in the 
prcfent inftance. The critical (ituation of our wives on board 
the Duff preyed much upon our minds, as we were unacquainted 
with each other's ftate during this feparation ; only, as prifoners 
of war, we fuppofed that they would either be in continual ex- 
pectation of feeing us, or defpair of feeing us any more. Mrs. 
Jones and Mrs. Gregory, the one with two, and the other wujh 
three children, looking forward in their diftrefs to the critical 
moment of child-birth, while we were wrenched from them as 
captives. This was the circum (lance which lay heay ieft on our 
minds. Knowing that Mrs. Gregory would he deUyere4 befpr^e 
the expiration of three months, and her frequent (ears as to fitr 
fafcty, in that moment, while we were together, which (he j^d 
communicated to me, convinced alfo that my. absence in luch a 
#ate mull add to her forrow ; I was ready fometimfts Jo concise 
that I fhould fee her no more in this y alp of tears. TJjjefe, wijh 
jm^y other diftrefling thoughts, frequently caUfcd pwch uaeajg« 

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ncfs, which I couM not poflTibly prevent. We fhould all have 
been moie tomfonably fituated if we had known how they were, 
but frequent doubts of their fafety marred eveiy comfort. 

The fudden change of our companions, diet and lodging, was 
fcnfibly felt; into this condition we had been hurled as i » a mo- 
ment ; but even here we could dill communicate the defires of 
our fouls to the Author of all our mercies, though we could not 
to the partners of our exile. We fevera'ly can bear witnefs tiat 
the Lord heard and anfwered prayer. BlefLd be the Lord ! He 
did not fuffer us to defpair; for foon light fprang through this 
daikand tiying difpenfation, and we evidently faw that »«the 
Lord was yet on our fide, though men had been permitted to 
life up againfi us." 

The French Captain, when the inflru&ions of the Directors 
to Captain Rob Ton were read, appeared to feel exceedingly for 
our diftrefs, He faid, that " If he hail known who we were, 
«t»d in what we were engaged, he would loon or have given 
fiOoI. out of hisown pocket than have met «s; but now the Uws 
of his country, his officers and men compelled him to aft as he 
did/* He alfo affured us, that " the women and children 
fhould be well treated, as the officers whom he had put on board 
were men of chaia&er, who would protect both them and theirs, 
be was furry he had feparated their huafbnds from them, which 
be would not have done if he had known as much of us as he 
now did : but that he would fend fume in each prize which he 
took after the Duff," 

At the fame time we experienced many unpleafant things ; 
our fituation was extremely uncomfortable; we now knew the 
wotth of water: by the painful experience of thr want of ic 
Such as in England we fhould have refufed to wafh our hands 
wah, was now va uable, in this hot climate, to quench our 
thiril, the allowance being but a fcantv quart in 24 hour?, whi e 
wev eic nearly luffocatcd during the night, being fo clofely con. 
lined together as fcarcely to have room to move ; th • boards wers 
very inegular on which we flep f , fame even two in hes abave 
the left. The French failors in pitting to and from their ham- 
mocks every watch trod over us, and the vermin from the ham- 
mock* of ihcir men dropped upon thofe them, whi e the 
fentincis' with fwords and pifto.s ftoad on guard; who, when 
they puffed to and fiom the lantern, uled to put the points of 
their fwords between us to feel for room where they mi^ht put 
their feet. This fituation, in which we continued always for 
twelve hours,' added to the diftrefcful ftate of our minds, would 
fuftrr us to enjoy but little reft; yet if any through exceflive 
fatigue tafird the fweets of repofe, it was generally attended by 
the lofs of their little property in clothes, which the cx reras 
beat compelled them to take off. By means of thefc hardened 
Wtctchu fome of the Brethren frequently in a morning were 

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without ft hat, an handkerchief, or fome other article of drefs. 
Thofe who had time or recollection on the night of'capture, had 
brought a fmall bundle of clothes with them, but loft either part, 
or the whole, on account of the covetous difpofition of the 
Tailors. Even before we got on board while, the boat was along- 
side, fome of thefe poor unhappy men flood over the fide with a 
line and hook to draw up the bundle! into the fhip. The fhort 
time, and the avaricious temper of the French fail or a, who 
fhatched at every thing within their reach, would fuffer but little 
property to come out of the Duff, and every mean was employed* 
by them to obtain it. I, for mine own* part, never dripped oft 
any of my clothes the whole time that I was on board, except 
my hat and coat, which I ufed to double up and fit upon in the 
night fo that having nothing but what I wore, from this precau- 
tion I loft nothing. My mind being penetrated with a deep 
fenfe of the dreadful effe&s of fin and deftru&ive war, one of its 
fatal conferences, 1 could not but be aftonifhed in fome Heg>ee 9 
that men fhould be Co hardened by it, that after they had taken 
our perfons and property, they fhould ftill ftrive to plunder the 
plundered and rob the deftitute. However it m«y be mentioned 
to the honour of Captain Carbonclle, that this took place without 
his knowledge or permiffion. 

How often has my mind been feverely tried by this reflection, 
that the Almighty fhould fuffer men whom we could have avoided 
in our (Ireets, from fear of contamination, to rule over and 
guard us with fwords, I could not unravel this myfterv, but 
with David in the word of God I faw, " they flood in a flippery 

Several of us having but one fhirt each, were obligsd to go 
without linen while we wafhed it, that we might to the utmoft 
of our power preferve ourlelyes from dirt and vermin, a precau- 
tion abfolutcly neceffary in this diftrefTsd fituation. Soon after 
we had loft fight of the Duff, darknef* gradually overfpread our 
minds for the firft few d«ys ot our captivity. The third day 
efpecially was, amonglt the married Brethren, a day of general 
mourning; " forrow filled our hearts," but amidft all our forrow 
there was a fecret pleafure in the thought that the Lord had nei. 
ther {hut up our fouls, or hi gracious ear from our fupplications ; 
and we could not but believe that it was a token for good: for, 
furely, *< God is good to IfraeL" It may here be obferved, that 
the liberty of public wor fhip was denied us; it was performed 
the next morning only, as they appeared great enemies to revela- 
tion in general, efpecially a perfon who interrupted us while wa 
were engaged in religious duties, and appeared the moft hoftile 
to our worfhip. He was one of the feamen, and was either an 
Englifhman or an American, The reafon which was privately 
afligned to our Captain by Captain Carbonclle, for this prohibition 
was, that " there were under his command mo0» wnofc bntU 

Digitized by 

22 - " JptJJLNAJL; QFi A^ 

mcnteia iregafd tci reljgjont were expend i&g)y different froip cafh . 
other, fp that hr was afraid if he permitted any much confitifion might 
enCuc # " Thejonly public fervice therefore ffot© that day was aftin^ a, 
bleffing over our provtucm, which we, regularly did, with our bat* 
ofi» This feemed in general to attract much alteration, as we wer^ 
fometimes furrounded; But fttrely a tribute of praife cannot be omit- 
ted to Him, who, to our aftom&menr, prc&rved our health in the 
xnidft of this trial. 

Our proviftons and manner of partaking of »hem were as follows, : 
for breakfaft we had brfcritt and butter, half a pint of-wter and abou,t 
a glafs of brandy ; for dinner an allowance of failed pork ir* a tub 
with vinegar, the tame quantity -of brandy* and nearly a pint of . 
water; one knife was allowed for twelve, and taken away imme- 
diately v/hen we had finiflied. Supper was ferved at five o'clock, 
which either confifted of horfe or French beans, or peafe, boiled in 
wattr, with broken bifcuit, nearly appearing as thick as mud. This 
was ferved in our tub with half a pint of water, and the fame allow- 
ance of fpirits. A chip of wood was ufed by us inflcad of a fpoon, 
we drank our water out of a cocoa-nut lnell r and the brandy from a 
fpoon, till it was loft. Thus we eat and drank the bread and water 
of affliction ; and when fix o'clock came were ordered Lelow. 
The Captain, chief Mate, and Mr. Howell, fared better, being 
admitted to the table of Captain Carbonclle. 

Aimoll every day we either pa fled Cape Frio, or were wijhin 
frght of the extenftve continent of South America, My mind was 
often affected by furveyin<r thefe dark mountains and deiolaic hills, 
This, bymn frequently made a moft powerful imprefi&on : 

«' O'erthefe gloomy hills of darkn?fs, 

•* Look my foul, be hill, and g**e," &c» 

Although my mind was much concerned from not knowing in 
what manner Providence might difpofe of us, I am firmly perfuaded, 
nwr have I ever been fuffered to doubt, that all the prom»fes of God 
are %tt yc.1 and amen, fure and certain with refpect to the calling of 
the heathen, and gathering in,to Chrift the poor ignorant fons and 
d;;u;>hters of Adam ; and that the time mall yet come, although the 
waj s of Providence appear fo dark to us at prefent, yea, it may be 
nearer than any expectation which we can form, when thefe gloomy 
oarts of the globe (hall be made partakers of the illuminution of di- 
vine grrace. 

And although Satan by this providence fhoulrJ be fuffered to bruife 
(Wheels, yet if even the Lord did not honour us with a commiflion 
He will rajfe'up others, who \yill deftroy his kingdom and power over 
^he cla^rik parts of the earth : and even his roaring againft us fo roudMy 
in this ; Miffiop, with his power over the nation^, may be corrftrued 
$Uq evidences tha.t his time is hut 'ftHort. Oh recollecting this por- 
tjon pf fapred wri(, Geut, yiii, 8. " Thou flialt remctriber all the 
ivay 'whicn the tord thy God hath leA thee,'* &c. I wrote font* 

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-fewlfnes in reference to the voyage of the Duff until her capture, 
whitfh I have here omitted, having placed them at the end of the nar- 
rative. Several inftances of the kindnefs of the Lord were manifeftejd 
'towards us while on board this (hip, although furrouuded by men of 
the mod abandoned principles, we were protected from injury \ yea, 
even thofe who gave the rooft awful evidences of their, hatred to God 
ahd his ways, tfiewed great kindnefs towards us. A black fervant, 
named George, exhibibited no fmall attention, and we often thought 
of the Ethiopian, who manifefted kindnefs to Jeremiah the prophef, 
while he was in prifon, and fhall rejoice if our God fhallmafce hima 
♦partaker of th© fame covenant- blefling. The fiift Lieutenant likewife 
displayed uncommon regard, ordered a fail to be fpread lpelow for us 
'ftf'flSep dn^during 'c&rnigbt* and rrtade the failed ftwft their hammocks 
fer orte^de, tonaike ' our fituaVon more e^fy and comfortable. ^4 
*yts^^^h^of\BMnt-Pntidghce ** as evident in the ppcfervatian. 
•of tfur health Mun aftorufltfrrg dpgiee. Ip Uis refpe&our Hate wis 
-fi^rior to that in which we had heca while oft boajd t>e Duff; for 
-nWffe wtfe'fflditpofed* except Mr* Burt6n, Jour fecefnd Mate, 

fctfft. ©bring nigW LeiBuonaparte took a Portujguefe brig, which 
^was la'den with (ait. >Whan the Captain of thisjpripe was brojjgfet 
J 6nhba<fd h<$ fdppbfed Captain CfifboneUe to be-4n EngliJhman, as 
the LingUlft adaVffeoMhim inlgood EnglUh. He ; * (Turned {bme dc,- 
^gree of confidence, and rhformeu this interpreter that there w*s,a 
French privateer cruizing off this coaft 4 , and on being, afked hdw.jie 
n had adjured this intelligence feid, that he had fpoken with a Pprtu- 
•yiefe frigate, whicli was on the look out for her. Another inquiry 
: was, ; in what latitude and longitude the had left her, when the 
"Frtneh Captain received the rnoft fatisfadory information, and at 
Jertj^th defired to know if he had got many clothes on board ; to tfys 
" he anfwered in the affirmative ; he was .then recmefted to return in 
me fctoat, and bririg them aboard thisihip, "for," faid Carbonclte, 
"lam a Frenchman.' ' The poor diftitefled captive, who, until tins 
declaration had maintained the firmcft countenance, now exhibited 
the moft melancholy afpe£, for his features fully painted the anxiety 
of his mind, while he declared his ruined ftate, as his aU confifted of 
the veflei and cargo. 

lhad previoufly intreated the Captain ! fori pdrmiflion to go in the 
firft prize, on accbunt of the fttuation in which I had 4efc my wift? ; 
and he gave me the ftrongeft afffu ranees, that '* J, and Mr. Jongs, 
ftould be firft attended to, and that all anxiety might fubfyle on my 
part, I ffiould not be forgotten." I therefore waited at the hatch- 
Way in expectation of being liberated from below, and embarking in 
this veffel; but after waiting for a confiderable lime in amoft difa- 
Vgreeable flate of fufpence, we received .the information that the boat 
1 had put off, and the brig out of fight. As my pnofpecV of, jdepartu/e 
' was great, the drf appointment was particularly affUcuve, it ftrufik 
hie a poniard to my heart, and I was ready to blame our Captain, 
Tappolinglrrat he'hadontkted '^.ireiDUid' Captain Carbon^ ^f { &s 

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promife, a fuppofition, however, which was groundlefa, as he de- 
clared that in the confufion of boarding this prize it had totally efcaped 
his rccolle&ion. 

Here again a visible display of Divine Providence appeared* this 
very (hip Tplit upon a rock and was loft, of which I (hall fpeak more 
fully in the profecution of the narrative. After the prisoners were 
brought on board the following day, they, with the feamen belonging 
to the Duff, were put in irons, as the number of the prifoners was 
now fo augmented as to give rife to fearful apprehenfions on the part 
of the French. This circumflanee was peculiarly diftrefling to them 
in this hot climate, and very affecting for us to furvey this addition 
to their calamity. 

The intelligence that a Brazil frigate was cruizing after this priva- 
teer made a deep im predion on the mind of Carbonelle, which ap- 
peared from the ftrong language that he expreffed ; " If," faid he, 
«« I were in Europe, and met an Englifh fhip of fuperior force, when 
I was fully fatisfied of it, I woule ftrike, and go prifoner to Eng- 
land ; and if in Europe 1 fell in with a Portuguefe, and was over- 
' powered, I would llrike, and go prifoner to Portugal ; but if in thefe 
leas I am met by this frigate I will never furrender myfelf nor th« 
Buonaparte, as the remainder of my life might be fpent in a miferable 
exile on the inhofpi table coaft of Brazil, and I (hould never fee again 
my native (hore ; fo that the moment I find myftlf overpowered, I 
will, with a piftol, terminate my exiflence." 

34th. This was the firft Sunday of our captivity, and we began 
feverely to feel the want of the ordinances of the Lord Jefus Chrift. 
Nothing on board this (hip leminded us of the return of the Lord's 
day, as they neither obferved the firft day of the week, nor the 10th, 
agreeably to the new arrangement of time which has taken place in 
France fince the revolution. We agreed to afiemble together in the 
long-boat on the gunwale, and in the fore-channel, in parties of two 
and three, a meafure which was carried into execution ; there the 
word of God was read, focial prayers prefented, and to the delightful 
experience of all, it was found to be good thus to wait upon the Lord. 
It pleafed the Lord to pour out a fpirit of prayer on the Miflionaries 
in general this day, which blefling I was inclined to view as a token 
of future good. We read feveral portions of facred writ, as we fat 
leaning over the (hip's fide, which were exa£Hy fuited to our flate, 
were enabled to hope in God, and go alternately to his throne, pray- 
ing for the fulfilment of his promifes in <>ur own experience./ We 
found this day a very humbling one, and before . night, blefted the 
Lord for what we felt in our own fouls, refolved in his ftrength to 
plead everyday in like manner, as we found in his prcfence and 
" word fweeter than honey, or the honey combs" and were animated 
with hope that our Redeemer would fpoedily appear in «ur behalf. I 
remembered that I had read fome book while 1 refided in England* 
(the letter of a prifoner in the laft century, according to the befl of 
my rccollc&ion) a part, of which now forcibly attracted my mind— 


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CAPTURSb folsSlOffARY., &C* 

« c Let no Chrlftian dread a prifoti.' ' It is the only Book ; Wanting 
«^>tlier book?, we learn the book of Scff. M *rhis lelfon toe have 
learned more than ever, by this providence. Yes ! the peculiar op- 
portunities which we erijoyed while aboard Le Grdnd Buonaparte* 
converted the place, difmal enough in other refpe&s, into a Bethel, 
yea a fanftuaiy, a fanfturh fanclorum, into which the poor thought- 
Iefs linners, who were around ns, could not enter, nor tafte the 
fweets of our worfliip, flowing from a delightful communion with 
Jefus, in the fpirit of prayer. We could not, it is tru^, enjoy bublic 
worth ip ; thni privilege wai abfolutety denied ; nor could our dearelfc 
iriends in England fyfnpathize with u> in our diftrefs, as the mourn- 
ful report had not $tt reached their ears. But our fpiritual High 
Frieft gave us his blefling, and fyrrfpathized With us, entered, by the 
influences of his Holy Spirit, Into our hearts, and gave us admiflicta 
into his holy place, through his blood : for the experience of all this, 
we have rnoft abundant reafon to adofe and blefs our Gbd. 

26th. The Buonaparte captured, after a chafe of feveral hours, 
another Portuguefe brig, (a Lifoon packet), about the entrance into 
the harbour of ftio Janeiro. However, before* (he was overtaken, 
the Captain fent all the paffengers, fetters, and money, on fhore in 
the long boat, which got fafe to land. The Buonaparte chafed un- 
der Englilh colours, for the purpofe of 'deception ; but, when (he 
iBred a (hot, a man at the mail-head flood ready, at that moment, to 
ftrike the Engl ifli, and hoift the French. Yet, after the gun was 
Jired, the Englifh flag continued (lying, till rhe packet was captured* 
During the interval from the capture of the laR ( prize; the French 
Captain having received information, 'that one of us could fpeak 
French, told Captain Robfon, that it Would be beft to fehd one who- 
could give the officers on board as much iriforrnation as pofTibieJ 
adding, that an interpreter would prove highly acceptable. Th;s 
declaration being communicated to us, We previoilfly agreed, that! 
Mr. P. Levefcjue, as he under flood the French, Ihould go hrft, t 
next, and Mr. Jones as the third. Mr. Levelque was therefore 
fent a-board the prize, which was to fail directly for Monte Video, 
and ftie was fobn out of fight.' 

Amongft the prifoners who Were 'hfoiight 6n board from the Lifeon 
packet, was an aged Roman Catholic 'priori, a^aififl whom the French 
tailors did not cdafe to manrfett their utter abhorrence, and threaten- 
ed to hang him up at the yard arm; a threat^ however, which was 
not put into execution. 

1 he prayer-meetings continued to be held oh the gunwale, and was 
found very profitable, though'the fkuatiori was 'highly uncomfortable^ 
ifpeciaily during the night ; the apptoa'jh of which was continually 
ttreaded; but o?ur health Was yet miraculoufly preferved. 

MARCH ill. 

Before tr^e break of day Le Buonaparte took another Ponugyejip 
prize, cornc fr«m die Cape of Good Hope, and bound for Rio 

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Janeiro, wkh 1 8a negro flaves as her cargo. When the French 
were about toboird her, fome paper?, which had a tendency to con- 
demn her, were thrown overboard, but picked up by the boat, and 
dried in the oven fo as to be rendered legible, to the great fatisfa&ion 
of the French officers. I was called up at day-light, to go on board 
this prize. After having received a few letters from the brethren to 
the females, and taken my farewell, I entered the jolly-boat which 
formerly belonged to the Duff, and was conveyed with the French 
jjrize- mailer, a-board the flrange (hip. While the boat was along- 
fide, the fea running rather high for fo fmall a boat, the captive 
Portuguefe Captain, who was a flout old man, fell overboard with 
his head foremoft into the fea, but I, who was at that time (landing 
in the boat, inftantly caught hold of one of his legs, and he was taken 
up without receiving any injury. I could not but feel for this poor 
man, who had loft his (hip and money, at feeing him compelled to 
enter the boat, while a piftol was held to his breaft : indeed, it was 
with the flrongeft relu&ance that he quitted his veflel. His employ- 
ment, in the traffic of human beings, was furely no honour to him. 
1 thought it might have been thus with thofe, whom he had held as 
his flaves, and that probably he had compelled them to quit their 
native foil with as much violence as he was now conft rained to feel, 
to his own woeful experience. 

When I got aboard this brig a new diftrefsful fcene opened to the 
v iew, and operated deeply op the feelings of my heart. The deck 
was covered with the poor, wretched fons and daughters of Africa. 
The fight of fo many men, women and children, who were almoft 
naked, was truly deplorable. The fcurvy raged amongft them to 
that degree, that moft of them were covered with blotches from the 
foie of the foot to the crown of the head. 

The veflel was fo crouded, that there was fcarcely room to get 
along the deck, and in fo leaky a condition, that they were pumping 
when we came on board, fo that the deck was fwamped with water. 
Le Buonaparte was foon out of fight, and feeing the bad (late of this 
veflel, I concluded, that to keep her above water would be accom- 
panied with fome difficulty. Being now alone, for thofe who have 
been already defcribed were but wretched companions, 1 keenly felt 
the abfence of my brethren, and not having a fmgle countryman to 
converfe with, darknefs began to overcaft my mind, whilft the fur- 
jounding fcene heightened my forrow. 

Sometimes I thought that the negroes, confiding in their great 
number, might be induced to rife upon their new matters, the few 
Frenchmen aboard. At other times, that I might catch the infec- 
tion, which was fo general that it raged like the pbgue ; fome lay 
dying, while others were reduced to mere fkeletons, beinc* deflitute 
of the means which were eflkntial to the preservation of tneir lives. 
The Frenchmen foon found that there was too little water aboard for 
fuch a number— fcarcely any provifion — no fpjrits or wine, except a 
fmalJ cafe of liquors which had been brought by the Captain and 

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officers. The bottom of the veflel was fo foul with fea-weed, that k 
was the univerfal opinion that we (hould have a tedious paflage. 
Another circumftance, dreaded by the Frenchmen, added confider- 
ably to my dtftrefs. They all feemed to be deje&ed at being aboard, 
on account of the infeclion ; for, even though they arrived at the 
SpaniQi port, they (hould be compelled to perform quarantine, and 
thus we (hould all be detained in the (hip till two months had elapfed. 
My defire of feeng again my family was fo great, that I could not 
endure to hear this report, and was ready to exclaim with good old 
Jacob, «• All these things are against mc! % The reparation both 
from my family and brethren, in fuch a fituation, continually preyed 
upon my mind, and I was forely befet on every fide, like the 
Pfalmift, " A sparrow alone on the house-top.*' 

It was now my thoughts that I (hould never behold my family- 
more ; that now 1 was indeed separated : that the Brethren would 
be conveyed fafe, while I fhould either be totted about on the mighty 
ocean, or configned to a watery grave. Yet, even in this mental 
diftrefs, I was not, blefled be the Lord, given up wholly to the do- 
minion of fear, but enabled to flee to the strong hold for ltrength. 
The truth of this Scripture was fully illuftrated. Nah. i. 7.— •« The 
Lord is good, a ftrong hold in the day of trouble, and he knoweth 
them who truft in Him. " The Lord alfo gave me favour in the eyes of 
the French Captain and officers, who behaved at once with kindnefs 
and refpeel. This briq: had a round-houfe aft, with four bed-places, 
one of which was given me, with four r.ew matt to fleep upon, and 
the lag of the (hip by way of coverlet, when the Captain made this 
declaration, that these hwe the best he had, and if he had better I 
skouldd have it* I alfo eat with him, and he feemed to rejoice when 
I rejoiced, and to be forrowful when I forrowed. He even refufed 
to take refrefliment, unlefs I partook with him; and, in fhori, 
feemed delighted in rendering me as comfortable as circumftances 
would admit. I am compelled to notice thefe particulars out of re- 
fpeft to this man for the kindnefs which he Ihewed to me in the day 
of affliction ; and to make it evident that the Lord hath the hearts of 
all men in his hand, is faithful to his word, and can caufe even 
enemies to treat us well in times of trouble. At the ftern of the veflel 
was a quiet, retired place, to which I continually reforted from 
morning till evening, offered up many petitions, and read my hymn 
book, which I had borrowed from Mr. Jones, for in the night of 
our capture I had forgotten to bring away my bible, and never felt 
the want of it fo much in my life before ; though, like David, I 
could think on God's word and promifes, and derive hope from the 
contemplation. - 
The fcanty fupply of water and provifions aboard caufed the French 
to aft with the utmoft caution in expending them. The poor negroes 
' painfully endured the want of this neceffary, as it was evceflively hot. 
They would fometimes hold their hands one under the other, when 
water was pouring out, and catch the drops as they fell, to cool their 

D ft 

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tfieir parched tongues* With eagernes tha female* if particular, ufe({ 
to watch the time when I have .beer* drinking, hoping olptain a 
fm*\\ fupply, which, when opportunity offered, 1 gave them «}s a 
temporary Telief. How piercing the thought to me at that time, fiaf; 
I Should be placed among fo many popr fouls, $efi\t\ii?, at pncq, 
iwtwa! water, and the water of life, and not able to fpeak to them on* 
word about Christ and Him crucified* How melancholy the reflec T 
tion, that (b many, {houJd be found on fcoajd one (hip. who r^ad never 
©nee been informed that there was a Savio.ur, who is mighty to fav.e^ 
They, complete ilranger* to the livipg and true God, indis- 
putable evidences of their idolatry in their perfons aud manners. Tbp 
faces and bodief of both men and wpmer*. w^re cut in a variety 
lorms : in the faces of moft of the women were cut the figures of thf 
fun, moon, and ftars, and down their ba<jks in a vaft diverjity. of (hapes ; 
with holes exceedingly large cut through their lips, &c. Que of tnefp 
peoi creatures appeared to be fo far advaneed in pregnancy, that he^r 
time feemed to be near at hand, Thofe who were well, appeared to 
reft fatisfied with their fituation, and paid Jitt^e attention to the ficlj. 
The only mark of affeftion I particularly noticed was, when this 
feffel was firft captured by the Buonaparte, they took eight of the 
keaithieft of the men out of her, and brought them aboard the priva- 
teer; when, hearing the cries of women, I' went aft, and faw feveral 
©f ihem weeping, and looking willfully after the boat, which was 
carrying off the men, making a moft aljecling lamentation for the lots 
of them, which continued until they were out of figfcu 

In my bed-place I perceived a book which the Negto»Captai| verj 
probably ufed in his devotions, as it contained a picture of the Pope 
With his fceptre and mitre exalted in the clouds of heaven^ and his 
votaries worlhipping him in proftrate adoration. I thought that ttye 
old man would mifs his idol in the Buopaparie, However diftreffed 
1 might be, it was my mercy thajt I knew the objeel of my worfhip 
\f as neither a picture, crucifix, nor pope, but t,he Lord of f^lofts, my 
only refuge. 

3d. The feoond Sahbeth of our captivity axrivccl, and I had now 
to fpend 4 i t j. while labouring under the additional dif^d vantage of 
being alone* U hath pleated the Lord literacy tv empty us from ves» 
seNo vssel on the mighty dtep. Two Sabbaths paft I fpent tjbe day 
aboard the Duff with ail our families and companions together, the 
hft aboard a Trench jpriyateer, the brfltkren only, aspiifyners, 

and this day in this ft range fibip* among ftrange people, alone. The 
rooming came^ \ felt rpy mind deeply concern^ with a fenfe of our 
different Situation*, lio^r little, thought l 9 *hp(e Jtqow who 
fent us forth, and our dear friends in England, who alferabied that 
idtfy, toworihip i* *he various churches, that. -we; wjbjo had embarked 
in one (hip, and one caufe, flvpuld b& fp divide^ by Providence upon 
•Ifee mighty deep; Th$ women and, chiWr-fcn. ajaosuxj the I>uff, as 
captives, m an e«emy% port«r??thc brcth^n, £apiain : pob^pfy arid 
feamen, 4dh4 F«mif> prrvatecr, amongft nifif), jfjjo in thjp cqt> 

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cinua!*vurfuit of plunder — Brother Levefqueina prize to our cip- 
tors, and I in this alone — all many leagues iepaiaicd from each other.; 
I was much at a lofs tp know how I fhould fpend that day, fo. thai my . 
mind might he impreffed with a fenfe that it was peculiarly, t^q 
Lord's. I had no clothes with which I could Oiift myfelf, and, in. 
that refpc&, felt very difagreeable. The French captaiq ? however, 
tjiough I do not fuppofe that he knew what day it wa«, as I oeveK, 
law the lead notice taken of it, in the morning kindly offered to lend, 
me a fliirt. This offer was moll kindly accepted. And as 1 yehVr- t 
4*y fat on the ftern, I wafhed my pantaloons, though it wai attendee^ 
yith the painful efTeft of burning my legs to th,at degree, that fryin the, 
top of my Tialf-boots, the fkit) came entirely off, and gave me exceffive 
pain. 1 ftnftcd, and found myfelf greatly revived by the change ot 
apparel, after I had been nearly a fortnight in dirt. I began to think 
that it now looked like the Lord's day, and hope that it would prove 
fo tQ me, Retiring aft, I addreffed Applications to the Author of 
every mercy, and fat down with the hymn book, upder a fenfe 
the infinite value of gofpel ordinances, and a reproof for former 
pmilhons. I thought, if thofe in England who are fo highly bleffea} 
with them, did but know, qs much as f, their value, means of grac£ 
would beware highly prized, and lefs flighted. 

On reading theie lines of Dr. Watts, f felt their meanipg, an^ 
|he defirc which they expreis, more ihan ever I did : 

" I enjoy the raeaneft placr, 

Within thy houie, O CioD of grace, 

Not trms*ofeafe, nor ihrone* of power, 

Should tempi my heart to leave thy dos>r» — ; 

It is probable that an adverfary to the Miffionary caufe, or Others 
who, being ignorant of their own feeling*, imagine that MtP- 
fionaries hSould be religious ftoics, may indulge themfelves with a 
fecret fmile or fneer at thefe fcenes of trial ; but in whatever light thef 
may be viewed by friends or enemies, I conceive myfelf to be in duty 
bound, to prefent every ftate, both of body and mind, which I expe;- 
rienced, and confefs with St, Paul, '* That no chaftening for the 
prefent feemeth to be joyous, but grievous ; nevcrthclefs afterwards, 
it yierdcth the peaceable fruit of righteoufnefs onto them which are 
exerctfed thereby." And I have little doubt in my twftid, that thofe 
who may triumph in our trials, would fport with the afflictions of 
Job, the diftreffes of David, if not the bleeding agonies of the fbti 
of God upon the crofs* 

My burdened wandering mind run this day into a variety of Tef- 
fleclidn, that i thought of communicating a few things to writing;; 
hut, having neither pen, ink, nor paper, I took tho flate from the 
binnacle, and began on that. When the Fqtnch captain faw me this 
employed, he brought a quire of pajier^ with pens and ink, and then 
I wrpte Jbme verges, as they flowed from the feelings of my mind on 
this try iirg dfcy , .which wHI probably .appear in thc-fc^uaU 

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While I was writingl was interrupted by the Frenchmen*' catchinga 
large (hark, which they found a di fficult matter to get over the flern t ill he 
was dead when, hoifting him up to the top, they run their fwordsdown 
his mouth, and killed him. Owing to this inci4ent, 1 learned 
that fome of the poor negroes were fo deluded by their depraved rea- 
fon, and the grand enemy of fouls, as to have been in the habit of 
worfhipping that creature as their deity, and yet were able to recog- 
nize no other. This information led me to reflect on the great blefling 
of a divine revelation, and a knowledge of the true God, and eternal 
life in our Lord Jefus Chrift. Sitting aft to day I felt my mind 
very much affected with the fight of the body of one of the poor 
negroes floating on the waves, under the flern, who had died, and 
was thrown overboard as ufual, without any notice fcarely being 
taken of the incident. Means bad been employed to gain his body, 
but none to gain his soul, which was now in an unknown world, 
and while he paffed through the prefent ftate, he had never been once 
informed of the only Lamb of God which taketh away the fins of the 
world. I hoped, yea pleaded that the flandard of the Redeemer's 
kingdom might foon be univerfally reared, and the heathen flock to 
it " as doves to their windows." I retired this night to reft, much 
more compofed in mind than I could have expected ; yet deeply im- 
preflfed with i fenfe of this trying difpenfation of Providence. 

4th. Having now procured pens, ink, and paper, and expe&ing 
a tedious paflage, from the circumftances which have been already 
flated, I fat down to write a few particulars of the way 1 have been 
led in providence and grace ; and, if poflible, to learn to confide in 
the Lord, if I were unable to trace His footfteps during this dark 
difpenfation ; and as I had no certain profpect of revifiting my native 
country, I fondly cherilbed the hope, that if I did not furvive tbefe 
viciflitudes my papers might be providentially preferved for the con.- 
Jolation of my friends. No fooner had I fat down, than the re- 
port of a ftrange fail refounded throughout the (hip. This had a pow- 
erful effect on the minds of the Frenchmen ; particularly when they 
Jaw her tack about and give us chace, as they fuppofed her to be the 
Portuguefe frigate which was on the look out for the Buonaparte ; 
and, knowing that it was impoifible to efcape by outfailing her, con- 
fidered thcmfelves captured. They now began to pack up their clothe* 
and money, and prepared for a removal, into a flate of confinement. 
Their money was fewed up in belts, which they tied round their waift, 
in their trpwfers and other apparel. 1 fhall long remember one 
hardened wretch, who, according to my idea, was paft feeling : he 
■brought up hU bag of clothes, the greateft part of which had been th« 
property of Millenaries, when, emptying them at my feet to pack 
them up tighter, and at the fame time looking up to me, he clofed his 
. bands together, making a mod bitter lamentation, little of which a 
.underftood in the Letter, but his countenance fully indicated the 
aqguifli of his heart. On reflecting for a moment, 1 reviewed both 
our fituations, and was forcibly ftruck by that faying of Micahf 

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u ye have taken away my Gods, and what have I more." Though 
dejected, I enjoyed peculiar fatisfaction from the failed conviction, 
that in this refpect, the believer has infinite advantage over the infi- 
del. The French officers iirongly expreffed their concern for me, 
obferving that though I mould not be in the -power of a political 
enemy, yet, as I was with them, I mould be conveyed to the coalt 
of Brazil, whence it was tmpofliWe to fay by what means I mould be 
enabled to remove, or ever be re-united to my family; This at firft 
madeaftrong impreflion on my mind, I fenfibly felt, at the idea of 
being removed to a different more from that to which the probability- 
was that my friends and family were taken. But, in a fhort time I 
was enabled to refume fome degree of courage, from a review of the 
myflerious dealings of divine Providence with us in this voyage. I 
thought that if this prize was re-captured, it was probable that the 
Duff might be alfo retaken even by the fame (hip which now gave uc 
chafe, and we might yet meet unexpectedly in the fame port. How* 
ever that might be, 1 was enabled to derive fome confolation from 
believing that I was continually under the protection of that divine 
Being u who does all things well/* The morning was fpent by rhe 
Frenchmen in fuch continual alarm, at almoft prevented them from 
paying attention to the duty of .the fhip, while I continued writing. 
After dinner the ftrange fail drew fo near, that they perceived her to 
be the Buonaparte, of which, when they were fully fattsfied their 
apprehenfions ceafed, and they exhibited the ftrongeft fymptoms of 
joy and fatisfaction, greatly enhanced by the acquifuion of provifions 
and water, fo much needed. 

I confefs that the fecond fight of the Buonaparte gave me more 
pleafure than the firft, as I hoped that the cruize was given up, and 
we (hould be taken together to our partners and children, where we 
mould unite in a grateful acknowledgement to the Lord for mercies 
eminently mingled with judgment. 

The Captain now promifed me that he would enquire if they 
had really given up the cruize, and were bound direct to Monte 
Video; and if fo, I might take my thoice in which fhip I 
would proceed thither. When fhe came abreaft, her boat was 
fent alongfide, and we were informed that the cruize was relin- 
quifhed. When, though I was not so clofely confined as on board 
the Buonaparte, efpeciallv in the night, yet 1 could not but confider 
this incident as a visible atsplay of Divine Providence in my behalf 
to re-unite me to my brethren, and introduce me to the fight of my 
family again. The boat's crew brought the information that " when 
they firft defcrid us, though they had given up the cruize, yet fup* 
pofing us to be another prize, they immediately gave chafe but 
discovering their miftake fooner than we, they fired a gun, hoifted 
the fignal, namely the Englifh enfign, vice verfa, under the bow- 
fprit, with a {hot to keep it Heady. And as we neglected to anfwdft 
they, entertaining fears for our fafcty, came to take us in tow, qpt 
furnifh us with a fupply they fuppofed might be neceffary. 

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Captain Robfon likewife underftanding the difeafe that rageA 
among the Negroes and that the (hip, on her arrival in j>c*Yt, muft 
perform quarantine, requeued Carbonelle to take me out, arid bring 
back ; a requeft moft chearfully granted. 

It was nearjy dark when I entered the boat to return. I took two' 
of the ftraw mats, which had beenjjiven me for my bed, and fooh 
fbun& my felf aboard the privateer. To fee the brethren again gave 
me very great pleafure, particularly as we were under fail to the port 
of our jamaHes* deification. After I had got aboatd, a rope Was 
given to the prize, and we took her in tow. The wind noV in- 
creafed and blew a ftrbng breeze, fo that we made rapid progrefs ; 
but in the night the toto-rope broke, and the prize being left behind, 
wasfoon out of fighu 

Onmy re-upion with the brethren, I learned that feveral things 
had tranfpired during my abfence, which more or lefs claiihed bur 
attention." I was concerned to fee George, the black fervant, who 
formerly behaved with forhe degree of kindnefs 'to us, in irons, arii 
bis prize-money forfeited on account of his imprudent conduft. He 
was familiar with Englifhmen, and fpoke their language well, but in 
an unguarded moment had quarrelled with the Frenchmen, and told 

t em that he preferred the Englifh to them, and was a firm friend to 
ipg George ahd England. 

Another cirenmftance had. occurred which made the brethren very 
uncomfortable on the laft Lord's day. Captain Carbonelle having 
teen informed that feveral of us had been plundered of forne of Our 
clothes, adopted the following method for the reftoratibn of the 
property. Early in the morning he fuddenly ordered all the ham- 
mocks, beds, bags, &c. to be brought to him upon the quarter-deck, 
and had taken the neceflary precaution to prevent any frorti efctfpirig 
this general fearch. "When all things were brought up, he fern for 
all the brethren to (land by, and claim their property as it was fpread 
upon deck. By thefe means, fbme recovered a part of their property, 
and the detected thief was threatened with thelofsof his prize-money. 
This tranfaftion, however, tended only to heighten the enmity of thefe 
hardened wretches, which they did not ceafe to manifeft in future, 
as far as Aey were permitted. 

„ The brethren had alfo agreed to Write a petition to the French 
Captain, to grant us our wearing apparel and beds ; likewife to in- 
fereft himfelf with the Spanifli Governor, to prevent us fiom bein£ 
confined ?s prifoners, and if poflible to obtain our liberty ; to this I 
agreed, especially to that part of the fubjrft which refpefted Our libe- 
ration, as the thought of clofe confinement afliote was what I very 
inuch dreaded. The petition 'was accordingly delivered, and the 
anfwer w^ received was, that the Captain 'would do for us as much ai 
ho/in Ids power. 

^TWednefdav 6th. The Frenchmen caght two large jfliarks ; when 
goFoh board and opened, fix young ones were taken out of one, each 
two feetloifg; they werc-not only allvc^ but exhibited ' the greateft 

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vivacity, and when put into a large tub of water, fwam with as muck 
livelinefs as if they had been in the fea. 

It was a complete calm, fo that the fhip, on the minuteft infpec- 
tion, made noway, and the elements feemed to portend its conti- 
nuance, which caufed much dejection to the greateft part of us. We 
had already experienced the trial of being becalmed, and the idea 
occafioned us no fmalluneafinefs, efpecially at this time, as we were 
fo near the ihoie, fo many of us crouded together aboard the priva- 
teer ; and as it prevented us fiom receiving the long defired intelligence 
of our families' fafcty. After a review of the many promifes recorded 
in the fcriptures, fuitable to the ftate of every trial, we faw that 
•* our God held the winds in his fifts, and the waters in the hollow 
of h>« hand," and that we had permiflion from our Lord Jefuf 
Chrift, to a Ik what we would, believing, and it mould be done* 
1 he greateft part of us therefore agreed to make it a fubjeft of prayer, 
by two and three together, to plead for a favourable wind, no relieve 
us from our prefent fituation, and carry us forward to the defired 
port. We therefore afcended the gunwale, and in the fore-channel 
befought the Lord, if it were his will, to open his hand and fend 
forth the wind out of his treafures, in our behalf.— This was in the 
afternoon, and foon our kind and gracious Lord was pleafed, in a 
very confpicuous manner, to appear in our favour, and prove hinw 
felt to be a God not only hearing, but anfwering prayer ; forfpeedi- 
ly we heard the found of a breece which increafed every minute, and 
encouraged us to proceed in our fupplications to the Supreme* A 
fine breeze fprang up, and before we quitted the gunwale we had the 
fatisfa&ion to fee the fhip proceed forward, until it carried us, ac- 
cording to the log-book, at the rate of 15 miles an hour. Thii 
produced a moll pleafing efFeft on our minds, as we confidered every 
Wave that paffed as an anfwer to prayer, and retired below with the 
fongs of thankfgiving ai<d praife. The French participated in our 
jvy, on account of this profperous gale ; though one perfon, as we 
afcended the gunwale, expreflcd his utter abhorrence of our fuppli- 
cations, declaring that " he would fooner make his petition te 

The infidel, who is accuftomed to afcribe every incident to the 
agency of fecond caufe*, and never to raile his thoughts to the Great 
Firft Caufe of all, who cftablifhed the laws which govern the whole 
material fyftem, and can at pleafure fufpend their operation, may 
alTume the fmile of contempt at reading this declaration ; but let him 
fmile ; we truft that nothing which he can either fay or do, fhall be 
able to undermine the foundation of^pur faith, in a wife and merciful 
Providence, who not only fuperintends the great concerns of ' nations, 
but interefls himfelf in the affairs of the meanest individual* 

Thurfday 7th. When liberated from below, and beholding the 
aftonifhing progrefs of the diip, our pleafure was renewed, our faith 
an'd hope ilrengthened, we were enabled to rejoice in tribulation and 
captivity, relying on Him, who hath affurcd us in his own promile 

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4 OF 4 

twvar to k*v« no^ fcirfaks his people in time of n«ecL" With 
thankfgiving we madr our rcq ;efi known unto Cod, andoni 
ti*wwrd pleading oil the gunwale, while thi§ favourable ^a!e 
aapid y incrrjtfL'd *nd k^pt alive our expe&ation. We record 
tfu* day as a c&oft cumforuWe one, a proof ih*t the d»vine pre- 
fence of the Lord can make hi* people happy in every fta^te; and 
we soWn feelingly adopt tlae language of Dr, Wax;* : 

I Relieve that (bene of ihofe mating comfortable nfH)Tpept«, 
enjoy r d aboard this yetTej, wiiT long dwell in T§co|le&ipnj 
arid he fatcrrbed on our beans. W« faund # gowi'tQ draw nigh 
wnto the l ord. 

Friday St a; TJ*e wind Wew ha*d but Bill fair; it had iwgv* 
Krly increafed, tad our pco^refjs in C4 feouri was #fc> n^tes. W« 
mtte r*«dy to exdaim with dbc rfifcipies, 4t Bpt*44 wka* mao 
wutr •< Man » tfi+* that the winds find the wave* o^y Him.* 4 
Provide**:* frailed on otu detarp d>f uniiijn^ wi/h Of»r Jgft i^rniJircj 
•fcetagh in a ftrapee land, whene we hoped lo raife a 9 Uk&iqWi 
1 awd afcribe u (alvatgon unto tii« Lord." 

March 10H1 was the third Sunday ofourcaptiyify, w}?ich with 
ftfpe& m> the pisblic ordinances of feligio^ we were cor»pelU4 
act fpend it) filence ; nr verthe oft, our gwn*v*l4 voilhip wa,s not 
emitted ; we met as htthw, au4 foiu;d it good to waijt uppa tht 
Lcrd. How thankful ought we-to be for the f*ir breeze, which 
followed u : in the evening we wcr* in the fame latujjdea* 
Honte Video, aodespe&d toen er the river Rio dc la W.«ta 
next morning, i n the pleafing pr ofpeft of fo £oQn hehoJdjog our 
eaifod wivjrs and children, we reused below* Between our 
j>rayei -meeting , according to my general pra&ice, I wrote f/un>e 
•serfes, r^prefliye 0/ our ftatc thi* day and the week paJL 

Monday 'nth, Laft night while brother Jones ar d I werecon- - 
wfing on our pleafurahle fenh»t\o»s, the idea of the dysirM re- 
mnm kc r t us awake, longing for the arrival of tjitf foppy vmm4% 
when oureyes might fee, pnd our ears hear of their welfare, and 
in what manner they were ^iipofed of in the hands of ftrangers 
an a foreign knd- A failor, who came off froan the midd e 
watch, breughf: us <he unplea&njt news, " that a* we \ve*e U^ouf 
to enter itic nver, the wind (Lifted direH a^airjft us, that it 
iflonoiBbje to r«wh ihe pmrt while it continued ; that (hips fre- 
quently w^e dtiained heiefor three weeks complete, altogether 
sinable tp enfler ; a re^erwee was rna4e to Ibnvc veijTeJs^ arid epen 
«o the Bj*ona,parte b/e*fcJ4 which, dMruig the lal^ xoyag^ ba4 
ic£Q dcUioAd in ita J*we ^apnet." 

Thy fhining grace can cbrcr 
This H unccon were I dwell ; 
*Ti« Paracile wlicn thou art heie; 
If thou depart, HicHeilJ' 


In athinUte this information put all our hopes tff flight, and 
melancholy dejection refumrd her dominion ever the mind. It 
feemed a* if the Lord forbad our entrance, and denied our re- 
queft. We reflffted if we had any ground to hope an^l intreat 
permiffion to enter into this port, provided there was any en- 
couragement given in feripture> fufficient to enable us to plead 
•frith the Lord asain to blefs us with a favourable breeze. 

But dark nefs fcemed now to fur round his throne, and cauffd 
the for fome time t6 defi&fr -m fupplication. Jt daggered my 
faith, that the wind which now blew powerfully from the weft, 
at the requeft of mortal finful ttisti ihould prevail from the call. 

•« Myflerious oft, with ftaggeritg faith -we view 
His wond'rous wor<« It ill they arc jult and true : 
Tho* clouds and darknefs may his throne fu» round, 
Juftice and Faith are ever with him found." 

In thefe moments I wrote fome more lines which calmed my 
mind, after which I found encouragement to hope against hope 9 
and again we repaired to the ufual fpot, to unite in befeeching 
the Lord to grant us a fair breeze, that we might enter the place 

"of dtii* deftination. Again the Lord heard our cry, arid wt re. 

*lit6d another evidence that He is Lord both of Nature and 

•Grace, ha* all pawer in heaven and earth, and that nothing is too 
hard for Kim to perform, . For before evening the wind (bitted 
to the oppaftte pole, and was perfectly fair for our entrance* 
How exactly was that promife fulfilled, Pfalm I. 15, ** Call upon 
Me in the day of trouble; I will deliver thee, and thou fhaJt 
glorify Me;" and we join the Pfalmift in his declaration, cxvi. 

'1-2, *« I love the Lbrd'becaure he hath heard the voice of my 
fupplitntioh. Becaufe he hath inclined his ear unto me, there- 
fore will t call upbh him as long as I live." If ever man on the 
toi£hfy deep experienced the gracious interpofition of heaven, 

"we certainly did in this (hip, and can with confidence fct our leal 

'to its truth. 

We cannot but view the (hortening of this (hip's cruifce as a 
risible display of Divine Providence in our behalf, fo that for the 
fpace of three weeks only We continued in this rniferable fituation 
at lea, infteadof three months, as they had originally defigned.— 
. Our deliverance too was wrought by the Capture of others, though 
not of our country $ and although we did not rejoice at thetala- 
mityofbUr fellow-Creatures, yet we could not but feel fatisfac. 
t'on in being releafed from a ftate fo very wretched. But I ftarce 
knew how to be thankful, until I read to fome of my brethren in 
Ifaian xliK. 3, &c. " For I am the Lord, thy God, the holy 
One of Ifrael. thy Saviour. I gave Egypt for thy ranfom, Ethic, 
pia and Saba for thee. Since thou Waft precious in my fight, 
thou haft been honourable, and I have loved thee, therefore wiill 
give men for thed and people for thy life, Fear not, for I am with 

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36 JOURNAL 0* A 

thre* I will bring thy feed from the eaft, and gather them &t>m 
the weft. I will fay to the North: give up ; and to the Sou^h, 
,keep not back », bring my Ions from afar, and my daughters from 
the end of the earth." 

This port on was fulfilled in our experknc, in fome refpects, 
by the capture of thofe fhipsfo foon alter us, which appeared as 
given for our de'liverance, and the people for our life, yet not at 
ti e expence of the blood of any individual, though from the ad- 
ditional number of prifonersit was thought prudent b> our cap. 
,tors, at a council of war held, whi e I was in the Negro-prize. 
Ihip, to return to port, to which we now drew nigh, and in <x. 
peciation of concluding our voyage retired to oui difmal apart- 
ments, in hopes of its being the last time. 


- Arriual in Rio de la Plata, and re-uxion of the Families on board the 
Duff. The Journal tf the Females, 'containing particulars oftheix 
Voyage, after their separation from their husbands in the Duff. 
Extracts from the Journal of Mr* P. Levesque, when aboard of a 
prize, — Occurrences while in the harbour of Monte Vi ko, fyc* 

TUESDAY, MARCH i£th, 1799. 

EARLY in the morning to the N. W. land appeared, and We 
entered Riode la Plata; to the fouth no land could poflibly 
be d fcovered at the fame time, as the boundaries of this river are 
fo veiy cxtenfi ve. Two h^h rocks now appeared in fight, while 
we llood looking with anxiety to difcoverthc place where uner- 
ring Piovidence had defignated this million. Within two hours 
we perceived the high mountains of Monte Video, It is very 
lofty, has a ftafF on the lummit on wh ch a flag is hoifted when 
any flvp appears in fight, which was now flying* as the Buona- 
parte was vifible from 10 great an height. 

As our fears were various refpefting the fafety of the females, 
af.d trie iflue of this dark providence, we eagerly longed for the 
moment of arrival, that we might learn their fiuation, and know 
in what manner we Ihould be difpofed of in an enemy's land. 
But while our anxiety was increafed the nearer we advanced, 
the attention of all on board was ilrongly excited at difcovering 
on our larboard bow, what at firft we fuppofed to be a boat full 
of people, making towards the fhip. After failing fully three 
miles, we perceived that it was the wreck of f jme veflel, which 
had been but lately loft on that coaft. Again our cars were 

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awakened left it (hou!d rrove the Duff, and that all our families 
we cnnfigncd to a wa try grave, Within fifteen minutes we 
paffed it on our 1irbo«rd fide, when the French officers recog- 
niied it as part of the brig laden with fait, which they had cap- 
tured next after the Duff, aboard of which the kind prventing 
providence of God, had, through the forgetfulness of the French 
Captain, hindered any of us fro»n embarking on the night of her 
capture. The b .ws of this veflel, with the bowfprit, and nearly 
the half of the hul?, remained vo< together, but the other pin had 
been entirely feparated, and was nolongrr to befeen. 

The fight of this wreck made a deep impreflion on our minds, 
and cauXed us «« to ftand ft.U, and fee the falvation of God," 
which he had wrought in our beha'f. We were all fitting toge- 
ther in the boat, in midlhips, to keep out of the way of tho 
Frenchmen, while they were working the fhip, when our Cap- 
tain came from aft, and calling t > me, reminded me of my anxi ty 
and concern at not guing in that prize, agreeably to my expecta- 
tion, and the promife of Carbonelle, obfe ving that there was 
a visible display of Divine Providenee 9 in my having been thus 
disappointed. 1 truft 1 was truly thank r ul to tho munificent 
Beftowerof all our numerous mercies, for this additional proof 
of his kind attention fo confpicuoufly difplayed this day, when 
each of us reflected, that on board of each of the other prizes one 
of us had been fent, but in this none had been allowed to embarR* 
** Not unto us, O Lord, not unto us, but unto thy name give 
glory, for thy Mercy and for thy Truth's fake," was now the 
language of every heart, which felt that falvation belonged to 
God. From this ftriking inftance of the preventing goodnefsof 
our covenant-God, we took encouragement in entering this port, 
believing, that He who had delivered, would appear as our 
protector, and we fhould find to our comfortable experience 
that He was still on our fide. 

As we were on the point of entering the harbour of Monte 
Video, our hearts glowed with the expectation of feeing or hear* 
ingof the welfare of our wives and children, .while each impa- 
tiently defired to difcover the Duff, as the very fight of her 
would convince us of their fafe arrival, of wheh, from various 
circumftances, we were induced frequently to doubt. But while 
this eager expectation continued, we received the painful com- 
mands go be ow to our wretched apartment, while the French 
prepared to falute the Spanifh Governor of the Fort, However 
unpleafant this order, recollecting that we were prifoners, we 
obeyed, in the hope of being fpeedily delivered from this (hip, 
or fu tiered to go upon deck. 

We remained below while they fired their guns and moored 
the fhip, during which time a boat came off, with the Spanifh 
officers of Infpection, accompanied by a perfon who fpoke Eng- 
lifli. When this Gentlemen came to tho hatchway, enquiring 

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g$ • *j6uRMAL OF A ^ 

for the Englifii prifoners, wc received the agreeable news that 
the " Duff was fafely arrived, and all the women- aria 1 children 
Were well, yet ftill aboard, and not afhore, as we efcpe&ed;" 
This welcome rtieflenger likewlfe brought us foirie fruit, vias, 
apples, peaches, and melons, highly acceptable to us in 0\it pre- 
fent fituation, which we partook of with thankful hearts, while 
we received farther intelligence, which particularly claimed our 

The Spanilh officer informed Captain Carbonelle, that " the 
Governor forbad turn either to fell his prizes or land his prifon- 
ers; adding, that he muft leave this port at a fet time-, which 
would be granted, and then he muft take all with him." The 
French Captain and officers were greatly aftdnifhfed at this uhfa- 
Vourable reception, and inquired into the caufes which had pro- 
duced this fudden alteration in their condufr. For when the 
Buonaparte had quitted this port only fix weeks ago, the French 
Had been allowed to land their prifoners, fell their prizes, and 
Carbonelle was upon terms of the molt intimate friendfnip with 
fheGoverndr, But in the interval, previoufly to the arrival of 
the Duff, fome mifunderftandin % had take'n place afhore between 
fome of the mariners, belonging to the Republican frigate, and 
the inhabitants of this port, when the Spaniards, from the keert 
flefire of referiting the infult lately offered by the French, beTord 
they knew any thing of the Duff, but merely that ftie was i 
Jrench prize, declared that il they pdntively would n6t condemn 
her, nor permit the prifoners to land.'' This intelligence yieldtd 
iis great confolation, as we hoped that the^ Lard Was working out 
6ur deliverance in a way welcnew not ; that the Frenchmen iidt 
having permifTion to fell our fhip, would be glad to let out Cap- 
tain have her in exchange for bills upon the Society, rather than 
fun therifkof taking her to fcuropr, and thus there was ftill fom* 
probability that ihe Miflion might be profecuted. 

After the fhip was properly fecured, 2nd the fail* unbe*nt, we 
\vere allowed to come on deek, when we faw, at fome difiah'ce, 
pur (hip, the Duff lying at anchor, the awnings fprdad bver the 
Cjiiarter-dcck, all her top-malts Itruck, and the L'nglith enfign fly- 
ing rcverfed. The fight of which made a mote powerful ith- 
Jsretfion on my n ind than of any flag 1 had ever beheld, While 
the Spanifh colours were, difpliycd on high aboard mbft fhips ih 
the harbour. 

We fbon made enquiry, whether on not perrai&dn cdutti Bfe 
granted for thofe amongu us. who were married, to £0 aboard 
the Duff, but could not obta:h any latisfa&ory ahfwer. iThe 
French Captain went afhore with the Spamfh oificers to the 
Sfjanifh Governor for farther intf ru&iotis, while we wailed his 
'return to kndw What orders he would receive, and whither we 
Would be conVeyed. ' ' ' 

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CAq£j REp MISSIONARY, &C* 30, 

In b? afternoon, while our eyes were, continually caft upon the 
Duff, we oblerved a boat making towatds us, wfiich each con- 
cluded had once been our own, and we eagerly watched hr r, as 
flie approached, to difcovrr if any belonging to us were amongffc 
the, cr- w. Twq of my chi'drcn, Martha and J'>hn, with b oth-r' 
Jones's daughter M a '}V we now difcovered with fome French' 
officers and broiher Leuefque. As this was the firft fi^ht of 
them from tjip night of our capture, I could fcarcely fupprefs my 
impatience till they were brought alongfide; and when they en- 
tered tfre (hip, and i clafped them both in my arms, mv feelings 
overcame me, and can better be conceived by an affe6Honate 
parent, than described by my pen. A miogled feeling of joy and 
iprrow topic poflefhon of my bread when I faw them again in 
fafety, though in the hands ot flrangerr, as little prifoners of 

Qur Ca'ptajn^ each mi (nonary* and feamen Mood ready to re« 
ceiyeancl embrace the little ones, as they came on board, whil^ 
the French officer 5 , who appeared not to be unaffected fpe&ators, 
infarrnQcl me that if they wanted any thing which was aboard; 
they ftould have it, and in ^ie mean time different forts of fruit 
were put intp their hands. After an interview which lafted for* 
an hour, they were called to re-enter the boat and return, when 
Mattha preflingly intreated me to come to her mother, or her 
rnpther would come to me; but a Mr anger to my feelings, fhe* 
knew not the forrow that filled my heart, from the certainty that 
it would not be granted. They entered the boat and returned tof 
the Duff; but this interview in which brother Jones % arid I were 
more particularly iriterefted, will dwell long in our remembrance; 
Brother Levjefque confirmed the intelligence of the fa'ety of our 
wiv<es, and the kind treatment which they had received, afforded 
us gr,eat fatisfa£tion. 

In the evening Captain Carbonelle returned aboard, and was 
immediately furrounded bv his officers, impatient to know what! 
anfwer he Jiad received from the Governor, the particulars of 
which we could not fully learn, but from their appearing to be 
much difotisfied with the Captain's report, wc concluded that 
the orders were unfavourable to their intereft. No further fatis- 
faftiori was given us this night refpecung our removal to the DufF, 
and once more we retired to our miferable dungeon; but at the 
ihipwas at anchor, and nearly half unrigged, we were not coa* 
fined fo clofely as before, 

VVednefday, March 13th. Early this morning I got upon deck, 
intending with brother Jones to make application to Carbonnelle 
for 'permiflion to join our families, but was prevented by the 
welcome intelligence received from Captain Robfon; who in^ 
formed me that Carbonelle had already granted the requeft, that 
all the married brethren were to go this day, that leave was given 
to take a cook to drefs our victuals, after the ftfliion of our 

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country, and the French Captain would give money to fupply us 
with what we wanted, I was happy to receive this information, and 
glad to communicate it to the Brethren, knowing the pleafure it 
would yield them. At Cap ain Robfon's requeft, we agreed to taMfe 
our {hip's fleward as cook ; then having wafhed, we were ready, and 
waited for the arrival of that moment when we (hould leave this 
prifon, and re-enter our loft (hip, aboard which the Captain inform- 
ed us we were to remain, until further orders were received from the 

At to A. M. we quitted the Buonaparte, and went into the boat. 
It was a wet morning, fo that with the heavy (howers of rain, and 
the fea which at the time run high, we were thoroughly drenched 
before we reached the Duff; but the pleafurable fenfation, yielded by 
the mere contemplation of the re union which was to tike place, ba- 
nifhed every ether from our minds. In confequence of tne heavy 
fhower there was not even an officer upon deck when we got along- 
fide ; fo that we foon afcended, and were below between decks, 
before our wives were apprized that we were aboard. Each, with t 
degree of velocity eafily conceivable, haftened to his partner, while 
every heart, eye, and voice were moil fenfibly afFecled. The uni- 
verfuljoy and pleafure which reigned amongft us, who, after being 
fepa rated by the fword of war upwards of 100O miles on the great 
deep t in fituations unknown to each other, were now re-united on 
the 2 2d day after our fcparation, can be fully underftood only by 
us, w ho enjoyed this happy meeting—a meeting of fo general a na- 
ture can fcarcely be tracea, where each individual was equally in- 
terefled. (Pfa. exxvi. 1.) " When the Lord turned again the 
captivity of Zion, then were we like them that dream, then were our 
mouths filled with laughter, and our tongues with praife." 

After we had in part overcome the tender feelings of our firft in* 
terview, we Oufted, a meafure not only neceflary from our being 
wet, but alio from our being more or lefs contaminated with the dirt 
and vermin of our old prifon. We now felt more comfortable, and 
returned a tribute of praife to our Sovereign Prote&or for our pre- * 
fervation while feparated, and re-union in this (hip. When we 
heard the manner of their treatment, from the painful moment of 
parting, we underftood that our God bad done more for them in 
mercy, than we had ever aiked or thought, and that all glory was due 
to bis matchlefs name, the united declaration was, " The Lord hath 
done great things for us, whereof we are glad.° 

The unmarried Brethren, left in the Buonaparte next claimed our 
attention, For though they were benefited by our removal, in hav- 
ing more room, they were in a wretched ftate in refpect to the things 
of this life. They were in want of knives with which they might eat 
their food, and fome fort of veftels to contain their drink ; be fides 
thegreatcft number wanted even a fhirtwith which they might fhift. 
iwo or three knives, a razor, a few pint pots, &c. with a fhirt or 
two, were therefore collcficd, and Dr, Turner obtained liberty to 

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convey them to the Rrethren. Both h:s perfonal appearance and the 
neceflaries which he brought were very acceptable, and after fpend- 
ing fomc Comfortable minutes with them in their bondage, he returned 
to the Duff. 

We now learned from our wives, that from the time we left the v m 
on the night of capture, they, as it was natural to be expected, were 
much affecVdat our bein£ thus torn from them in one h»ur, and they 
in the hands of political enemies, beholding a ftrange people, and hear- 
ing fothing but flrangfe tongues.— Recovering themfelves however, 
in afmall meafure, each of them took pofTeflion of her own cabin- 
door, while the fluttered mind wandered alternately f:om hope to 
fear. The confufion alfo and fl range noife which enfued from the 
Frenchmen's putting the fh:p under their government, gave rife to 
feveral conjectures refpeclmg her fafety. A French officer, with a 
failor, came down, and went round to each cabin, putting'his fword 
under the bed-places, to know if any mm had been fecrrted there, 
but ntherwife behaved with the utmoft politenefs and rcfpecl. The 
children yet continued rfleep. and knew nothing of what had hap- 
pened. When the officer entered Mr. Jones's and my cabin, he 
was (hewn the children, and being fully fatisfied that no man was 
concealed, he returned on deck, after porting a fentinel at the hatch- 
way to prevent any from going below. The females yet retained 
their births, without being in the leaft molefted, and !the officer again 
came down and fcated himfelf on a bag of bread, which we had left 
in midfriip*. He appeared rather concerned, and forafiiort time 
remained filent. Emboldened by the decent manner in which he, 
conduced himfelf, they took the liberty of alking fome queftions f 
as what o'clock it was! when their nufbands would return! &c. 
which were anfwered by the failor who was a Spaniard, fpoke a little 
broken Englifh, and acted as a kind of interpreter, but in fuch a 
manner as hardly to be underftood. Some other queftions were 
txchanged, as what car^o was on board ? and others of a fimiiar na- 
ture, but little information was obtained on either fide. 

On the return of Dr. Turner to the Duff, when fent by Captain 
Carbonelle, as we before mentioned, the officer, whofc name was 
Bezzard, came down again, informed them that 46 one Englifh Doc* 
tor was come," and afked if any were fick, giving them to under* 
fiand, as well as he could, that iC if they wanted any thing he could 
get at, they fhould have it." The welcome news of our brother's 
return were fcarcely underftood by any, but the moment he made 
his appearance below, it diffufed gladnefs and joy amongft the whole 
company of females, 

Here as the minutes recorded by Brother Turner will beft defcribe 
the fituation of the females during the period of reparation, I infert 
the following with which I have been favoured by him : 

«< Upon my return to the Duff," fays Brother Turner, " the 
fituation in which I found the females may eafily be conceived by 
fyery perfon of fenfibiiity. My appearance amo-g them was ap* 

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4? sopivte ♦ 

patently asifcfrelhln* a* the cooHof water *ft tfc* y^ltV t! fy*!l e . r {« 
flip parched defarts of Arabia^ Eyetv tpcgu.e was ready to aft, ani 
fvery car ready to hea|% wbat jyas bee/Hue of, and if\ut likrh to b<| 
the fate of iheir pratners, together with the reft of the Mi{fionaij**« 

The fuddeti conftei nation -which fei^e^ tqe, from the charge 
<?f fitn^tion, and the fanes wKich 1 wat called to witriefs, aimoft 
deprived me of ^he power of thpugh^ wifb re'peft tp what was to 
become pf us, or wbithef we were tp he conveyed ;' fp that my infor- 
maiionupop this bead was yery fcanty. I J^d^ wh'^ reiurniog fronj 
1'he Buonaparte to the Duff, enquired of jtbe'rarn in Jtfre boat whitker 
Wf (bould be faken, and with favourable wi*icls bow fopn \yc (houjg 
arrive? In anfwer to thefe en^uirit$, I receiyed the information 
$hat t^be place of our dcjlination was a Spanjfh Jown ? called Monte 
V.deo, upon fhe riyer dc la Plata, in the province of Paraguay^ 
South America,' ard ijiat if wpuld be abowjt feven days before are 
llipuld arrive, when we fbould all meet again. This information I 
communicated to the fences, and it was in fome meauire adding 
forrow to forrow, as they were all cheriflimg the fond expeclatjoji, 
that the revolving fqn would return unto them the buoyed partners of 
their lives. But, blefTed be pod ! he lays no more upon his people/ 
than what he enables them io bear. This addi:ional ihock to their 
feejingswas bprn w'lh a fortitude and refignation to the will of God, 
becoming their chriflian profeBion. 

* 6 After this, we thought it highly neceffary, by fervent prayer^ 
cpromit ourfelves into the bands of that God, who alone is able {o keep 
]'S and \o implore his protection and grace, to make 14s fubofiiffiye tc> 
th divine will, as well as, to keep 14s from murmur pg at his dealing 
towards us. file (Ted be the J^ord ! I trnft that our prayers that even- 
ing came up with acceptance b?fw fys throne, and that agreeably to 
jhe faith fulnefs of his promifes, before calling uppn him, heantwered 
§nd while calling he hc.ird. Though nope fee met) in 1 lined 10 ven- 
ture (o (Icep ? fearful left the deprecations going on in every other 
quarter of the fbip {bould fpeed-ily extend to their apaitments, yet 
the m'nd feemcfl more compofc d than it might have been expecled. 

" About three o'clock in the morning? Mopf, Bezzard, the fe«» 
co»d officer of ibeDufF, (now a French prize^) came down between 
jtccks, the place ahjgned the marrjed people, lie ieemed, by hi) 
countenance, and the few brp.ken fpceches in Engljlh, which he wa$ 
$bic to utter, tp mapifefl fys greater fyrnpathy for pur fitua,tion, 
Be ajftned us that we were completely fecured from the plunder of 
the feamep, as none would ever be permitted to come below, unleft 
when accompanied by one of the officers. He cpcjuirccj if we dicf 
pot intend going to bed, btU as I have already mentioned, npne 
fecn^fc|difpofcd to do it, por 4'd we confider it as prude nt that aJJ 
Ihould in fucha, fituation, The return ipg mprning brought frcA pangs 
of forjow to ourbeartSf Le Grand |iuopaparte, whipb we a ll fondly 
temped woulcl accompany hs, was. pow beheld fleering another courl^ 
iire^ljf ojypqfitc o«r^ t ancl already a* a c^fidofable 41fl^occ 9 

Digitized by 

CAPftlftfed IflltKrtfXKY, oVc. ||§ 

Ujkm em^utring fnto the reafon of a Meafure fc> very tine*pWted r we 
learned that (he was to cerifinue cruising upon the coaft, until ihe 
had capftuTetJ fuch a number of prices as to remler it neccflary for hef 
td return, And that we ourfelVes; were going direct for Monte Video* 
A variety of things now occurred to render the mind dift/iefled. The 
cfutnce of an engagement was accompanied by a Variety of ft-ars ; they 
mi^h'be killed -or the ftiip taken, and carried nobody knew wbt^ 
rfter, and Unbelief faid, ^ I (halt never lttore beh*dd the dear partner 
of nw life." But white ort the one hand anxiety fcemed to be in± 
creating upon us, on thte other we hoped that We flwiuld hav« to 
" (rng of mercy as wvll as of judgment" The French officers feemed 
to fhfew us every rriark of atteWidnj and io commiferatc otir fituationy 
Hid tKr- feelings which a fuh-fcf of it etfcited, 

. " Thi* morning* we were uwder forrte doubn, whether we fhould 
Ha>e our publib fifmiiy grayer* of whether it would be more prudent 
for each individual to ptay in fedret. It was the unanimous opinion 
that we ought n6t to omit this ineumbent: duty, though fome thought 
we had better reqti ft permillion frttm the Captain ; but as our inter-* 
£reW was a Spaniard* whoffloke very bad Englifh. We apprehended 
it would be impoffib-e to make them compfebend our meaning : we 
therefore ddtermiried to have prayers, without faying any th ng td 
Aeht ibont if, and if tfcey fhoutd detect us at this e*erctfe, and bid 
us defift, it would then be full time for us to give over, but till that* 
fttfod it was our indityerr&bfe duty to proceed. 

" At otte of thefe morning exereifes, the Frenchmen wanting fomei 
dring out. of the hold, came downuponusratherunexpec^edly^but the 
efhcer who accdmp nied the men feeing ns ttpon our knees, and of 
courfe gueffing at our employment, nWde the men retire until we bad 
frnifhed. It was" no fmaU alleviation to our diWrefsful feeling*, to 
fend that in the wo* ft of circurtifhnce* into which the Lord had 
ever brought us, we were not deprived of focially worlhipping our 
trod ; We now went on in the work of die Lord^ with comfort 
and bold ne fs.. 

u As night approached, we began td deem it abfolutrly necefTary 
#a>!t>nie Ihould keep watch: till the return of light, fo as to give tmf 
alarm, iBthe feartten fhould attempt to come below ; and our night- 
watches were regulated in the fbliowihg manner, which continued 
enahered until the jotning together of the feparate partners, viz.— • 
• THattWd or three of the females Ihould fit up till twelve o'clock; 
afterward* 1$ and oecaftonaily others, mould watch till four iti the 
morning, When the remainder ihould get up, and continue watching 
otitil the ufual time of rifing.' 

" The firft fabbath after our capture prefented to our view a veryr 
AfTerent fcene from any we had viewed before : we had hitherto 
Bern accuftomed to fee our {hip's company iaying.afide every work? 
but the abfolute necelfary duty of the {hip, and attending the ordi- 
nances of divine worfhip in a clean and decent manner; bdt now w 
appeared atiffatart hadinftigated them to a work, which would prevent 


Digitized by 

44 JQURNAL, Of An , 

»* from bbfcrving our fabbatbin ihe way to which we had both been 
aeeullomed andearntitly deliied. They began to fill (omc empty water 
cafks with fait water fur the belter balancing the fhip. But obiVrv- 
irtg there were foroe difference with refpe ii to our drefs, in its being 
neater and cleaner than on other days, and perceiving the females not 
engaged as ufual^ in fewing or cooking, for we cooked the Sunday's 
f*ruvifions on the Saturday, and as they had befoie beheld us at our. 
teligtotis exercifes while in the fore-part of the Ihip, they were led to 
ieppolc that it was fome religious day, and immediately a fked if ic 
was our fabbaih. When they were anfwered in the affirmative, 
about ten o'clock they g<ive up their work in the hold, and left us in 
quictnela to profecute our religious duties When we faw this wc 
could not but admire the power of retraining grace, that even wnere 
it does t.ot convert^ can' make aii men fubiervient to its foverejgn 
influence. In our worfhip this day we introduced finging, which wc 
bad rot done before : this was rather a nov<.liy to the French ; but 
thoogh it appeared to civet their attention, it did not excite the Jeall 
ridicule, iufofaraswe could difcover. We fpent both parts of the, 
day in reading the word of God, in prayer and in praife ; and we. 
truft the Diviuc prefence was evidently among us, and have reafon to 
bleis his holy name for that grace which enabled to perfi-vere in the 
good work of the Lord w»ih boldoeis, in. the prefencc of his and our : 

iC On the following day, Monday 25th, the wind blew rathet 
bard, in conference of which, moll of the females were mdifpofed. 
The attention difplaycd on this occafion by the French officers was 
"truly remarkable. Every thing which they could polhbly procure, 
and which was thought in any way calculated to remove their tickiiels, 
was cheerfully give* us. This circumftance was another fubfUntial 
proof that we were under the peculiar protection of that God, of 
whom it is thus written, * Surely God is good unto Ifrael' ; and we 
could individually adopt the language of David, ' Come, magnify 
the Lord with me, let us exalt his name together.' 
• ** Un Saturday, March 2d, about four o'clock in the afternoon, 
We came to anchor in Monte Video Bay, after a voyage of upwards 
of 1 Ooo miles from the place of our captivity, and in eleven days 
£orn that pciiod. During this time, we had, through the goodnefs 
of God, in general enjoyed a pretty good {late of health. Mrs. Hill 
was at times very much afflicted with ficknefs, and Mrs. Hawkins a 
good deal overcome with the affliction laid upon her in being fepa- 
rated from her hulband, fr rom the time of our capture till our arrival 
in this haibour, we experienced the kindeft treatment from our cap- 
tors, and the greateit. decency and ciecoium was (hewn, on the part 
of the officers towards our females. So great was the attention of thefe. 
officers towards us, that when any of the live ftock (remaining on 
board when the capture took phce) was killed, we always were per- 
mitted to have the firft choice before either themfclves or the feamen. 
Upon vur amval ia harbour we were immediately fupptied with. 

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applet, pear*, peaches, figs, and melons, which, confijering the 
time we tad been at Tea, were a moft delicicous lepail. Some, 
however, from making too free an ufe of them, foon began to feel the 
bad effect of this indulgence on the conftitution, which brought them 
very low, in particular, Mrs. Hawkins; I alfo experienced the 
hurtful efL&s of them. Frcfh anxieties began now to prefent them, 
felves to our view. Our expe&ation that we fhould be put on fhore, 
among a people of whom we entertained the mod dreadful ideas- 
operated very powerfully upon our minds. . During our voyage we 
had been careful in making every enquiry in our power, with refpe& 
to our deft ination, afrer our arrival in port, and were informed that 
we mould not be made prifoners, but live in a great houfe appro- 
priated for the dwelling of captives. We had now experienced the 
attention and liberality of the Frenchmen, and we wilhed ftill to bp 
upder their protection, rather than that of thofe who were ftrangers 
unvo us. But though we could not difpofe of ourfelves, yet in God 
was our hope. He had hitherto been unto us more than our thoughts , 
could have conceived. He had delivered, and we trufled that he r 
would yet deliver. That our hope was not groundless will be found , 
in the (equal of this narrative. r 
** March 3d, (Lord's day.) About ten o'clock this morning* a. 
King's boat came off for the purpofe of conveying me on fhore to the , 
governor. 2 was attended to the governor's houfe by a foldier; Oa 
njy entering the room, I was met by a very good-looking man, who 
accofled me in very good Englilh, and without obferving thofe , 
etiquettes of politenefs which are cuftomary in England, of asking me 
ir> and begging that I would be feated, continued to converfe with 
me chiefly upon the obje6l of our voyage, the number of our com- 5 
pany, by whom we were fentout, the Mate of politics at the time of 
our leaving England, and whether we had any Englifh newfpapers on 
board. To all thefe queftions I returned fuch anfwers as, confift- 
ently with truth, the duty which I owed my country, and the caufe 
in which 1 had embarked required ; after which, I was given to un- 
derftand, that he had done with me. Until this moment I had con- 
verfed with him as an officer of the governor's houfehold, and one 
who, I fuppofed, would be my interpreter to him ; but in being thus 
difmifled, I was convinced that it mull be the governor hi mfelf. .1 
therefore in my turn interrogated him, in regard to the provifion 
made for us, as prifoners, and to whom we were to apply for it. He 
anfwered that the only thing he had to do with us was to grant per- 
million for our coming on fhore, which he had already done, but 
with refjpeft to our fupport, we were to receive that from the French. 

44 After leaving him, I called on a Mr. Campbell, an American, 
gentleman, tefident here, who foon after our arrival in the harbour 
palTed under the Duffs fide, and feeing one of our boys on deck g 
Was led to enquire who we were, and then gave his addrefs, faying^ 
that when any of us came on fhore, he fhould be glad to fee us. He 
Weluved with the greateft politenefi, and after making jhe enmairies 

Digitized by 

4*k< jbvrkAt at K * 

natural toevery #fo, jfi{p-Mn£ us, prdiTiHed to aftif! us is tifaefi w lay 
in*fii< power, and regticrlfei that as often as we came on fiiorC we 
fiir/ald cal^on him. 

" As h was the fabbaTh, I Was 1 unwilling to make a longer ftay 
tttatr wfrat feerhed tb be- neeeftafy for- bar fnuarion, therefore I re- 
turned orl honrd tfte' DhfT, having fOtfnd; on my going down to the 
beach. M^fioat rn which I crme, waiting 10 convey me back again*. 
While ott ftcre, I was met and interrogated by feveral of thofe Uri- 
hatjf y fen^eV who were either convielfc or belonged to the Lafy 
Shore ; But deeming ?t; necefliry* for our own credit to avoid noticing 
t^crh as- ttiirch aspoffible, Iput ito more queft'ions to them, but whar; 
i«i my opinion*,' were re^liifite tbf our own fatisfa&ion to knowre- 
fp./clirfe ;fi<? pNee The accounts received upon this" head Were tipoirt 
the hoh* fnisfa&oty, 

; " In the afiernoo' >\ the French Captain informed foe" that he WW 
going dtf ftiore £<r rhe pnrpofe ot" feeWg Out an houfd in Which the 
fenntes m/ght refide, and that if ) chofc, I might aCcompdrty hit*!. 
Though 4 IHvas liotftnd of (pending the fabba h in this manner, I 
trougf c that rf i : could by iOtng be any wile (fervicear leiri procuring fo* 
them a.comforxahl(^abode, it was undoubtedly my duty tb cio fo. Froflk 1 
tlfeficofifTd^iarioriS 1 attended rhe Captain. We Went to the ftoiife 
o? the 1 trench s^enr. and footr after fet off in His coach ani lotirj 
accdmptmted the French Captain, Spanifti and French agents^ ati 
American Captain, and an officer of the ftnic country, belonging t£ 
tire Republican; We (vent t& an houfe belonging to the frenetl - 
^p^)iji'^l^i'z'isi\Uftir&t^ towrh The fioufe confiflfed of thrfcd' 
rSoths," arid frrSrit its " rtitrrefffiiuation, on account of its diflanefe firbr* 
tfcfehiwn, 1 thmighr ii very weB li tutted for us. It was therefore 
jifef^ ihar We'ffioi-W ftave it; out, dri returning to town* it<wa*. 
fu^fg fl^ that frbtfi berng ib retired, wie might be in danger of being 
altacfeW b|"ifte hatife; a*rrd plundered, if not murdered. On thefd- 
coY.Sderaiibns* if wai/g¥veif up; arid cnlfe fa town feaiched out and' 
a^cd'uj;0n* AtoW 'ifevW o'd^K 1 returned to the Duff, affe¥ 
dfinhnk'tci on Board r{ie i)iligence, America^ brig (afterwand* iold 1 
to jh^ S^ri^rdilaild finding a muff- ui#bmFdrtkbfe *nd unpletlfifit v 
f&b^thV : " v * ' : ; ' • • ' 

1 *? fnr the cOurfe' of 'tttijr day I mer wSlr fVx^ral American gentle-' 
meii; C?aptaitii ^rVeffili, IVbm wnonV I Tiopcd we fhoidd experiertctf J 
ffifeVidfttfp' if iic&A?& : B^on diy getthig ou bo ird, I found my fe- : 
mafe friends fad Keen! fofflewfrat uneafy at my absent e ; But in a little ' 
tfce'y Were highly entertained tft the defct fitibn I had tb give thent' 
eff the hai-neft of the Hotfes" and rhe hVery of the poilillions, 
^hrcfr td bite wfitrRid oeett atcaftomed to -fee the fpFendid equi- 
^%es that roll chfaa^h the irieets of London, was traly laugh-» 
a^le, in^ftmich is it caftied id ir fhe greartelt bmlcfque on grandeur.. 
The cOacll itfiff was o? fiutdpean make, an¥ by no means deipi- 
<%te, Bbt tht fiarnJft oFtfte ^rorfe^ aniotihred to little better tharr 
hkrnefr tf^illex, in *fhcfind arm i» crar m^ropoib, and the* 

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livery of the poflii.lion was one of our foldiera' coats^ which had beat 
taken o it of the Lady Shore, 

*: On Tuefday ihc 5th, an order came/for 14$ to quit the ftip and 
go on : (bore, which was not very pleafant to us 'for reafbns fkied 
above ; but juft as we Wfrc jeidy logo, ihe ord/r was countermandeJ, 
and we * ere npw flopped urtil ap order was obtained from the Vicp-rdi 
pf iJ)e province Weail regarded this incident as a fingujetr interference 
Ojf Pivine providence in our te^alf, and for which, I truft, wp fekji 

fjt<>w of gra itudp. to that Supreme Being who ever rules all things 
of good. The rcafons fur ou* being orrlerrd to remain pn boards 
we did not at this time underftand, but we learned afterwards it wa> 
it> conTequence of fome mifunderii ending between the French and tbf 
Spanilh governor. 

♦* Thurfdciy, 71b. This morning *e received tfie account of a 
Pqrtuguefp veiT j l, a pti&e to the Buonaparte^ being loft on the £ny- 
]i]fa Bant, coming up the river t?e la Plata. This yf*% forpewhac 
djflreffing uato us, inasmuch as we apprehended that fome of our 
brethren mi^ht have beep on board, and probably found a watery 
grave. The French Captain affured us that none of our people were, 
in tier, as it was a thing never permitted, but which we a^erwardi 
learned was only prevented from Her being captured in the night* 
/\b«Qt $ t A. M. an Ameripan Negrofailor belonging tptbeBuoriapanp 
and one of the crew of the above {hip, came alongfide the fcjulK, buf 
ff as nether permitted to come on board nor remain aloqgfi^. While 
rear the (hip he gnve us thp following particulars concei ning our 
brethren : — tft. tba* none were in the above fliip; fcdly. that at the 
time of their leaving the Buonaparte (13 days ago) they wpreall wells 
jdly a report prevailed in the mip that all trie prifcners onboard 
would be put on fhore at Rio de Janeiro. To hear the two firft pur* 
titulars was no fmall comfort, but the latier did got a little diftrefs 
us f which the French Captain perceiving, and enquiring into the 
c^u^y went immediately on fhpre for the purpofe of feeing the Cap» 
lain of the above fhip, and in tbe evening returning on board the, 
I>u(f, accompanied by him * f he affiled us that tfye report of the 
foi)or was groundlefs: he further flattered us with toe h>pes of fopn 
feeing our Brethren, which though it happened to be realized, wai 
npwfpo|cen without any certainty* 

. " ford's day, iQth, On account of being obligee] $0 attend upon 
f;cp|ar affairs the laft fabbath, we had no wodhip in the rotable ot 
tjie day; but, bleiTed be. Qod, this fabbath, th9ugh not as in day* 
and ninths that are paft, we (pent in, reading the word of God, 

Tbu mas who ww afterwards ft^tioned on board the Huff treated pur female* 
and ckijdren wiih peculiar kindnefs, and was the officer on deck who per- 
iniUed brother Jones and I to reave the fhip. Has lately with onle'or tn« 
feamen been brought a prifoner to England, with a letter which was brought 
tomcdefcrihing his fituatiod, whicb being prtfentcd to the Mitfbx^hr Soci- 
ety, tfcreugh tb«ir influence he b§* beet* Jij**a*4i y4> *CUu$e^ 

hex* he has a }ar|f family. 

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in prayer and in praife. About this time, feve ral of our females 
and I wrre indtfpofed* from a caufe already mentioned, the 
abundance of fruit. Brother Gregory's child, Wiiliam, was 
alfo much indifpofed, with fomething of the appearance of ihe 
jaundice, which however went off in a few days. 

'* tith. This day in a Poitugucfe brig, prize to the Buona- 
parte, our brother P. Levrfque air ved, and brought a few letters 
from the reft of the Brethren. In the afternoon he was prrmiu 
ted to come on board the Duff and remain there. The picafure 
and fatisf.iftion we all felt at receiving him as an earnefl of the 
reft, were fuch as thofe onlv who are united to each other in 
the bonds of the gofpel, and have been in fimilar circum fiances, 
can feel ; in the fame manner as when I returned from the Bun. 
mparte, though with more eager and earneft defire of fatisfaftion 
inocafed by the long abfence, every tongue was ready to*fk, 
ard every ear ready to he^r, in what flate of health their partners 
were when he left the {hip. and how foon we might expeft to 
fee them. Though our brother gave us the fulleft aflurance of 
their heint jnagood fta'e of health at the time of his departure, 
yet with refp ft to the time when we fhould fee them, he could 
notfeak fofitivrh, but from many circumftance, he was confi- 
dent it could not be long. The thing proved true, for the next 
dav fawthe long wifhed for (hip lafe into the porr of Monte 
Video. This fight occafioned a lenewal of the fame delightful 
fenfotions whi<h we had experienced on the arrival of Brother 
Levefque, but with this difference, that they were felt in afupr* 
rior decree, inafmuch as we had reafon to expeft th^t wc fhould 
now be un ted to all our Brethren, an expeft it ion which was not 

The intelligence further rereived from the femals, muff here 
he continued, 'ram the fuhftance of which F underftood that, 
although none of their births %vere given up to plunder, the 
cabin, the fingle brethren, and the (earnem* places were imme- 
diately ianfa»ked when the French took pofTtfiion of the Duff* 
Chefls and bozes were broken open, and foon were thev cloathed 
frcmhead to foot in miflionary apparel, for they made hut a forry 
appearance befpre. This cauled fome concern to our wives as it 
e?id to u«, who were compelled to behold in the Duff and Buo- 
narai te th< fe men wearing our property. Bibles and other books, 
frequently boxes that were fcarcely half emptied, and whatever 
tlfe appeared to be in 'heir way, were thrown oveiboard, while 
they were in purfuit of thofe article of the greatcfl value. And fo 
deluded were thefe poor wretches, that many pounds wot th of 
property were configned to the deep, either from ignorance of its 
vorth, or w»ntof lufficient invefligation. 

Early on Wednesday morning, February 20th, the French 
officer and meneame down between decks, opened the hatches to 
fee what cargo was in the hold, and to procure fom* water which 

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was wanted AH our water being expended but that on the 
ground tier, which was covered with goods, it was a long time 
before they could afcertain where it was (lowed. They afked * 
number of times for information, but in confluence of the dif- 
ferent languages fpoken, and the imperfection of the interpret r, 
little nr no knowledge could be obtained. The boys were re- 
peatedly queftioned to that effect, and becaufe they were unable 
to make them u^dcr^and, they threatened to throw them over- 
board, iinleftthey to d where the water could be got at. How- 
ever, after a long learch and rummage in the hold, they found 
fome at la ft, but it was with difficulty obtained. 

As they opened the hatches, one man, who flood by the 
officer, put twenty .four dollars into my wife's hand, who not 
knowing f or what purpofe it was depofited, refufed to receive it 
and laid it down; but two of her fifters, fuppofing it was given 
for the children, advifed her to preferve it till (he could know 
whether it was delivered for that pjrpofe; but in a few davs it 
* as called for, when, after the man had counted, and found the 
number rigHt, he to d the officer, who politely returned her 
thanks for keeping it (afe % This was probably fome of the money 
which had been plundered from fome chefts on board. 

They foon discovered what we could not, that wines both red 
and white, with brandy, were on board, and immediately fup- 
plied the females with each fort, and fome hams from the cabin, 
one of which was early given them to prepare for .dinner. And 
when they had furveyed the cades of fait beef and pork on the 
decks — the officers ordered them to be thrown into the fea.—~ 
They knocked down the hog-ftye, and burned it with the chefts 
and boxes they emptied, which was the only fuel they ufed du- 
ring the voyage to Monte Video. 

After a few days, the officer feeing foroemufquets hanging up 
under the deck, came down, and requefted that all fire-arms 
might be given up, all of which he received; but when my wife 
delivered mine, obferving that it belonged to her hufband, ho 
nfufed to take it with the reft, fo that it ftili remained in my 

The prize-mafter, wbofe name was Monf. Riviere, was once 
commander of a fquadron under the republic, but had been 
fufpended. He behaved alfo with the greateft refpeft and polite- 
nefs towards the females, which continued invariably throughout 
the voyage. Whatever provifions they had brought from the 
Buonaparte were at their pkafure, with a declaration that they 
had only to fpeak for what they wanted, and if on board of the 
Ihipit was at their ferv ice; and he came down daily to fee that 
their table was well fipplied. The children, in a particular man- 
ner, attraaed the officers' attention, and their little perfons and 
aaions drew forth repeated aas of kindnefs from day to day. 
Every poi&bla indulgence was given them, and they took a 

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pleafure in gratifying all their requefta. When ill, as two of mine 
were, the officer was continually fending down to know of their 
welfare, and if any thing was wanted in his power ro grant ; and 
when they recovered, he manifefted the peculiar pleafure which 
he felt on the occafion. My girl, Martha, was his little idol* 
and thole appeared to be his happieft moments, when he wa$ 
moft indulged with her childifh prattle. In (hort, the conduct 
ofboththefe French officers towards the women and children waft 
fuch, as fcarce'y to have been excelled by the. moft human* 

It mud be confefled that this was a peculiar mark of tbekindneft 
of Divine Providence, that we had fallen into the hands of fuch 
men who took the command of the (hip Duff, who had both the 
will w<l the power to be kind in the day of diflrefs. For what, 
ever were their chara&rr in other refyedt, or however infamous 
and abominable their profeflion, I am bound m gratitude to fav # 
that by the re ft raining grace of God they were con&rained to aft 
towards us with a degree of humanity and philanthropy, worthy 
of untverfal imitation. The Lord evidendy falfHled his ownj 
promife in our experience; " Verily ijt Ihall be well with thy 
remnant, verily I will caufe the ene;my to entreat thee well i# 
the lime of evij, and in the tinie ©faffli&ion." And. again, He 
made them alfo to be pitied of all thqfe that carried them eap* 
lives/' Intheirdivifton of the three watches tor the nipht> they 
always burned candle, with which *bcy were (applied from ifoi 
cabin, and agreed that in the day that no «ne female ftiould go; 
trpondeck by hertelf, nor yet altogether kaye thejr apartment* 
fcelow. Thefe rules were ilm6Uy neceflajry, ©WfiH to ptoteft tb^ir 
appatcl fw>m the private plunder of the fcamen, a gain ft whom 
Monf. Bezzardgave a caution, a&d pointing to their boxes, &c, 
between decks, told our wives in take can , end keep envy thing 
esmichas passible out ef their uay, for that ike principles of French 
vrariiiers were not good. They therefore did as much as was in 
fhctr.pnwe*-, yet, notwith (landing the fcamen found means to 
rpb them, from two holes which hadbeen cut during our voyage, 
in the fore-bulk-hcad, for the purpole of admitting air into Mrs* 
Hughes'* and Mrs. Hawkins* cabins; through thefe they w c **e 
detected in taking feveral articles of apparel, but were, .in future 
prevented. They appeared to be men poifcfied of the word of 
principle , and apt in the art of thieving; they faerned to take 
pleafure in diftreflRng fhofe they could not deftroy, .for a great 
part of the doathing, which was taken out of tbehoW, was;tlarqwn> 
overboard, and mv partner faw {ome articles of her own apparel, 
with Tome of our bedding, and the children** bed, boating qn t^c 
deep, which they had wanronly and wickedly ca&ifito it. 

One evening a (eaman came down -between ojeok^, and afl^e4 
for bread ; of this the Captain was mfbrmetf, wh9/fe^ .WWW 
merely a .pretext, hedtd not W:«m bread. HcAftniRejilf^thefl^ 

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-call him* if any offered to come down upon any pretext what- 
. cvet, and font that night the French cabin boy to fleep at the 
bottom of the ladder, folemnly charging him to alarm him, if any 
prefumed to come between decks. 

While this officcT was below at another time, the boatfwain 
came and aflced permHBon to light his tsagar of tobacco, not 
.knowing that he was near to hear him make the rcqiieft, which 
he did, and immediately run up to him, ilruck him violently on 
(the face, and ahufed him in the moft qpprpbrious terms,, ex- 
y p reding his futprize that such a scoundrel siioul l so insult his cha- 
■racter, as to tufa the liberty to ask a lady to let him light his sagar, 
and was a longtime before he was reconciled, and in any mea- 
-fiire compofed. The effect of this punifhment, however, upon 
this man, was -evidently very injurious to the females. He was 
one who, perhaps, never furpaffed by any in churlilhnefs. His 
^countenance and condu& openly declared this to all who beheld 
him* and his implacable hatred and favage brutality were, on 
every occafion, manifefied to us and ours; in every fenfe he was 
an enemy, and I have not the fmalleft doubt, but it would have 
fgivcu him. pleasure to have been inftrumental in Iheddiqg our 

That I might not charge this man with brutality* without ad- 
ducing a convincing proof, I (hall bareJy mention one which he 
•manifefted towards Mrs. Gregory. One day as ihe was afcending 
the ladder to go upon deck for the benefit of the air, when on the 
top, ihe attempted to lay hold of the Cable, to fecure herfelf from 
the motion of the Chip, which he {landing near difcovered, and 
obferving that none were near at the U me, immediately feized 
«nd fhook it violently, that Ihe might lofe her hold, and be 
throwndown the hatch way, from which it was with much difficulty 
that (he efcaped a dangerous fall* When her fituation at this time 
is considered, expecting the critical moment of Nature's forrow,, 
4he effefls of fuch an accident might have been highly fatal, and 
the -preventing goodnefs of an omniprejent Cod, mud be ac- 
knowledged in this, as in numerous inUanccs, who did not suffer 
the evil devices bf man to tome to pass. 

Many incidents that occurred are worthy of bur recollection, 
ff not of my imparting to the public* But . even in thole which I 
«&all record, however brief the narrative, I trWl that it will he 
clearly ieen ihatgoodnc&s and mercy have followed us, and though 
it may he -even conjectured that our capture was «an evidence df 
4he Almighty's difapprobation, and a token of his wrath, yet with 
everlasting kindness he hath had co^osswm on us, and we are con- 
jtkainftd to fay, his mercies were new every morning* and great 
was his faith fumefs. 

I underftood that on the Sunday, ^vhen Brother Turner went 
m ftocC) the fault* were in expectation of beirvg removed the 

$2 JOURNAL 6» A 

fame day, and in the uncomfortable Gate of fufpenee, theywer* 
compelled to begin their preparations for the fame. 1 On (he Tues- 
day a 1 thrir things were packed up an<i got upon deck, to go 
in the boar, Mr?. Jones excepted, when the o»dcr for removal 
was countermanded, a circumilance which occ^fioned general 
fatisfaclion, as they had not yet received the fmalleft intel- 
ligence of our wellfaie. The report alluded to by Mr. Tur- 
ner, of our bring fet afhore at Rio Janet to, caufed our wives to 
think, and enquiie if it was poflible for them to travel over land 
to u% This information arofe from Captain Carbonelle's having 
captured a fifhing boat, folely for the purpofe of fending all the 
Portuguefe priforers on fhoie at that place, the day before I was 
removed to the Have (hip. in which boat it was -intended that 
fome of us alfo fhould have gone, but flie was unable- to carry 
any more, and even fcarcely them. The owner of her remonftrated 
with the French againft the poflibility of rur carrying lo great a 
number, on h.s feeing the ;econd boatful about tnc-nterj but wis 
compelled to receive them, I, with other?, who fa* »hem env. 
ter, fuppofed it would be impoffible for them to reach the (bote, 
as they were upwards of four leagues from the place, and it wa* 
yearly dark ; however t* ey all got fafe, and the report hod ex- 
tended ?oour wive*, by the mca»-s already noticed.' 

Brother Levefque c< ulH give no account of this circumftance, 
as it occurred two days after he had left the Buonaparte ; but he 
furnifhed me with the general outlines of his voyarge in the 
prize (hip, from the time he left the the Buonaparte, on the *6 r h 
of February, till his arrival in the ha«bour of Monte Video, the 
day before us, of which ? he following extract, is recorded. 

'* On entering this veflel wt'h my (mail bundle, in which I 
fuppofed th at 1 had taken two fhiu% but now only one, as when 
I quitted the Buonaparte I lent threoiherro my brother, I fat down 
on the quarter-deck and bt held the confufion of the Portuguefe 
priioners, and anions ft whom was an old pr«ieft, who feemed to be 
much indifpofed. This poor man came to me trembling, and ap 5 - 
pe-rcd to belabouring under g'cat appr- benfions that he fhould 
be put to death, I gave him to u* devftand that I too was a pn-, and refuted to receive fome things which wereoffered me. 

♦•The Captain alked the French officer for fome of his clothes, 
who in reply to the requtfttold l im to take the- whole, only to be 
quick. His clothes' cheil was therefore get upon deck, fo weighty, 
that it required four men *o carry it, and lowrr it into the boat, 
and then he, with all the Portuguefe, four only excepted, were 
fent on bo^rd of the Buonaparte. » 

The officer now in pofleflionof this (hip immediately fhaped 
hercourfe for Monte Y'ideo; but in the night it fell calm, and 
we had nearly run afhore among the rocks to the north of Cape 
Frio, They let go the anchor in 45 fathom water, where we 
laid the remainder of the night* It is extremely dangerous for a 

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fhio to £0 afhore on thiscoaft, as flic would run againfl the rocks 
be fo«e her bottom touched ; at the fame time the rocks are fo 
fn.ooth and peri>er dicula r i that it would be a matter of the* 
gTeatrft difficulty for ar y crew in this fituation to afcend 'hem. 
In the morning a fligr t breeze fpr^ng up from tf e land, and they 
cut her awa* , leaving ihe anchor and part of a new cable, and 
fhaping t 1 e rconrfe to the app )ir>fed port. 

** The Captain behaved with exceeding kindnefs towards me, 
fold me (hat any th'ng which the vtffel afforded was at my fer- 
vice, took rr.c down into the cabin, and ^ave me the choice of 
four bed places, one of which 1 thankful y accepted ; I alfo lived 
with him, and had every temporal comfort which was necefLry, 
But though 1 wjs not in the fame fituation as my Brechren in the> 
£uon*pane, deftitute of diffident water to quench thrlt, *nd , con- 
fined below, yet i felfpainfully the want of a Chriflian compani >m 
and my bib e, which I bad left behind. The feparation from my part*' 
ner preyed upon my mind, which I fcarce knew how to eng ga 
otheiwife, I received two booka to read which were on board, 
and written in French, the works of the Biihop of Montpelier, 
and the Republican Lovers; butthefe gave me no krisfaction, as 
thev approved of what 1 bated, and recommended what I re- 

«• As i had not (hi Tied myfelf fince I left the Duf£ a period of 
ten days, a^d was in forae mcafure contaminated with d rt anH. 
vermin, 1 retired for that purpofe, fuppifiiig I b»-d a fhirr, but 
found I had been miftaken in my linen ; I therefore put on my 
coat again, and went with my fhirt in my hand upon deck to 
w«».(h i», which «he Captain observing, refufed to fufTer mr, and 
give me one with what cKe was necefLry to keep me clean. 

«* My mind was yet uncomfortable and barren, which the 
Frenchmen would ft; me times perceive, and frequently pat me 
upon the b*ck, faying. * Courage, Monsieur Levesque, Courage? 
and indeed did every thing in their power to make me com- 
fortable. , 

*' March 9th. Early in the morning we were in Rio de la- 
Plata, but land could not be feen on either fide. On founding, 
we found only three nd an half fathom water, which looked 
thick and muddy. The Captain greatly alarmed at our dan* 
gerous fituation, knew not what to do or where he was* I went 
up to the mail head and faw the r^cks and breakers on the Engiifh 
B'nk 9 Immediately I gave the alarm on deck, when the Cap* 
tain ran up, faw, and knew where he was. The veffel was now 
put about, kept away, and went round the bank, when a Her, / 
(pending manv unhappy days, I reached the harbour of Monte 
Video, 00 Monday the ntb. 

" I wasmoftJy on deck during thepafiage, and more efpeciallf 
thit day. From the cuftom.boat officers I learned that the Duff 
had arrived! and wefooo ran clofe by and pafTcd her* All the 

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females were with brother Turner upon deck, .who feeing me, called 
out, and a mutual falutation took place. Brother Turner foon came 
on board with a French officer, and I obtained liberty to quit the 
brig and go to the Duff. 

On entering her, when furrounded, I had enough to do to 
overcome my feelings, while tears gulhed from every eye, and the 
enquiry was, what is become of my husband, when and when did you 
leave ltim ? The children alio clung to me with affe&ing enquiries 
about their fathers. I cave them every poflible information, told 
them all were well, ufed every argument to encourage them, but re* 
ferved to myfelf that information which, in my opinion, had a ten- 
dency to increafe their unhappinefs, viz. the ihort allowance of water 
on board of the Buonaparte, the diftrefsful confinement during the 
night, and other circumftances of a difagrceable nature, giving them 
to hope that we {hould fpeedily meet again which expectation, as 
we have already feen, was fully gratified. 

Such is the fubftance of the information, which I was -able to 
cblieft, refpecling the particulars that occurred during our feparation, 
a review of which caufed lis to 6Wg of mercy and judgment, and to 
take encouragement, believing that we were yer under the fame guar- 
dian iprote&ibn which had never left nor forfaken us. 

In furveying my own mind the leadings of a gracious God in 
bur captivity, and especially info far as it related to myfelf, I was 
led to contemplate another visible display of Divine Providence, ma. 
nifefted when the Buonaparte, though not designedly, purfoed the 
prize-fhip in which I was aboard, a circunrftanoe which had occaGon- 
ed my being taken out rojoin the Brethren,, and -with them re*unite 
with pur families ; for when we arrived at Monte Video there was 
no appearance nor news of this prise. The prize before alluded to 
being ldft, and the Jeaky ftate of this one confidered, the French were 
led to fuppofe thatfhould a gale of wind arife, ihe would (hare the 
fame fate. The anxiety alfo of ray wife's mind muft have been- great, 
if when all the other Brethren arrived I only had been wanting, 
who had been left at fea in fuch a lituation, and fhe exempted from 
participating of the general pleafurcof this happy meeting, whilethe 
certainty of the lofs of the otner (hip wouid haveifanher contributed to 
heighten the darknefs of the foene. B«t,. |naifexl be the Lord ! not 
one wasJefi:behind, but all brought to rejoice' together. 

How flrangely different now Was the foene from that 'which the 
ieveraldays paft had exhibited, when the ^leaforable fenfations of 
our minds, arifing from the confcioiifntfs of 'being aboard our own. 
fhip, and reftored to the foriety of our companions, gave us arhttlo 
revival in our bondage, -aid we retiretl to our birth*, 1 in hopesdf eo- 
joyitig'a comfortable night of repofe, yet ftill continuing the watrfrj 
but the contrail between our former- and prefetit ^taatiftns.waa fb 
gpiat,tha chelcrhofot were dtfappoitfwd j ftttl, ^h^evfer,WPt)oifb1rt 

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fn thfs aWi&ion was, that we could meditate ori the change, and 
view it as a tofcen of future good. 

Thurfday, March 14. Tbis being the ftrft morning after our in« 
terview, I 'took my little ones to walk with me on the quarter-dec^. 
When, although I was fenfible of the difference between our ftate in 
the Buonaparte and the Duff, yet I could not but be aftpQed at dip 
fight of that deck where the children of Zion had fo frequently af- 
fe^nbled to rejoice in their King. How linking the alteration wnich. 
was now obfervable both irt tnie (hip and its pofleflbrs. The {hip 
which we had left in full fail was now nearly unrigged, the cabin poC* 
feffed by the French officers, the quarter-deck by Spanifl), and the 
forecaftle by the mariners: While we, in the midft of them, yet rep. 
tamed bur births only a* a temporary tent, not in the character of 
ftiiffiooaries, but of prifoners, who were waiting the order for re,- 
imovar, but whither we knew not; but from the information given us 
We learned, that it wouldf either be fomewhere on fhore or on boar,d 
of fotjie other {hip in the river. 

Qixr Gaptam, officers, feamen, and fingle Brethren, were yet de- 
tained in the privateer, and they, with us, ail in an enemy's hai> 
bout. " I could not but adopt here the language of fcripture, O 
how unlearchafhle are his judgments, and bis ways paft finding out." 

Captain Carborielfe came feverai times on board of the Duff, an<J 
proved himfelf to be a man of fympathetic feeling. He informed up 
that he had pleaded much with the Governor to grant us permiffioa 
for t>eing removed on fhore, where we mould be much more com- 
fortable, particularly Mrs. Jones and Mrs/Gregory, for whom he 
was under great apprehenfiohs, left they fiiould be delivered on board 
of the (hip, when their fituation might be rendered fo much the morp 
eligible on (hore. He apologized one day as he was about to leave 
the (hip, for omitting to go down between decks to fee our wives 
and children, obferving that, he hoped we would excuse his not going 
down to see the ladies, as the scene overpowered his feelings; and he; 
frequently told us, that it was one bad day for him as well as for 
when he took the Buff; and that, if he had only to consult himself, 
our ship and property should soon be surrendered into our possession. 

The officer, with the prize-captain, anxioufly wiflied to infpeft 
the cargo of the Duff, but Carbenelle was never able to confenf 
while we remained on board, and faid, that their rumaging the hold 
while the females were prefent would be fo great a trial for them toj 
behold, that even he himfelf could not bear to be prefent on fuch ao 
occafion. This Frenchman, fo remarkably humane for the Capuiu 
of a privateer, was certainly a man who defervedry excited admira* 
tion« His unparalled attention and care difplayed towards the wo* 
men and children, were fuch as made him more refemMe a finccre, 
friend than an enemy, or, to ufe the language of infpinuion, 14 A 
brother torn fer adverfity." 

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I am perfuaded that all the glory ffiould be given to God, to wfio* 
I wiffi toafcribe the praife, believing that the hearts of all men are in 
his hands, and that he can turn them a feemeth good in his fight, of 
which we received the mod convincing proofs from day to day. 

The Brethren on board of the Buonaparte yet laboured under fome 
difficulties, from which we were now exempted. They were not, 
indeed, confined as before, had frefh meat and new bread every day; 
and although no peimifljon was given by the Spanifh Governor for 
any to go on fhore, yet the French officer did not prevent them, by 
a few together, going in the boat, on condition that they would re- 
turn in the evening ; a privilege of which feveral daily availed them* 

The number being now incrcafed by the re union of the families in 
the Duff, anH a double quantity of proyifions required for the fupply 
©f our tabl^, fome of thofc dainties which had been brought for the 
females ceafed to be given; but we were abundantly fupplied every 
day with the following bill of fare Good foft bread, frefti^bee^ 
three times more than we could eat, three bottles of brandy, or 
more, if wanted, vegetables of different forts, about t*o {hillings 
worth (in Englifc money) of milk in the morning, and fruits after 
dinner, apples, peaches, figs, melons, with cheefe, tea, fugar, &c. 
when required. We alfo caught a great number of fmall fifh along* 
fide, with fome hooks we had preferved, which were very good and 
acceptable, fo that we had nojuft reafon to complain, but rather to 
be thankful. 

We held our morning and evening family worlhip in midlhips, 
without meeting with any interruption whatever, though we could 
not affemble as before on our quarter-deck ; and fometimes the Spa- 
nish officers would be at the hatchway to view our manner, to which 
they were perfect fl rangers, but they never manifefted d;fla.tisfaclion J 
and although foon after we got on board we obtained the appellation 
cf Lutheran Padre, yet early one morning one of thofe men inform- 
ed Brother Levefque, that he had witnessed ovr devotion on t/te 
last evening, and understood several things thai were spoken, which 
were very good. 

We were frequently vifited by feveral Spanifh gentlemen, who 
always treated us with the greateft refpeft. We fuppofed that foma 
came on board for the purpofe of making private bargains with the 
French officers for fome part of the property, which was not fuffered 
to be publicly fold, as they frequently got out of the hold iq the day 
a quantity of goods, which they imuggled on Ihore during the night ; 
and, I fuppofe, a boat never left the (hip without a bundle of pro- 
perty, which we faw daily taken to the fliore, fome of which we fre- 
quently difcovered to be part of our own apparel, but we appeared to 
take but little notice of the transaction, and remained filent. We 
knew in what character we now flood, which was Sufficient to com* 
pel us to be fubmiflive to whatever might be the pleafure of our captors 
U this refpedt 

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Captain Fobfon was never again permitted to enter the Duff, al* 
though he had been encouraged to hope for this indulgence ; but our 
chief mate, Mr. Smith, was once allowed : he cams one afternoon 
with fome French officers, and when he got on board received a moll 
heany welcome from all oar compiny. Upon this occafion we all 
aHemblcd in the cabin with the trench officers, and partook of a 
liberal refrefhment, fupplied by the officers on boud. Mr. Smith 
could not conceal his feelings, which were vifible in his countenance, 
atabferving the officer who pofTeflcd the cabin cloaihed in his own 
apparel. After fpsnding nearly two hours with mingled feelings of 
pain and pleafure, Mr, Smith was retaken to the Buonaparte. 

In the harbour lay at anchor the convict fliip, Lady Jane Shore, 
of London, bound to New South Wales with females, which had 
been brought into this port by pirt of her crew, who mutinied, and 
murdered the Captun, &c, (of which more hereafter). I was 
informed on the hrft day of .pur arrival, that thefe women when the 
Duff ruff came in, Were of much prejudice to our wives, as it was 
fuppofed, and on fhore rr ported, that both the Duff and females on 
board were of the fame defcriptpn, againfl whom the chief of the 
people, for reafons w f hich I fhall notice in another place,- were now 
prejudiced and difTat'sfi^d.. One of thefe unhappy women, when the 
Duff anchored, came on board to fee our wives; but on difcovering 
what fhe was, none, for their own character's fake, would hold any 
farther converfation with her ; fo that meeting with no encourage- 
ment fhe went on fhore, and returned no more. I truft that it re- 
quired no vindication on our part, and that a multitude of words wa» 
wholly unneceffary to convince Grangers that the character of our 
females was in every refpe& widely different from theirs; for, in a 
few days, the inhabitants were induced to regard them in a very dif- 
ferent manner. 

i6rh. This day, to the great fatisfaclion of the French, the negro 
prize-fhip, from which 1 was taken, arrived lafe in the harbour, 
when the fecond officer of her came on board the Duff to fee the 
officers there, and entering into the cabin fent forme. He exprefled 
the great pleafure that he felt, at beholding me re-united to my 
family, and the friend (hip which he bore towards me. When the 
boat returned, I went in her to fee the prize-captain, and my former 
mifcrable negro companions : the Captain congratulated me on my 
arrival in the fame manner as the other had done, and expreiled his 
joy at having been preferved in fuch unpleafant circumftances, and 
brought fafely to port, where he now beheld me in the fame com- 
fprtable fituation. 

Perhaps, before I clofe the account of this firft week of our reflo- 
ration, it may not be improper to notice what, in my opinion, clears 
up one part of this dark providence, and confirms the veracity of 
God's word : " We know that all things work together for good to 
them that love God, to them who are the called, according to hi* 
purpofe." In our capture we confidered the painful feparation that 

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a,. jomvirAt. 0/ 4 

tqek plarxsa&On?: of tlie heavieft majs, likely to.proye iheirvdj flota- 
tion ; but now we beheld each other, reftprcd. a^in irv health; and, 
perceived that even this event had hern productive of fubfia^tial 
£Qod ; fl>r if they had bein. taken witku* on bo <rd oF 1 *,c Buonaparte, 
it was fcarrely poflible, human y fpeaking, thn they could have 
farvivpd. We now beheld them in health and. fa-fety, and united in 
famine, " Let God be glorified." 

j ;th. This was the fourth Sunday ofonr captivity , we agree 4 to' 
hold our worlhip, originally, on the Lord's-day, once more on 
Iward of our loft (hip. which we did between decks morning and 
afternoon; we al r Q fang, this day, which, frou> the time of our 
capture, harr been hitherto omitted. Brother HiH and I preached 
for the lafl time, in t lie Duff, when thai portion of fcripwe which I 
fele#ed for the occafion, was, I believe, happily fulfilled in our 
exprriemce Pfalm cii. 17, &c. *• He will regard the prayer of 
the dsiiitute. and.not defp>fe their prayer. Thi< fhali be written for 
the generation to oorrr,, and the people which (half be created fl <M 
pwifc the Lord, For he hath looked down from the height of his 
fa« Sua* v.; from, heaven did the Lord behold the earth, to hear the 
groaning, of the prifoner, to loofe thofe that are appointed to die.'* 

While on board of the Buonaparte the 85U1 Pfalm was frequently 
penifed by fev<*ral of the brethren and me, in th* pleafing hope that, 
when we, wers. re united to our families, we fbould be able to fingit 
?s applicable to our flajic, and an agtecment was made to this eflecl, 
s^ h, c h, ^ f u IE lied? on t)j i$ occafion. 

J,ord, tbouhafl rallM tbv grarr to mind, 

Thou haft reverVd our heavy doom ; 
So Grrf forgave, when Ffrael firnM> 

And h> ought Viift waud'riug captives bowe. 
TT>ou hafl begun to fet us frte, 

And made thy ficrccft wrath »ha<e : 
3?ow let our hearts be tuu'd to thee^ 

A*»d tliy falvaiion be complete. 

Revive qusdymj? grace^ Lord, 

Ami let thy bin's in thee rejoice; 
$f.ike known thy truth, fulfill ih\ word, 

Wew«,u for prailc 10 tune our voice* 
We wait to hear what God wili fay, 

He ll i peak -and gWc bit child Kfl. pOA£Qt 
But let 1 hem run no mar a aftray T 

iefthu icuj:ning wrath iq&reafe." 

Thus far we could experimentally unite in fingtrvg this Pfalm : we 
knew that our God hadfo far wrought in our behalf as to begin to 
fet us free, by liberating us from our confined fituation irt the Biiona- 
yarte, and had again brought us together in this fbip ; and we* now 
waited :o hear what the Lord would fpeak in his providence, to com- 
pete the deliverance already begun. 

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€ArT*jtfiD wrsri ovary, &C. 3^ 

tgth. Two Off my Brethren anil I went on /here, and had a flight 
view of the town for a fliorttime; we returned again on boaid, 
without faceting with any interruption from (he inhabitants. 

Captain Robfon, ft ill on toard of the 'Buonaparte, being encou- 
raged to hope that the DufT, or fome other vcffel, would be reftored 
to him for biMs on the Society, mote a letter, which was brought on 
board the DufT for owr anfwer. It contained the information that, 
u not being permitted to f<eus, or meet together, he wi fired to com- 
municate the pleafure he felt, m hoping that Providence would yet 
open a door, either by reftoriag our ihip or providing another, in 
which he believed it was his duty to profecute the Minion, and wifli- 
ed to know the fentiments of every Miflionary, if he believed it was 
his duty affo to go forward in our reduced ftate,and wait for a fupply 
at the South Sea lflands." 

We rherefdre held u meeting to corfider the purport of this letter, 
and return fuch an anfwer as might affrft our Captain to come to lome 
decifion fi6m a knowledge of our fentiments, if an opportunity was 
prefented of our procuring the (hip; on which all could not cxaftiy 
agree refpeeling the propiiery of proceeding on the Million, unJefs 
Tome ne<fe(Taiy part of our propetty could be reftored, when it 
*w*s agreed that each fhouid fend his anfwer to the Captain on 
thefubje£r. The general fentiment that prevailed was, that feeing 
the Lord had mixed fo much mercy in our captivity, we could not 
befell the miflionary work ; and if Providence rellored our flu p, 
'and we obtained a fumcient fupply of neccflaries, which were abso- 
lutely requifite, we were yet willing to go forward to the original 
place of our defignatidn. 

SeVeraf, with me, therefore, wrote letters to this effect to our 
Captain, and waited for an opportunity of fending them, or of one 
of us feeing him, which Was rather attended with difficulty in our fe- 
parated {rate, 

Tfairfday 2tft. This afternoon foUr of as went on fliore, when the 
three brethren proceeded a fmall way out of the town, while I walked 
in every ftreetto get a fight, if poflible, of our Captain, that I might 
deliver all our letter*, which I brought for that purpofe, in hopes/ 
*s I knew that he had liberty to go on -fliore during the day, I ftiould 
he able to find him, which, however, I could net. 

As I fuddenly turned roiind a corner, I was rather furprized at the 
^gfeat number of people who particularly crowded this ttreet, when 
»n ail the others 1 bad feen but very few. Before I was properly 
**ware T perceived myfelf in the midft of them, and near their princi- 
pal church, 1 was led to fuppofe that they were aflembled on fome 
particular oceafion. Immediately I call my eyes towards what I at 
firft fuppofed to be two ladies richly attired, who flood on a platform 
above the others againft the wall, but I foon difcovered that they 
"were two images, with the Hoft f which had been brought out of the 
church, and that the people were performing their devotions on this 
particular day, being the eve of Good Friday* The ftreets were far 

B a 

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quieter, this one only excepted, than if it had been Sunday, Tre 
alicr on which the images were placed was rather higher than a com- 
mon table: large wax candles were burning around them, aid 4 
number of men fta<ioned as their attendants. Much noife wa* now 
made in their worftvp before thefe image?, and I began to think that 
I fl.oiiH be much Lfer if I were outfiom amonft them. But i hid 
proceed: d too far for returning, which I hadfiift. thought of doing, 
lift I Ihould g-ve oHence by my non compliance with their woiflup, 
in which I was determined, however, to perfevere. And as I nei- 
ther will cd to give them any offence, norexpofe myfelf to danger,. [ 
w.^s rather at a lofs what mc.ifure to adopt. $ vend reflect ions ra- 
pidly palled through my mind. 1 had nopermilfion from the Gover- 
nor to come on (hore, ar.d was therefore liable to be Cent to prifou.— 
1 was alone, and if committed my friends might be unable to procure 
any intelligence whither I had been conveyed. — In my pocket was a 
number of letters on which they might put an unfavourable confl ruc- 
tion. — In this fituation I was undci apprehenfions that the indigna- 
tion of the populace might be excited - againft me;— however I per- 
fevered, and palfcd thro gh them, keeping as far as the road would 
admit from the images^ and walking as though I did not perceive in 
what manner they were engaged, expecting every moment to receive 
fume infulf. as I neither fell upon my knees nor touched my hat. 
For they confldcr it as pouring contempt upon their church if, when 
pafild, the head at !eaft is not uncove red, a practice always obferved 
by therrfelves with the utmoft fln&m-fs and regularity. So attentive 
are they to what they elleem an cllential duty, thai high and low, 
neh ar.d poor, at the ringing of bells, at (unfet, all fland flill, or 
kt;e<Iwith their he;:ds uncoveied, in tlem'ddieof the flrect, crofs 
themfelvts, and fay their prayeis till the tinging hath ceafed. Tne 
fame pra£lice was obfeved on board of the ihips, at d even in the 
Loatf, where the watermen would not proceed till this ceremony 
was ended. Thofe in the Duff pra&ifed the fame. Tbi<, with 
firmlar rites of devotion, conflttute, as far as I could perceive, the 
wh( le relig on ot the inhabitants of this tow-n. 

Ihoufch 1 fi-emed to take bi t little noiice, I perceived, as I pa(Ted, 
feveral of them upon their knees, efpecialy women, before the 
image of the Virgin Mary, uttering loud fupplicaiions which might 
be heard at a cotfiderable diHance. When 1 had reached the corner 
of the llreet where fome lar^eitores were placed^ I turned to take a 
farther view of iheir mode of worlhip, vhith appeared to me fo un- 
ccromop, and was aftonifhed io fee wiih what apparent ea«e»nefs 
lhey pci formed this fuperftitious feivitr. In proceeding a litie far. 
thtr I Wis ftoj ped by two well-ditffcd women, who were of the 
number of devotee*, who arcoftcd me in Spanifli to give them a piece 
o* money for the Virgin Maty. 1 wiliud to know' what they re- 
quired; they (hewed me a rial, equivalent to feven-pence in Lnghih 
money, and offered «o convey it to her. I refufrd to comply with 
their demand, when, i'up pod ng th it i did Dot u^derftand the nature 

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ofiheir re<].ui(ition, they called a Spaniard to give me a full expfana* 
tion, who proved inadequate to the tafk, as he could not fpeak a 
Tingle word of Enoiifh. I heard him with patience, but ftill 
remained incorrigible; fo that,' after they had waited for a con- 
fidtrable time, and found that their demand was not anfwered, 
they feemed to regard m^ with contempt, and faid that I was^ a , 
France-it?nbra. Tneir miftake provrd (crviceablc to me upon this 
occafion ; for, if they had imagined that I was an Engliftimati 
1 might not have fo eafily cfcaped. It feems to be a practice 
amongft them to collcl money £>r fupporting three public 
days of ceremony ; Good Friday, and the two preceeding. They 
not only go from, houfe to houfe fc r that purpofe, but from 
fhip to (hip ; nor did they pafs the Duff, as one came on board and 
went round to each Mi fGonary to obtain fome money. But he got 
hut little, from u 5 , indeed' only one rial from one who was on deck, 
and did not know to what purpofes the money thus collected would 
be applied.. 

Good Friday, March 22d. This day I again went on flibre ao 
companied by brother Bioughton, who had been allowed 10 come to 
the Duff from the Buonaparte, add we detained him, as the French 
did not feem to be now fo very Ariel in this re f peel. Wc expecled 
to fee fomnhing qf the order of this religious day, and were not dif- 
appointed. But we previously agreed not to go where we were 
likely to give them any offence, as we knew it was a favour that we 
were indulged wiih (he libeny of going on fhore at an enemy's port. 
^ hen we landed, we foon perceived that part of the town was nearly 
^efeued. But, on proceeding farther, we faw the ftreet crowded 
v»ith people of eveiy defcription. This was the grand folemn procef- 
fion of Good Friday. We flood at the end of one of the ft reels, not 
wifliing to advance too near ; when, to right and left, all, imme* 
diately on difcovering it, fell on their knees, and every head was 
uncovered but ours. In the van of the proceflion, and at intervals, 
were friars carrying a crucifix raifrd on high, and ihe people walking 
by two and two. On each fide of the ftreet the fame order was ob- 
lerved, cjhitfly by penitenty who had large wax candles burning in 
their hands, who, with the priefls, were chaunting fomething in. a 
doleful voice which we did not underftand. I fuppofe that the num- 
ber of tapers carried on this occafion were more than a thoufand from 
one end of the procelfion to the other, which were carried both by 
boys and men. About an hundred yards from the van was a number 
of priefts, walking before a large elegant cotFer, glazed, with cur- 
tains', in which was placed a ftatue of Jeius Chrift, as large as life, 
representing him after he was taken down from the crofs : this was 
carried on four mens' flioulders. It appeared to me 10 have foma 
kind of refcm! lance to the ark of the covenant which was carried 
before the children of Ifrael. This was followed, at aneq jaldifi 
tan^e, by the image, of the Virgin Mary, which was carried on a 
platform above the heads of the populace, as large as life, richly 

Digitized by 

6t JOtjkjlAL of l A 

aiiiifet?, \vith ah elegant canopy over her head, and feveral other 
in&gnia of dignity. This was followed, about the fame diftarice, by 
wKat I lindferftood 'to be the Hofl, the head of whidh feemed to 
lefemble a 1 fun flower, from the fittfatfon in which I Hood; a friar, 
yith his crucifix, ciofed the' prbceflion. At firlr, as I already no- 
tictd ? we' kept at a diftahce, but wiming to nave a m6re perfe^il view, 
we advanced nearer, where our fituation was ihore eligible, and 
whence we beheld the whole or this grand proceflion. , 

The French officer, 'with -whom we had come on (hore, Was ndt 
' Jo return till feven in the evening, and we had orders to be at the 
boat bv that time, which was 'to convey liim on board. We fcarcelV 
knew how to fpenid our time, as We could not tndve far without 
Wctii ^ this proceflion, and 'we were afraid to go Without the gate, 
left, af the approach of evening, we fljould be flopped by the Spanifli 
'fentin^h. jBetween fix and feven o'clock, being beady dark, We 
'were haftemng towards the Ihore, when We Were fahited by a younj* 
n^an who addrefled us in Englifh. Several (jueftiqns were exchanged, 
t as how he came there, and in w^at'manner he was employed, See. 
wfuuhe informed us, that bein^ brought 'to that country a pri- 
.foner b,y the French, he ha'd remained in it, arid was doing Very well. 
He wifhed us to accompany him to his lodgings, which Were not far 
.from this fpot ? arid we conceiving fWt He might be ufeful to us as an 
, interpreter, we we're prevailed upon to comply, intending to call it 
^pme future oppor tun Uy. ( As we croued to enter into the iriarket- 
.pja£e in the upper part 6f t the town, , at (he corner of which Hands a 
imall churchy we were imperceptibly in the middle of the proceflion, 
ja| tire inqnient they were entering the door, as if to inter the flatus 
,pf JefjiSj as, our interpreter informed us. The populate nOW fell on 
*^qj r r knees, apd our countryman pulled off his hat, when We Were 
.filled tip b»y feveral who were yet kneeling in Spanith, fyulloffyohir 
Hats* We at fuft affected riot 'to underftand them, but our inter- 

* prefer ejepi^ined' %o us, that they irifiQed 'on our compliance. On 
^-perceiving that we reftifed to comply, they be^an to reel for large 

pnives, which they wear by their T^des, and to reach for ftones, de- 
j clari rig ? "that ifc'tpc clicln6t imply, they would split bar skulls open. 

But as did the Lord Jelus Chrift on another, 'fo did we on this oc- 
^afion, 44 palling through the Wdft of them, We went our Way," 

nay inV received no injury. "We did not cxpeft again to meet this 
^procemon, as ? /frorp its being dark, we fuppofed it had been over, 

elfe we never (hout'i^have prefumed to have paffed that way. 

The vo^ng man afterwards alTured us, ithat it was highly dangerous to 

offer renftehce : u|>on luch an occafion, as they were of fuch a difpo- 

fition as to have confidercd it ho criirie to have afTaflinated us, and 

would Tiave been juftified for the deed. This indeed appears to be 

• the, natural character of thefe people, for we faw feveral Wooden 
crofTes a,t different places, where we underwood that fonie one had 

y t)een Oabbed arid murde^ecl. We returned 6n board, delifdus of 
^ihg'AantluIth'at we'Md net so learned Christ as to %c given ta 

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' " " T . i ** 

fiflj. fentiraents, and, that we had efcaped the effects of their 


-rrrr r — — : — rrr m . 

Landing qf the TVomeh, and Children, uith^ their Designation } and 
singular in Providence, while, in the Country. 

AFTER, various conjeftures refpefllng the manner, in which .wje . 
fljould be difpoCsd. of by, our captjrs, or the intimations, 
which Providence wpuld give ; we receiver notice from the rTrencj^ 
Captain, that the Spanift Governor had gpnted. pcrmiflipn for t&e, 
women and. children to landj, but. wouyl apt allow any of the men, a*, 
h^ had received pofttive orders to ttos effeft from the Vice*>roi at? 
Buenos Ayres, who was much prejudiced aga.infl us, on account o^ 
our religion, which had been communicated; to him, ai 4 therefore 
would not fuffer us on any account whatever to live on (tore. Thai; 
ahoufe was appointed to which they w.ere to be conveyed, anion the 
next day they were to be landed early in the morning., 1 hat although 
none ot their hufbands wouljd be permitted to accompany them, yet 
afterwards one or two together might vifit them (juriog the day, anc( 
return on board, when, no notice would be taken of ity provided 
that we kept out of the fight of the Governor* 

Having l?een provioufljt a ffur<4 that we ftioujd not be again f?pa- 
ratedjftill feeling t<he pain fuj wound of the late patting, au^from my, 
vifitson Ihoi* having feenwhat convinced me that there vyasimle aflu- 
ranceof perfonal fafcty, I felt this oider to be a frrfli trial of my feeU 
ingsand faith ; however hoping and believing that the reparation would 
not be of long continuance, as I was perfuaded that it was my duty, 
in my. family fituation to attempt to get on more, we insanity, 
n?ade preparations for their departure from the Duff. 

At feven o'clock in the morning, Saturday, March 93d, came^th^ 
Spani{b cutter, with fome Spanish officers for the w.omen, aftda 
lug-boat for their bedding and boxes* which were in thejr cabin V 
Vtfe had been previoufly informed by the French officer dn board, 
that all our things would be clofely ipfpe&ed, firft by him, thenliy 
tke Spaniw officer* aboard* and when they landed, by officers on 
fcore, when all the money which we might have in pur poflefliqn, 
any new linen not made tip, with feveraj other articles, would bf 
wen from us as prohibited goods; fo that we yet were in a ftate of 
uncertainty, what part oS the remnant of our property we ftouid 
have left. But when all was ready to enter the bo*t f the Fre nek 
•fficers refuted ta look into 1 )pax % 01 infpeft any thu^ white the 

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Spaniards did the fame, and would not touch one article. After 
all the things were got into the boat, between eight and nine 
o'clock, our wives and children left the Duff, and enteicd the 
cutter, accompanied by Dr. Turner, who wasfuffered to go with 
them asfurgeon, and Mr, Hawku s, who had got into the boat. 
The Spanifh flag was now hoi ft ed at the ftern, and they proceeded 
toward? the town of Monte Video. . 

A great concourfe of people hVd aflfembled to fee (hem land, 
who eagerly waited the arrival of the boat. When i reach- 
ed the (hoie they were met by Captain Caibonellc, the Spa« 
Tiifh agrnr, and other gentlemen, who were waiting to re- 
ceive them into the town. By thefe gentlemen they were 
all conduced to tr e Spanifh agent's houfe, where they met with 
a favourable reception, and received fome tefrefhment, prepared 
for the purpofe. After partaking of tt, feven of our females, 
with Dr. Turner, were conducted to the houfe which had been 
appointed for their reception, viz. Mrs- P. Levefque, Mrs. V*rdy, 
Mr?. Hill, Mrs. Hughes, Mrs. Hawkins at d daughter, Mr*, j. 
J evefqur, and Mrs. Grieg, when dinner was prepared for Mrs. 
Jones, Mrs. Beattie, Mrs. Gregory, and the children, and they 
were entertained in a fuperb manner. 

When the things were landed, to the great aftonifhment of 
all, the Spanifh officers on (bore afted in the fame manner a* thofe 
on boaid, and refufed to look at any thing, acircumftance never 
krown before; for, inftcad of detaining a fingle articl", every 
aflittance w^s at hand, and carts in readtneis to convey them im. 
med'ately atttr the femahs. 

Aftrr our wives had left the Duff, at ten o'clock, the ufual 
mani reflation of joy took place, which is annually noticed the day 
after Good Friday, which, as it may appear ftiange to Ibme. as 
it did to u?, 1 {hall briefly notice. 

The three lall days were kept as days of forrow; all the fhips 
in the hatbour expr<fled i?, by having die colours hoiked half- 
maft h gh, as a token of mourning, and the yards croflid to make 
them refrmble a crucifix, while -apparent folemniiy prevailed, 
both on fhorc and in the harbour, but immediately on a fignal, 
when the minute arrived, all being in wailing, the yaids were 

5u*red, the colouis hoilled wholly up. and tho guns fired from 
molT cveiy fhi'j in the Harbour, the Duff not excepted, while 
all the bells on frore were fet a ringing, promifcuo«.fly, as fart 
#s poffihlc. When at the bowfprit, or ya*d*arm of the (hi s 
was (ufpendtd, an « ffigV of Judas, which they began to d p ifl 
the river, while one man "to each a fled with the gieatefl pomble 
enthufiafm and ridiculous* madriefs, beating it upon the fhouider*, 
dipping \vith it, aiid then renewing * his ridiculous conduft. 
While 1 beheld this ftranpe fcene, i wad ftruck wiih the force 
6f tms fcrifctu**, « Who hath required this at your iiands?" 

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Surely no rational creature can for a moment Hippofe, that the 
Redeemer of loft (inners demands fuch conduct to be rendered 
to God. 

After this feflival had ceafed and dinner ended, Mr Jones and 
I obtained liberty to go on (hore. We entered the boar, landed, 
and proceeded through the gates of the town to find out the 
houfe, which we did, after fome little difficulty, and arrived 
before our wives and children, who were yet detained at the 
Spanifh agent's. We found that this houfe was built afrer the 
country falhton : it had three apartments, all on the ground, the 
. floor of which was only rough earth ; the middle apartment was, 
by thofe who had firft arrived, appointed for living in, and the 
two rooms at the extremeties for fleeping ; one of which was 
already occupied by Mrs. P. Levefque, Vardy, J. Levelque, 
Hill, Hawkins, and daughter; and the other was appropriared 
to Mrs. Gregory and three children, Mrs. Jones and two, Mrs. 
fieattie arid one, Mrs. Hughes and Mrs. Grieg. 

Soon after Mr. Jones and I had reached the houfe, {he coach 
and four arrived with our wives and children, accompanied by 
the French Captain, who, after alighting, informed me, that 
he thought my wife was but poorly ', and required rest. He then fat 
down by me, andaffured me, thati/* / would write on a bit of 
paper what articles we should want for our support, when he returned 
to town he would cause it to be interpreted, and send his servant 
with them, who should also come every day. I wrote accordingly, 
and he de fired me not to forget milk, as it would be very good 
for the children. After he had received the note, the Spanifh 
agent and fome other gentlemen came to fee us in this our new 
place of refidence. 

Having taken pofleflion of the houfe we began to fettle our- 
felves as comfortably as poffible, but we foon found that it would 
prove very inconvenient, our bed nearly covered the ground 
without the child rens*. — Having no hedftead, we placed our 
boxes and laid our beds on them, which being uneven, the one 
higher than the other, made the fituation very uncomfortable* 
However, wq. could not well lay them on the floor, as it was 
fwarmin^with large ants and rats, which run over us in every di- 
rection. I hung up my cot over my bed acrofs us, into which I 
put the three children* The number of us that were crouded to- 
gether, the exceflive heat, with the many millions of flies, con- 
vinced us that little if any reft could be enjoyed in that place. 
Mrs. Jones and my wife, who expe&ed every day to be deliver, 
ed, dreaded the approach of that feafon* when, in addition to 
their general fituation, they muft have been frequently rempved y 
to get at the clothes daily wanted in their critical ftate* However 
we hoped and foon faw that the Lord, who had appeared in time 
paft, was ftill on pur &de, and was not at a iofs for means to deliver 

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in ev:ry trial, a*idl agreeably to bis own wojd, jyate a zcpy tp 

One of thegentlrmrn who had come to fee us, within half'an 
hour, cajh'd- rne, out to walk si Hm1<v w;tl) bun. . I wqnr. w^-n 
a ter. apolog zing as well as h.e could, for bein nbU to.lp?.-kb«t 
JlUle^Englifl?, he informed me in a mixture of'Fremh; a 1 d'broken 
Eiglifh, that my lady would not do we,J to rem in in trnt phce> 
th at the (lie*; and rats were iinleraWe; th,*' be hvd caiH*d~ to. 
inform me that he. had a much better hou{«- f rther up t f »e roun^. 
try, very pjeafartly fituafed, about fiv- mile* dtftant ; . that h had 
every convenience, necrCfyry in that country, ahund^n e of frutf., 
ve^ct ibjes, <%c. all of which he hoped 'I would do hi ri the. h«»- 
r>oyr to accept, as all was at my lervice 10 the ex ent of a FrencH 
league. He the" rcauefted me to favour. him, with mv como^nV 
op Monday^ »f convenient, and if I would n*me th(* time ht 
v. Quid bring t'nc coach to Uke me tip with him ; or { I! preferred 
io ride on hoiteback, a horfc fhould be at my lerv'ce* 

I returned^ him my fit.ccre and w-armefl thanks for his kirdand 
gjjnejou." ojtcr, promtfed to conhilt my wile on the f i»je£t; and 
£iye him an anfwer at Ins own reqnelt on the morrow, that he 
nvgjit call on. Monday to go with us, I cannot bur look up n 
t{ii$ unexpe&ed offer fo gene roufly made to me, before I had 
even, time to feek for any thing or the kir d. as an additional 
yroof of the affectionate attention of the Lord, marnfecle4 
towards mein the ft>te of captivity, Iwent into thr houf • to call 
>ny wife. out, when (he could not but ex prefs her*rH6fc*onat 
the propofed offer, but in her fituation (he could norrtrunk'of 
&oing alone. Neither were we then 'wholly fatT<fred that it w«s 
iafe to Tefidefo far up t> e count rv in this 4b a ?ge land. I inform* 
cd the, gentleman that it nec< nVy t ,at one of my frtrnds 
Jhould accompanv us,and enquired if it w.i's fafe to live fo far out 
of town. To this he replied, that I might t 'ke a:ry frind I 
thought proper, that it was perfectly, fafe to refide there ; that he 
had negtoesin a hut by. it, who wou d fetch an- t» ing i warded, 
;md that the houle had three rooms, with three bedUea *s, wh:cb 
4 ou'.d be iiumgdia ely occupied. ! 

As. Mr^. Jones was in the fame ftate as mv wife. I : rpnfee to 
her and her hufband, informing them of the kindohV*, and re- 
queuing them to Iharc the fame with me. They thought with 
us, that it was a tuibfc opening in Providence, for deliverance, 
which, our God, had prepared, and, if permitted, we fhould em- 
brace it. But ft ill an impediment remained in the way : the want 
of proper, aflillance in the^ hpur of - Nature's forrow — — — — . 
However, we doubled '"not but. our God would provide foTshe 
• octdiioru 

Sunday, March 84th. This was .the iir ft 'Sunday we fpemin 
"this, etiolate, wildeimjfjj, fo completely dcftUute of fpiritiiaf pro. 
vihon, the continent of South, America, to which pTOvfticnc* 

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CAPTUfrti taisii©NA*Y, &c. 

nasbanifhedus, as the apoftle John, to the iffe of Patrnof/tiimifeh 
we were not hke him, fo much in the Spirit, on this day. 
Early in'the morning, three of oui fingfe'Brerhlen rarm'e.on (bote 
ffoni the Buonaparte, who, with us ahead v the i c, hHd a prafe^- 
mceting this morning, at our new habitation. The confaied 
/late in "which we were from coming on (hore yeftcrday, the beds 
and boxes hying one over the other, rendered it a matter o- fome 
difficulty to find i »:t thing?, and as by this time our fituation had 
been rumoured in the town, a number of fpe&ators early xime to 
take a view of Us*, a circumftance which proved highly difagree- 
able, efpecia!ly on this day. After dinner ^we 'again held a 
pra yrr-meeting, as weju^ged it to be more prudent than preach, 
ing in our 'prefent fituation, as we tovtid not enfure ourfelves a 
minute from the interruption of ftrangf rfc. Captain Robfbn and 
the chief Mate, with oihers of the Brethren jtnd two feamcn, 
Were now with lis, and we read the good word of ourGod, and 
f«mg his praifes together, for the fiift time thefe five Sundays 

After the fervicc, the.f trie gentleman came who had vifited Us 
yeftcrday, with lome Spanilh ladies of refpeftabiiity. I now 
informed the gentlemen who was the proprietor of the houfe 
which had been offered, that, if it was agreeable, I would go and 
fee it with him on the morrow morning, with Brother Jon-s 
and our frmil es, When he appointed (even o'clock, that we 
mi ht enjoy the cool of the day. 

Monday, March 23th. At the appointed time the gentleman 
arrived and the coach Was waiting; when Mr. and Mrs. Jones, 
Mrs, Gregory, the children, the gentleman and I fet forward to 
fee the houfe. It Was a beautiul morning, and wery thins 
around u» looked plcaiarit ; but the pleafure We enjoyed was ft ill 
damped, with the thought of being prifbners in a foreign clime. 
The country around ns was fru tful, and may prot criy be called 
a goodly land. The fields appear to be fields that the Lord 
hath blcfled, white the multitude of cattle fhew there can be no 
ground for complaints in their ffrcets on that head. I thought r>f 
, thai faying of the prophet, (2 King* ii. 19. > " And thr men pf 
the city faid .untd EftuSa, behold, 1 pfay thee, the fituation of 
thi city is p!eafartt. a my Lord feeth, but the water is n« u=iht, 
and the ground is barren." Although thefe observations be not 
tfpplicii&te to this country, as both the water is good and the 
ground fruitful, the mirerable (late of the inhabitants in refpeft to 
tyM ual pr< vffi n is fufficient to mar every comfort, and famifh 
tVfery fpiriti al appetite, as the be»ft which they have is no other . 
than the wirie of the. fornication of the mother of harlots. 1 could 
n ot b u r frelOn refining that fuch a delightful part of the globe 
frould be fo little noticed, arid even ncglefted by its inhabitants, 
Wn o lav buried in indolence, ignorance and fuperllition. Thou- 
ftn^ c f its fruits penfli for lack of gatherhrg ; and yet fo capable 

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is the land of improvement that it might be made to yield ao 
hundred fold more. » 

After travel ing along in apleafant manner over fcveral hills, 
we defcended one, at the bottom of which was the houfe that 
the Lord in his providence had prepared for us. In appearance 
it was not unlike a fmali country church in England, whitened 
both on the fides and top, quite different from all others in the 
country that I beheld. On our arrival at it we were agreeably 
furprized to Ice the fttuation and conveniences : the fruitfulnef* 
of the garden and orchard wasbe>ond defcription, and we were 
ready to fay with the Queen of Sheba g •« The one half has not 
been told me," for it far exceeded all that we had heard or feen of 
the like nature. ThouCands, and tens of thou lands of apples, 
peaches, neftaiines, lay periftiing und-r the trees, while rhey 
were lo loaded that few can form any idea of the profufion: 
perhaps it is not equalled in the whole globe ; it is impoflible 
Iiowever that it fhould be excelled, as fame trees appeared like 
aiolidmafs of fruit, large branches broken down to the earth, 
unable to fupport their burthen. Great abundance of figs alfo, 
with molt of thofe vegetables which grow in Europe, were here 
to he found, as cabbages, lettuce, turnips, ladifhcs, cucumbers, 
onions, French beans, &c. 

A number of apple trees made a curious appearance, as they 
were loaded with fruit and bloom at the fame time. At the bot- 
tom of the orchard was a fmall river, with good water and abund- 
ance of (mall fifh. Well fatisfied with this tent fo fuitably pro- 
*ided in this wijdernefs, 1 foon concluded that it would be 
•« good for us to be here." The negro had been feat on horfeback 
to fetch foire wine and bread, while we furveyed the premiers ; 
and the negio woman having boiled fune eggs, we now partook 
of a refrefhment, and afterwards proceeded to return, to our fit ft 
habiration. The gentleman now renewed his offer, and, point- 
ing to the right and left, obferved, that a fmall river in the 
valley, and a bill at a distance, were the bounaries of his land, 
and to the extremity of three mile* it w^s at my fcrvice, as long 
as I thought proper 10 refide in. the country. 

1 could not but feel grateful both to this ftranger and the Lord 
of the un vc?fe, who proved that he had the hearts of all men in 
his hands, and fupplied us with more than we had ever afked or 
thought, I now promifed to give him information when we 
could remove, and he in return promifed to fend the coach, and 
alfo a cart to convey our luggage. On our return, Mr. Jones 
and I mutually agreed that it ,\vas our duty to embrace this op. 
portunity which fiovidence had opened up for the prefervation 
of our wives, for by this time we were convinced, that if they 
fhou'd I e delivered he«e their lives would be endangered. The 
manner in which we were crouded together during the night, 
fainting with ruat, difturbed with rats and myriads of fl c>, 

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would fcarcely fuffer us to enjoy any reft. Thefe, with many 
other difagreeable thing?, feemed to fpeak very loudly to us to 
depart ; and, to leave us without excufe, the Lord had opened 
a door, without our fee king after it, which feemed to make the 
way clear for our cfcape. In refpeft to the flies in this houfe, 
they were a complete plague, I fuppofe, without exaggeration, 
that even in Egypt they could not have been in the fame fpacd 
more numerous, though ihey might be more general throughout 
the land. The floor, the walls, the table, and every thing was 
covered, An app'e or peach in one minute could not be recog- 
nized as f jch, nor co ild we tell of what colour the table was, 
A cup of t-a, to get it to the lip, mud be fwept nearly all the 
while we were drinking, and during the ni^ht the found which 
they emitred could be compared only to the noife of an beavy 
pouring rain. 

On Tucfday I gave notice to the gentleman that, if it fuited 
him, we would remove early on Wednefday morning. This was 
agreed upon, and we expe&ed to depart. 

On Wcdnefdav, aft-r waiting for a long time without the ap- 
pearance either of roach or can, we began to fear l?ft fomething 
ir»ight have occurred which fhould difappoint our expectations. 
Mr. Jones went to town to the French Captain, to know it any thing 
had taken place to prevent us from going up the country, when 
he received the difagreeable new* that the Governor of Monte 
Video would not fuffer any, with his knowledge, to land, and 
he was afraid led he fhould hear that we were on fhore, which if 
he knew, he would difpatch a guard of Spanifh foldiers to take 
us immediately into cuftody. I was* advifed by Carbonelleto write 
a petition, as if it was written from ths Buonaparte, reauefting 
permifliom, on account of our wives, to come on fhore ; and if I 
^rote it to-night; he promifed that he would take it himfelf in 
the morning to the Governor, and hoped that he would give ua 
per million to go. I accordingly fat down this evening and wrote 
one, which I carried to the Captain on Thurfday morning, and 
was to return on Friday at the lame hour for an anfwer. 

Friday, March 29th. Early this morning I went to obtain the 
anfwer to my petition. Captain Carbonelle aflurcd me, that he 
was forry to triform me that the Governor declared he could not 
permit me to remove; that the petition which I had written must go 
to the Vice-roi at Buinos Ay res for his approbation, as it was m- 
possible for him to grant a request of so serious a nature as giving 
permission to an enemy to take possession of any part of the country. 
Muchdifappointedand difcouraged, I knew not what to do. Iwas 
fenfible, that even the Vice-roi (which was not probable) fhould 
give permiffion, the time that would neneflarily elapfe, before his 
anfwer could be received, would render it ufelefs ; for one, iff 
not both of our wives would be delivered before any intellu 
. gence could reach Monte Video from the capital. 


t jV^Ue I v ftoodinot knowing what to rip, or fcarccly what anfwer to 
give, the *5 ; nanith agent, who is a pcrfi>n <*f con hderablc authority 
here* ,imierft.«ndin,g the nature of my rcqnpft, came forward on my 
behalf, and tcjbi Caiboncllc. chat he yoitld be surety for and 
would /be responsible to the turns vf his country * the Coxerhur or 
ff,icerroi> Al tf T fy m * ion wiih the Captain be defired him 
to inform fie, that neither the Governor ror Captain Carbonellc 
( a permillioti, or mult apj*car to know any thing of the 
ma tier,' Jut that be would take .ill the criminality on iumftlf, and if 
tfre report reached the Governor's or Vice- r.-i's ears, he would be 
ajifwcrab^' for ail the confluences ; and, to convince us of his fin- 
qerity, be would fend his own coach for us, and one of bis cans for 
tije J u £g?g?j to convey us to the houfe to which we wiflied to b^ 
remi ved. 

' I 4 rfetufne4 this gentleman my fincere thanks, and am bound in 
«axiujde to notice $is incident, as another evidence that our God 
hath the hearts of all men in his bands, and that there is ? o obllaclc 
to great for him to ftjrmount. I left him, he enquired if I in- 
. i£;»d#l to tfclfe any other perfon with roe. 1 told him that one was 
Under the neceffity qf going. He then afked which ; when I in- 
formed him that l^r*. Jpi es required the fame fituation as iny wife, 
and I hoped would, be allowed. To this he a (Tented ; but Captain 
CarbonelJe requeued me nbj to take any more, at leaf! for the prefent. 
' Saturday, Marcb^Qth- Early this mornirnj we prepared to fct put 
far que new place pf abode. The coach and the cart were, lent ac- 
cording tp piqmiff, a.nd we were ready for removal. Although 
none. -but feur two &roijics were permiited to depart, yejt medical or 
rjcccffaxY. a.fujRartce. W4% not 4enip4> Pr, Turner therefore agreed ty 
go with, as, imd.Mfs. Kill juin us pn ; but as 
Ac coach iv as there, I propofed. to walk if (he v^ould get into it, 
and go immediately,* Tfc this (he alfenJed, fo that we all went this 
day together* yijh Mr. Hijl, wj*o alfo went with his wjfe, and ihf 
jjerulema ajecompa^ied ys. A cart,, of a curious conAruciior^ drawn 
by oxen, carried our luggage, amended by two of the native* MjU 
Jcbearand roe, 

i*W8 all,airij!cd in fefety.av our., pew houfe ; and after we had 
in obt tjc^anUbOxeA* we. went to {hew, the pre in if es to our brpth<fs 
ajjji &&r\ who had &ccpfftpafiied;us, who were much pleaied w ith 
©wr fiw^ticjn, ari^eacfX wjejr. c gratified in perceiving the extraordinary 
}ubAtof{h9f iW »^odj *flA. in f i«! ! runfcr)U he had raifed up in cur 
tetvdfL evep if) an enemy '* lana\ After ihf gentleman and the coach 
departed* we .began to put our t^irvgs ; tpThghis in the houfe, in which 
WfefC;)Jir*£ % fcgdOf a. fati, cb&ifo three, tables, and many ofher 
Ai^^U^g^ly.^Pted,. wjth hjyer fppom* forks, fyc* All 
tie. fajdfte«a*.M»«T</ rather, narrow, ai\d 1 was obliged to make mine 
wider that , vcq*. night.* wj$h a board, raifed upon foroe large bricks* 
Thus being all conaio^ta^ly fettled in our new habitation* we offered 
4ip a tribute of praifc and thankfgiving with gratitude, for our corn- 

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fortable Bethel upon the continent of South America. We partook 
of our flipper with a new pleafurr, and retired to reft in expeftinrm 
of our fleep being (weet, which however was not of lowg-'duratiort to 
M'n. Gregory and mc, as Die found herfclf rather unwell. 

Sunday, March 31 ft. At fix o'clock I awakened Mrs, HrH, on 
account of rrry* wif. 's fituation, but I did not entertain a thought that 
her dHiverance w isfo nigh. 

After family Wor {hip, Mrs. Hill only being, yet with my : wifc in 
her. apartment, while Dr. Turner, Brother* Flifr and Jones, were 
with me in the room Were we generally fa*, we beard the cbtld cry. 
was much aftoriilhrd, and could fearcety believe m*y own 1 ears, fo 
fipgvlarly klrrd did it appear that ' Providence mould* again be fo 
minnful of me and mine, as 10 prepare this hotifcV and bTing lis to it, 
notwirhftaoding all the obflacles thai had occuiredj only in fufficiefit 
time before the arrival of the dreaded moment; and God be fo gra* 
cious that (he mould not only he delivered 1 ,' biK h»ive*amiKB bener 
time than ever Ihe rrdd in her native 7 UnA Ajwfn we raifed' our 
Ebenezer, fi r hitherto the Lortf has helped' u*> Thus the Lord 
added to me apotherfon, born inP tRftlfram;* la>*!d, ihwd?.^ Sun- 
day, March 31ft, 1799, about hme o'cloclciit the'>mo#nin^ 

Being without thofc necehVy comfort* 1 fo common in England? at 
fiicnatime, and having no wine in the houfe, Dr. Turner, and I 
mounted two horfes, and rode oft to procure fohieV When about 
two miles from the houfe, we mer the coach, with the Spanittragertr, 
lift lady and daughter; the owner of\>ur houf<% Caprasw OarborieHc, 
»rvd another, who were comrpg down to fee »ri what v manner we were 
filiated in our new habitation. \V*e -immediately rode up . t<i< the 
coach, and informed thirti of my wife's fituatin, at which they teflt- 
fi'ed the tiigheft pleafure ; and being eager to get-to the rioufe*': faid, 
ihitt 1 need not return with ihdm, but if $endr& Gregory wanted 
itwe, or any thing else, tor go td their house in town and get it ; adh 
di/fa that some shotd f be sent on the morrow. ' 

We now rode towards the MtfTibnary houfe, and acquainted our 
Brethren and Sifters, with our Captain, who was prefeot, with the 
deiiverance that bad been wrought ; when again each Behold another: 
visible display of Divine Providence manifefted at this time, both in 
providing the place and the mercy granted; 

We got fame wine and returned home, where I found- roy partner 
in a comforable way, and doing well. 

The vift tors were now departed, after (laying about an hour and 
an half, when they man ifefted their refptfcV and plea Rife upon thifc 
occafion. The ladies, who were admitted • to my wife's apartment^ 
exhibited peculiar tendernefs, - and' thongh they were fcardelyiahlet© 
converfe with her one word *to be underftood, proved 'the 1 truth of 
that obfervationv ** Afttbns fpeak loridcr than WOrdsk^ They enV 
braced the little ftranger and his mother, in a irianner that expreffed 
their peculiar refpeft and veneration, and continually kepi ex^effing, 
on ftrong terms, their fears, left they* Otdtitd a^&fo^fi^ft* 

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prevent, they who can fcarcely de difcovered engaged in the leaft 
a& of employment, were now very bufy with bits of paper, &c. 
flopping all crevices and holes, where they fuppofed the night air 
might enter, and produce that erTe£r. Before they departed, Mr*. 
Hill was conftrained to gratify them, by taking the little one out to 
the agent, Carbonelle, and the others, who welcomed him with every 
demonstration of joy, and the Captain would retain him for fome 
time in his arms, requeuing permiflion to nurfehim. 

Before they left the houfe they enquired if my wife was fond of 
chocolate, as if that was the cafe they would fend fome, and observ- 
ing that the wine of the country was not very good, faid, that fome 
mould be fent from the fiunaparte, which was of a fuperior quality. 
They then took their leave, promifing that they would fpeedi ly vifit 
her again. 

At an hut in the vicinity of our houfe lived a negro, who fuper- 
intends and looks after others with the premifes, who had a wife and 
little girl. This poor creature (the woman) early in the mornings 
gave us every afliftaace requiiite to kindle a fire upon the earth, 
fetch the water, Ac. for breakfaft, during which time (he knew not 
what had taken place within. Sometime after the child was born 
and all comfortable, Mrs. Hill took her within, to {hew her my wife 
and babe, who, on beholding them, appeared to be much overcome 
with furprife. This poor Ethiopian creature knew not how to fatisfy 
herfelf in manifefling her joy and love; tears rolled down her 
cheeks, while (he ran to fall on her knees, and clafp my wife's arms, 
as they lay extended on the bed, that ihe might bedew her with the 
copious flood that gufhed from her eyes. When looking at the in* 
iant we in a variety of forms, exprcfled the ftrongeft fenfations of 
joy, veneration, and love. Turning towards me we clafped my arms 
in the fame manner, and then embraced Mrs. Hill, of whofe lervice 
fhe appeared to be pc rfe£lly fenfible, and during the whole of this 
perfonal exprcflion of affection (he continued to utter a kind of gib- 
berifli, in a copious manner, of which we weic unable to und' rftand a 
£ngle word. Her extraordinary conduct was more than fufficient to 
overcome our feelings and produce tears, to behold in this poor un- 
enlightened creature fuch a melting grateful foul, and we were ready 
to addrefs each other in' the language of the Saviour of loft finners to 
thePharifee, *• Seeft thou this woman." It was fome time before 
{he withdrew, when ths circumflance was fpeedily communicated to 
her huiband and others, who this day appeared to look towards our 
houfe with peculiar admiration, while eveiy mark of attcn-ion was 
exhibited by the woman, who delighted in rendering us fervice. 

The child was an idol of her efteem, which (he ever manifefled 
during our refidence in the country, and was highly pleafed if per- 
mitted to hold him in her arms, or carry him to her hut, to which we 
were not afraid to give our confent, When (he beheld the drefs of 
ithe-feahe about to be fhifted, (he went and broke the top off from a 
large earthen jug to make a fire-pan, ip which flic put the clear ore 

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€ At TUfcE D ftfttStlOKARV, &C. f% 

froth her hut, and bringing it to my wife's room, placed St at hrc 
feet, with the view to prevent her or the child from catching cold: 
thii fhedid on fcveral occafionf, and once on feeing my wife about 
ro wafh fome clothes, befoic the time that {fee fuppofed her fituati-o:i 
admitted fuch exertion, Ihe came in, (hook her head, and gibber* , 
ing, took thehi away from her, and having fetched one of the n^ro- 
men, they went together to a large rivulet, about h iif-a-mile from 
the houfe, where, after walhing, they returned them bo;h cIcjji 
ind dry. 

Thefe incident? I notice, though they may appear frivoloir* to 
fome, as by me they are viewed as fo many mui ifeftations of the 
compaffionsne -attention of Divine Providence, who caufcri the gre-ai 
and mighty, the enlightened and unlightened, even to this poor fe- 
male negrry to contribute their fervice to us in the day of captivity 
irod hour of trial, in a ft range land, amongft enemies; a land in 
Which, from every information, joined to the apprehenfions whick 
iheaclive power of imagination had excited, we might have eype&ed 
toineet a very different treatment. 

Nothing particular occurred for the few firft days, hut our increaf- 
ing Satisfaction in our new habitation, and rn the kindnefs of thofe 
generous benefactors whom the Lord had raifed up in our behalf. 
Captain Carbonelle, agreeably to his promile, f;nt.a tin boic of cho- 
colate, containing about thnty cakes, and fix bottles of French 
vrine. We were feveral times vifited by the principal ladies an4 
fcenriemen of the town, who came to view the new-born Granger, 
and gave us feveral intimations that they would be happy if we 
would fettle in t he country. But as our country was at war with Spain, 
and noreligious fen timents tolerated here, but thofe which had been 
efpoufed by the church of Rome, fo that any who prefumed to ditier 
from it, would be in continual danger of lofing thesr lives, and as at 
the fame time we reflected on the Miflionary catife, in which w$ 
had folemnly engaged, we thought that we had fufRcient reafons for 
tefufingto comply with their invitation, 

1 thought at beft that even though we had conferred we (houM 
have been hut as a candle put under a bushel, on this dark continenr, 
which, while their prefent laws are in exiftence could have given no 

Captain Robfon, the chief Mate, and mod of the Miflionaries, 
came at different times, and we enjoyed fome comfortable moments 
together, l^he Coptain, when he fu'veyed the fertility of the or- 
chard, declared that though he was happy in one refpeel that Provi- 
&nce had jprovided fo liberally for our comfort, yet in another he 
Was forry, as it would ' have a great tendency to leflen Otaheite in 
toy eftimaiiofi, and completely fpoil my relifli for the enjoyments of 
miaorigtnai place of my deftination, which we ftill cheriihed the hope 
of reaching. In the firft Week, Captain Carbonelle called in the 
tbachat the Brethren's houfe, and brought to our dwellings as many 
•f the $jAe*s«t ibe coach would contain, vU. Mis. P. Lcvefque, 

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Mn. J. Levfcpu\ Mr*. Vardy, Mr. Hawkii s and daogfrer; with 
Mr. Howell, accompanied by Mr. Vardy and feveral French officers 
•who rode on horfeback. * 

After feeing wiih pleafure, my wife in a com fen able way, our 
, females and other frienHs took a furvev of the premifes, and par- 
taking of the fruir, they readily and unanimouflv agreed that frovU 
dence was #ood. Mr. Howell was fo delighted with our prefent 
fituation. that he wifhed to' remain with -u?, as he was now more 
uncomfortable on board the Buonaparte. He accordingly fraid, and 
look up his abode with us, and remained until we left the country ; 
we accommodated him as well as our circundlances wouH admit, 
%vhich he enjoyed in his. fituation, thou£h his bedflead confiftcd of 
two forms placed together, and Dr. Turner ufrd my cheft for the 
fame purpofe, in the apartment which we occupied in the day. 

Sunday, April 7th. On account of the fewnefs of our number at 
this place, v-e held piayer-meetings. which we judged to be moll 
piudent in o ir prefent Gmation. Brothers Turner and Howell went 
to meet the Breahren at the other houfe; and we fhould each have 
been glad to have united together, but our circumflances would not 
admit all to go to that diflance, and leave the females unprotected. 

The public place of worfhip, to which the Brethren refortcd this 
dav, widely differed from thofe to which, in England, they had 
fo frequently repaired, A cliff of a rock near the fea, now formed 
ihe body of the church, the dome of which was the firmament of 
beaven; by nature it was enrlofrd on. eve* y quarter, except toward* 
the fca, when, to procure afhclcr from the penetrating beams of the 
fun, which darted in that direction, they had built a wall of rock 
ftones, which afforded a cool retieat for prayer and piaife. that rea*. 
$zed the force of the Divine pronsife, the shadow of a great rock in 
a izcary faxd. After preaching, the Sacrament of the l ord's Sup- 
per was admmiftered, and the d vine prefence of Jef is was enjoved, 
though the veliels that were ufed on this occafion, were not of the 
Uir.e quality as in days paft.— This place was afterwards frequently 
ufed fur foe is* 1 prayer, and many of the Brethren, when they came 
or. (bore during the day from the Buonaparte, were gathered toge- 
ther praving. 

Another place wrvch was ufed for the fame purpofe. was on a hill, 
a few miles fliftant from the town, which they named Pilgrim's Hill. 
>Jcrr, and" at the rock, the promife was fulfilled, Wheresoever two 
or three are gathered together in my name, there ami in the midst of 
then, and that to bless them. 

Our orchard a I fo, we record as a place of prayer and praife ; for 
when a brothrer or two occafionally have vifited us, we have placed 
onrfelves under fome tree, and unitedly made our requefls known 
unto God, and offeied a tribute of thankfgiving to his facred 

* In confequence of the di fiance between our houfe and Monte 
Video, and the zig-zag direction of the road, we found it difficult tQ 

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go cither to town to procure provi Hons, which brother Jones and I 
u id by turns. We therefore agreed, thai as hoi fes were fo cheap, 
we wojld each purchofe one, which we accordingly did. 1 gave for 
mine, with the faddle, bndie, (hrrups *'>d new horfe-i luth, worth 
two dollars, only fix and an handkerchief. And as we had guod 
convenience ai hoiiie for keep u^ thm, they coft. us nothing ior their 
maintenance, as our land wa^ (uflicieiit to tupport ait hundred. 
VV'e found them to be of great utility and means of our pt rionai 
fafety, which was enjoyed «.t a i'matl expence, as wiien we left the 
co.intry, wc difpofed of them at a very trivial l»>fs. I retained (as I 
Lad loli my bed covering by the captuie) the horle-cloth fur a cover- 
let, and on the day I depart jd fold mine for three dollars, and a wine 
horn, value one, io that tb~ handkerchief was ah the cxpcncc of 
thai ufefol animal. 

Both natives, Spaniards, and negroes, feldom can be f en walking 
o;u of town, as it is confidered, and really is, dangerous in many 
rcfpe&s, particular! v from robbers and dogs. Even in town few ap- 
pear to have any inclination t > go out of their houfe after darknefs 
fets in; but if they do i hey take an hinger or fouie other weapon 
under their cloaks /or felf- defence. One evening, being with lome 
of the inhabitants, and perceiving forae cutlalfes under then cloaks, 
1 was rather fufp:ciou<, and enquired for what pur pole they had 
them, when a Spinifh Captain, lelonging to the army, infoimed me 
that it wa* fcr th; purpofe of felt-defence, as there was danger of 
being affaiTmated in the ftreets during the n:ght, againU which 1 mull 
be on my guard. 

1 am bound with the moll heaitfe't gratitude to acknowledge the 
£°odnefs of the Author of every mercy, for my protection amount 
the natives, a; there being no regular load to our dwell ng, I lull 
my way feveial times, and being benighted, 1 was compelled to ride 
miles over thefc da»k mountains, and at laft to feck for re fuge in fome 
of their huts, where, though 1 w is protected, I have difcovered fome 
of their intrigue?, which have convinced me of my critical fituation, 
of which I (hall take notice in its proper pi ice. 

Mrs- Gregory and child continued every day to increafe rapidly in 
flrength, and at the end of eight days fhe was a:>le to walk down the 
orchard. She appeared a wonder in this refpecl, and 1 could not 
but behold the great goodnef* of God difplayed in her bthalf, and 
refilled on the miferable moments while we were feparated, when I 
fuppofed that my eyes would never lee, nor. my cars hear, what was 
now in reality exhibited to my view. A furvey of our late and 
prcfent fituations, visibly displayed the goodnefs of God. 

Friday 12th. As (he was now aim oft completely rcftored to health, 
I began to think of dedicating my child to God, in this Urange land; 
to raife up an Ebenezer to a gracious God, for furely, hitherto tlie 
Lord hath helped us. I confulted with Captain Kob on, whofe 
attendance with that of Mr! Smith, and all the Miffionary Brethren 
and Sillers, if poflible, I particularly recjuefled oa this occafion t 

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j6 TOtrK N A t Of A 

where w*e hope<*, on account of the dittance from town* Wf 
Ifco-ufi h*ve an < pport-nity to m^rt together without aov i«»rer- 
rion. We frxed U[>on me day, whit h w<»s Su«»d*y ncx , <m4 
appointed the fuMcqwnt or*r to be ohf rvcd. A many « f 
B-cfhrt-n as could attet d were requited 10 c^me carlv in fke 
morni'g. as th** liiftan* e was eonfiderab'e, when Mr. Howcl) 
fM iracb, amongft the apple-trees in the orchard, ««q iQ 
the afternoon the ordinance of b. ptifm to be adminiliercQ to nay 
J:ft> on*. 

The Hndnefs (hewn hy Captain Carbo»eIle y in our captivity, 
indored Captain Rohfon ar.d me, <>ut of refpeet, -10 agree on the 
pro-'trciy of rcq<»efHng his attendance in ihe «dtc»noon on this 
ocr?fton, as wc knew that his moral conducl r fo Ur as we had 
beheld, was very commendahlr, and the invitation would Jo-'k 
reipettalflr. 1 theicfore let off to town, and informed the, Cap. 
lain what was to take place, and that his f rc fence would be highly 
acceptable. He allured me that he was much gratified by my re* 
titirfl, and with the greatefl pleafure w »uld attend, returning me 
t»«*t«y thanks for what he w^spleafed to tf rm, the high Itcnour I 
kwf conferred upon him. A5 did not with our orchard-worfhip 
fr» be inteiruptrd by ftranger.% left it fnould hurt the mind* of 
am of the Brethren, I particularly noticed, that 'he time ap- 
pointed was the a r ternoon, left our morning-lei vice (hould prove 
uncomfortable. * 

Sunday 14th. The morning cam e^ and foon feveral of the fit*- 
gle Biethren, with our Captain and chief Mate, were at our houie. 
It wasa'fiTte dav, and we anticipated the pleafure of fintling it 
•lib » comfonablc one. When the time of fervice arrived, in the 
morning, the Brethien, Mr. Howell, Captain Rohfon, Mr, 
ftmhh^ &c, went into the orchard, and theworfhip of our G< d 
rw.msnccd. Mr. Howell preached fromPfalm viii. 4. u What 
1t« :or. that tliou art mindful of him." Before the conclufi >n of 
iNe fcivice, 1 was unexpectedly tailed from among the treei. 
J went up to the houie, and found that a coach and four, wtth ; a 
jp/eat number of other hoifes, fur rounded the door, and not only 
Captain Carborielie, whom we did cxpe£b in the afternoon, but 
leverat other Captains, the Spanifh agent, the owner of the 
premifei, fome Spanifh ladies, and others, who had called at the 
of) er houie wit!) the coach, and brought up Mis. Beattie and 
IWtrs. Gr»eg with them, accompanied by a number of dome flics, 
to wait upon us. 

I was much f jrprifed at feeing the houfe crouded with thole 
whom I never expected, although a native had been difpatched 
on 1 orfehack a Jkilc b< fore to inform me; but I did not fully un- 
derfiand him, or that any company would arrive befote ibe 
afternoon, and then only Captain Carboncile, and the owner of 
the houie. 

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CAPTURED Mftf lOttAHjr, &C. 

On rov teaching the door, Captain Caffconeile apologised far 
having come before the lime I had appointed, and having brought 
with him fo much company, by laying, that having mentioned 
in the town that he was permitted to be pt^fcnt,and was coming, 
be could not prevent them irom accompanying him. Situated, 
as I was, in the country, as a prifbner, I could not make any ob- 
jections; but I reque fled him to walk with me into the garden 
by himfelf, which he did immediately, I then obferved, hat 
he knew I was an F.n^lifhman, and a proteftam in my religion >, 
that I helieved it to be a duty wbich I owed to my God and my 
confeience, and my child, to perform this ordinance, and ia 
txaptiz- my little one, even in a land where the inhabitants dif- 
fered ftom me in religious fentiments. Yet that I did nut w.fli, 
to give the le*fl offence to any whatever, but as I knew the laws 
of thr land did not fan&ion me, and that the company in gene- 
ral were Roman catholics, our ordinances might probably give 
them offence. I requeued him to notice thefe things to them, 
and infoim them that thsir prefence, io far from giving me any 
offence, would he acceptable, it we were indulged with our 
Warfhip uninterruptedly. 

The Captain anfwered me, that he had previoufly informed 
them of the principal things 1 had mcouioned, and that they all 
knew what our religious fentiments were; but that, though the 
Spaniards in general were rigid in th- ir religion, yet thofe, who 
had this day come with him, were not fanat'o*, ana had informed 
him, when lpoken to on the fubjtcl, u Tnat they were, like 
]mn, for evei y man to enjoy librrty of conference ; that they 
could attend our worfliip with pleafure, if permitted; but if, 
\vhen tliey came to the houfe, their prefence was not acceptable, 
that they would, duiing our worfhip, wjlk into the garden," 1 
returned him thanks for his kind attention in previoufly fpeaking 
to them, and hoped he would now aflure them they were under 
noneccfliiy to withdraw, for I fbould fee them with plea'ure. 

1 he coming of thefe numerous unexpected vifitors to dinner 
farther alarmed mc, not knowing where I fhould be able to ob- 
tain a fupply fufHcient for fuch a company, as 1 had only pro- 
vided a luffkiency of good wholefome food for the Brethren. 
But all uneatinefs on that head was foon removed, on fee- 
ing ihe fervants, whom they brought with them to attend, un- 
load their hones, and bring their hampers into the houfe, loaded 
with provihons from town, all ready d re fled for the table, fo 
jjreat a quantity indeed, that our table could not contain them, 
confiding of iuch a variety as I am unable fully to enumerate* 
All different kinds of meat, turkeys, ducks, pigeons, chickens, 
Wild-fowls, tongues, pattry, and fweetmeats, &c. peculiar to 
$he country : foups alio were ready, fervants being fent before ta 
£ iepare thqm at the negroes* huts. They alfo brought bread *nd 
wines of all forts, fundry twectmeatp for the children, coffee, 

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coffee equipage, &c. &c. fufEcient to furnifii ihe table of any 
nobleman in Europe, and which mull have been collected at con- 
fiderable trpjble and expenc<?. I could not but be aftonifhed on 
beholding their attention, confideration, and liberality, for as they 
brought it in, this manner ready dreifed, with fo many feivantj to 
attend, they gave us no additional trouble. 

The houfe would not contain all preient this day, and we were 
obliged to ereft a temporary table under a large unenclofed {bed in the 
garden forthefingle Brethren to dine, while the fti angers principally oc- 
cupied thr houfe. And,furcly, I could have adopted the language of 
ihePfalmift, in the 23d Pfalm : " Thou prepareft a table befoic me in 
the prefence of nrne enemies, thou anointed my head with oil, my 
cup runneth over." Immediately after dinner, according tx> the cul- 
tom of the country, coffee was preiented at ub\c, of which after we 
had taken, we began to prepare for our wormip; and. as the report 
of this ordinance had extended farther into town, by this time, a frelh 
Dumber of horfes arrived at the houfe with other fl rangers, who came 
to be witneffes of our ceremony. 

When we were all ready to begin, Captain Carhonelfe was re- 
quelled to make a general proclamation to all prefent, French, Spa- 
niards, and others, the import of which was, that it woul i give no 
offence to us, though all were prefent, who thought p«v>per to fhy, 
and would (o far co nply with our fervice as to prevent diforder and 
interruption in our wurftiip; and if any perfons prefer. t thought 
themfelves not at libeity to comply, it would be efleemtd a favour 
if, during our worfkip, they would walk into the garden. Imme- 
diately there was an univerfal filence, and both thofe at the door 
and window were quiet, and a>> many as were within being feated, I 
began the worfliip by giving out an hymn from Dr. Watts, fuited tr> 
the ordi nance, 

wh:ch we fang. After which Mr. Howell engaged 
in prayer, and then {poke on the nature of the ordinance of Chr.fiian 
Baptilm, for a ihort time, which th-ri ended, i.fter having hrll en- 
gaged in prayer my felf, 1 baptized my fon, nam ng him Ebauz-r, 
G cr shorn ; in the name of ihe Father, and of the Son, and of the 
Holy Ghoft; in the prefence of Europeans, Africans, and Ameri- 
cans, of different fentiment*, by profelTion, Roman catholics, infi- 
dels, and protflants, felecTted from different nations of the globe, 
from France, Spain, England, Africa, North and South America. 
After which I fpoke a few words, principally affigning my reafons 
for complying with this ordinance of the Lord Jefus Chuff, and by 
it dedicating my child to God, noticing, among oiher reafons and 
obligations, that if even the heathen thought it their duty to dedicate 
and offer their children to their idols, how much more was I, who 
proftfkd the knowledge of • the only jiue God, bound to dedicate 
mine r^o him, who is the Sovereign both of heaven and earth, 

I then gave out another hymn from the fame collection, which 
when we had fung, Mr. Howell read the portions of God's word 
from which I had named the child, and then applied them to our 

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prefent (t?.tc. The fc were, Exodus ii. 22: ''And fhe bare him a 
fon, and he calif d his name Gerfliom ; for he fair!, I have been a 
flranger in a Orange lanH." 1 Samuel vii. 12: *' Then Samuel took 
a font*, and fet it between Mizpeh and Shen, and called the name 
of it Ebeneztr, faying, hiiherto hath the Lord helped us " After 
fone pertinent obfervations were made, I engaged in prayer, and the 
fer'ice ended. 

All the ftrang^rs prefent behaved with the greateft attention and 
decozum during the whole of the fervice, and when it was ended 
they eagerly took me by the hand, returning ms many thanks for 
the favour that we had granted, while every countenance exprefTed 
the livelieft fatisfa&ion and joy, and all at length departed highly 

The brethren prefent this day were pleafed with what they had 
witreded, and moft declared the fatisfa&oiy moments which they 
hid enjoyed. In fo far as it refpeeled myfelt, I f;lt my mind pecu- 
liarly comfortable during the whole of the fervice. nor do I rccolleft 
any unpleafant fenfations caufed by this flrange alfembly, to prevent 
•me from participating in the delights wh eh flow from a fenfe of the 
divine prefence in the facred ordinances, for 1 was conftrained to 
behold what God had wrovght. 

1 he fin gle Brethren did not return this evening on hoard the 
Buonaparte, but ftaid, fupped, and flept on the floor, with the bell 
accommodation, in point of bedding, that we were able to afford, and 
paffed a very tolerable' n'ght. 

On my wife's opening a paper given her by Captain Carbonelle, 
with fome fugar-plumbs for little Kbenezer Gerfliom, (he found in- 
clofe.i two gold pieces, as a prefent for the young ft ranger, of which 
we knew nothing till after they were gone. 

Two days after I went to town for the purpofe of feeing the French 
prize-matter of the Duff at the coflfee-houfe, when an American 
gentleman entered into fome converfation, and made feveral en- 
(piiries refpc&ing the ordinance which he underftood had taken place, 
informing me that the rumour of it had extended throughout the 
town, and that thofe who were prefent on the occafion had declared 
their approbation in the flrongeft terms. We have no hefitation in 
declaring that a fimilar incident had never occurred on all the vaft 
continent of South- America, artd that this was the firft proteftant ever iuffered to take place atnongft the many millions of its 
inhabitant*, and at which fo many of different nations attended. 
Mny it be an evidence for good : a little one become a thousand, and 
oil nations see the salvation of God. On the events of this day I 
compofed fome verfc<, which will app?ar in the work, if there b* 

As an unexpccled providence had brought us to this place, and this 
was a peculiar circumfrauce, in order to record the event, a certificate 
*'as written, for the purpofe of obtaining the fan&ion of the princi- 
pal people who were prefent. Captain Carbonelle procured ihfc 

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16 JOUlNAt ©fr A 

ienstpres of the majority, but when I called for the paper at K» 
ioogjrtgf, after (hewing u, and caufmg feme to fign it in rry prefencr, 
Tie aflilred me that if I left it a day or two longer he would procure 
Several other names : to this I agreed, but on that account, the 
Captain being lather fuddenly ordered out of harbour, either he of 
the Spanifh agent, who both wifbed to preferve it, as the record of 
^an event which had yielded them much pleafure, retained it; and I 
,w£s compelled to leave the original," though I liept the copy in my 
own potTcflicn, with this defecl, the omiffion of mod of the names, 
M&xn being foreign, totally efcaped my memory. 


PtmfiU La fiat*, *<*r Video % k'*y6tk, 1799. 
THESE are to certify, that Ebeneter Gerlhom Gregory, fon <rf 
William and FUnnah Gregory, of England, in Europe, was bap- 
tized, eftcr thtprotestant mwner, in La Plata, near Monte Video, 
Sp&nrih South America, on Sunday, April 14th, in the year of our 
1-ord one fhoufand feven hundred and ninety*nine, being then four- 
teen day«*W, Byrne, WILLIAM GREGORY, 

Minifter of the Gofpel. 


.The Rev. William Howell, Thomas Robfori, late Captain of the 
Duff, David Smith, firft Officer of ditto, A. Carbonelle, Le Grand 
Buonaparte, Don Manuel Bafque*, Spanifh Agent, Monf. De- 
taend, Prize-Captain of the PcflillPhio, Monf. Riviere, Prize-Capt. 

of <he Duff, Monf. — , Captain of Le Rcpublicain Frigate, 

torrManUel Bafques, Jun. Monte Video, Monf. , French 

Prize V C aptain, Monf. Uuclous, French Agent, Monte Video, J>e- 
hora Bafques, Monte Video, Scnora 'Bat que?, Jun. ditto, Monf. 
L- — SucgeOri of the 'Buonaparte, Monf. — — , Surgeon of iht 
fcrpuHicain, &c. 


The Rey. John Hill, Samuel Turner, Clark Eenton, Spenc« 
jB'pugh^on, vrjffyh Parry, Joleph Cooper, John Jerrard, William 
£cddy, James Jones,, Daniel Millar, lames Mitchell, Johi) Youl, 
J an^s Smith* j*nies Reed.-r*— *-M«. Hill, Mrs. Jones, Mrs. Beat- 
tie, Mrs. Grieg, Mr*, Gregory, 

I|j confequenj^e of Mefl'rs. Beattie a^d Grieg having lofl their 
road they were not prefent, being compelled to return ; and of the 
grangers who .'.were fpt&atqrs of t-hc ceremony none figned it but th« 
principal, and of than I can pecolleft but few. 

My wife beingnow completely recovered, and encouragement having 
beep given ustoexpeftthe reftoration of our apparel, which hud 
teed worn, I entertained a hope t hat foroe part of my pioperty, whicji 
Was abfolutely wanted, might be recovered. The Brethren were 
Allowed. for feveral days to go 00 board the Duff, in turn, for thi* 

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ptir^e-fi*, but my diftance from town, added K> other cfrtmniftart(*«s t 
prevented me from availing my felf of this privilege. Some, however, 
went and got feveral article* of their apparel, fome but a fmaii party 
and others none, and amongft the latter 5 I was ranked. Captain Car- 
bonelle, and the prize-matter of the Duff, having given rrie an order* 
to. go on- board, that I might procure Tome clothes, I went k*a boat 
with Monf Bczzard, but when alongfide, the Spanifh officer would^ 
Hot allow me to enter, faying that the Governor having been apprized 
tihat a great part of the DufPs cargo had been fold, had prohibited the* 
^dnaiflren of any of us on board, or any property ' coming a(h6re. 
Monf. Bezzard, however, requeued me to ftay for forne time in the 
boat, while he endeavoured to find a cheft I had fpecified, in which' 
were articles that 1 particularly wanted; when after waiting forne 
time, he told me that the chefl wbidh 1 had fpecined couli not be 
found, though I knew that fome part of my property, taken out of 
that individual cheft, lay on the table in the cabin, and fome apparef 
purloined from the ffime were afterwards feen both by my wife and 
rayfclf in the pofleHion of others. I was now under the neceflity of 
returning without the execution of my purpofe, after paying three 
rials for the hire of the boat, and was told that no admilnon could be 
given without an order from the Governor. All mv children were 
in want of flioes, and all theirs, together with molt ot my Wife's and 
mine, were in the hox of which I had been in purfuit. J particu- 
larly wifhed to procure ftoes for the ehrtdren, and Brother Jones, 
who tbe day before had been admitted on* board, and tied up a 
bundle ef clothes, but was not fufrered to bring them on fhore with- 
out -the requtfite grant, agreed with m© to repair to the Governor's 
houfe, when we reque fled his concurrence, with the perrmfnon 
granted us by the French Captain, to recover fbme part of our wear- 
jng apparel. He affured us that if We Wrote a petition to the French 
Captain, and he figned it, he would give orders for ns to be allowed 
what clothes we had worn. This we did, but it was neceffary to 
tfanflate it into Spanifh, and to undergo fome other ceremony, which 
appeared fo very frivolous as not to be worth mentioning as it only 
gave us trouble from day to day, and the ifTue of the bufinefs Was, 
that we got nothing more than we brought with us at our firft land- 
ing, and my little ones were compelled to go without the fhoes. 
However unpleafant this cireumftance might be, the lofs of my pro- 
perty afTe&ed me but in a fmall degree, for whin I was enabled to 
fee what the Lord had done for me and mine; J took jvyfully tke 
fp&tliiig 6f my gbocls, and efteemed it a mercy that our God had 
cenfttatned out enemies to grant what we ftifl pofleffed-. I daily faw 
evidences that it is infinitely better to truft in the Lord than repbffc 
confidence in men, and that what we received, came from the bountr* 
ful hand of our God, who had compelled ritoens^ againft their nature, 
to bring food for his people's need from' day to day, until he appeared 
in their behalf. " Not unto (them nor) us, but to the Lord be all 
the glory f »! 

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Thefmgte Brethren, having only what they took with them 
on th- night of capture, were but badly atiircd, and would hav« 
been in a woife fituatlon, it it had nbt been for a fmall furplus 
of fome few articles that had been faved bv the females- Our 
Captain, Mr. Smith and Mr. Howell, had fome cld'hes given ro 
each, and the marr ed Brethren retained what happened to be in 
their births, as it was preferved bv the means of the women and 
children, who maintained moie influence over the minds of our 
captors than the mod forcible arguments which could have been* 
ufed. Thus were they no impediment to us- in our ftate of trial, 
as wc were even treated well for their fake, for When our captors 
beheld them they were conftrained to aft as they did, and I was 
forcibly flruck with the declaration of one to me, who, when 
Mrs. Jones, Mrs. Gregory and children, with Mrs. Hill, came 
to town to le-embark* took me afide, and faiH, « To fee one 
man kill another, or a multitude in every dire&ion around me 
fall by the (word of war never gives me concern, as I view it : 
on?y as its natural efTecl, but when I faw this morning, on vmir 
arrival in town; that women ar d children were made the i'ubjecls 
of that calamitv, the fcene was too afle&ing for me to behold, 
and I w^s compelled to withdraw, that I might conceal my 

The Spaniards at this porr, I believe, few 
mane people, and of them we entertained the moii unfavourable 
opinion?, dreading whtn taken, the idea of being conveyed to a 
SpaniuS Jettlemenr, particularly upon this continent, where hif- 
tory informs us that the blood pf (b many thoufands has been 
fpilt to obtain and fecure the peffeflion; yet even here the gene- 
rality of them entreated u* well hi. the time of evil* They feemed 
tc* fympathize with us, while they would repeatedly reprobate 
mir captors; the name of France was common y mentioned with 
difrain, though England .was n©t>ved in a manner directly oppo- 
iue ; in that it was very evident while we remained here,ihat the 
national prejudices between the Fiench and Spaniards had not 

To corroborate this remark 1 fhall brirflv notice one inftaoce, 
*lm occurred on the day when our f-mi:ies were landed from the 
Duff, when, as it has been already mentioned, in the ceremony 
of hanging the. efligy of Judas, in- the harbour and on (bore, one 
was hanged in town with a national cockade. This was im- 
mediately received as an infuU by the French c fHccrs in port, who 
lodged a complaint with the Spanifli Governor, when it was 
fuppofed that fome unpleafant things would enfue, and perhaps, 
had the latter been more powerful in the harbour, it might have 
been attended with the mod feiious confluences; as fome of 
the French officers^ in the height of their refentment, declared 
that if they coujd but fee another French (h p. coming into har, 
tour, they would fire upon the town. 

1 CAPTUftlD M1SSI0NAXV, &C* • 3$ 

Th* clergy belonging to the church of Rome, from whom we 
expecled much oppofifion, did not feem to retain that fpiiit of 
prejudice whiph age« have (lamped upon their character. I w;i» 
in thecompany of feveral of them <»t their own houfes, and they 
evinced much affability, franknefs, anl freedom of communica- 
tion. Nor did one of thefe men ever manifefl in the irnalleft 
degree, a delire of my compliance with a fingle article of their 

As Brother Hill and I were one afternoon riding towards our 
cortage ? within two miles of if, at a diftance, we perceived a 
friar on horfeback, drefled in the infignia of his office, with a 
dome flic behind. As foon as he difcovered us he turned his horfe* 
which he rode up by mine, and (lopped to give me the regular 
falute o r the country. I did the fame, when he took me by the 
hand, and afked me, in Spanifh, what o'clock it 'was, of wbick 
I informed him: then repeatedly taking hold of rriv hand, and 
placing it on his bread, he allured me by the crucifix which he 
then yiewed, that in his hem I was much efteemed; when men- 
tioning the name of the owner of the houfe, he afked if I was 
going to Monf. Duclos' Caza, which convinced me that our place 
of reOdence was well known. I anfweied in the affirmative, 
upon which he pointed out the mod direct way, then catching 
my hand, and placing it as before, bowing, he bid me adieu, and 
then rode towards the town. 

People of refpeclability and character £aid us the greatcfi at- 
tention, and perhaps it was owing to thi< circumftance that the 
lower orders followed their example. At the houfes of feveral 
of the chief inhabitants we were welcome, and they appeared to 
rcpofe a confidence in us which was very flattering. When in 
town I dined with feveral of them, and frequently found it a 
difficult matter to obtain leave to depart. With the chief magif- 
trate of the town, and fome officers of the Spanifh aimy, I was 
erfonaliy intimate, and thc^ Governor's interpreter tendered me 
Is fervices in anv way in his power. He wifhed me to go with 
htm about three hundred miles up into the country, accompanied 
by the enfign and a guard, offering me his horfe for this purpofe, 
but the iituation of Mrs. Gregoiy and the children wduld hot ad- 
mit of my confent. 

When I have bean requefted to refide in the country, I have 
•rged as objections againft the adoption of this meafure, my reli- 
gious fentiments, and the circumflance of their being at war 
wiih my native land, to which they have made this reply, that 
myieligion would he no obftacle if I were willing, and as to 
what fefpe&ed the war between England and Spam, they ex- 
pected that the next intelligence that would arrive from' Europe 
would be that their King had declared war againft France, and 
made peace with us. And although the Governor's order was 
tbat all AouM leave the port with the Buonaparte, feveral were 

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willing to fuflafn all confluences of difoned'ence,. and even a 
J>ncfl offered his fei vices upon this occafion, promifing pro- 
tection, and every temporal indulgence. 

Repeated applications' were made for rhe to go to Buenos 
jAvres to under ake the management of naval archiie&ure, frortj 
a nqmber of merchants, by whom a gentleman of Monte Videp 
nad been aflured, that if I would content to go, arid agree ,to 
remein for three or four >;ears^ tbey would enfure me as ha/^d- 
fome a fortune as any >vere accuftqmed to acquire in a foreign 
land.; that if I wilhed to V.turn before the expiration of that 
time, I might, when an oppottunity offered to go by w*y o/ 
*North America, but they could rot promise trie uich a compe- 
tancy wjtfiin that time, when if J {hould prefer my Own country, 
1 would bs at liberty to de»*rt About a week belore I left the 
country,' ft-jr. Campbell, the Arnencan fujfercargo, was autho* 
njsed to inf<wm me, by Virtue of abetter receiyed from one of 
the merchants at Bue,np$ Ay r ^» bipthqr to the Governor of th^ 
province ©f Faragu^y, ufhp.ha^ acquainted his brother that hav- 
ing received intelligence of a perjfpn who- had been hrou^ht b^y 
the French in^p typrjtp Video, yrho wbul^beable to render therit 
fervicej but that. application' ha.fl hcen made to him ,forthc pur- 
pofepf remapping at Buenos Ay*P,S (hit he had (larted orjje&wns, 
4»n account of the non-toleration of his religious fentirnents in 
the equn'ry, Qn ifci* .reprffertU^iori the Governor ordered him 
to aflure me, that jf rny >cligiou$ principles were tfce only oh* 
jeclibns, they should p( ' qomrix ed at. At times, I have alrnoll fell 
;*u inclination, aa.ditf f^is. Gr,cgoi.y, tp regain, w^ich I believe 
yv« fhpuld have dun*,' bm/ojr (he(c pbilaclcs -tile ftfifljona. 
j.y ,caufe.' in Which 1 wa^pngageo 1 , an^d which 1 hap*™ -author ty 
or delire (o deierr ; their bgitjlity to my native countt.y, and the 
wanvof liberty of ponf ieo^e ; for ,tnQugh my fsn'timeiits might 
fiaye been cpnroyeflajt,. tney tnuft not bp promulgated, wnicb I 
had folemnly p)r^ed r rny{eif to 4p» afida*far is in ine lay, jprcqeh 
frawg the C&itilck the wwor^chpfo fietes g£ C/imt. 

AHer io^je'eonvefation .w;jih fcvenal of the brethren and 
rthex upo^j this fybjeifc, it Teemed evident, that a req^ueit of jo 
iei ous a nature could never have been complied with, but .10 
p t< & violation of tbe.pofittv^ corprrrand of th/8 l ord Jfifaf Quito, 
u ^enoer to Casfar the trinj;s t tnat are Cppfar's, and tp Gpd.OvG 
things that ^re 'if ad's." goflfre Others of the Brethren received 
a'fo invitations to _jhc iarocetfefib. mr. Jones, whounderfiand* 
twtiery, >vaV< fTere^dJi is potter's wheel, .winch was onboard tfjo 
Uv»ff ? if he' wguJd continue three year& in t^e country. ljkleffr^ 
Reed and ija>wa,r.a ajfo, receiyed appiica ions tp Uie . f*j»Q efie »» 
hut a fiiiuUraiiJ vvc! wa? returned" 

Cfuxing our iUy,at This ftlace/vve experienced TOW u»npicaj#nt 
ienfyions, in retfecl: : ng/Qnihe m^n^^^ 

cilpi/iedof, as we were Hill* deuj/iejl in the characler of prilbnen 

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of'war Wc thought of the caufe in which we we; <e 4rag^4f 
the difappointment of our Brethren at the different ifl?s, and tho 
amxietyof our friends in Eutope, while we were unable to ^iye 
thenv he fm a lie ft intelligence relatiye to our future defignation, 
"the Buonaparte was ordered out, arid we either to gp on Board 
•f her qr« another veffel under their government. Spmetimei 
tjiere was a probability that we (hould yet have the Duff, and^Q 
forward to complete our Mi ITion. At other times our refleftion^ 
topk a different turn, and we imagined that we (Jiould go to 
North America, which was more prpbajjle than going to Eng- 
land* But after indulging mariy pleating hopes receding ouj? 
Izjip, .Captain kobfon received the informatiop from Carjxmelle, 
thit ibpjfyff uw $ofd % but that the Portuguese pri^e-gacqfuet was>a$ 
ms fervice, whicli lie Would tell in exchange "for bills Qn t^iq 
Miffionary Society ; that he would fyjnifh her w^th prpvifion* 
and (tores for one niopth, and put a French on5cer on board to 
tfcjce her out of the harbour, pnder French ypolours accompanied 
by the Buonaparte, and when oui fetch him again aboard bis own 
fk\fi ^jid je^YP us , groceea' whit^ we thought 
M[pW5*» ^ryd " t° J[aheiip, he. was wiling, to eoriyby us to 
tpe mouth of the harbour. 

Our Captain immediately communicated this intelligence to 
tfie Brethren, for the purpofe of .cpnveqing them to take into 
cojifideration the propriety of accepting the frjench Captain'* 
c^fcr, and Wofecuung our Miffipri to the Southern Ifles; and a* 
the order iffued by the.Coyernor was, that the Buonaparte (nouli 
lfcave the harbour in fpurpr five days, rio time was to be Joft, 
apd it w^s therefore agreed that all. (hould mee* on ihp morrow. 

Sunday, Aprn^ift. This morning, according to appointment, 
•jgeqeral tnejbting of all the Myiionaries was held, at the hOuie 
adjoining to Monte Video ; Mr. Ho welt preached on tne occa- 
i^n, from Rom. v*ii. ?nd part of the fijjft.yerfc, when after the 
fervice was concluded, Captain kobfon ftated his reafons for 
calling us together at this time, as rieceflity required that a reso- 
lution (hould be adopted without delay ; the ordqr given .to 
Captain Carbonelle was urgent, and he had exprefled to him his 
anxiety, loft he (hould be compelled to take us all but, both men , 
women, and children, in the Buonaparte, and put us on Ihorc 
on the cpaiiof Brazil, which would be" extremely painful both 
t6* him and us. 

. Some, qpetiiong were then pronofed. as we flood rpund cjur 
apartment, and a leparaje anfwer required .to each,, w hich was 
cPmmjUcd to writing : The fubftance of which was, 

* lft. Ine propriety of our Captain accepting the offer of (ho 
French^ ajid purchafingthe biig. 

' 2d. The propriety of endeavouring to go by the weftcrn paf- 
fage, round Cape Horn, dircft to the ^outhfrn Ifles, wUioyt 
euching at any port. 

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86 4 jourkal or a 

3d. Who were willing to proceed on. the Million,, if not by 
wav of Cape Horn, by the Cape of Cood Hope, where weftiouldf 
tall for a Ui^pty, and if that Wis not pra&icaMe, through (Irefs 
of weather, fall to the coaft of Africa, and aflift the Brethren 
there, or watt till o ir Captain (hou)d Come with 1 fhip from 
England, and carry us forward. 

* In anfwer to the firft, it was agreed that our Captain (nould 
embrace the opportunity, andpurchaXe the veflel ? after infpeding 
her wi^h *Mr. Smirh. ' 

To the fecond proportion, namely, to go immediately round 
Case hWn, it was in general obj^eled, that it was unfafe at this 
feafonof the )ear. Moft needed a lupply of clothes, which 
could only be obtained by calling at fome friendly port; befides, 
ft had bee'ri recommended by the Directors not to proceed by that 

In confidering the third, a divifion took place, as all did not 
Conceive it to be their duty, in our prefent deftitute circum fiances, 
to proceed on the Miflion. The lend men t that generally pre- 
vailed was, 

That the veffrl fhould be purchafed, and we would *e'mbark 
when called On in the enfuing week; proceed to the Cape of 
Good Hope, 4 and- thence to. the I {land of Otaheite, as we hoped 1 
that the Brethren there had a competency of thofe things needed; 
feut if it fhould appear to Captain Robfon and others, when we 
got out to Tea, that it would be attended with danger to get to 
the Cace, we were willing to proceed to Sierra Leone, and fee 
if a door was opened to make a farther attempt in piopagating 
the Oofpel among the Africans, or affift the Brethren already 
fettled in that place, or wait till called to proceed to the South 

The Mifiionaries who aflentcd to this proposition were rf' 

Rev. William ' Howell, Superintendant, John Beattie, wife 
ard child, Claik Bentoro, Spence Broughton, Thomas Fitzgb- 
bons,' Rev. Wm, Gregory, wife and four children, Geo. Grieg! 
and wile, John Guard/ PLev. John Hill and wife, Robeit 
Hughes and wife, James Jones, wife and two children, John 
Jerrard, Rev. l*eter Levelcjue and wife,' Daniel Millar, Jaroel' 
Mitchell, Griffith Party, James Rcid, James Smith, lofejh 
Smith, William Sbddy, Samuel Turner,' William Waiters, ' 
Charles Wilfon, John Ypul. 

It was therefoie refolved, that after our Captain had furveyed 
and pfocured : the brig on the morrow, that on Tuefday morning 
we ihould hold another meeting to confider our re-embarkation,' 
as* by that time a more perfect account could be given. 

When we Jiad.dined we perforraccl our afternoon fervice, 
wlien being called upon, t preached from Ifaiah xxx. 18, 
•• And therefore wdl the Lord wait, that he may be gracious 

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unfo you, tnd therefore will be exalted, that he may have mercy 
upon you ; for the Loid is a Goi of judgment': bt fftd are aij 
fhev that wait for him. For t'.e people fhall dwell in Zton in? 
Jerufalem; thou jbalt weep no more; he will be very graciuui 
unto thee at the voice of thy crv; when he fhall hear it, he will 
anlwer thee. And though the Lord eive you the bread of adver- 
ftty, and the w^ter of affliction, yet (ball not thy teachers be re- 
moved into a corner any more, but thine eyrs fhall fee thy 
teachers; and thine ears fhall hear a voice behind thee, faying, 
This is the way, walk ye in it, when ye turn to the right hand 
and when ye turn to the left 

The feryice of this day, I believe, was productive of much 
confutation to many, and prov.-d none of the barreneft fince we 
left England, Attheclofeof the meeting Captain Robfon ex- 
preffed his concern for Mrs, Jones, who not being yet delivered, 
he thought it unfafe to take her aboard the brig, and mentioned 
it, a$it lay heavy on his mind.' When the meeting broke up 
Brothers Turner, Hill, and I, returned to our dwelling, and 
found all fafe, 

Monday, 22d, Yefterday the critical fituat'on of Sifter Jones 
had attracted our attention and concern ; but again the Lord 
mercifully interpofes, and » his obftaclc is removed, About half 
paft three, this morning, fhe was fafely delivered of a daughter, 
and in a fair way of doing wrll ; thus eve*y circumftance bore a 
jjlcafant afpeft for our deliverance and perfeverance in that ho- 
nourable work in which we were engaged. On this occafion 
Brother Jones, Turner, Hill, Mri. Hill. Gregory, and I f 
unitedly offered our tribute of praife. Mr. Jones gave out this 
hymn, which had been deeply imprinted on his partner's mind, 
and then engaged in prayer. 

*' Lo, from the borders of the grave, 
Jcfui, thy hand U (hong to fave, 

And thou haft made it baie 4 
In deep diftrefs thy handmaid pray'd. 
And thou haft interposed thine aid, 

Inanfwerto her prayer. 

Oft was her foul deprefa'd with fear, 
Aa the expected hour drew near, 

And greatly did (he mourn , 
But now her gloomy feat a depart, 
And Uniting mercy melta her heart, 

And former joys return," Sec, &c # 

We fpent the day in the participation of the pleafant profpeeV 
which now prefented itfelf to our view, but in the very height of 
our enjoyment another report reached us that rendered the 
propofed meeting nugatory. A Portuguefe merchant had ten. 
dered ready cafli, the French had fold the prize to him, and all 
Was again enveloped in obfcurity and darkncGu Our Captain 

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^.as now in a greater perplex ity than ever he had been fince our caf- 
y\re x an<J wholly at a Iqls what flep to take ; but after many difa- 
greeaHe. lenfations ? on Tuetday the cloud difperlcd, and the wav for 
our deliverance from this place was made perfectly clear. Captain 
Ca;.bone1le had agreed with the purchafer to convey us to Rio 
Janeiro, and our Captain and teamen in return undertook to navi- 
gate the fliip: with this arrangement we were fatisfied, as we, 
^ouhtc^ not but if we arrived at a friendly port, Providence would 
o^>en fome channel for our conveyance, whither it was his fovereign 
• 'Will. The order was to depart at the end of the week; but Mrs, 
Jones's frtuat ion feeing made known to the Governor, the embarka- 
tion wa poflpoacd for a few days longer, 

. Friday, 2otb- Mr. Jones perceiving Bis. fpoufe in a confidercble 
degree reitored to healtd, and knowing it was uncertain how fooo 
the order might be given to leave this place, propofed to dedicate the 
child to Cod the next LordVday. He accordingly acquainted our 
Captain, Mr. Smi.thand Brethren, who intended to be prefent, and 
ridjuenVd. Captain Corbonclle alfo to attend, who exprrfTed his rea- 
cinefv. \t poflible, to accept fo agreeable in invitation, but was 
^Jmoft afraid that theflatcof the Buonaparte woold not admit of his 
^bfence, being under the Deceflity to prepare for failing* 

Sunday, April 28th. On this day our Captain, chief Mate, 
feverat of the married and fingle Brethren, aflembicd at our cottage, 
ajrid the fecond little ftranger was prefentsd to the Lord by the ordi- 
nance of his appointment, in this diftant, land : Mr, Howell bap- 
tized (he child, which was named Ruth ; Mrs. Jones, though fo 
lately delivered was prefent, and peculiarly ftrengthened. Surely 
tfiat promise left on record was evidently fulfilled in the cafes of both 
our femqles in the time of trial, " as thy days, fo fhali thy flrength 
be." Captain Carbonell , from "whom the fame prefent had been 
received of chocolate and wine, apologized afterwards to Brother 
Jones, for not being, able to attend ; aqd to, compeniate for his ina- 
bility to obtain any clothe* from the Duff, gave him thirty-four 
dollais for little Ruth, 

Wednefduy, May 1ft. Mr. Turner, Mr. Brougfcfpn and I, whV 
ing to take as complete a view of the country as our ci r cum fiances a 1 d 
prudence would admit, went this morning on hoifebafk to furvey the 
high mountain of Mohte Video; that ironi its fumrrii^as Mofes from 
Mount Ptfgah, we might take a view of this goodly land which we 
were about to leave, as any attempt to penetrate far into it would have 
been attended wich much dagger boih from man and beaft. We 
rode on very plcaf«htly over Riffr, and negletted land, having at 
times to crofs afewhrooks ? which nearly rp^qe our horfes fwkn # t# 
wfe^ arrive^ at the bQUom. where there ii^guar4 houfe with Spanifl*. 
tr^s; On our advancing ibrn'e cafpe ouf f ir|3 we ttjpught it fafeft 
td tndicate ho anprt fieri Gon by riding *ug to thern. AfiSC fp&e en,- 

^^i l '^--Y^^ e '^ x '^ a ' I, S c ^- c ^ ,c 3f /? c ™ p 4iJ c> j??RfiS% Vt. either, Frer^hiflei* 
of NQrfE^flie/icans^ aW»oVour i&u wc wilted tfi 

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afcend the mount, they directed us to the bed way, and pointing to a 
magazine about a quarter of a mile diilam, told that we muft not 
go by that way near it. We proceeded as ordered, and found thi« 
road the moil practicable. We (oon, however, were compelled td 
difrnount, and lead our horfes, which, as they were accultomed to 
-rough travelling, we got up a confiderable part, of the way, when the 
remainder being too difficult, we tied them, and climbed to the top, 
where, (landing by the flag-ftaff, we enjoyed a mtift extenfive prof- 
peel of the country as far as the naked eye could reach, which was 
to a confiderable diftance, as the day was uncommonly clear. 

Here on every fide we beheld a norizon without bounds, while the 
•fight was tranfported from mountain to mountain, nftmg at intervals 
on the m'ghty ocean, which can here be traced to a vaft extent. The 
imagination now feemed to command the whole globe, while our wan- 
dering eyes furveyed the town,th- river, and (hipping, whxh appeared 
little to the view from the height of our fituation, but were in* 
moment dire&ed to the vaft chain of land and rivers, which ran into 
the fathomlefs deep, or the great river La Plata, while the attention 
was fixed in beholding the remoteft objec~l«, and the. mourns, rock*, 
hills, cottages, trees, and torrents, and exulting at the thought of 
the diminution of things which appeared fo great, till at laft this ex- 
tenfive continent funk into nothing. 

After enjoying this beautiful and majeftic fcene we defcended, 
highly gratified, and proceeded to return, as we were apprized of 
the commifEon of fome robberies, and fome unjdeafynt appiehenfions 
were entertained at home for our fafety. Within a mile and an half 
of the houfe we pa (Ted a fmali brook, after which we afcended a 
hill: in the valley we perceived three inhabitants on horfeback, to 
whom we fcarcely paid the leaft attention ; they took the fame di- 
rection as we did behind, when fetting their horfes on full gallop, 
our's were going at the fame rate before we were well aware, but we 
did not fufnett that there was any defign in it. They had rilled their 
bofoms witn large Hones from the brook, at throwing of which, they 
are remarkably expert and certain in their aim, though galloping on 
horfeback. Immediately J received a blow on the back of my neck 
with a leather rope, in conference of which, and the fudden at- 
tempt to flop, I was thrown to the ground, and Dr. Turner's horfe 
went over rne, though without my receiving any injury. On my 
arifing, and Brother Turner's enquiring whether I was hurt, thefe 
three rode towards the brook and collected more (tones : my horfe by 
this time had nearly afcended the hill, and was proceeding home- 
wards, but on a recolleftion of the fears that his arrival without me 
might occafion, the Doctor rode after him to bring him back : du. 
ring this interval they were coming on Brother Broughton and me 
With a fecond attack, when it fo happened that a Spaniard turned the 
top of the hill, flopped my horfe, and addrcfled Brother Turner, 
who with him was now returning, which the three immediately on 
perceiving rods oft', tnd we continued our journey. On our arrival 

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a* bore* w6 wcra fnrprlzed to find, our company >n,£ flaie of ajirnu 
&M>ther Jonrs^whofe turn ir was to procure provisions for the weck % 
bad been purfued nea?ly down to the dwelling. i)n his return 
from to** n. ha obferved . fome laying in wait, who purfued hiw^ 
when* to efcape, he rprlq towards an houfe where we uiu,:»lly pnrv 
ebafcd bread,, and jequeflcd a, guard, which was granted ; and a* 
$p*mfh gtntleimnj who appeared to. have perceived fume defign % 
feiei a- ipan who was, with him to. conduct him part of the way, which* 
W^ oWe nearly to, the Tame place, when they bade him fanew:qll^ 
But no foooer had, they departed than he was. again immediately puin 
fiied with a ca$tch rope* {pi which I fhall afte.xw.ards {peak mare par- 
lio»Lir!y,) but, as, h i& borfe was, exceedingly good* he efcaped. Th<| 
gutter negro kX , our premifes, on heading the report,, immediately 
mourned my horfe, arid rode off wit}* the greajeft (peed imaginable. \ 
Jmi as^bq night approa^hrd He Caw nothing of them,. What, thpic 
foil intention; was, 1 cannot pofuivgly (ay, hujc, d^fire. thankful in 
beings prefer v^d among afte^ph* who j.rqr nQt (rod up? regprd mea^ 
In ftfufqquence of fome unfavourable reports, ami appearances of thq 
^ d»fp° ni i° ns °^ k"* 6 °f tn $ ii?ha,hiitai:t^ it was agreed that there) 
&ovld always, remain at home, three of us fix msn, to. protect the? 
females, and the negroes atftUAd uvthaja on.cvcry occau>,n, they wipulA 
willingly lend their alftftance. 

. Suiday, 5th. We felt happy, in Rawing been permitted, regularly 

iiKTeafo out number from- tber time o£uur. arrival at this,npufe.^ 
arK* we now hsd the company, of Brothers, Be rRarry and J errand* wh<>n 
witj\ Meffrs. Howell* iurner, ftrqughiouv Hill, Jws, and my-. 
fcjf v b*ld prayer^roeeting*, intent tonally,, fox tha !ajl time in this, place^ 
sis we had received orders that to-m<ixm>w we mud embark op coar4 

the bfift. Qmr Brethren at the other, hqufj; beW their wojfhip, 
wiiKpneaeh^ig, morning, afternoon, and evening. This was the; 
Ittft Sabba-b w<? fptnt on. this unenlightened continent- May tb$ 
great trumpet of the gofpql fpeedi'y refound through a\l its d'ftufts I 
May tbc yaar of jubilee cqme, and i^ititvuH fpepd Sakhad** tq thq 
praife ami glorv of God. 

Monday, 6lhi Thf wind blew tQO hi$h for our embarkation, an<| 
\tc yet remained as before, but were to be removed qn. (he next monw 
ing, Thi* evening the Mim^ary prayer meeting, was held tp unite* 
*viib Qur friends in England, in printing fap plications. ft>r the; 
fuccefsof i-hegpfpel, and w-e cmnot buth^pe that. the, prayers pu( 
to God will lcun be anfwered even in this 4*tk of vhe earthy 

and that the Soiuh Americans will qne day lQin with u s, h^tb, 
prayer and praife, and celebrate the victories which h^ye been^ at» 
thieved by the crofs oi Chii&. 

Ifl leaving this country it is expeQed thai I AjquW give what in* 
fprwiiion 1 hav^ beep-able to coilell of this place, wither the nnef» 
.ring hand ©«* Providence h>dcoxiyeyed us* w^t#. f »* Iw** 
wtUaiWw I (ii^ll aitimpt. 

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CHA*\ V. # 


Description of Rio de la Pk&a, Harbour df tilOHte Video, Prtrcindt 
of La Plata , Produce* Inhabitants, Dress, 'Customs, Com?na ct 9 

Go^iou* defcrifdoa of a country So exceedingly extenfive, anfl 
fo kittle known, cannot be expe&sd in a work To concifc as 
'this Journal. On ,geiHlemen ]K)fleuVd of fuperior abilities this labo- 
rious taflt anuftdevolve. Y<rt to u brow lorn e farther light on this im- 
qpamtit part of tfeeglob*,, I cherilh the .hope that -thefe rgteaningp, 
•gathered by a toaptive on the continent, will .prove acceptable to the 
inquiring mind. 

•Km de la P*>ATArf— Thw *ive$, iif it may he fo called, fcemed 
to me more like the ocean when we entered it, as no land could be 
•feen. It is acknowledged to be -thegreateft in the known world, and 
rfVomtbe i)dft inibrnMtion-licoiild obtain, is fifty or (Wtty leaguei 
«b*oad. The EngJifii Bank, fo called the entrance, is noted 
«for bavieg^een fetal to-fcvei>al Ihrps. It was again ft this bank that 
*he prize ' which 1 have aUeady mentioned as having been wrecked, 
^teuok m the night, ^vhen«{he was failing *tt the rate of feyen miles an 
'hour. \ have tafefee .noticed -two .rocks which we firll difcovcred, 
-«*d within* few.railes of Monte Video runs a ihoal a confiderabie 
^wytmtitno the river, -arid fome fa nd banks lay farther up, whidi 
wonder 4he paffage father *wfafe. Befides an infinite number of fmall 
^rivers, it «afcou rids -with Jakes, fome of which we could perceive from 
ithe-naount, J foppofe between thirty and forty miles difiant, whicU 
«and»to>the^CQ»ntry atid watered its plains* 

About thirty leagues to the north lay the town and harbour of 
<Monte Video, ^Mhich is formed by a point of land, or the high 
mojNrtain oppofite. 

tHie harbour k{o compaclhy nature that it forms an excellent bajr 
-for flups of any dimension, which may here fafely ride at anchor. 
In appearance near the town, <to my view, it feemed to Tefemble a 
ijf&rt xH'the river Me<Way,«bove.his Majefty's dock-yard at 'Chatham, 
^ody corrfidejabjy broader, and the4hores -being rocky, both they and 
-the water rtrere mnoh clearer. At the entrance is a for*, which com- 
<mands the harbour, -but -of inoon fide cable force,, qppo&te to w&ich is 

In the harbow^lay -atanchoT, besides the Trench Ihips Le Republi- 
tdainiawitlae tBtsowtparte, .withfltoe prizes, one good Spanilh frigate, 
«>lacge old fhip4n ordinary, <me old- merchant {hip repairing, aS,pa- 
•niii ptaqvet, two American ib^ps, and a -brig, about twenty fm all 
ttridi&eidnt ««>bpatSj t tbel.ady Jane Shore vconvicr. {hip,; iu all}, 
including veffels of an inferior fize, between fifty land lixty. 

M * 

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It abounds with fifli, which arc excellent; the eat-ftth ire nume- 
rous, fomeof wjiich are two feet long ; a fifh like a perch, (melts, 
and others, the names of which 1 did not underftand. 1 faw no (hell- 
fifh at this place, except a few mufcles near a rock, that were ex- 
ceedingly fmall, and not worth eating. It is faid that this river 
annually overflows its banks, but this 1 had no opportunity of wfV> 
neffing. However, when the wind blew from the ^outh it rnfc fix 
©r feven feet, but when it blew from the North or Weft it imme- 
diately fell. 

Town of Monte Video.— This ma\es a moft flattering 
appearance from a view taken of it in the harbour, for as it riles 
from the fhore its afcent gives it a very refpe&able look. The 
landing-place is compofed of large flones roughly put together, at the 
top of which (lands a fentinel on a guard, and at a fmall diftance a 
guard houfc with foldicrs, and a cuflom-houfe with officers, who in- 
Jpeft whatever is brought on (hore. The houfes' are built of large 
ffones and bricks, only one flory high, a few excepted ; their roofs 
are flat, and the fame as the floor, where the houfe is floored, though 
fome have only earth, and the bett but bricks. The Governor's rrfi- 
dence, which is the extent of a large fqnare yard, and resembles a 
range of livery ftables in England, is of th is confl ruction : fome have 
windows, but few any glafs, and thefe bear a ftrong refemblance to a 
jprifon, others have none. Thofe that are fituated at the comer of a 
flreet have two doors, one of which is (hut on that fide where the fun 
fhincs in the morning, and opened in the afternoon. Some few 
houfes belonging to people of diftinclion are built on a more eligible 
plan, two and three {lories high, with a balcony in front. None, 

' however, that I could perceive, either in town or country have any 
chtmnies, except the one which I poflefled. Moft kindle their fire 

"either in the yard, which is brought ipto the room when it is wet or 
cold in fire-nans, or have fmall fire-holes built io an out-houfc 

1 heir (hops make but a forry appearance, as fcarcelyany have a 
window, fo that the commodities which they contain can only be 
perceived within or at the door. 1 hofe without the gate are diflin- 

* guifhed by a fmall vane or flag, where every article of fuftenance is 

' Ibid, the landlord of which is at once innkeeper and grocer. 

f The ftreets run ftraight, and crofseach other at right angles, but, with 
one or twoexceptions,they are far the worft for travelling that imagination 
can conceive, for being compofed of and fand, the large ca- 
vifie* make it very difagreeabie both for man and beaft, efpecially in 
rainy weater. My attention has been attracted to behold the oxen 

"drawing their rugged carataas over thefe uneven paths. 

As the inhabitants in general ride, they pay little attention to the 
improvement of their roads, and without town there are fome places 
which, by the exertion of a little care and indpftry, might be ren* 

'jjered much more paffablc. Strange as it may feem, it is a fad, thai 

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to fill up a hole they have killed one of the team to affift the wheel in 
pa fling over. 

The town abounds with rats and flies, which are a prodigious 
plague to all but the inhabitants, and even to them in fame degiee. 
i he rats (hat have been killed lay copioufly 11 revved at morning in the 
ftreets, and to keep off the flies in the day they have large bundles of 
oft rich feathers, which they ufe for that purpofe. Near the (op of 
the town is a marker-place, about ihrec hundred yards fquare, whi- 
ther abundance of fruit is brought, which althougn fo plentiful in tho 
country is dear in the town, as the feller puts a high value on the 
trouble with which the carriage of it is attended. On the weft a 
large church is building in a fuperior ftile, which can be dffcerned at 
a great diftance. It has been a few years in erefting, and to all 
apperance two or three more will elapfe before it is completed. 

At the extremities of this town they are enlarging and ftrengthen^ 
ing their fortifications, which is compofed of excel ent ftone ; and at 
the lower end they were building a fmall veflel, which I went to 
furvey with an American gentleman and two Spaniards, and was 
alked feveral queflions relative to the materials and conftru&ion. 

The town, as alfo the mountain oppofite, forming a peninfula, is 
bounded by the river, except on that patt which leads into the coun* 
try,and isinclofcrl by a fort-wall and gate, at which a guard of troops is 
placed with an officer of infpeclion,and every evening at eight o'clock 
the gates are (hut. 1 hrqugh this gate we daily pa (Ted, and though 
we expected frequently to have been interrogated, from a conviftion 
of not having any legal permiflion from the Governor to be on (here 
we were never intenupted, and as the cuftom of the country requitea 
every perfon to falute the military officer in palling, I regularly com* 
plied with it, and he always returned the compliment. 

Trade anp Commerce. — Of thefe I can fay but little, as to 
all appearance they are carried on in a very inconfiderablc degree. 
Manufa&orics I was informed are prohibited, for the purpofe of 
keeping mem in a (late of dependahee upon Old Spain. Some few 
mechanics, however, are to be found, Taylors and fhoemakers form 
the moft numerous body of men, who are engaged in regular employ- 
ment. There are one or two blackfmiths' (hops, in which charcoal 
is ufed, and the workmen, though exceedingly (low, can finifh their 
work tolerably well* The circumftance that chiefly drew my at- 
tention in one of thefe (hops was, to fee the mailer nearly as clean as 
if he had been in a milliner's {hop. Bullocks' hides, tallow, dried 
tongues, leopards', tigers', lions', and other {kins ; the drug, called by 
the name of the country, Paraguay, and falt-dried teef, are all ar- 
ticles of exportation ; befides the treafurcs of Peru brought down the 
river, and {hipped for Old Spain, with other commodities of the 
country* No (hips come regularly to this port, and only three or 
four make an annual voyage to Europe, and during the war even this 
fmall number has decreased. Cloathing of every defcription, and 
every an cle of houfliold utenfiU are exctflively dear, and though the 

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hoilfestfre nheoYrifdrtib fe in tniny rcfpoih the rent is vety liipfi. 
Notwihftanding the cargo of the Duff was prohibited 10 be fold, the 
town was never fo plentifully fuppliedby any ft'ip, nor fo well Hock- 
ed with thofe neceffarits Which the inhabitants fo much wanted. 
Moft articles of apparel was df four times more valiie than in Eng- 
land, and e'veh higher. 'Having loft my tea kettle, I enquired the 
jprice of two which held about two quarts, one wifh, and (he t>(her 
without a lid : iQx dollars Was the price of the one, three and an half 
of the other. The rent of a room without* window or fire-place, was 
forty eight dollars, and <fne hundred *per annum for an houfe, 
confifting of two rooms and a yard ; four flat-irons twelvej 
and one ounce of pins in Ehglilh money three (hillings afnd fix- 

Air, Som, pKontfce. — The air of this (Country is temperate 
and exceedingly falutary, though at mid-day the fun is very power- 
ful : fome of the Brethren experienced this in a manner which caufed 
them exceflive pain: having btrt orre (hirt each, when they gdt out 
into the country near fomewater, they put them off for the purpefe 
of wafhing, when not aware of the fun's Jeorching teams, the fkin 
was'peeled off their backs during the interval. 

For ten miles from the town it is hilly, but from that it runs Seve- 
ral hundred mi les one continued level. Nothing can exceed tfee 
fertility of (he foil, or the beautiful verdiire which overfprCads tire 
wholeface df the country. The foil, without manure, will produce 
Vegetables, almoft, ' if not of every description in Europe ; Tn'oTcta and 
^European corn, apples, ^>ear5, peaches, nectariries. figs, meldns, ^watet- 
melons, cucumbers, onions, cabba«e>, lettuces, Cayet»ne , pepper,*&c.&c. 
gtbw in great pferfty ; and (bine cherry and walnut tree's which had 
been brought ffom Europe, thrived well in our garden. AR the 
hedges are com po fed of quinCes of an excellent quality, fame of 
which I have gathered fourteen inches, in dreumferetfce: and if a 
proper degree df attention was paid to the cultivation of this conn- 
try, it would be impoffible to fay to whit extent f he product might 
be carried. The valuableXherbs, paraguay and Ananas, i&c. appeared 
to e ra w f pontaneduil v . 

This ditfrlcl differs frbm other-parts oT South 'America, 'wirh re- 
type! to food for the purpofe of fuel, of wrfich tiTere ivbutfttrte, anti 
the £reateft part of it is brought frcrm the river St. "Liacia. *Fatfbeir 
Up in the vicinity of Bue?ids Aytes, within three mites dlf thelhore, 
fhere is abundance of large, good' tilrfher, well adapted 'both for the 
building of fhips and houfes. Near the town is a large qoartejr df 
Hone?, in which a number of the natives ave employed : ^and fn iff. 
fefent dire&ions, about fix feet from the' futfate^ thfere is* fftjgeitf 
a"la1>after, but it rs riot ufed 'in any irrftance. Miilhrootns grow 
fporitancouHy in flie* plains, but are never eaten 1)y the inhabitants, 
feeing con fid ered as of a hoxi6us cjuaiity,, whitfi idea one of them 
evinced, Who, on feeing me about to .cat one, attempted tb 'prevent 
ine, -&mH 5 EOTvif^ 

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r Th^ipnurnerpble, fyerdsoF cattle will {peak (or the richneis of th* 
aajture, .which, being elegantly ftrewed with a variety of flowers, 
form* a beautiful and qderiferoiis carpet of nature, Ip fome places^ 
for mile$ x wild, artichokes overfo'ead the foil. 

An ima is. — The animals of this country are numerous, particu- 
larly Q^en^rjQ/fes, (Keep* hog* 9 naules, dogs, lions, tigers a leopards, 
wojves, b.e,aye>rs, feajs, ermines, horr;ed bcaciles, ferpents, adder*, 
&c. — Qf thg feathered Kind, they have gecfe, ducks, pigeons, par~ 
tridges^ qll^iches- a variety of bifc^s of a beautiful Ipecies, and all 
ipaane*of wild fowl. 

Hories ar^ in^ijmqrajjle, Uyely, and beautiful : like the Arabian 
3£C opty fit f°JC ^he faddle^ an^ are admirable for their make as 
>>(cll £>r their- fvyifenvefs., and 'he inhabitants are proud o( their long 
fia^e^ajn,^ They live entirety in the, gafiures, and are frequently 
ufiad, (hro^ghgul tN* day without receiving, food or water, yet even 
Wi thefe cirQtunftances, they refilled corn.' They are not only goojj 
fe^L ql^eafn Ev.en, yi the neighborhood of the. toiyn, where they are; 
pqj opip^»4rau\ely dear* on $ 9? ton dollars can fc?arcely be excelled 
V* r *yg}*9iJ£ WglaM. Ttay, are (o trained as to Regard no regular 
roi^ afli qgite the, rcverfe of tt^ t English Ijorfcs^ w,$ien. afeput to 
afcervia^ lull, let o,ff V a gajlpp. 

What Ijas, been rccojde/I pjf, America in §epeswJ, ( wijl not hoJ4 
good, if re(pe& to this, yxayipoc^ that a^l qygdwQpds of tfa -ftfnp 
Wovddi qre ififcriox m sizt toJ/iosfi of the Ola. 

Oxen, are as large in general as t,hofe in England^ though, as there; 
is nQt the leaft attention paid- to them, they do not t>eco,me (o fa£ 
fcuj finec creatures I fcarce ev*r faw». Thefe lik^wife arq c^eap ; 
pick ow;. one from, a herd cqnfifting ojfeyera,l huji^reds, not far from, 
{owrjj, I tia^e been afyed tw/o dollars;, buj to go a few miles, father 
up $o country, fopr for the fame money y a,n4 twelve miles, two for 
iajf a.-crow,n. £eef, in confluence is cheap. I jiave houehlj as 
capital ? piece, as ever I partook of, ipcluding the firloin, which I 
luppofe flight weigh about golbs. for about^-ld, Engjilh. money;. Qij 
■ly informing one of the dealers in cattle that a bullock in Eng- 
land coflfive pounds,, he flood amazed, and began tq pride himself 
.upon his own country. The owner of the Brethren's boufe was one 
who kjUed a number almpft daily, and has often fei^t a quarter for 
9uj friends, a$moft kill chiefly for she hides ap^ tallow ; an^ ? nav 4 
fean fome hundred carcafes paying in the fields, wJhi^hn after being 
fcinnec) were left for dpgs, frogs, and birds of prey, which fwarm i» 
|hefc places in vaft nua>be,cs. Farther * inland, ouUpcks. ar4 MUe4 
^nly far the fake of the tongues, which is the only part they eai. 

Mules are very good, which they yfe in their watering carts, an^ 
arc nauch larger |han in common. Hogs are alfp. numerqusv apdex- 
c el lent. They live upon grafs, fru,jt, beef, &c 1% is a matter ^ 
hVle confequence 'tp t^e pwuer whether they he great or fflaall ; thfj|f 
trice is a;bqui halfTaj-crpwn per head. T^e'f^cep \% t^is c^untrji^l 
four horns, but are not fo fat as the Englifii ; the meat, however, is 

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g6 jouhnal or A 

very white, and as fweet as lamb. At market a Iheep will coft 
3s. 6d. but in the' country they may be bought from ao to 30 
per dollar. Fowls, coufidcririg the cheapnefs of other provifions, 
are execflively dear, as they nearly ftamp them with the lame 
value as an ox. 

Wild beads are numerous and large, both lions, tygers,and leo- 
pards, &c. which the natives hunt and bring their fkinstotoWn for 
fale, hundreds of which I ruve feen. Some of the natives, who catch 
thtm whenyount,keep them at thedoorof their huts like dogs. The 
tiger of Bengal has b<<n known to meafure fix feet in length, and 
is fupDofed to exceed by far thofe in South America. But al- 
though 1 would pa* all due refpeft and deference to gentlemen 
cf fupeiior knowledge, I am compelled to differ from them in 
opinion, as among fome {kins brought to town by the hunters I 
purchafed one, which I have now in my pofleflion, and whieh 
meafures eight feet in length c*clufive of the tail. Onrichesarc 
alfo laTge and to be found in great numbers.— 'They will cover att 
hill ; but little notice is taken of them ; the only ufe which I ever 
faw made of their feathers was that which I before mentioned, a 
broom to fweep away the flies. Partridges are innumerable, 
and parroquets abound. Around our premifes were different 
fpecies of beautiful biro's, two of which more efpecialfy claimed 
my attend n. But my ignorance of the names of fome of thefe 
creatutes necefLrily makes my defcription in fome degree defii 
cient. Thefc were both much about the fize of a (ky-lark, one, 
of them was as white as fnow, both as to bill and feet, but the 
tip of the wings was jet bl-ck. The other was exaftly the re- 
verfe, completely black, except the wing, as the one was per- 
fectly white. Blackbird*, canaries, and a bird ne irly like a 
iwallow, which Would fly before us when walking, and was 
rather troublcfome, are to be found in this eounny. As many or 
the carcafes of the bullocks were left in the fields, a vail number 
tf bitds, like fca-gulls, would come down together, after the 
butchers had lef: the ground, and cover a quarter of a miie of 
land, fo that it fearer ly could be fcen. The bird*' nells ap- 
peared to be eurioufly conilru&ed, fome of which I took for the 
purpofe of infpeftion: they were built around branches near the 
item of the tree, of different materials, fuch as mud, &c. as big 
as a large cocoa-nut ; in the moft concealed part is the entrance, 
which runs round the fabric like a periwinkle, till at the bottom 
is a feathered neft, much like thofe in England. It is difficult 
to procure either young or eggs from fuch a building, and it was 
fome time before I was able fu ly to iofpeft the whole. 

The only fifh 1 fhall notice, in addition to what 1 mentioned 
before, was one of the feveral kinds which were in the river at 
the bottom of my orchard, fome of which we caught : they were 
about the fixe of a flounder, ' and between the fhape of that and 

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!h* perch ; its head was very like a rat's, very dark, and the fins 
wer* b'oadeft near the tail. 

Dogs are numerous, of different fpecies, di'a^reeable and dan* 
|erous : of thefe 1 fhall only treat of two for»s ; fevcral kinds as 
in England are in genetal to be feen, only thefe were very large. 
Mod huts on theoutfideaf the town keep from eight to twelve 
of thefe animals, which are exceedingly tr >ublefome to all paf- 
ferigeis, and will furround horfe and man. Brother Jofepfl 
Smith had his leg torn very much by one of thefe creatures; they 
are dangerous to pafs in the day, hut it is much worfe in the 
night. The other fpecies are' what the inhabitants call fire-dogs; 
thefe are not fo large, have no hair, and their (kin fecJs more 
like human ; they are ufed by thefe people in the cool weather to 
IWep at their feet to keep them warm. 1 muf! confeis th«u tome 
they had a difagreeable apf earance. The abundance of heads, en- 
trails, feet, *c. which are left at the diff-rent places of (laughter, 
afford plenty of provifion for thefe numerous creatures, which 
fo rapidly increafe that if means were not ufed they would prove 
more deflruclive: to prevent which the Governor orders the 
foldiers fur a number of days, twice every year, to kill all that 
thev meet, and toy thefe means thoufands are fhin. 

Inhabitants, Dress, Customs, &c.-*-Thefe, the negroes 
excepted, are Spaniards and South American natives, and of 
thefe I (hall only fpeak refpefting what fell under my own obfer- 
vaiion. The Spaniards heic are a people that live in opulence 
and indolence, mofl fervile wotk being executed by negroes and 
natives, and few families of any note having lefs than fix if not 
more negroes to attend upon them. 1 (carcely know in what 
manner to defcribe their characters, in order to do them juftice. 
There appeared to be fuch a mixture of effeminacy and auflerity 
in their difpofition : at one moment they will manifeft that feel- 
ing fympaihy which is fufEcient to affeft the beholder; at ano- 
ther they feem to be capable of alarming the ft ranger. Many of 
them, as the narrative will prove, behaved with confiderably 
more than common kindnefs towards us, but from what motive 
I prefume not to fay. 1 believe it to be my duty to fpeak of a 
Granger who a&s with kindnefs as of a friend ; and in a moral, 
fenfe regard neither country nor religion, but confider alt men as 
defcended from the fame common parent, and therefore do unto 
others as he would wish others to do vntohiw, while I always con- 
sidered and faw innumerable evidences, that the extraordinary 
kindneft (hewn us in a ftrange land was in confluence of the 
omnipotent, over ruling power of God, who evinced to evident 
jjemonttration that he could compel enemies to entreat us well, 
"op, even in their own dens, lions' mouths, open finners' hearts, 
conftrain ravens to feed the needy; and not only afforded us 
fotefiion, but fulfilled his promife: Bread shall be given, and 
footer sure. For the declaration is, that Moab and Babylon (hall 

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op?n their gate* and hearts, and afford a refuge when our God 
gives the word. 

The heat of the fun may occanon fome fmall difference bel 
twc en the complexion of the Spaniards here and in Europe : 
they are dark, but a few of the laHies a r e fair. The troops wear 
long black whifkers, and make bu<t. gn indifferent appearance. 
The gentlemen differ but little in tbeir drefs from Europeans, 
wear clocks, and without them in London would be taken fof 
l'very-ferva^ts^ The drefs of I he ladies diners more : they wear 
jm> caps, but th"ir long hair is tied all roundin a bunch at the top, 
and f mnc have elegant citcular combs : thry ufe no gown, but a 
ihort jacket, which covers the top of their petticoat or other ap- 
parel, and (hoes angularly high : they cover the head, and nearly 
the face, with a hood, which comes round over the (houlders, 
and bring black, when they go to mafs, with their bead^ an$ 
crucifixes on their arms; I have taken them at a diflance 
for. a Comrany of friars. The child* en of both fexe* are dref. 
led to one of a month o*d, as nearly as pofijble in the fame 
flile, are put into, breeches befpre the month, and when it is 
ipoflihle to colleft the hair either in a bunch or tir it is done, and 
powdered; nay, in town, little crra ures that can fcarcely run 
alone, and others in their mother*' arms, are dreffed in jthis 

It is the univerfal cuftom immediately after dinner fof botji 
ladies and gentlemen to retire to bed, and they would be as much 
difappointed if prevented from doing, fo as we would for want of 
a night's reft. The curious manurr in which the ladies fainb 
their tea, which they call mattee, rather furprifed us: this berrj 
fo generally ufed is put into a cup. which commonly is the fhell 
of a pomegranate, the fern *)f which isturnedto form a handle ; 
in this the tea is .put, .bcth .the leaf and pi ce.s of ihe ftemj when 
pouruighot water upon At ibey draw the liqui 1 through a tube, 
which is made.eiiier t o£ $cafs. tin, or filvor, and while p^rtak^ 
irgof it .look as if they were Jmoking a.p'pe Its tafte 15 bitter^ 
ai.d few of us had much reUQi for i.*. Some of »he chief people 
have pats of ulver, wh ich look very well; this drink is m< r<e 
univerially ufed than perhapa any o^her by people of every dcr 
fcription, and the ladies,, content wiih water, can fcarcely be 
prevailed to taile fp:.rits or wine,, f me of which they have : the 
wine both red and white, is of their own manufacturing, but the 
fpirit are imported from the Brazils. 

Among the cuftoms and manners of the fe people the firft thajt 
I noticed was, what I.fuppofed to be treating rne with difdain; 
for when they call to each other they hi!s as an Engiifhmanj 
would dp by way of contempt, which, till I perfectly u"der r 
itood their meaning, was the conflruftion which I putuppn^ 
The fraternal embrace is common among the men on their jjfcU&tinf 
each other, and they .make much ado with a friend* 

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NatiVi!.- -The natives of Paraguay differ from the Spaniard* 
both in perfon and drefs : their complexion is of an olive hm and 
father darker than the other. They are of a middling Mature and 
Veil made, have flit faces, and jet black long ftout hair. They 
ffeem in general to be" a quiet though a robuft people, and yet 
forhe few exhibit a difyofltion quite the reverfe. An oblong gar- 
ment, like a ftriped rug, about a yard wide, with a hole in the 
middle to admit the head, hangs down before and behind,, with 
the fid? s open, falling loole as low as the knees, and leaving the 
ferms tin re ft rained, like the natives of Oaheite and other ifUnds 
iti the Pacific Ocean, of which it is probable the natives of South 
America are the original ftock ; for as it is reafoiiabfe to fuppofe 
thatthefe iftands have been peopled by emigration, the continent, 
it may be prefumed, was the mod likely place whence thev ori- 
ginally Came, Their ftockings and boots are made of fkin*, 
flayed from the legSof horfes and oxen, which in fhape are ex- 
actly the fame as when taken from the beaft, as they never out or 
fcher them. Their fhoes are merely a piece of ftout (kin turned 
tip, with hbl?s, and tied with flips of the fame : thev wear 
drawers over a fcott petticoat, which at the knee forms a fringe ; 
thofe near town have jackets which they wear under their oblong 
elbrh, and the head is covered with a fmail hat, tied under the 
thin, which they loofen when they falute each other. Their 
huts, according to the comm >n defcription given of the Indians, 
are confirmed much upon the fame principle. The rough 
feranchesof tr*es tied together with pieces of the fkins of beafts, 
thereof of which is covf red with long grefs, rutkes, and weeds, 
are the materials ot which an hut is built. Four (licks tied at 
each corner, with a bullock's hide, make their bed, hung up in 
the hut. RounH Tome of thefe huts a wall is erected about four 
feet hi^h, entirely built of bullock's heads, one above the other, 
•with the horns, as cut from the animal's neck. Thefe men are 
healthy, and exceedingly alert, eipecially on horfeba< k, to which 
they are trained from their childhood. Their food chiefly confifts 
of b<*ef, fruit, and water ; and the ufual method of cooking is 
to fofpend the beef over the fi;e on the earth, with a fpit of 
wood or iron, from which they cut pieces when little better than 

Both Spaniard! and natives always carry long knives at their 
fide, and even children are indulged in the feme lii>ertv, to 
which they apply for defence as naturally as one would in Eng- 
land to return another a blow on the face. 

Their manner of catching bullocks to kill, which is reprefented 
in the plate, isfingular ; it it is a fingle one they want, they ride 
after him over the plains till he is caught; but if more than one, 
they at different places have pinfolds, into which they drive a 
dumber. When -ready to be^iOj two mount their horfes, With a 
tfttch rope 49$ yards in length, having a long noofe at one end, 

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while (lie other is fallen cd to a ting in the fadd'e; one now rides 
in among the oxen, throws the tope around the horns of the 
vnc which he chootes and gallops out. The creature find ng 
ftirr.ielf entangled, generally runs to the extremiiv that the rop« 
will admit, and the horfe draws him near a fuitable place. The 
other native is now ready 10 watch the opportunity of the pranc- 
ing or the. beaft, and after Twinging the rope feveral times over 
his haad, throws it with a dexterity peculiar to thefe men, and in 
one minute will catch him round the hind leg. Both the horfes 
r.ow draw the ro^e tight in twooppofne directions, and they are 
to trained to this exercifeas to (land fo firm that the bullock can- 
not move. Another man who is landing by with a large knife, 
now advances to the animal, which, if he fuppofed not to be, 
fteady, he cuts the ham* ft rings of the hind leg that is not fecuied, 
upon which the bullock immediately falls, when his throat is cut 
right acrofsj and he is loon dead. However a ftranger to thefe 
fcenes maybe led to fuppofe this a tedious procefs, it is aftonifh- 
ing with what expedition they will execute the taflc. From my 
own obfeivation they have caught two, which have been both 
dead in eight and ten minutes; others (land ready to fkin them, 
which they foon efT< ft as they lay on the ground, which being 
done they cut the carrafe into quartets; near the town they are 
fold, each at a price equivalent to tod. and is. 2d. in EngliiH 
coin ; and if a granger who is by wants a piece, an heart or f^me 
kidneys, is at his f-rvice. 

By the fame method which they employ in catching the oxen 
they catch horles in 'he fields, and robbeis catch a man to plun- 
der or kill him, by means of his rope, he can be drawn from his 
horfe. and rendered incapable of refiftancc; and we were told 
feveral anecdotes of their expertnefs in this aft. It was evident 
that though round the town the natives are fubmiflive, the 
people are far from being wholly under re lb aim by the Spaniards, 
as none of them will venture f r up without fiie arms and a guard ; 
yet 1 believe that frequently the deft re of apparel is thconly mo- 
tive that tempts th-rn to this outrage. 

Entertaining favourable fentirrcnts of thefe people, I frequently 
made a tour round to different buts alone, of which, within a 
few miles, fcarcelv any efcaped my notice, ?nd I ufually found 
them give me a friendly reception, and if any refrefhment was 
wanted, (uch as they had they gave it at different times. When 
our beef had run out I have begged fome, which was readily 
giver, and although during the night they are always fufyicious. 
yet even then it has be n granted. One day I ctofTcd the head of 
the river it ti e bo'tom of the orchard, and took a direction dif- 
ferent from any 1 had taken before. In a field.of Indian corn I 
met a man, of whom I enquired if a- y refided at an houfe with- 
in,fight. When he replied in the affirmative, I advanced, ar;d 
diLovced a number of Spaniards, natives and ne^roet, to my 

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view, of a very unplcafant appearance I immediately refolved 
in myfelf not to hold much convocation, yet I was petfuaded 
that to pafs and attempt to e vade them would be deemed an infult, 
and expofe me to greater danger. I therefore advanced, and was 
immediately furrounded, when after giving the regular falutation 
and exchanging fevcral enquiries, while I indicated no apprehen- 
fion, I was fuffered to depart, when I proceeded by a way in 
which I fuppofed that I fhould not be within fight of thefe men ; 
however,, as the fun^wasnow declining, after I fuppofed that it 
was practicable to return home without coming near them again I 
returned, when, as I was going down a hill to make as direct a 
cut as poflfible, the fun dipped below the horizon : it was foon 
nearly dark, when looking out towards thefe huts I perceived one 
on horfeback with his catch rope, coming down after me, with 
another walking alongfirie of him ; apprehenfron now painted 
my fituation; I knew that they did not like to go out at night, 
that no houfe or place was near to which he could advance, or 
oxen or horfe, and that 1 therefore was his aim : as he advanced 
the man by his fide dvew off from the horfe, and he threw the 
rope at him by way of exercife, and then both came forward to- 
gether. At the bottom of this hill there was a confiderable num- 
ber of fruit and other trees like a wood, but I perceived that if I 
ran it was impoflible for me to reach the fame before he could 1 
overtake me, and to run I concluded would convince him that I 
was aware of his defign. I walked however as rapidly as pofc 
fible, and feemingly unconcerned, though frequently looking to 
fee how faft he approached ; ejaculating the defires of my heart, 
1 looked for protection to him who had hitherto been my help; 
and I foon faw them by their geftures hold fome converfation to-> 
gether, and the one on foot refufe to proceed any further, and 
turned back ; however the one on horfeback flill perfeVefed,' and 
while I continued to mend my pace, at intervals he began to gal- 
lop, and then turning his horfe round ftood as if pauling whether 
be mould proceed; th s he did twice or thrice, and then having 
advanced within my hearing hailed me to flop, to which I paid 
no attention, and having by this time got fo nigh the wood as to 
frtisfy me, that if I fpeedily advanced I could enter before he ; 
could overtake me, that his rope would be of no ufe among the 
trees, and that if I took a zig-zag road as it was night he would 
not purfue me. I now ran, entered the wood, and he followed, 
but as I took a different courfe, he never overtook me, but re- 
turned, and I reached my cottage in peace. 

At another time, Oeing benighted, I loft my way, and after 
riding for iome time I applied to an houfe for direction to my cot* 
tage, when I was informed that it was impoffiblc fc r me to reach it 
that night, and I had much better tarry theie till morning. This- 
1 refuied to do, and entreated for a guide, which at lad was 
granted, when we rode on together for about two miles and hr 

l6t IttlXAX. 6t A 

then left tte,- rdtafty Ignorant 'what courfe tA fak*. I afcended an hill 

td fee a light, Which, Whe"h t difco^ed, 1 advanced to the hank, 
arid Was cjuickly fiirroundrd by all whom it contained. Thty alfo 
requefted trie to abide With th<*in, bra with the invitation I could not 
comply. After a iliort tithe thev overcame their furprize. and one 
was ordered by the chief,. I fuppofe, est ihe hut to get his horfe and 
accompany trie home. He accordingly mounted, taking hit knife 
With him, and fct ofif crolCngagap in the road, in which he was in 
a miniitf, and defired ine to fbfldw, which I dsd, when cbrrverfirtg as 
•we rode, on account of the knife I always kep*t him before me. Oil 
our coming to a fteep place into which he wag abour to lead his horfe, 
he demounted, and defired me to follow his example, which I did, 
and led mine after his, when, after fpending fume urtcbmfoi table 
hours, we both arrived in fafefy at my home. For his trouble and 
fidelity 1 made him fome compenfation, With which he Was highly 
pleafed, and retutned home finging. 1 was thankful tc6, that front 
every danger, feen and unfeeh, ihe good hand of God had pre* 
fcrved me* 

The following is Another method pra&ifed at 6ne 6t* the bullock, 
killing places : in a pinfold where there are a great number, a ma- 
chine is creeled with a pulley and a winch, which heaves their heads 
through an opening without, and a man with a dagger ftabs It between 
the horns in the pith of the neck, jo that his death is almoft inftaa- 
taneous, when being laid on a fledge he is drawn to be Bayed. 

1 never faw them either kill or ear calves or fucking pigs, and at 
firft on undeiflanding that this Was their cuflom, I was ready to at- 
tribute the multitude of cattle to this caufe. But what 1 afterward* 
beheld convinced me that this was not the cafe. Being once offered 
a young pig during my wife's lying-in, I readily accepted the offer, 
and went for the fame, but was di (appointed when I faw the ftate in 
which I mull receive it. Two youn£ ones were prefented, red as 
blood, little bigger than large rats.— 1 hey killed the foW for the pigs, 
and in the fame manner they will kill a cow for the calf. Reflecting 
that this pra&ice was brutal, I remonftrated on the impropriety of it, 
but received as anfwer, that it was their cuflom, and they were very 
goad eating. 

The faddles and fiirrups which are ufed in this country are curious 
apd clumfv, and their bridl s painful to the j>oor animal. It is dif- 
ficult togtve a description of the fiddle ; it chiefly confifts of ihrce 
or four pieces of theep (kin, which are firft put on the back, then a 
horfe-cloth doubled, next two large pieces of leather cmioufly cut 
round the border, when the faddle is placed and fattened on with a 
girth, and a large rough (kin covers the whole. The ft i mips are of 
various kjnds, ^baie being only pieces of Wood bent in a triangular 
form, while others are clumfy logs, with a hole cut for the admilTron 
of the toes, and cmioufly carved like the Otaheitean clubs. Some 
brjjdles have a Utile wheel cut in notches, which when pulled rattles 
and cuts the animal's tongue to a great degree s and others havea 

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piece of iron, which lays flat upon jhc tongue, both of which have 
a powerful effe£l upon their horfes in keeping a tight rein. 

The following is the mode in which they mix their clay for bricks': 
loofe chy is colle&ed within a large circle, iudbfed at the bonders 
partly by the fame and partly by flakes, t.o wh ch leathern ropes are 
tied. iVhen they arc ready to Work, it up, from twenty to thirty 
| horjfes are. driven within the bounds, and a native mounting one wini 
^ a long leathern rope drives th^m about, while others ftand without 
with water to throw on the cliv, and in this manner they continue, 
till all are not only fatigued but covered w»th mud. 

They burn the bricks, with th bones and heads of bullocks, as ft 
fubftitute for wood. They not onjy build a part of their houfes witji 
ihefe bricks, but in the town are two or three walls ? fixiy feet in 
eircumferance, in which is excellent water caught from the heavens 
kp the rainy feafon, conveyed by a fpout from the top of the houfei, 
which being level, and made likeavar ; contains a great quantity, 
fufficient indeed to fupply a whole year. The top of the w,eH is eri- 
-clofed to a (mall extent ; they h a ve a pully, with a bucket to draw tt 
up, and it is remarkably clear. The chief houfes only in town have 
this convenience ; but water is prought alio to fown in water carts, 
from holes dug in the fan 1 near the rjver ? which is very ^ood, and 
indeed is the water throughout the country. 

From, what information I was able jo collett, this town and its 
vicinity are under the controul pf a Governor, wfyp is fubordinate to 
the Vice-roi, whofe place of refidence is JJuenos Ay res, the metro- 
polis of the province, and who, in conjun&ipn witn a civil officer, 
fuperintends all criminal procelfes. When a prifoner is committed 
Jie remains as tone; as the Goyernor thinks proper, and the ycrdiet of 
thefc men is abfolute : if for iwprifonment few J|?ave any knowledge 
of .t>he rerrn that it is to laft ; and I was told of one rakn who hath 
been in confinement upwards of fourteen years. Few executions it 
would appear take place, but when they do the criminal is hung ? an<J 
j}i o t w h Je hanging. 

Bread, which tveie is equivalent to about per quartern loaf, in 
pngland, is unalterably fixed, which renders monopoly lefs prac- 
jicable, as thofe who fow, reap, or fell, can obtain no advantage 
whatever, by detaining it from market. The fize of the loaves is 
jnade to correfjpond with the different fmall coins of the country, 

I already hinted that I would take fome farther notice relative to 
&e t Lady Jane Shore, and the conyi&s who w^re tranfporfed in he/ 
from England ; but my limits will allow me to fay but little. It ap* 

reared tjiat on the.firft arrival -of this (hip the Spaniards behaved very 
,ipdlytp^he females, and received them into.feveral of their houfes : 
|>ut {he conduft of too many evinced the doctrine of the bible, that 
rtopunifhment or affliction can, without fovereign grace, change the 
buman hear*. As they had lived in England, to did tjiey here, an£ 
becoming odious to the.ciuef of the people, feveral were fent up 
into .the country S and we were cautioned to Jurep at a diftance from 

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thofc who remained in town ; this we did, and. denied them thr pri- 
vilege of vifiting us, which they were at firfl very forward to do : 
but Dr. Turner and I giving them information that ihey were prohi- 
bited from holding any convcrfation wiih our females we received 
fome abrupt anfwers, and they departed. We faw two or three men, 
.who, we fuppofed, were a part of the mutinous cicw, and fome of 
thefc, we believe, failed in the Republicain about a fortnight before 
we left the country. From what accidental information wc received, 
wealfo underftood that the perfon who murdered the Captain was the 
fame who was lately executed for the crime, and from a paper wh eh 
was drop ped bv one of the convicls, it appears ihat regulations were 
,immediately afterwards adopted for the government of the (hip, 
which now lay unrigged, except her lower marts, and was fold, if 
my memory does not fail me, for forty thoufand dollars. 

Religion. — The defcription already given of the religious cere- 
monies, arc fufficient to prove that the religion eflablifhed at this 
port is that fanctioned by the church of Rome. Here, as alfo at the 
Brazils, this only is encouraged, and altars every where are erecled 
to fpeak the fentiments of the inhabitants. Almoft every houfe 
in town, and even Indian huts in the neighbourhood, bear indifputa- 
ble maiks of their {.rofeffion. Some have crucifixes made of filver, 
^other< of^wood, and others of paper, and generally a confecrated 
^nich for the image to ftand in. Some have images of the Lord 
Jefus Chrift, moft of the Virgin Mary, others of faints, befidts 
pictures, which are opclofed in curtain.*, and tapers, which they burn 
on particular days. On the top of fome hills are crofles, with latin 
inferiptions, and they pay a fupeiflitious adoration to whatever bears 
A refemblance to the fliape of acrofs. As I do not defign to enter 
jnto (he myfteries of this religion, fuffice it to fay, that it is fuch as 
is taught by the clergy of the church of Rome, and on which they 
appear to reft all their hopes of future happinefs. r \ he Indian*, 
however, farther up the country, differ both in manners and reli- 
gion, and are regardlefs of all reftraint. It is evident, that this 
country is far from being wholly fubdued or explored, even by the 
Spaniards themftlves. Thefe people i live principally on beef and 
water, without fait, which, though bad, is a fcarce and valuable 
commodity here, as they have none in town, but what is imported* 
brother Miihr, who had gone with others fome little way into the 
country was interrupted, and ihe party being difperfed he fell into 
their hands, and was ft ripped of his clothes, but received no farther 

. We frequently heM convcrfation with the inhabitants on religious 
fubjecls; for although they underftood not a fingle word of Englifli, 
we had acquired during our refidence among them, in fome fmall 
meafurei a knowledge of the Spanifli", which enabled us to addrefs 
them, but with prudent caution, as we knew the exifting laws and its 
confequence's. They have informed us, that in England they under- 
flood we were not cferiftians, but we aflured them in return that we 

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pfofeffed the knowledge of the only true God, and that the Lor^ 
Jefus Chrift, whom we worfhrpped, demanded more the affection* 
of the heart than abflinances from meats, numerous- ceremonies, or 
rigorous penances*. 

The Spanifb gentry aTe not afhamcd to teach their negroes the' 
external forms of religion, fuch as faying grace at meals, Sec. When 
I dined a number were called into the room before I knew for what 
purpofe they were collected, when they began to crofs- themfetves 
and gibber, after which they retired. 

Should an European come among them who had never been 'bap-* 
med according to the Romijfi form, at the time when he is admitted* 
within the pale of the fanfluary, the chief people are nominated 
fpoftfbn, whopaffmgto and from the church, throw money among 
xhe populace on this occafion. 

In general ttay feemed fatisfied with our converfation, and from 
what I could perceive, they feemed to have a rrlim for inflruclion, 
and to be very tradable ; and I have not the fmalleft doubt that if it 
fbaJi pleafie the Lord to open a door in his providence,, by granting 
liberty of conference to the inhabitants of this country, the preachiwfr* 
of Chrift and him crucified, would -be attended with the happieft 
eife&fr. Here evidently will be a large field for Miffionary labours, 
when the Lord's appointed time is fully come to favour this extetf- 
iVre continent with the bleffings of the glorious gofpel of the ever 
WefTed God. Myriads of unenlightened foul* might bfc brought tw 
enjoy this favonr, and the temporal produce of the country would not 
then conftitute their chief good. 

I cannot clofe this fubjecr. without pleading that our God may give- 
the word, and that great may be the company of thofe who pub* 
lift it. 

Tuefifay, May 7th. Having prev-ioufly prepared for quitting tfhis 
country, and collected a quantity of fruic for the voyage, this- morn*- 
ing the coach and four was fent from Monte Video to bring ut fcr 
tawn, from thUhoufe where the kindnefs of our God had fixed us, 
and which our humane benefactor had fo generoufly tendered in rhe 
day of our captivity. About eleven o'clock we took our farewdl -of 
the poor negroes, who aflembled to take* rheir laft view of us. with 
r«fpecl and afFecYion. The poor woman could* not refrain from* 
flicdding tear* on this occafion, when we bade them adieu. 

Mr** Jones-, Mr*. Gregory, and children, Mrs. Hill, and 1 Mr. 
Howell, entered the coach, and with me proceeded towards the 
town, during which time I was pleafed, as on the day we came up 
with the natural enjoyments it afforded, but rather more affected at 
leaving it, when I read that hymn, 

" Lord, what 1 wretched land is this, 
That yields us 00 fupply," &e, 


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And was forcibly ft ruck with the fu per iority of fpiritual to temporal 
bleflings. 'On our arrival at the other Brethren's houfe we found 
that we were not to embark to day. and were to remain in town till 
to-morrow; we* therefore, proceeded to Monte Video ; where an 
elegant dinner was prepared by Captain Car bonelle, who was to dine 
with us, and at! the French officers. 

As many applications had been made to me in town to indulge 
feveral ladies with the company of Mrs. Gregory and childien, 
which our great diftance from town and her fituation would not ad- 
mit ; however by this delay, I hoped to gratify them, and defigned 
to flop before I went to the place appointed, for which purpofe we 
alighted, and our fillers proceeded on: but we had fca reel y entered 
into converfation when a meffenger was difpatched, and we left them 
with the promife to return. 

T he attention (hewn us this day by the French officers was re- 
markable, they behaved to us with refpe6L and 10 the children wi'h 
kindnefs. After dinner Captain Carbonclle informed me that he had. 
taken lodgings for us in town till we went on board, but I apologized, 
and told him that 1 had previoufly engaged to fleep at a Spanifh 
houfe in the town, which was both acceptable to Kim and us. 

After dinner our females, Captain Robfon, Mr. Howell, and I, 
took a walk in the town, and called on Mr. Campbell, the Ameri- 
can gentleman, and afterwards proceeded to the Spanifh houfe, 
where I, with my family, was to lodge. Here we were welcomed 
with pleafure, and after an interview, which lafted for an hour, our. 
lifters departed to their apartments, Captain Robfon to the fhip,. 
and Mr # Howell to accept of the beef, which had been prepared for 
me by the French Captain, leaving us to fpend the evening with 
thefe ftrange friends. Soon a number of ladies and gentlemen afl*em« 
bled at this houfe, who came to gratify their curiofiiy, by taking a 
view of thefe ftrange vifitors, after which they prepared a fupperfor 
us, and would personally wait on us at table. 

The children were put to reft in a large hall abouteighty feet long, 
and we expected that as they were tired and heavy they would foon 
fall afleep, which, however, was not the cafe for fome time, in 
confequence of the curiofity of many who repeatedly preffed to fee . 
them, and prevented them for a confiderable time from enjoying any 
repofe. After fupper we alfo retired to reft in the fame place, and 
were thankful for the comfortable fituation which had been align- 
ed us. 

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Re-embarfation, and Sailing from Rio de la Plata, with Particulars 
of the second Capture, and Distributson of the Missionaries 
among the Portuguese Fleet. 

Wednesday, May 8th. 

HF^HE morning in which we re-cmbarked and quitted this country 
**■ arrived, when our Brethren and Sillers left their houfe, and 
came to town, and what bedding, &c. we had was taken on board 
the brig. On tfaeir leaving the houfe feveral of the women were 
much affected at paiting with them, and evidently would have been 
much better fatished if {orne had remained. 

In the nprning Mrs. Gregory and the three eldeft children ac- 
companied me in a walk round the town, leaving little Ebenezer 
with the Spanifh ladies till «,ur return. Little bufinefs was attended 
to in any houfe while we paffed, as we particularly arretted their 
attentions while fruit of various forts was put into the hands of the 
children, and having procured fome things which were neceflary for the 
voyage we returned, and met with Brothers Bentom and Jerrard : I 
took them with me, and we dined together comfortably at the houfe 
of our new friend. We now requeued pcrmiflion to depart, but 
could not yet obtain their full confent, for having procured tea from 
the Duff they infilled on making us fome before we left ihem, when, 
afterwards, a negro was called to carry what we had down to the 
boat, and reluctantly we bade each other adieu. 

About fix o'clock we proceeded to the fhore, accompanied by 
feveral of the inhabitants, and as they had obferved me during the 
day looking at fome fine ducks, for which they fuppofed I had a 
dehre, they fent two of them by a boy along with us to be put into 
the boat. All our Sifters were on board, and we met our Captain 
coming for us, when we alfo foon quitted the fliore, which Provi- 
dence had appropriated for our reception in the hour of trial and 
afiliction, and once more embarked to encounter the dangers of the 
mighty deep. It was impoflible for us to avoid reflecting on the 
my fterious leadings of Divine Providence. We recolleFted that on 
this day being> the fecond Wednefday in May, the anniversary meet" 
ing of the Missionary Society, would be held in London* Our re- 
flections were acute when we knew that thoufands of the friends of 
Zionand Miflionary efforts would be united in pleading for us, as 
defignated to the diftant ifles, while we were embarking in an ene- 
my's port, after the lofs of our fhip and property, as a cartel of 
prifoners of war* In this character we now Hood, as a certificate was 

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given to Captain Carbonclle by Captain Robfon, with the names of 
every mariner, woman and child, that an ecjual number of French 
prifoners might be exchanged on his arrival in Europe. We knew 
that a knowledge of our fttuation would have caufed Zion's children 
to have been clothed m fackcloth and afhes, and the multitude col- 
k&cd would have compofed a fcwrrowfnl affemWy. \ 
• Thurfday, May 9th. This morning all hands were bufy in fixing 
our births, as well as circumftances would admit ; but they were 
lather uncomfortable on account of our number and the fmallnefs of 
the brig. A bullock's hide lafhed up at each corner, and the deck, 
now compofed the»generality of bcdlteads, but confidering every cir- 
cumftance, we furely had abundant reafon to he thankful. 

Captain Carbonclle- continued to manifeft his attention to the pre- 
fervaiion of our health, and this day fent aboard fix young cows, with 
two large hogs, for our live flock, which were confidered as fufficicnt 
to furnifb us with frefli meat till our arrival at Rio Janeiro, provided 
we enjoyed a fa.v curable voyage. After they weie got on board the 
cows being unruly, one ran overboard, and was drowned. 

Having no expectation of failing till the next day, as fome of us 
.tad forgotten to procure feveral neceffary articles, Brothers Leveftjue, 
Turner, Youl, and I, went on fhore in the afternoon^ whenim- 
niediateJy after we had landed, the fignal gun was fired, and the 
Buonaparte and brig were compelled to wei^h anchor without onr 
knowledge. Meflrs, Levefque and Youl having foon obtained what 
they wanted, returned to the beach and embarked, and I, part- 
ing from Dr. Turner to call for a letter, the Doftor proceeded to the 
landing-place, as I alfodid, in a quarter* of an hour, when, on my 
arrival, I fa\y the (hips under weigh, and an American boat belong- 
ing to the Diana, of Baltimore, the officer of which had been 
-hailed by our Captain; to feek after us, was now pntting off from 
lhefhore, when running I entered it, and found Dr. Turner. After 
they had rowed for a. mile we reached the brig, and thus narrowly 
efcaped being left behind ; for if this boat had not come in queft of 
us none from the more dared to have taken us off, according to the 
lsw of the country, after die officer of infpeclion has left a (hip, 
and the Americans informed us that they expe&ed to be taken before 
.the Governor for the offence. 

Wc failed this evening about fix P. M. in the prize-brig, PofHI- 
jiluo, from Monte Video, in company with the French privateer, Lc 
Grand Buonaparte, with alight breeze, leayiug oar flrip, the*DufF, 
iji the hands of Spaniards, fhe having been foM for thirty-eight 
thoufajid dollars, after her cargo was taken out. 

In leaving this country to ? aunch out into the tracklefs ocean, ft 
may be necetljuy to take noiice, for the fatisfa&ion of the friends of 
any who embarked in the Duff, how alt were difpofed of at this 
|>reCent time. 

On board of theRofe American brig, Captain Croney, bound fo 
Philadelphia, North America, which failed from Monte Video, 00 

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CAPTUR4D WtftiOfcARY. <£c. 

Tuefday, March 2*th, Mr. Wilfon, third mate of the Duff; Ro- 
bert Hall, carpenter ; James Anderfort, leaman. 

Left on fl»ore ki the town of Monte Video , Thotrtas Shaw^ 6r- 
dmaryfeaman? Hetory Denyner, Teaman. Ow board of the Ameri- 
can Ihip, Diana, Capt. Bunker, bound to Baltimore, North 
America;- William D<*fs, feaman; on board the American (hip, 
Liberty, Capt. Miliar, bound to Philadelphia ; Richard ■ — , 
Seamat»,4t work on board of a flup in the harbour, t il he fuited 

A4i- the Mrffionarie?, -women and children, with the Captain, of- 
£oe&, and the other manners, wer« m>w on board of this brig. 

Here we may ftand ftill, trace and furvey the myfterious leadings 
of *« all-wife Providence, arid the visible display of mtrcy, mani- 
feftad in our behalf, at leaving this port. We were brought even in 
a Hate of captivity, among who, by nation and religion, were ouf 
profeiffed enemies, yet herd rhe Lord preferred us from every danger, 
gave us favour in their eyes and brought us ortt in fafcty at a ftiort, 
but appointed time, furfiHing his word concerning us, «* He brought 
.out his people with joy, and his chofen with gladnefs." • Not an 
hmf «f the Miflioaaries was left behind, either living or dead, nor 
was any impediment that flood in the way too great for our God to 
fentove. " He led his little flock," (that came out in the fliip 
Duff,) M like a (hepherd, ^ the red the lambs in his bofom, and 
gently, led tbofe who were with young." 

The kind treatment flieWn by the enemy, to our females and chil- 
dren, is a decifive ptoof eff this. The peculiar evidences of pre- 
fer won and protection confirm the fame, and the ftrpport granted in 
the hour of Nature's forrow, in bringing to the birth, and giving 
ftrength to bring forth, with the time, place, and crrcumflances are 
as io many proofs, that even ftammering tongues muft fpeak plainly. 
It is true that we were not fuffered to recover the Duff, nor yet to 
purehafe the brig : but behold, that God who preserved- our going 
6Hi from England, and our corning into this port, when the neceilary 
time required for the lafe deliverance of thofe of our wives who 
needed was expired, appointed the means, prepared the channel, 
presented an open door to our view, which no man or obftacle could 
prevent, kindly, provided without the expence of purchafihg the 
fame, and a way was opened in the mighty deep for the ransomed of 
the Lord to pass through, and even the national animofuies fubfifting 
between our enemies, turned out rather for the furtherance of our 
deliverance ; for tfiey said among the heathen they shall no more 
Styourn. Bi»Mhe Lord proved that the bound of our habitation 
was fixed* 

I cannot omit here noticing part of a letter, which I received from 
the Rev. Mr* Howell, though of a later date, while we were fepa- 
rated, as the contents are fuitably applied to the time we failed from 
Monte Video, 

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" I have collected no lefs than eight remarkable arfwers 
« k to prayer when on board of the Buonapaite. You will, I dare 
" fay, be gratified by a recital of them, and perhaps may be able to 
*' add to the lift. 

" 1 ft. We prayed that the Lord would give us favour in the eyea. 
" of thofe who had taken us captive. Anfwered. 

6t 2d. That we might have no engagement with an enemy,, which 
" we fo much dreaded. Anfwered. 

" 3d. That the Lord would difpofe the Captain to Oiorten the 
" cruUe, Anfwered. It lafted for three weeks only, inftead of 
" three months. 

" 4th. As it was calm for two days when the cruife was finifhed, 
<c that the Lord would give us a fair wind. Anfwered that very 
« day. 

" 5th. For an enlargement of water, when many of the Brethren 
* were afflicted wiih violent thirft. Anfwered that day. 

44 6th. We prayed that the Loid would give us a fate and fpeedy 
" paffage. Anfwered. 

« 7th. That we might find our company well, and well done 10. 
" Anfwered. 

" 8th. 1 hat the Lord would prefcrve us from the calamity of 
" being made prifoners at an enemy's port, and that the inhabitants 
" might be inclined to {hew us favour, &c. &c. Anfwered. 

" O the wondv rful goodnefs of God 1 May we ever love and 
" praife him. Let fuch tokens of his moil kind attention toun- 
44 grateful, rebellious worms of the earth, live in our memories, and 
" be imprinted on our walk and deportment as long as we live* 
" 1 remain, dear Sir, very truly, your'*, &c. 


I feel myfelf thankful for the recital of thefe fpecial anfwers to our 
fupplication?, and can bear witnefs with the Brethren to the truth of 
the lame fiom happy experience, and muft add to this number what 
I have recorded, and continue the lift. 

91I1. When croudci together below in the night, nearly fuffocated 
by heat, many of us defpaired of being able to furvive. We prayed 
that the Lord would keep us alive, though in this date, that we might 
fee our families again wiih joy. Anfwered, 

joth. Believing that the painful feparation would be tco much for 
pur wives to fuftain, without a divine fupport, and that they would 
be ready todefpairof feeing us again, we prayed that they might be 
fupported under the tiial, reft fatisfied of our fafety, and not be fuf- 
fered to forrow as thofe who had no hope. Anfwered. 

11th. That the Lord would ftand oy thofe who were drawing 
nigh the hour of child birth, and give them a fafe deliverance. 

12th. That God would make a fpeedy way for our efcape, if it 
was not his pleafure that we ihould remain in a country buried in 

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darkoefs and fuperftition, and that the way might be made clear* 
Anfwered clearly. 

i ft. By an order from the Governor to depart. 

2d. Ay a vefTel being prepared for our convenience. And, 

3d. By the fpeedy execution of the order, in our re-embarkation. 
Some prisoners brought into that place before had been detained fifteen 
months, and then frnt to the Weft Indies; whereas we, from the 
time of the arrival of the DufF till our departure, were only nine 
weeks and five days. 

Thus our fupplications were evidently anfwered by thefe visible 
d'isplmys of Divine Prwidence, and all our little captive flock enjoyed 
this falvation, with the addition of two infants whom the Lord had 
given us, natives of Paraguay, and we now fet our faces once more 
towards the port of Rio Janeiro, where we expecled that a door 
would be opened for our proceeding in the Miflion, as the owner of 
the brig promi fed that either he would let us have her on our arrival, 
or another for bills on the Society, So that there was every reafon 
to believe, that this Miflion would not return without accomplilhing 
the end for which it was fent by the Directors of the Miflionary 
Society ; for even though we mould not obtain this vefTel, our Cap- 
tain and Mr. Curling, jun. had letters to a refpeftable gentleman at 
the port, which we thought were fufficient to procure us a fuitable 
channel of conveyance. Our Captain expefted to reach this place in 
eight or ten days, provifions were on board for more than double that 
time, and we cherifhed the hope of having a favourable voyage. 

Friday 10th. This morning we perceived that the Buonaparte had 
come to an anchor in the night, either b?caufe there was little wind, 
or left (he (huuld run on the Englifli Bank. We lay to for her, but 
we did not come near each other, and in the night we loft fight of 
her, and faw her no more. The wind was now direft againft us, and 
we (leered eaft. . 

Sunday, 12th. We performed ourworfbip in this fhip as on board 
of the DufF. The owner, a SpaniCh paflenger, and a mariner, who 
werer Roman Catholics, attended, and appeared not to be difgufted 
with our fervice. 

Thurfday, 23d. In fourteen days failing, from the time we left 
the River Plata, the wind had not been fair for fourteeen hours. 
Much converfation occafionally took place among us, as we were 
M to fuppofe that it predicted that it was not the will of God we 
fhouid reach that port. We were now put each upon an allowance 
01 water, as our fituatiori appeared critical. For we dared not put 
into Monte Video, as the Governor would have been compelled to 
have taken us prifoners, and there was little appearance of our being 
able foon to reach another port, as at this feafon the winds in general 
prevail againft the courfe that we were fleering. Several of us were 
much indifpofed, our hopes began to ftagger, and we were ready t* 
excldiai, " AH thefe things are againft us. M 

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Sunday* %6ih. The wind blew a gale agiin&ua, the fea fart 

very high, and we were compelled to lay to with all our 
(truck, (ill fix o'clock, P« M. when it plea&d *he Lor d to cbamge 
i s cojtofe v\ ^ur favour; a*d we began .t« afume courage. 
Throughout the. niftht and on Monday wt made much progrcf*. 

Tuefday, a&tb. True wind yet continued fair, though oaly at 
lit ht bref ao. We caught two (harka and four pilotrfKh, fomet oi 
which always aitend and go b&fore theft dcftroying creatures. 
The (hapeof the pilot -fifh is nearly that of the macJuiel, aboutr 
ten inches. long, of a tea^fuj colour, re^ulawly ftiipedfrow the 
mouth to f(he tail win dark blue- ard white, about hatf a** 
teeh btoad*. Thetc creature* fcem to maiufeft the utmoft anaie' Y 
at (he capture of the monfler* and will abide by him till he is 
drawn up out of the water, awl then follow at toe fide <rf tit* 
(hip, by which mean* they were take c But what appeared to> 
me mme furpriftag was the echeneis,, or fucking- §Sb % oaf or two 
of which. ge*urr*hy ajecompar y the (hark. They are a (oft- 
finned thoracic fiftvneaijly wedgedike, and rather round': the* 
bead is broader than t,bt body^ To* Ens v e bthin4 tie gills* It 
ba« an cval bwatt-plaue, ooe*third of the whole length, iUcak«d> 
wi^b eighteen ft peak* in the, &rm of a ladder, and toothed, fo> 
ihaj they wiU adh*r> fa faft to the (hark as to bedrawn up with: 
bim, nor even then do they quit tbeir hold till they are knocked 
or fulled g(J, Two. of thefc iiuJe creatures, are now in my pof- 
(c fli on, taken from the flwks. 

We d (covered a cmious GVaal of fifh, extending fevetai yards, 
an olgecl fimilar-to which none of our mariners had ever before- 
witnelfed;; a.nd at fi;ft we wese uncertain whether it was one. 
ci^atuijc or many together, which t however, we loon afccrtaiuc4, 
bfy throwing ovotboa^d a bucket^ when they paxtecL 

Sunday, June 2d. We held our woilhip this day agreeably t<* 
our reguja* plan, byt 44 not (up^ofe it would be the laft Lord's 
P^y thai we (Hould ail meet together in fo delightful an employ* > 
menu }&r x . t (lowcil pxeached in the morning, 1 in, the afternoon. 
The wind was unfavourable. 

Turf/day* 4*b., The wind flbifted in our favour, and we croffed 
tbe Lin* of Capricorn, w,ith a pleafurable prafpeS/ and- was 

ed to gp» but had been prevented by quv capture, and what foon 
followed proved the tiuth of our Lord's obferyajion, Ye 
Know not whafc a day or ajn hour may being forth." 

Wqdnefdiy, 5th. 1 he wind was fine and fair for our port* 
Ea*ly in the morning a Grange, fail appeared in fight, and from a 
fuxvey at the matt-head, foon fcveral others were difcoveredt fil 
wa counted thirty, which we perceived were (leering the.fama 
courfe with us, and fuppafed they were bound to the feme port. 
Our conjectures were awakened, but not our apprehenfions of 

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a fecond capture ; for we fuppofcd a friend would not interrupt 
u<, and even (carcely an enemy in our diftrelfcd condition, efpe- 
cially as Caotain Carbonelle had given our Captain a letter to 
prove that we were a car'cl of Englifh piifoners, whom he had 
exchanged, &c; thus no fears were encouraged, and wc kept 
our courfe. At ten A. M.a large frigate was a bread of us, and 
hailed us to enquire, What ship, from whence we came, and whither 
bound. We hoi (ted Engl fh colours, and our Captain informed 
them thar we came from rvlnnte Video, were a cartel of Englifh 
pnfoncis, and bound to Rio Janeiro. Not fitisfied with this 
unfwcr, we were again hailed and ordered to send our boat along- 
side. The boat was in fuch a bad (late trnt our Captain affured 
them that she could not swim. This, however, was not fatisfac- 
tory, and we received for anfwer, Send your boat immediately, or 
•we will fire a shot. No colours were yet hoifted by them, and wo 
could not tell whether fbe was a Spaniard or a Portuguefe, a friend 
or an enemy, but we prepared to get the boat over the fide, when 
we were a third time hailed, and told, Never mind, we shall send 
toyoti. Their boat was now got out, and manned with foldiers 
and two officers, who came to us. The officers came aboard, 
with a feaman who afted as interpreter, and went down into the 
cabin to examine our papers, during which time we were again 
hailed, and the officers with us were ordered to fend our Captain 
with the paper* in the boat aboard the frigate, which now di£» 
played the Portuguefe flag. Captain Robfon now entered the boat 
with all his papers, and the two officers remained in our veflel, 
who informed us, That they left Rio Janeiro yesterday, and were 
hound to Europe, and that we had passed the port. Our Captain, 
when he got aboard the frigate, was informed that his papers mnft 
be fen* to the Commodore of the fleet, after which he was fent 
back to the brig, with two other officers, when the fir ft two who 
came on board returned to the frigate, after hoifting her fignals, 
failed after the Commodore's ftiip. which was at a great diftance, ' 
and we followed the fame courfe. 

This afternoon our minds were troubled with fufpenfe, not 
knowing in what light we fhould be confidered. We knew that 
the owner of this brig had purchafed her not ftri&ly according to 
the law of his country, as (he was never condemned any more 
than the Duff, and he had no Span fh paflport. Yet we knew 
that however that might be, we could not be in the lead impli- 
cated in any criminality on that head, as we were compelled, in 
the character of prifoners, to leave the port and enter any veffel 
thought proper by our captors. Every hourencreafed our anxiety 
to know what would be the conference of this fecond unex- 
pected interruption at this place, but all agreed in concluding 
that if even the brig fhould be taken from us, as we were fo near 
the port, we fhould undoubtedly be landed agreeably to our ex- 
petition, as it was fo much needed by the greateft part of Us. 

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When it was al mo ft dark, the frigate and Commodore fpoke 
to each other, when they both *wiih the reft ohhc fhet lay to for us, 
and when we came near a boat was difpatched with other officers, 
foldiers and Jailors, with their provifion, as they were to flay all 
night; and our Captain now received orders that he, wiih all the 
teamen and unmatried men, muft leave the brig a»d go on board 
the frigate, as the Commodate refufed to give any pofitivedecifion 
on our papers* 1 now concluded that we were again captured, 
and foon faw the cabin in poffeffionof Grangers; when Captain 
Ko*>fon, three of the fidglc Brethren, Griffith Parry, William 
Soddy, and J*mes Rcid, with fix of our teamen, Matthew AU 
corn, boatfwain, Robert Andre W6, William Smith, Alexander 
Taylor, William Greenfield, and William Pearlon, went into 
the boat and were conveyed to the frigate, while the remainder 
waited its return ; however it did not come, fo that all remained 
On board this night, which we (pent in a very uncomfortable 
(late, anxioufly waiting the return of day, lo know in what man- 
ner we fhouid again be difpofed o f . 

Thurfday, 6th. This morning we perceived ourfelves in the 
hands of Granger* , and once more in the character of prifoners. 
We faw our Captain taken on board the Commodore, but hoped 
that he would have been, with us, foon acquitted, and allowed to 
enter the port. Yet, after waiting for fome time, a boat came 
with more foldiers and f<d*ors, armed with fwords and piftols, 
with the Port uguefe Captain and Lieutenant who had originally 
commanded her, when taken by the Buonaparte, and fellow- 
prifoners with us aboard that fhip, but had been fent with the 
other prifoners on fhore at Rio Janeiro, as I have already noticed, 
and were now returning to Europe in this fleet. This Captain, 
without fpeaking one word, took pofTeflion of the brig, and when 
he had got all his men and things on board, he ordered all to quit 
her immediately, and enter (he boat, to goon board of different 
(hips, which orders, when explained to us, were to this effect, 
that the women mvst go on board of one skip and the men of another. 
When this was communicated to ys who were married, we did 
not fee it to be our duty to confent. We knew the alliance that 
fubfifted between England and Portugal, and therefore refufed to 
confent to a kparation, cboofing ra her to remain together in 
whatever flate we might be placed, unlefs parted by force. Our 
declaration was acceded to, and we began to prepare for our rev 
moral ; but the hafty order, with the number of Grangers, had 
thrown our wives and us into fuch confusion that we were unable 
to obey the order as foon as the Captain wilhed, which this bafe 
man perceiving, told the foldiers to go below, and to compel 
every woman at the point of the fword to enter the boat : few, 
however, of the men came down, and thofe who did paid no at- 
tention to their orders* This man's name was Ruffeno, ar.d I may 
J ay he was rightly named, for like a complete rw&an fee behaved 



tcwards us, and I believe it would be unjuft in me to give him 
inv other appellation. Unmindful of his former fitu-tion as a 
prifoner, and the liberality of the French in giving him his large 
theft of clothes, and in a few days his liber/y, he acted, though 
an ally to our country, diametrically oppofite, and even refuted 
the few tattered remnants of our apparel, till we declared our 
refoiution not to go without them. A boat now conveyed feve- 
raJ of our Brethren and Sifters to one of the Chips, after which 
our Captain was brought on board, who informed us that the 
Commodore acted with exceflive abruptnefs, had taken all his 
papers, and even his own private letters from him, though he 
would fcarcely look at any of them, but informed Captain Rob- 
fon that all must go with him to Lisbon. Our Captatn pleaded our 
deftitute ilate, as being in want of necefiaries, and the indifpo- 
lition of feveral of the females. To which he received for 
anfwer, that he had plenty of Doctors, and vould not suffer any to 
be landed, but alt should go with the fleet ; and ordered five women, 
lobe Brought to his ihip, and five to b? uken to. the frigate. 
Mrs. Greig, who was ill, being brought up and laid on her bed 
on the deck, was taken into the boat, and another part-of our 
company left the ihip. This fecond captivity was peculiarly 
trying: fome of us ill, of hers fcarcely recovered from the indi£- 
pofuion of Nature's forrow, wifh in'ants fo young, compelled to 
enter open boats on the track lefs ocean, fome taken to one ihip, 
fome to another, white we were fcarce able to aik each other 
whither we were going or bid adieu ; or if we had even made the 

us the information. What in iuch a (late could have reconciled 
the mind . to that which was fo oppofite to flefh and blood, but 
ttie fulleft conviction that it was the lord's will, and that the 
Judge of all the earth doth right. How evidently did the events 
of this day fpeak the mind and will of God. We had been de- 
tained by contrary winds, fully, three times longer than it was 
expected. Twice hid we arrived near the dcfired porr$ and 
twice been prevented from entering it. If we had beca but one 
day fooner we fhould have reached the harbour without inter r 
ruption, and if but one hour later the fleet would have been out 
of fight. But we were detained till the very day, y;-a, the very 
hour, at which the fleet was off this port, that we might arrive 
near to the very fpot whither we had come in the Duff, with the 
fame reafonable expectations and'pleafing profpects, and there be 
again captured. This appeared to us fo replete with fovercignty, 
and to (peak fo clearly the mind and the will of God, that we 
were conftraincd to fay, " It is the Lord's doinp, and marvellous 
in our eyes," and were ready to conclude that the language ot 
Providence in this Million was the fame as to the prophet £xekiel» 
'* For thou art tot fent unto a people of a ftrange fpeech, and of 
an hard language, whofe words thou canft wjl underftand, but 


enquiry, thofe who 

rapable of giving 

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1 l6 JOURN'Al OP A 

to the houfe of Ifrael." Though I do not believe that the 
Almighty by ihis providence ftamped either the Miffionarv caufe 
or Miffionaries with his difapprobation, or that it is fufficient to 
produce encouragement in thofe who have the purpofcs and pro- 
mifesof a faithful God, who hath given us his alTurance, u In 
due time ye /hall reap, if yr faint not." 

After all the Brethren, Sitters and Chi l drrn were talcen out of 
the brig, my fami y and I went into a boat, and were rowed 
along-fideof the Commodoie, when, on his feeing the children, 
and having already given orde s that 1 fhould be taken to the 
fiigate, he refilled to take us on board, which, in the end, proved 
another visible display of Divine Providence, in our behalf, though 
it was extremely painful to my wife and little ones, as the lea 
ran high, to be rowed to a confiderable dittance in purfuit of the 
frigate, which, after fome time, we overtook, when our feamen, 
with p'cafurc, flood reaoy to conduct my wife and children up 
the (hip's fide aboard. The Portugucfe Car tain and officers re- 
ceived us with the greattfl politenefs and refpecr, ordered the 
feamen to get our beH, &c. on boar ), and conducted us into the 
cabin to partake of a fplendid dinner. Here we found fome of 
our Brethren and Sifter?, who met us with joy, and the Captain, 
with his officers, treated us with fuch extr^oidinary kindnefs, fo 
oppofue to the treatment which we had received on board the 
'brig, that we were aftonifhed that thofe of »hc fame nation, or 
even of the ft me fpecie*, could be found poflefled of principles fo 
diffcteht from each other. They felt for our diftr fs, fympa- 
thifed with our forrows, and fatrificcd their own temporal com* 
forts fo alleviate the hardfhips of Our exile. Every eye was 
ready to watch, every hand to fupply, all our wants, as f«»r as 
their ability reached, and with peculiar alertnefa, with evident plea- 
Jure they afHfled the domeftk's to hrlp usio the Deft of the boun- 
t es of Providence th,;t w re on the table. After dinner the 'lar* 
board fide of the ftafe cabin, and ti e forepart, as far as it was 
neceflary, were appropriated for our fieeping apartments, which 
were immediately parted off with fOme of the iai s of the (hip, 
and they declared that it would aflord them pleafure to make us 
as comfortab'e as it by »n their power. When we faw this un- 
common attention, we concluded »h it our God had not yet left us 
without a \uitness of his love, and that the hearts of all men were 
still in his hand. We this night took pc fl?ffion of our new place 
of reft, Meffrs. Peter Levefque, Vardy, and I, with our fami. 
lies, in the cabin ; Meffrp. I. LevefqW, and Hawkim before us^ 
and the fingle Brethren before them. The feamen alfo were in* 
dulged with a birth parted off with canvas in midfhips, a fitua* 
tion preferable to that of their own crew. Th?s was now the 
fifth fiiip on board of which I had been fmce I left my native 
country, the foutth to the Brethren, and the third to our females. 
The aticmbly that once united in worfh imping God, aboard tht 

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I>ufF, was now (including the divifion of the Teamen when we left 
Monte Video) feparated in feven dire&tons, and with us ' who 
were taken in the brig, the divifion /lood thus: 

On board the Amazona Portuguefe frigate of forty-fix guns, 
and four hundred men, Captain Jfrancifco De Boija Sofiama 
Garcao, commander. 

Rev. Peter Levefoue and wifr: Rev. WilHam Gregoiy, wife 
and four children ; Rev. Joftiua Vardy and wife; John L^vcfque 
and wife ; Walter Hawkins, wife and daughter; Jofeph Cooper; 
Griffith Parry : William Soddy; John Guard; James Reid; Mr. 
Howell's fon, William, 

Sca?nen. — Matthew Alcorn, boatfwain ; Robert Andrews; 
William Smith ; Alexander 1 aylor ; William Pear fon ; William' 
Greenfield. Senor Markus, the owner of the brig, and three 

Aboard the Meduxa of fevemy-four gun*, Admiral A. Antonia 
JozeCatento, Commodore. 

Rev. William Howell; Rev, John Hill and wife; Meflrs. 
James Jon*-*, wife and three children; John Beatiie, wife and 
child ; Robert Hughes and wife; George Greig and wife ; Spence 
Broughton; Clark Bentom ; Thomas Fitzgibbons; John Jerrard; 
John Macdonald ; James Mitchell; James Smith; Jofeph 
Smith ; Samuel Turner; James Hayward; Charles Wilfonf 
Wiliiam Waters; Daniel Millar; John Youl ; David Smith; 
chief mate ; James Burton, fee on d mate ; John Curling, jun. ; 
Robert Cann, ftiip-fteward ; James Webfter, cabin boy; the 
Spanifh paflenger, and Spanifh matiner. 

Aboard of the brig, De Pacquatio Poftillihi, De Amerique ; 
Capr. Thomas Robfon; Mr. Jofeph AU.fon, gunner ; John Story^ 
featnan ; John Great head, buy. Mr, John Curling was afterwaidt 
fent aboard of the brig, and the boy, James Webfter, to the frigate. 

This fleet being now bound to Lifbon, we each concluded that 
this capture had finally (lopped this prefent Million. to the iflands 
of the South Seas, and that through divine permiflion we might 
revifit our native ihore. We frequently converfed together on 
the fuppofition of the many objections which probably would be 
raifed by the enemies to Miflionary efforts, againft our attempt to 
convey the Gofpel to Heathen lands, and the miferable plcafure 
(forgive the expr<- (Hon) tbjat fome would enjoy at the news of our 
capture. My limits will permit me tp inlert but little of what I 
wroteupon this fubjeft on the Southern Ocean ; yet, to manifeft 
the ienfations of our minds, while under the trial, and for the 
encouragement of thofewho, from the heart, are engaged in the 
Miflionary caufe, I ftiall notice the following which then pene- 
traied my mind. Perhaps the declaration of fome may be, " If 
this Counfel or Miflion had been of God, it could not have been 
overthrown, and ail the enemies of God and man would have 
teen incapable of frustrating it. Has any good been done by the 

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fccond MifBoDi or any door opened by it for the end that was de- 
fined, the fpread of the Gofpel?" may be the enquiry of another. 
As time, and the good providence of God alone can fully anfwer 
thefe obje&ions, 1 prttmne to reply to ihem only in part, and tbis I 
ihall do to teftify what mine eyes have feen, mine ears heard, and- 
my hands handled, and which I conceive mylelf bound to declare. 

I would firft enquire whether fufficient evidences can be produced 
from fcripture, and the leadings of Providence with us, to prove 
that the Million has totally failed, or that either the Miflionary So- 
ciety or Miflionaries laboured in vain, or fpent their ftrength for 
nought. Is it a bad road becaufe difficulties and enemies are in the 
way ? What more difficult than the Chr ftian's ? I prefurae that 
tbofc evidences remain which make it evident to every unprejudiced 
mind; that the Miflion, though fruft rated has not been aniht Hated, 
and though human plans or defigns have been made void, the counfel 
of God flood fare, and even by the attempt and our captivity God 
hath been glorified. We acknowledged that the temporal ark, the 
ihip Duff, *h«ch was devoted to the caufe is taken and fallen into the 
hands of tjievncircumeised, and fome may be ready, while the Phi- 
li (lines triumph, to take up the lamentation, " the Glory is departed 
from Ifrael, the ark of God is taken, Miflionary efforts fail. Permit 
me to fay, ftandftill, and fee the falvation of God. He hath not 
dealt fo with every nation, people, or (hip, as he hath dealt with us. 

" Can we not witnefs bear, i 

" Ho faithful he hath been, 

" AndboMytothe *orld declare 

" Salvation we have feea." 

And although the enemy of the human race may have been fnffered 
to triumph fur a moment, yet even by our capture, as it was with the 
Ifrae litifli ark, Dagon may lofe both his head and palms of his hands, 
and what has happened unto us turn out rather for the furtherance of 
the Gospel. Paul was Ihtpwrccked, but not loft, and from this dif- 
penfation of Providence, barbarians reaped peculiar advantage?. 
And though Othehczm may not be gathered to Christ by our inftru- 
mentality, yet if our aim was the glory of God, we shall be glorious 
in the eyes oj the Lord of 'Hosts. It was well that Daxid had it in 
his heart to build an house for God. But the Lord did not permit 
him to have the honour of performing the work. Hut furcly this was 
nb argument, that either the work or David's defire was difpleafing 
in his eyes. The children of Ifrael with both the Loid's commtflion 
and promife of viftory entered the field, yet in two engagements they 
fell before the eunny ; yet, thus faith the Lord, " Go up the third 
timi?, for to-morrow I will deliver thrm into your hand." A ttoop 
may overcome Gad, but Gad Ihajl overcome at the lair, Call down, 
we have been, but deftroyed, to the praife of our covenant God, we 
have not been, For having received help of God, we stand to this 

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day. And, while I furvey the way in which the Lord hath in 
mercy, as well as in judgment, led us, I am conflrauied to declare 
that goodnefs and mercy hath followed us, and join the poet : 

41 Why (hould the wonders He hath wrought 
•« Be loft in filence, and forgot." 

But fays othen, " Has good been done among thofe to whom the 
providence of God conveyed you, and is not fending Miflionaries 
back a token of his difapprobation?" Not to mention the good 
effects this may have on Miflionaries, the Miffionary Society and 
Directors, with Chriftians in general, I prefume to fay that gofpel 
truth, though a* a grain of muftard-feed, has been fown on the ex* 
tenfive, but dark continent of South America, as alfo among the 
various people to whom we were conveyed, that will grow to fuch a 
magnitude, that Miflionaries may fly even from England, and fafely 
lodge in its branches. Amongft the numerous impediment in tne way 
to the fuccefs of the Gofpel of Jefus Chrift, which have been urged 
by thofe who have objected to Miffionary efforts, and, refpe&inr 
which all have agreed the fuperftitton of the members of the chtirclk 
of Rome is one that mud be removed, before the Gofpel can polGbly 
have an nniverfal fpread. I>et the preceding part ot this narrative 
fpeak, if fimilar irtftancts can be produced, that ever any people 
before fet afide their euftoms and laws to oblige others, far lefs pi> 
feners, as thefe people have done to us, and although I' would not 
prefume to fay that, an effectual door has been opened for the dif- 
fe mi nation of Gofpel truth, yet if we have been made in no other 
way uieful, we have in this, to remove the prejudices imbibed by 
many of thefe men even to an aftonifhing degree* Many have avowed 
their approbation of the pure Gofpel of Jefus Chrift, giving their 
fanftion to our worthip and order, in preference to their own, and 
made their declaration in our favour. Priefis and people have united 
in one confelfion, and faid, " You are a good pneft, but I am * 
very bad one ; others you fee our religion is an appeal to the eye and 
cxternat, but your's is fimple, and an appeal to the heart." The 
Lord conveyed us among men of different nations, who, in a feeble 
degree, heard in doclrine and practice the Gofpel in their own 
tongues, and were ready to fay, it was never fo feen in their country 
or religion, and that indulgence was granted to us, which had never: 
been vouchfafed before to any of the millions of its inhabitants. The 
rich and the poor have , equally united with us, and we do not enter* 
tain the lead doubt, but that, if a political door was once opened, 
the mefTengers of the Gofpel would meet with a mod pleating re* 
eeption. From which I conclude that the Million has not wholly 
fallen to the ground, and though we with Paul and Silas are Jbrbia* 
den by the Holy Ghost to preach the word either in Asia, or Ota- 
keite, or may have essayed to go to Bithynia, or the Southern Ifler, 

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find tlx Spirit suffered vs *or% yet as it was no argument with them, 
fo I tiuQ ii is none with us, that we are not to preach amongst tie 
Gentiles the unsearchable riches of •Christ. 


Particular Occurrences m the Fleet, during the Voyage to 
Eurojje. t 

T^RIDAY 7th was the fecond day of our captivity. The officers 
on board continued Co behave with the fame marked kindnefs 
and refpeft, and appeared to enjoy our company, inftearf of viewing 
us as a burden. The table was abundantly fupplied wiih fiefli pTovi- 
fjons of all forts, nor would the Captain or Lieutenant be prevailed 
upon to be feated till every woman, child, and Millionary, had been 
placed. My children foon particularly claimed iheir attention, and 
we immediately beheld them in the chat after of nurfing fathers; they 
were encouraged with the ftrongeft affurance to look up to them for 
whatever they wanted, which was granted with the greateft pleafure. 

Again 1 furveyed the peculiar kindnefs of the Lord towards me 
and mine, who had fo dilpofed of us, ar.d opened the hearts of thefe 
men toadminifter good and not evil in this trial* Our fearoeo alfo 
were treated with much lenity and kindnefs both by officers and 
men, for though the Portuguefe foldicrs and failors aic poor diftrrfled 
people, yet our mariners informed me, that " they were aftoniihed 
at their geneiofuy, fur they would part with any tiling which they 
pofTefTed to oblige them." The officers informed us that when they 
left Rio Janeiro, the Duff eitered the harbour, but of this we were 
not confident. It might have been a (hip of the fame appearance, 
though we under flood that flic was bound thither, having been pur- 
chafed by a bpanifli merchant. 

Sunday, June 9th. In confequrnce of there being two Roman 
Catholic pritfls, to perform the duty of the fhip, and the great num- 
ber of men, who were all of the lame perfualion, we were afraid that 
wc fhould be obliged to fpend filent Sundays during the long expecled 
voyage of four months. We held, however, our prayer-meeting in- 
pur birth, in the morning, and again aflimbled between the per- 
formance by the prieds ; when we read and expounded the good word 
of our God, but omitted lingmg. We have felt the famine of public 
ordinances, and known the word of the lj)vd to be precious in these 
days* After c inner our tecjuett was made knoWn to the Captain and 
two chief officers, that we wifhed to be indulged with the liberty of 

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performing our religious worfliip. Our indulgent God influenced 
their hearts immediately to comply with our requefl, and the anfwer 
Was, " It is granted, with pleafure, and you may not only perform 
your worfliip, but the cabin is at your iervice for that purpofe,* 
with the additional promife that we fhould meet with no interruption 
whatever, as the fentinel at the door would prevent any from entering', 
while we were engaged in the performance of our duty. This kind 
offer was accepted with pleafure and gratitude, as an additional 
proof of the good-wilt of 1dm who dwelt in the bush. 

We now aflembled, fang the ptaifes of God, and prefented our 
fupplications at his throne, fitting, in a fenfe, under our own vine, 
and under our own fig-tree, none making us afraid. One of the 
pricfls, during our worfliip, was fecreted behind the door, to obferve 
our mode ; and when the fervice wa* ended he came in, exprefTed his 
fetisfacYiori, and faid, that he was a bad priest, but we were good: 
he was exceedingly friendly, and made each of our wives the prefent 
of a box containing fweetmeats. The indulgence granted to us in 
having the cabin, was a favour which even the priefts themfelveV 
were not indulged in, as they had only the paflage leading to fr, 
where the alter was erecled. I fhall make this remark, that fup- 
pollng the fame indulgence had been given on board of an Engliih 
man of war to Romair Catholics, when two Proteftant chaplains 
were on board, it would have led many to have fuppofed that the 
Captain and officers favoured the caufe of powry* Yet even this 
was done among thofe who never enjoyed the blcffing of the liberty 
of conscience. 

Monday, lOth, The wind blew a ftrong gale, and fome of the 
fleet, though at but a little diftancc, were hidden by (he mountain* 
©us billows, which, as I (at writing this Journal at the ftem-windoWsr, 
at one. minute rofe fo high, that a fmall part entered, and at the next, 
funk to the depth of between twenty and thirty feet, when, at inter- 
vals, as the veflels rofe upon the waves, they appeared plunging and 
loft in the mighty ocean. Oh board of this frigate were three largte 
chefts, containing go'd and diamonds to the amount of fix millions 
fleeting. Two of thefe we had in our birth, by one of which my 
wife and I lay on the deck, and on which I had placed our box <*f 
clothes, which by the rolling of the fliip in the night, fell on Mr*. 
Gregory and young Ebeneezer who received, however, no injury. 

Wedncfday, 12th, was a fine dav, and the boat was fent to the 
Commodore, when the officers offered to convey any letters we 
chofe to bur friends. We wrote, and received anfwers, by the re- 
turn of the boat, which were very diftreffing to us. The Commodore 
treated them with contempt and cruelty, {aid that they were either 
convi&s, pirates, or fome fuch bafe cnara&ers, and put all, met), 
women and children, on the miferable allowance of the meaneft 
foldier ; added to which, they had every difadvantage in point of 
lodging, as fome flept in the long-boat, and others where they could* 
From the information received I extract the following : 

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; <c When I was tonveyed on board of the Meduza," fays Mr. 
Jones, " about fix hours after my family, as I flopped to obtain my 
bedding, ' 1 found Mrs. Jones and the children fating on the d<*ck, 
4o whom the Commodore had rot paid the fmallcft attention. They 
bad been h. reed to l*ave the brig without any breakfaft. and it was 
not until h^H paft. four in the afternoon that we were all divided into 
meues, and fe. ved wall black beans and fome putrid beef, which we 
could not eat, and which was brought us in a tub, without any 
bread, but as a. fubftitute for it, a beaten root like faw dull, and no 
allowance of water, which,, we were informed, would not be given 
till to morrow. In this wretched fituation, being parched with the 
leat of the fun and extreme thirft, 1 made application for relief, but 
.to no. effect, as the Commodore would grant no otfier fupply, nor 
even any allowance of this for the children. With a painful anxiety, 
At feven o'clock, I retired below to put the children to reft, when we 
faw the place appointed for our five women and four children. This 
was in the midfl of the Portuguefe failors, a fpare which two mat- 
trafTes covered, and entirely :creened only by a piece of canvas. As 
it was dark, I requeued a light, but was denied. When our wives 
and little ones entered this wretched apartment, while we placed ouf- 
felves round them on the outfide, to prctecl them among a people 
who were brutal in the extreme, where we fpent a very uncomfort- 
able D^ght. In the morning w were told to fetch our allowance of 
water, which was acceptable news to the parched, tbirfty women, 
who, from the time they came on board received no refrefhmcnt. 
On dividing the water, we found that only a wine pint and a half was 
allowed to each, and none to either of the children, and that this was 
our portion for twenty-four hours. On the morrow I again petitioned 
for a larger fupply of water, with fome for the children, when we 
obtained an allowance of a quart each, with a pint for each child*, 
notwithstanding which, unlefs our God had fulfilled his prorrrife, and 
kept us alive in the midft of famiw, in this fituation, nearly under 
the fame it would have been impoifibl humanly fpeaking, for us to 
have furvivrd. 

All the letters conveyed information of the fame unpleafarit nature. 
Mr. Howell, in anfwer to a letter from me, declared " that the 
information of their bad treatment was too true, and that if he 
was fupported in fuch a ftafe, the preservation of his health' would 
afford great caufe of thankfulnefs." 

The Commodore fent in^ruftions to the Captain of the (hip which 
I was aboard, and fpoke of difiributing the Englifh among the mer- 
chant (hips in the fleet ; but the Captain and firft officers informed us, 
that whatever was the conduct of the C ommodore to our friends', 
they never would confent to part with anv of us who were married, 
or our children, though they could not fav but they might be com- 
pelled to fend our firgle Biethren to fome other fhip. My children 
having loft their fhoes it was pvrceived by thefe officers, who fent 
for the fhoemaker on board, and gave orders to make new {hoes for 
aliimmediaiely, which was accordingly done. Thus what they were 

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deprived of by one was given by another, and goodnefs and mercy 
yet followed us: 

After dinner, ohferving us much dejecled at the letten which we 
had received, and knowing the uncomfortable fituation of our Bre- 
thren and Sifters, they each taking a $laf* of wine, requefted us to 
do the fame, and addrefTcd us in the following terms : " 'lb your 
unhappy friends in the other (hip, that they may bc> preferved m 
whatever ftate they are kept." We were forcibly Itruck with the 
feeling and fympathy of thefe ftrangers ; and coi;trafting th-ir 4 con- 
duel with that of the others, we recognized the truth, that the hearts 
of all men are in the hand of our God, who hardeneth one and 
melteth another. 

The boat going to the brip, I wrote to Captain Robfon, to inform 
him of our htuation and obtain a knowledge of his, when I received 
the following anfwer: 


" I have this moment received your's and others from the Ama- 
zona, the contents of which have afforded me much fatisfaftion to 
my foul; I N heaftily blefs God, in the behalf of you all* May he 
make us all truly thankful. This visibly is his own appointment, 
and we will affuredly perfect that which concerns us therein. May 
we 'all have evidences from time to time, that we are reconciled to 
himfelf on his own terms, which will have a mighty tendency to 
Reconcile all the intricate windings of his providence to ourfelves** 
My love to all. I write in great hafte. I am Well, and beg leave 
to prefentmy bell withes to all. I (hall, on fome' future occafioir, 
thankyour good Captain for his civilities. 

«' Your's truly, 


9i PostffliIrio, Wtk June, 1799- 

Friday, 14th. One of the (hips in this fleet was the property of 
a French lady, who was in her, and who, on perceiving as we pafTed 
that females and children were on board, came this day to fee them, 
and brought with her a prefent of fom? fweetmeats, excellent oranges,, 
fweet bread for the children, and artificial flowers, accompanied 
with a tender of future fervices and any thing at her command; 
She remained with us this day and the fix following. To al- 
leviate the fituation of our Brethren and Sifters in the fleet, we 
procured fome fpirits and fundry other articles from thefeamen, 
as far as it was in our power, and fent them at different times, which 
proved highly acceptable in fuch a ftate. 

Sunday ? 16th. The fame indulgence was given in bur religious 
worfhip, and the kindnefs of the officers not only continued but in- 
creafed. For fuch inflancesof temporal mercies how much are we bound 
to be thankful ! How visibly was the mercy of Providence displayed, 
in preventing my family and me, though we were taken alongfide of 
the other fhip, from entering it I This favour we fnjoyed with 

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jieafort, which, however, was often marred by reflecting •* the 

Situation of our friends. 

Wednesday, 19th, The weather was calm, when, as ufuai, we 
faw (harks, two ut whith were caught and eaten by the failors. We 
fawa!fo three large whales, one of which was at lead fifty or fixty 
feet long. 1 was pleafed with the idea of Dr. Watts: 
" 1 he large ft monlleriof the d<*ep, 
*• At thy command attendance keep." 

Monday, 24th. This day vre were in the fame latitude with Ota* 
heite. My mind Was penetrated with the idea of the painful anxiety 
which our fituation would caufe the Brethren there, if they knew 
that we, who expected to unite with them, were .now returning. 

Tburfday, 27th. Early this morning, the appearance of a itrarige 
fail was reported, a circumftance which in general claimed all attention. 
At eleven, A. M. the Captain put about, left the fleet to give chafe, 
and in one hour gained much upon her, when fwppofing the was a 
Jarge fhip, and expelling to be within gun-fhot in little more than an 
Jiour, he ordered the decks to be cleared and the guns got ready for 
aftion. Bulk-heads were now taken down, our beds and boxes re* 
moved, and the deck cleared fiom Hem to flcrn, while every fcene 
around us bore the afpefi of war. Some of the females were rather 
alarmed, dreading the roaring of the guns, which were not very 
agreeable when only fired as fignals, and the idea of the confequences 
of an engagement naturally made a deep impreffion. The removal 
jpf our beds, &c. reminded me of that fcripiurc, u Here we have no 
continuing city/ 1 About three P. M, we fired the firft (hot, which 
did not reach her, and (he refilled to ftrike. The chafe continued all 
the afternoon, when after firing eighteen (hots, flic (truck and lay to. 
After flie- was hailed the anfwcieJ m Engliib, and we entertained a 
hope of hearing from our native country, which we had not done 
from the time we left it. But when (he was boarded flte proved to 
he a French (hip, come from Cayenne and bound to Rio de la Plata, 
on beard of which was a Spanilh Captain, who when brought to the 
Amazon* with the owner, endeavoured to prove her Spanilh pio- 
perty, which, however, they were unable to do. The prifoners 
were now brought on board, two of whom were put into the flocks 
anfwering in Englifli, faying tney came from London, and in the 
jatoraing were conveyed to the Commodore, while the (hip was font 
40 St. Salvador, and in her the Spanilh piflenger and Jailor who were 
captured with us in the brig. Mr. P. Levefaue was permitted to go 
in the boat to the Meduza, carrying a letter of Captain Robfon to the 
Commodore, which had been traufljted into Portuguefc on board of 
this ftip ior Mr. Howell to deliver* the purport of which waj to 
undeceive him rcfuccVing the unjuft 1 eproach of character caft on the 
Bsetbtftn, and intreat they might receive better treatment. Our 
brother witnefled the firuauon of the females and Brethren* and gave 
ut hvihex intelligence that they were fcrved only oncea day with 
fhfagrtcablc provifioi^ a very fcanty allowance ef water, no fpirita, 

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while ikty had miferable lodgings ; that they had pi*vhefed fone few 
articles at a dear rate, from foroe of the failor*> w! o after* ar Is rob* 
bed them of the fame in the night. We o uld n? t b a be til >uiflic<J 
at witnefllng the conduft of thofe on boaid our fhip, who, h >wever 
poor and wretched, would facrifice every thing foi our fervice. 

Saturday, 19th. In confrqut-nce of the Brethren's having extended 
the hirfh of the females in the Mrduza, fur the admiflion of air* the 
Commodore behaved in the mofl abominable manner, and fent all the 
married Brethren and Sifters, with Dr. Turner ana* the children, on 
board or\he biig, for which they were very thankful, Siller Huines 
now grew very ill, and the provifions> with the want of water, daily 
added to her complaint. 

Wed nefday, July 3d. This morning we faw tSe coafl of South 
Ameri^. At noon we were abreafl of the city of Krnumboco, be- 
tween the 8th and 9th degrees of South latitude, whrch belongs te 4. 
the Crown of Portugal, and where this fleet dsiigned to call, to 
corvoy any (hip that might belong 10 Europe, and where we hoped 
to obtain a fupply of oranges, as our Hock was now expended, anoj 
the officers wi fhed much to provide for oiir table. But two /hips 
which were waiting came out and met us fu that the fleet proceeded 
without (lopping) nor was any boat allowed to £0 on more, 

litis town and country are beautifully fituJtedand have a refpe&able 
appearance. The town is large, has a number of churches and ether 
public edifices, and the houfes are built hioh.. It afcends from the 
Jhore, at the borders of which is a fort. There were feveril {hips 
before the (own riding at anchor, and the whole fronts to the eaft 
the Southern Ocean. About three miles to the north, lie§ the old 
town of Olinda ; with a few houfes on a h>D, pleafanrly Gtuated ; and 
on the oppofite fide from the town are two high hills, from which 
the Portuguefe procure large quantities of gt^cL The s whole country 
appeared pleafant and f uitful, and we were concerned that our tail* 
was not gratified as well as our fight. 

Friday, 5th. The wind was ftfong and fair, and our (hip went at 
the rate of two degrees twenty minutes, without any fail feu 

Sunday, 7th. We continued to enjoy the ordinances of God oa 
board of this fhip, and this day we partook of the facrament of the 
Lord's fupper. At eleven, A.M. we crofled, for the fecond tjme* 
the Equinoctial Line, with a fine breeae. At twelve, from obfer* 
vation, we were five miles in the northern hemafphere. 
. Tuefday, qth. At ten % A. M. my eyes were called to witnefs a 
fcene which filled me with diftwfs. I went to look out at die gallery 
window, when I beheld a lad j who had fallen overboard, and War 
now, at a little diftance, ftcugglipg for life* HU heae% as he ftood 
upright, was covered, with the waves* his arm* extended, and he *ofe 
and fell with the fwell of the fea, while every moment predroW bid 
auicklv finking in , the bofem of, the fatkomlefsabyfsk I UheUllfi* 
ffru^gUs, without being able to give bim the leaft af&ftamoe, and wi* 
compelled to witUraw from lb* dttreffcf fight* Tbm'tef* Mi 

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were all backed, two tubs and a rope were thrown nvei board, 
but did not reach him, and in a few moments we law him no 
mote. The wind did not blow hard, or ihe fea run high, and 
he had floated the length of the (hip before I faw him ; if the 
boat bad been get off there was a probability that lu; would have 
been faved «' The redemption of the foul is precious," but, 
alas! few appear to know ii$ value. 

Wednefaay, loth. As what took place on board of the (hip 
may appear Grange to many, as it did to me, 1 briefly mention 
the following circumftances. Laft night a man died, and early 
this morning they proceeded to inter him. The corpfc being 
fewed up in a hammock was brough' upon deck, preceded by a 
pricit with his mahbook, a man with hily water and a crucifix, 
and another carrvit'g two lanthotns with lights. When it was 
brought to the lee gangway and laid on a board, two large (hots 
were tied between the legs for the purpofc of (inking it, and one 
lanthorn being placed at the head and the other at the feet, the 
man with the crucifix and water being near, the prieft performed 
the funeral fervice, at intervals fprir-khng the body wuh the 
water, from a bruih made in the form of a crofs, which he firft 
did one way, and then the other, to rcfemble the fame. This 
ceremony being ended, they proceeded to launch the body into 
the deep, but not till feveral of the feamen had expended the 
remainder of the water, m following the example of the pried, 
when it was committed to the ocean, and a boy flood ready to 
run immediately round the {hip, making a loud noife, and cal- 
ling on all aboard to pray for the foul of the deccafed, in com- 
pliance with which requeft each crofted themfelves, and faid their 

To-day the Captain kindly clothed my bny John, whom he had 
put into breeches; with the intention that he might crofs the 
Equino&ial Line in them, but they were not made foon enough 
by the taylor. 

Friday, 12th. This morning, fn confequence of exceflive rain, 
we loft fight of the fleet, nor could we perceive a fingle (hip . 
the method emo'ojed to regain them was firing of gnns at inter- 
val*, which aniwered the end, and before night we faw them 
again, and in the morning caught the regular N. E. trade wind. 

Friday, 19th, Early this morning another ft ran? e fail appeared 
in fight, but (be faved us the trouble of a long chace, as (he bore 
down to the Commodore, and proved to be the Spanifh packet,' 
which arrived at Monte Video, while we were there. The Com- 
modore took her. under his convov. 

Tucfday, 30th, The wind blew ftrong and fair, for which, as 
for many blcflings we have much reafon to be thankful. This 
day, within a minute of noon, the fun was exa&ly vertical, 
When I enjoyed much pleafure in contemplation, as I faw by my 
quadrant, the. fun ninety degrees from the horizon in every 

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jdire6Hor», an4 a» we flood upright upon the deck our fliadowf 
werr nearly covered with our feet. The fun being in it's zenith, 
and (tuning exceflively bright, eclipfrd and diminifhedto a very 
f-nall fpot the image of the man, whofe frudow was fcarcely 
difcernable, while the eye, by the quadrants cou'd convey or 
fweep the fun, yet in its vertex all round the horizon. In fur- 
yeying this wonderful work of creation I was ready to fay wi'h 
the Royal Pfalmitf, " Whatisman, that thou art mindful of him, 
•and the fon of man, that thou vifltcfl him." And my reflexions 
on this view led me to fuppofe, that thus it was wth a fmner 
under the beams of Jefus, the Sun of Righteoufnefs, and that 
when in the meridian of his glory fhines on man, the foul being 
under his directed rays, and feeling his power, even the ap- 
pearance or fhadow of the perfe&io* s of mortals is fo defaced, 
and brought to nothing, that only afmall, but finful lump of clay, 
is difcernable. 

From ohfervation, t8° 36 dg. N. 39° W. 

Friday, Augufl 2d. Though there was little wind, yet fuch was 
the fwell of the fea, that a (hip in the fleet rolled her fore top- 
rnafl o^er the fide. , A firnilar accident took place before, by which 
forhe of the crew were killed. 

Sunday, 4th. C ptaiu Garcao having engaged to dine with 
the Commodore, on board the Meduza, kindly tendered me the 
liberty of accompanying him. We were now very anxious 
about the welfare of our Brethren* as we had not heard from any 
thefe five weeks. I therefore gladly accepted the offer that! 
might have ao opportunity of knowing their fuuation, and fpend* 
ing this Lord's-aay with them. At eight A, M. I accordingly 
went with the Captain, and was received with pleafure by the Bre- 
thren, when Mr, Howell exchanged, andwenttq fee the Brethrea 
aboard the Amazona. At ten, we united in public wo'rfhip, in their 
birth, which was the long-boat, in the midft of the (hip, where on 
the altar, to Chifl Jefus we offered up a facrifice of prayer and 
'praife together, after a ieparation of two months. An4 I preached 
from Exodus xxv. 22. " And we found it good to wait upon 
God ; " After the Icrvice I obtained permiflipn through the in- 
fluence of Captain Garcab to fee Mrs. Hill and Mrs Greig. as 
Mrs. Greig had come from the brig a jpiri on board of this (hip, 
and was delivered of a daughter on Thurfday laft, when alone, 
after which Mrs. Hill was fent for and came to her afliftance. 
The child was named by 'Mr. Howell on Saturday, and at fix 
P. M. on the fame day, (he died, and a little before eight was 
committed to the deep. 

Some reflexions that may prove acceptable to the female reader, 
fent to me in a letter afterwards by Mrs. Hill, I can fcarcely 
omit noticing on this occafion, out of my refpeft to my female 

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I was thiiiVwg," fav* fht?, " this dav, that little infant 
mi^ht he compared, to a fweet watfcling bird upon the nee, which, 
while w a' e admiring its po'c and innocence, often take* wings 
and flics away. Thus it was with the little Granger whom i 
lately had in tny arm?, and for two nights had the pleafure of 
fcuflbing Her gentle murmurs I h?d prepared for her a fine cap 
and gown* thinking your kind Captain would fee her on the 
morrow, hut before fun-fet her eyes were clofed in death, and 
inftead of a gown and cap (he had a piece of canvas and a bag of 
fand» I had drefled her three times, but the fourth I reftgned to 
Mis* Smith* 1 tiufl the Lord wiil teach us all a very important 
kflon to prize, his mercies while we enjoy them, and when he 
tsk^s the** away to fay, in humble fubmiflion 10 his will, The 
lord %oxe* and the lord hath taken away, blessed be the name of 
the lord." 

I found the Brethren* in genera], enjoying a good ftate of 
health ; Confideririg thei» fituation they had now a larger allowance 
of water, than which, (in our opinion, who knows its value in 
the fe hot climes) a greater temporal blcfling cannot be beflowed. 
^They enjoyed all the means of public wot (hip in their boatj as 
we*, had done.on hoard of the Duff, with the addition of {peaking 
ftoiji a portion e\f fcrpture ib rotation every day, a privilege 
whiph we alfo er joy d on board of the Amazona, and they ap- 
jejrect to pofl'f fa much of the prefence of God among them, 

Ijrojhf r M ilfQn had been ill, but was now recovered. Mr. 
He: well was admitted to the fare of the Commodore's table; Mr. 
§rn>h dined daily with one of the officers, and of consequence 
&;e4 beUsr in a temporal refpc ft. 

The hpat weni to Fetch the Portuguere Captain of the brig on 
board, tp-dineoi} this vifit,. when we received letters from Captain 
Robfoji and Pr, Turrfer, the contents of which were, that they 
were anxiouf abouj? our welfare \ that the Brethren had beenfa* 
vowed wi f h the fame allowance of fpirjts as the feamen, which, 
hqwevcx, hrinfi exhaufied, and the Commodore undcrtUnding 
that a part na<aoeen given to the Eoglifb # refufrd to fend any 
©lore, even for the Ihip/s company, 9nd that Mr*. Hughes y*t 
cprttinu/d ill. l>efe fetters were read with concern. The Bra- 
'thren in the Medusa wet e not <iple to affocd the fmalleft relief; 
wc, inrthe.Awaz'ma, had ufed. our endeavours, and fucceededin 
obtaining fpme extra fupjvlie*, br fides a few little articleg which 
we had before in quj poue(fion t and had willingly font. Tbefb, 
in a frnall degree, mitigated the hardfhips of their (late, and 
trnded to. prefsrve health, but row every article on board was 
nearly- expended, and my kind little C?,ptain earncftly wiihed to 
prevaiLon the Commodore, to call at Fyall, one of the weftern 
lflands, to procure fome fupplies; This humane man, under 
whom the kind providence of God had placed me and mine, 
with others of the Brethren, had, from the hour wt firft came on 

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board, manifested one continual a£l of kindnefs. He then faid 
£c was concerned that he had not laid in a greater stock of fresh pro- 
visions, which he would hare done if he had known , but thai 
ter should never want while he had to give, that he with us would 
fare alike, and when we wanted bread he would. Evet y day * vine d 
the finccrity of this declaration: he had only provided for him* 
felf, the tw«» firft cfluers, and two midfhipmen, when the day 
before he failed he unexpectedly received three American gen- 
tlemen as paff-nger*, fo that, with ut, ir.flead of five to provide 
for, he had, including all the children, twenty-nine, daily at his 
tabic. Yet bv hit continual anxiety and exertion in procuring 
from othrr officers and (hips an addition to his own (lock, he 
abundantly fuppiied us every day with frt(h provifions, beef, 

J>orfc, mutton, and poultry, with hot rolls and butter for break, 
aft, which was the only bread that he would permit us to eat 
until all the flour was confumed, Surely the appellation of a 
father is not improperly applied, as his whole conduct moft de- 
servedly entitles him to it. He was happy when at dinner to 
have my children, the one on the one knee and the other on the 
other ; and if any of us were indifpofed, he, with that of the 
two firft officers 9 anxiety and kind attention, were almoft without 
a parallel. He compelled me, even by forcing me into the 
cabin, to dine with the Commodore, to whom I was con (trained 
to fubmit, to promote his comfort; and when at dinner the 
Commodore reprobated the Brethren in hit (hip, he turned to me, 
affuting me of his refpe£fc and affeclion to my friends on board the 
A ma zona, and when conducted along the deck with military 
honours to return to his (hip, he broke the line to falute the 
Brethren, whom he had beheld in con verfation with me. 

I hope that aay friends, whom I endeavour to gratify, will bear 
with me a little in my noticing thefe fimple circumftances, at 
gratitude induces me to proclaim the kindnefs of Grangers, when 
fuch are contrafted with men of the fame nation, religion, and 
habits, as it displays the kind interpofition of an over-ruling 
Providence. The ingratitude of Pharoh's Chief Butler to Joseph 
is noticed in fcripture. The kindnefs of an Ethiopian to Jere- 
miah is recorded. The rsvens who fupplied the wants of Elijah 
are* not forgotten, and even dogs, which licked the fores of one 
of his afflicted children, claimed the attention of the Son of God, 

In the afternoon the Captain and I returned on board of the 
Amajona, and Mr. HowcU returned to his (hip. The correfpon- 

«• Who raveni and Hons can tame; 

All cj eaturci obey his command ; 
Then let me rejoice in nig name, 

And leave all my care iu his hand / a 

J«t»r*AL Off A 

dcncc tad interview 'with ifac Brethren we*e always to roe prqu 
duftive of peculiar plea fur e. 

Tucfday, 6th. Ycfterd»v afternoon we held the Miftumary 
prayer meeting aboard thediflcient (hips in which we were fcat- 
tered, as we could not forget to unite with our friends in our 
raative country, however dark .Miflionary profpeQs were to us. 
At midnight we eroded the Tropical Line of Cancer, and entered 
4the Northern Temper te Zone* 116 day* rood pf .us have fpent 
within the Torrid Zone fcnee we left our native country, and thp 
gseaieft part. of thefe in junpleafant and diftrefling circum fiances, 
yet ilill experiencing wondeiful prefri vation. 

Qn Wednefday the boat being fent to t,he brig, Brother Le» 
vefque went with a few articles which he had procuied^ for our 
Brethren and Sifters, when we obtained the information that 
Ma. Hughes was ftiU indifpofed, and Mr. Curling had been 
,irery much to, but now was a great deal better* 

Thurfday, 81b. Our ftcck of flour, cheefe, ana* wine, being 
within one days allowance expended, the kind providence 0/ 
God unexpectedly fuppUed us a little longer* In the evening a 
boatcaaac alongfide from one oT the (hips in the fleet, with the 

J) re Tent of a Uck of fiour, fome poultry and hogs, to help to 
uppiy our table We alfo received a bottle of from the 
French lady for our females, accompanied with her compliments, 
and a reaueft that ihcy would diink her health., She alFofenj 
.kmc fweet bread for the children. 

Sunday, t tth. Tliere was little wind, while the weather was 
'hot and fultry. We performed our war Hup as ulual* This day we 
iflklfo CQirnncmora'cd the dea$h of our dying Lord, .and injoyed 
a mod comfortable opportunity, many of w&ch we have had, .on 
•fcoard of this fhip. 

< Monday, jeth. The weather was calm* Early in the room- 
ing to thewefl we faw a wa^er-fpout, under a black cloudy which 
descended to the fea, and dtew up water into the cloudy when, 
doling at the bottom, it gradually afcended and diCippeared. 
Fromobfervation, Lat. 56 N. Long, 41 0 W. 
In aa extract from Brother Hill's Journal he informs me, that 
«* onboard of the fcventywfOui?, in conlecjuence of the calm, a 
mm was &nt round the ihtp to collets money to pay the priel^ 
.who offered, if paid, to pray for a fair wind, which was accord- 
ingly done. How infulting to the common underftanding of 
man, as well as difhonourable to God I" 

Tuefday, 13th. 1 he calm fall continued. We felt the uin 
very penetratii g.. Our concern for the welfareof our Brethren 
was heightened, as they were upon an allowance of water. The 
poor men on board of this fliip appeared like parched earth pant- 
ing for the rain, being allowed but Utile, and their provifions at 
the* fame time dry and fait. A cup 6F cold water now appeared 
of infinite value ; knowing the want of this blefling before I truft 
that we weie thankful, beeaufc we were oot fujfered HOW tt 

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CAFTURI* IfttSlOKJklY. &C. Iff 

♦aw, a* &w bread is gken tr?. kmd onr water Jure. Captain Gar« 
cot told nee not to want, and even though it was night to coma 
into his cabin, not minding him, and. get whatever I or mino 

Tw3* poor negroes belonging to this fliip were placed with their 
l*«ads in the flocks, in much fweat and pain. The extraordinary 
attention paid us by the Captain and officers had induced the 
fltip's company to look upon us as the rood effectual means to 
procure an exemption from any punifhrtent inflicted!, feveral 
having been already liberated through thU medium* As I pafled 
thefe negroes, one w th teats pleaded hardj with me to intereft 
st»yfelf in his behalf with the Captain, at the only means by which 
he could poffibly bo delivered: when being informed that their 
crime was Healing fah beef, I was perfuaded that hunger only in 
their (ituation, where it was impoflible for them to obtain water 
to quench then* thirft, could bate been the caufe of this a&, 1 
promifedthem my fervices, and went immediately on the quarter- 
deck for that purpofe ; when, on my add re fling the Captain, ha 
would fufler me to go no farther than begin my reoueft ; before he 
laid, that it was always his pleafurc to gratify my wilhes, and 
called to a • ferjeanc to liberate the men dire £11 y. This day the 
Meduza paflcd us, fontgh that we faw forme of our Brethren and 
Sifters, which always gave us pteafure, and we generally (alu ted 
each other by waving an handkerchief or hat. With longing 
defires for a happy meeting I reflected on the pleafing idea of 
uniting together at the end of thistoyage, and at the end of time, 
in fimilar language to that of the* poet, 

*■ Eternal glory to the King, 

Who brought us fafely through * . 
Our tougues thall never ceafe to fing, 

Ami endlefi ppaife renew. " 

Thurfday, 15th, Being what is called the annunciation of the 
Virgin Mary, mafs, as it is ulual on All Saints' Days, was twice 
performed. We were often affected at the fight of this, and fhould 
have been happy if we had beheld them proftrate before the Lord 
^cfus Chrift,*pteading for mercy through his blood, inftcad of the 
image of the Virgin Mary, to which they py far greater refpeft 
than to that of Jefus» It was flill calm and fultry hot :- fome rain 
fell in the morning, accompanied with thunder and lightning. 
We faw a fharfr, which was exceedingly large, following the 
fliip, but he was not caught, 

' Friday, i6ta» This day prefented the complete!* calm I have 
Wttntfled; both elements feemed to unite in a folemn filence; 
•here Was fcarcery a cloud or a (ingle iurf ; the £ky was clear, anoj 
the ocran fmooth, its continual motion excepted, while the vane, 
tyhich w«s only compofed of a few feathers and thread, could 
'. > . ' K a 

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fcarcely be perceived to move, and every (kip in th4 fleet fret»e# 

to be landing, as if bound to every quarter of the globe, without 
being, in the leaft, under the controul of its commander* 

Sunday, 18th. Between the regular fervice of the mafs we per* 
formed our worflTip, and trod that over our alter cannot be written, 
To the vnknown God, whom we tgnorantly worship, Decani? we* 
found our God to be a God, hearing and answering prayer. It wat' 
yet calm and burning hot, which was very diftre fling to the fick ©& 
Lo3rd, feveral of vrj\6tn had the fever very bad, and were deftitute 
of many temporal blelEnga, which were requiiite in fuck a (huation. 
At ten A. M. yefterday, one died of this di (order, and was interred 
in the deep at half pall twelve with the cuftomary formalities Some 
fears were enttrtained that the fever would fpread, and, as a preven- 
tative, our births and cabins were frequemly fumigated with gun* 

Tuefday, loth. It was yet calm, and we began to be muck 
concerned at our fituation, at timet fuppofing that the delay of the 
fleet portended fome ur.forefeen providence. We recolleded ou f 
delay in the Duff, off Cape St. Roque, which if it had not taken 
p'ace, we mould have arrived at Rio Janeiro before the Buonaparte 
was off that coafi, as (he had only been there four days before oo« 
capture. The delay in the brig alfo occurred to our memory, and in 
both we evidently faw the hand of God, and, from a review of the 
way In which we had been led, we believed, that we were not able to 
know the mind and will of the Lord concerning us, or whither we 
ihould yet be conveyed, but we hoped to be enabled to refign our- 
felves to his fovereign pleafure. 

At our worlhip this evening, we were imprcffed with a fenfe of 
our duty and privilege to unite together and plead, that, if it was 
agreeable to our Lord, he would fend us a favourable breeze, and 
we agreed to hold a prayer- meeting at fix o'clock next morning, for 
that purpofe. Our generous Captain appeared to be much dejeded, 
on account of being becalmed fo long, and the fcanty fupply of pro- 
visions on board ; the poor feamen were put on a fhort allowance of 
w*trr, which was little better than a pint in twenty-four hours, as the 
officers were afraid that their flock would foon be totally exhaufled. 
It was truly affecting to fee thefe poor creatures when heaven Tup, 
plied them with a fhower, running to drink the water from (he deck 
and gunwale, when no other relief was at hand. 

Wednefday, 2 ill. We were awakened about three o*clock this 
woming by the noife which the feamen made, in ftriking all fail, 
and {hutting in ports and cabin- windows, at the approach of a (qualj 
of wind and rain, which came on with great violence, attended with 
tremendous peals of thunder, and grand, but awful flames of vivid 
lightning, the moft penetrating that we had ever beheld : 'it did not, 
however, continue above forty minutes, yetrthe fleet was driven fo'me. 
miles towards our port, when all returned to a calm as before. We 
held our prayer meeting according to agreement) and hoped that even 

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CAFTVftftft ftMffl-Olf AATj Ac* 

the fqaiTl was not only an evidence of what our Cod could per£>rm> 
but a token for good, an anfwer by anticipation to our intended 
{applications, agreeably to his own word, 44 Before ye call, I will 
•fifwer, and while yet pleading, I will hear.- 

At nine, A. M. the Lord ftemed about to frnd us a favourable 
breeze, which began, and increafed ev^ry hour, till we made rapid 
prog re fj. I wa« aiTonifbed at ths alteration which took place in the 
heavens,' but cou'd fcarcely receive this blefling as an anfwer to our 
unpecfed Applications, till this portion of fcripture powerfully ftruck 
nay mind, 44 Elias was a man fuiijr& to like p<*fliont as we are, and 
he prayed earnefily that it might not rain, and it rained not on the 
earth for the fpace of three years and fix months: and he prayed 
again,, and the heavens gave rain, and the earth brought forth her 
fruit." I here faw thai our God anfwered the prayers, of fuch at 
were of like paffioni as ourfelves, and repeated his anfwer, when 
qgain Eiias prayed : the trurh of this we have in a peculiar manner 
experienced fi nee the time of our capture. 

Thurfday, tad. The wind was flrong and fair, and we believed 
that we had abundant reafons for praife. Every countenance in the 
fljip wasexpreflive of pleafure, and we were ready to join the Royal 
Pfalmift, •* O that men would therefore praife the Lord for b « good- 
neft»and declare his wonders which he doth for the children of men." 

Saturday, 94th. I may probably be tirefome in noticing Saints 9 
Days and the fervice of the mafs. Yet as fome circumflances in 
particular made impreffions on my mind, and may afford information* 
Lrannet omit them. The performance of mafs upon fuch a principle 
a> their own creed declares, mud claim attention from every fpintual 
and enlightened mind, who reads the following quotation from their 
article of faith on this Cubje&, which may be here inferted : 

*' I do alio profefs, that in the mak there is offered unto God a 
true propitiatory facrifice for the quick and the dead, and that in the 
mod holy fac/ament of the Eucharift, there is truly, and really, and 
fubftantially the body and blood, together with the foul and divinity 
of our Lord Jefus Chrift; and that there is a converfion made of the 
whole fubftance of the h read into the body, and the whole fub (lance 
of the wine .into the blood, which converfion the Catholic Church 
Calls Tranfubfl an Ration. I confefs that under one kind only, whole 
and entire Chrift, and a true facra'ment is taken and received/' 

I need not offer my fentiraents pn this awful coufeflion to the Ieaft 
babe in the kingdom of Chrift ; fjbr the foul that values the great 
facrifice offered unto God upon fylount Cajvary, and knows that fA# 
blood of Jesus speaks better things than the bipod of Abel, will be 
fatisfied with what God hath declared he ia jvell pleafed, and fhuddeX 
at the idea of fuch an abomination, thai even after God hath de« 
dared, that sacrifices and burnt offerings, even of his own appoint- 
ment, he hath no pleasure in, a deluded pried Jhould dare to affront 
*be Majefly of Heaven, by prefcntin^ the inventions of men, and 

JfftftffAl'O* A 

declare that th* »H fuflktent atonement of Chrift is fnfo£ctefi{ 
without his. 

•Being now compelled to be eye and ear-witneTs of what I affert, I 
am under the neceffity of leaving en record the drfapprobatioto which 
I felt on thefe occafions. This day a foene of a lingular naturepre- 
fented itfelf to the view. It was St. Bartholomew's Day,' when, as 
ufuai, mafs was fatd twice, after whkh the following cirum&ances 

An oftcer on board of this ftip lay'fick below, and was fuppofed 
to be near his diflblution, when, although the poor, according to their 
practical doclrine, do not need extreme unftioti, as it was not per- 
formed on either of the men who died before, yet the rich do, and 
to give it additional efficacy, it was done on this Saint's Day, that 
his aid might be given on the occsfion, and the fick man gave a new 
fore- fail for the frigate, to be dedicated to St/ Bartholomew for his 
recovery. At eleven, A. M. the fervice began ; the altar was fixed 
a* before, but from it to the hatchway, and leading all the way to the 
officer's birth, it was inclofed with flags to form a paflage ; to the 
cfciling were fixed the Portuguefe colours, and the deck wa* {craped 
.clean to make the way perfeft ; the fhip-colours were hoifred half-maft 
high, an ufual ftgnal for mourning, and the bell tolled as for inter- 
ment : the fenior prieft at the altar now proceeded to tranfubOantiate, 
firft the wafer, and then the wine, which he prefinned to do* by 
holding it up tt wards the image with his reflective plate, which he 
held in the palm of his hand, and twilling it about before the lights, 
which were bumtng on each fide of the . ahar, it caufed his face to 
ftine with the reflection, that flew about like the Will of the Wifp, 
(which we frequently faw in Paraguay), and the credulous people 
appeared to believe, that the divine prefence was ^here, to convert 
tBe wafer and wine into the body. Mood, and divinity vf Jemn Christ, 
as imn.ecriateiy ail fell on their knees, croffed themselves, beat their 
bfeafts, wkh other prefcribed motions* He now took it himfelf in ' 
both parts, for even the junior prieft was not allowed to participate) 
and when he received the wafer, which is three inches broad, after 
tfoubling, he fwallowed, without biting it, as they fay a bone of 
hfm is not to be broken, and they hold it to be improper to de&ce 
it with their teeth. The wine being in one vefler, while another of 
the feme fize flood by, containing water, When he had drunk the 
wine the cup was rinfed with the water which was afterwards drank, 
and left any fhoufd remain, to be appropriated' to another ufe, he 
afcairr rinfed it and drank, when he wiped the vtfFel dry with a puri- 
fiftory or Mnen cloth, with which he wipes his chalice and his fingers 
after abfolution. He now went in proceffion to adminiftcr th« ordi- 
nance to the fick man, when the wafer was placed On the plate, and 
covered with a cloth, Firft, feme officers went together, next the 
Captain and three other*, each with a large wax candle burning m 
the r hands, then the junior pricfH the fenior', who was the a4» 
•iniflrator. followed him, and proceeded down the hatchway to the 


officer's cabin, while all around on the deck falling oc their inec*, 
remained in that pofture till their leturn to the altar, when this fo- 
lermvfcrvice was concluded. 

No fooncr was all cleared away* than quite a different fcene was 
exhibited, A ftrange fail was defcried, the fignai hoiftcd, and our 
Captain received order* from the. Commodore to give her chafe ; 
immediately all fail was fet, the drums beat to quarten, the prow- 
guns were loaded, and the inftruments of war dtfplayed: our Captajn, 
eucpe&ed to come up with her before it was dark, but when we were 
within an hour's fail of overtaking her, the fignai was hoifted by trie 
Commodore to give up the chafe, which was reluctantly obeyed, both 
Jay the Captain, officers, and men, who all appeared to be much 
vexed ; and though they afterwards received another order, yet again 
it was countennaflbded, and they were required to bear down and cover 
tho fleet. 

Sunday, 35th. We bore down to the Meduza, and our. Captain 
went aboard, by whom we lent fome letters to the Brethren, and in 
return received fevcral epi files of love, We performed our worfhip 
as ufuat, and with pjeafure waited on the Lord. , The Captain of a 

.Ihip in the fleet fentus this day a very unexpected prefent after ft> 

.long a voyage, a live cow, to help to fupply our table with freih \ 
meat, with which, through the peculiar fivour of Providence;, w^ 
hid fbecn -indulged every day. 

Among the letters which I this day received I infert the following 

iand am concerned .that my limits will not permit me to notice feveral 
others, which have, given much fatisfaciion to my friends : though 
the refpeft thai I owe my Brethren, compels me to own, that they 

iwere Jievcr defigned for the prefs. 

* j>*ar broth e r, " Meduza, August t5th, 

■ " YOUR kind favour induces me to drop you a few lines, * 
-end I cannot but lament the limits of my fubje&-matter, yet rightly 
confidered, it isa fubjeft as extenfive as eternity itfelf, namely, the 
love of Jefus Chrift* I do not mean by this, that I am about to ex- 
patiate many formal manner, but' what can I {peak of at all, that 
does not exemplify this grand, this fovereign truth. .Yea, day unt£ 
day uttereth fpeech, and night unto night fheweth knowledge. Every 
eretuniiag revolution of time, every change of circumftancea, every 
incident in human affairs* is, to a mind fpiritually enlightened, a loud 
■proclamation of the emiffion of that love, the beginning of which 
*anaot be traced, nor its end ever be. Then, my dear Brother, 
•when our eyes are taken off the things which are feen, when with 
ibpfamufidane wings we ibar to the regions above, how fweet is me* 
"dilation, bow delightful to be conftftntly viewing the things which ane 
-aot perceived, how animating a theme of contemplation is what, eye 
itath not.feen, nor ear beard, and catmot poflibly enter the heart of 
£aite man to conceive* .Thefeare paradoxes, indeed to the fenfualiu^ 
but gracious truths realized to the man of God. Surely, then* I atf rce 

Digitized by 

*3 5 jotm»Ai ot a 

with you that Jefui doth all things* well, evert in turning W back 
and feparating us, as he hath tlone. May he gram tha > it may have 
gr cious cfTefts. Already 9 methinks, I tafie its benign influence on 
ou hea» ts in general : like the effeft of David's harp on Saul, the 
feu! is calmed, 

" Blefled be God, however we have gone away from Chrift, be 
never forfakes us; however we have negle&ed him, he Will rot 
negleft u* / however our hearts may be heavy in fupplication, bis 
ear is not heavy to hear ; however wc have emaciated our poor weak 
minds, his arm is not ffiortened thaf he cannot fave ; however we 
have fct our hearts upon idols, he retain his love; however mutable 
we may be with him, there is in him no change, no variablenefs, or 
{hadow of turning. Yes, my dear Brother, we feel our poverty, 
but in Jefus wc behold unfearchable riches. We feel our weakoels, 
|>ut let us rely on him, who is mighty to fave, even unto the very 
uttermoft, all who come to him by faith. We feel our empiinefs; 
in Jefus dwelleth all fulnefs, from him ifTue eft ufions of grace, pouring 
into h's dear peoples' hearts, and cut of that fulnefs can we receive 
grace for gracr. We feel our ignorance ; in him is moft excellent 
wifdom. We feel our vilcnefs; in Chrift is perfect rtghteoufnefs. 
We feel our depravity ; in Chrift is fan&ification tons. Finally,' 
we feel our ruin ; in Chrift is plemious redemption. Glory, ho- 
nour, praif:, might, and dominion, be afcribed to him, who made 
heaven and earth, and even hell to wonder. Methinks if an angel 
of light and glory dare doubt, we might fay with one of old, WiU 
God, in Xery deed, dwell with wan 9 Will he, who is omnipotent, 
the eternal 1 AM, condefcend to tabernacle with creatures of a mo- 
ment. Yes, grace, mercy, and truth* be afcribed to hia bleffisd 
name, his ways are not as our ways, his thoughts, not as our thoughts, 
# We can hardly exert grcatnefs of foul fuffcient to pardon a fellow* 
worm. Cod's dealings are as tranfeendently higher than our*s as the 
heavens are above the earth. O for hearts totruft him! O for ianc* 
tined wills to ferve him, and fan&ified a fie ft ions towards him ! But 
the time (hall come,- when we (hall no more want even the delightful 
grace of prayer, nor faith, nor hope. Faith fhall be exchanged for 
reality, hope turned into pofTcffioft, and prayer into inceflont fongtof 
praife to him. who fits upon the throne, and to the Lamb for ever. 
With ihefe idras, even grim death himfclf, turns hi* frown into a 
fmile. The chriftian may truly challenge him with hit vain boafting, 
fmile at his fling, and defy the victory of the gluttonous graven it will 
he hut a dark entry to the manfions of blifs. It is Jefus, who is the 
mighry victor, and chriftians the trophies of his all-conquering arm. 
It is Chrift, who hath led captivity captive, who is deftruftion to the 
deftroyer, and hath utterly vanquilhed the prince of darknefs : there- 
fore > with joy shall we draw water out of the weUs of tahmticm. 
Yes, my beloved Brother, let us cry out, and {hout aloud, with the 
whole family of God, for grea t is the holy one, who dwelled in the 
■udft of us. « 

Digitized by 


- * fcfc&d ^"6^ w^e^vUemtiemonflratmas of his guardian 
jwoie£Uon ! tfae atomy 'night on Tuesday was one of tbe innutne* 
riblf wftames of taisittlths ?n caatirHjed umH near four o'clock on 
Wadneniay anownmj. At <ht£f jpaft three 1 wknefled what I had 
nhwddne bofcn*, aheliaall awful sladh, \Dutfting into many chan- 
nels of -fa*a*d tigbfriiag, .arhiab {p&fk&td ray eyes, that 1 was 
«Ui£«*laa*pdt ap myihands <© foreco mom: d>heard it burft from tbe 
clouds, tfoiaediately over the fhip, like the aoife of * vaft quantity of 
graved >ruft»rtgxidWn.B copper; idftantlyJafier this, there was a moft 
tftmerftkus peal of^lbtmder ;4 was on*he buboard^idc of the quarter- 
de<k; Y wri*«?ttVeiitno injury, though foveral who were on the 11 ax- 
boatfd weRe;drW»n«aga*nil>tbe hailnflar. , 

1 have nothing Grange to tclL you of more than what will be the 
wonder of eternity. May we be among thofe who. (hail be wondered 
* t 4s4h£^yert#, " ** Dear B tether, 

'« Yaw's, in*ae hkfled Lord Jefus, 

" T. F. G." 

^DnfcMJrftK, lenibfed; onia-fenfcaf God's protection, will appear 
initdeapj>e^j^iaattcmj{l«uae, Jhc. 

Monday, 226th. r *be Commodore tiha/ed a brig which hoifted 
Swadrfe^al^ors* At <feven *A.»M^ overtook her, and fent his boat, 
ai«wrJaMW*id our% to obtain fooie intelligence from Europe, She 
caratrfrom^Barcrlona in Spain, and was hound to America. On 
board^rVthitv^iwasaJadyJwho fpoke broken Englifli, and fent 
tfefW-pkees *f »En§lilh^£aU4«ef, with a few almonds, as a prefent to 
aurafoaHrits; We wca*ved>lhis information, that the French fleet 
bad tocnfcttfy otWrffain, and that the plague raged with viplenee 
da fbecdMriof fearfcrry. 

*** ^urfdiy, a^sh. The wind was /yet fair, and we made a plea&ot 
pfogrefe. I acknowledge .the propriety of the Dutch proverb, 

* Nrthingiataft fey praying, or got by thieving," and ddire to give 
•hanks ufrto' lae Laid r for the ipnumcrablc evidences of his kind 

* •^s^weidftw4ii^»*lhejftores of Europe, where hoflility unfolds iier 
direfutfbait aeas, our^otficers expelled their apprehension of being in- 
termf»tad ;-iwhtie the daily preparation made with the inftruments , 
war: on •bVwrrJ, «Tf[>«ke powerfully to us, *• Be ye. alfo ready/' add 
** vwatafcatidtpray?' »We therefore agreed to hold a prayer»mcetiaj£ 
every J hurl day morning, expreiily for the purpofe of fupplicatlag 
protection ior our brethren ai d Sifters, with, us, from every enemy, 
fofthat we might reach in fafety the defied port. Our boat being 
feat this day to the Fwnch iady '» fli»p, we Kceived a large frefh Jim, 
aad 'feme other provahcas. Thus hitherto, even on tha tracWeft 
ocean, our' God has hipplied our wants. 

Sunday, ^ept. lit. 1 hit was a line dav, and our ordinances w*ra 
loth fleafant and pi ofi table We commcmcratci the death of atir> 
ycaattLLaad, All the wine on tbc.aaaia hein& expended, ^weiad 

IgS JCUaNAl •» A 

procured a finall quantity for that purnofe front an officer an beard \ 
Vut prcvioufl ' to our entering on ibe service, on aflung for bread, 
we weie kindly offered tome of the wine ufed by the prteft only at 
leafs; however, »a we had obtained fome be tore, we declined ac- 
cepting it. Two of the ©fficcri attended aa fpe&ators. The boat 
being difpatcheci to the Medusa, we lent, aa ufual, letters to our 
Brethren, and from them received anfwera, They contained the 
painful intelligence of our Brethren's in creating weakne fs, through , 
want of proper nourifhment and bad lodging. Brother Joseph 
Smith informed me that he was exceedingly weak, and found U 
difficult to bear up under the trial; another, that tnoCfc were in 
the fame (tate; and Brother Jmard wrote the following, which. 
I hereiiifert: 


M Your few lines, written as a token of Chrjfti+n love, bear, 
in try eft imation, no refcmblance to blank paper ; tot if true lore 
to the Brethren be the leading chara&erifric of a Chriftian, the 
fweetefl bond by which kindred fouls are unite*!, if k be lo fre- 
quently and f lerr nly er joined by the great Head of the Church, 
and the exidenceof it fo indifpenfibly neceflary f in order to a 
right p*»formince of any duty towards our Brethren, fureryc^ery 
thing that tends to Hrengthcn or increaie this happy grace and 
difpofuion in the foul Ihbuld be received with that particular efteem 
and regard which its excellency demands* The Scriptures, with 
which you have a better acquaintance than I, abound* With the 
highell commendations of this heavenly principle; and bow could 
the revelation of God be otherwife, tor be himfelf if love, and 
loves fbi: e* through all his conduit towards men. It was an aft 
of goednefs in him to create (though infinitely happy ia and of 
himfelf ) millions of creatures, with capacities to know and enjoy 
fomeihing cf his unfearchable goodnris and glorious perfections. 
What hut his love moved him to pity us, when fallen into fin 
and (ubject to all its bitter c< nfequences, when there was no eye 
to pity, no hand to lave ? lie remembered us in our low 
eftate, and it became a time of love. Therefore, bleffed be the 
God and Father of our Li rd Jefus Chr»ft, who bath blefled ua 
with all fpi ritual bleflings in him, and hath chofen us in him, 
that we n ight be holy and blameiefs before him in love. How 
natural then, is the argument - of the Apoftle; « JfGod so loved 
sw, we might aho to love one another.' 1 Behold,' faith the Royal 
Pfdlmift, * how good and pleasant it is for brethren to dwell together 
infinity.' W ell might thr Apoftle urge the Phillippians by the 
mod tnd< aring t of our holy Reunion, to be of one mind: 
* If there he any consolation in Christ, if any comfort of love, tf any 
fellowship of the Spirit, if any bowels and mercy, fulfil ye my joy, 
that ye be lile-minded; haxit g the same love a/ a tj one accord.' 
As this grace is fo plealing in the l;ght ot God Our Saviour, fo 
de fe rable to poflefc, and io ufeiui in Uac Church, it is no v/oncer 

Digitized by 

•APTTJJtID tttlSlOMARY. *C# 189 

that the enemy of God and men, and all tightcoafneft, ftould 
makcfach oppofition to it* growth in our hearts. And, alas I 
how often does he prevail in fowini difeord among Brethren, aad 
raifing multitudes of evil furmifesend injurioua fufptciona in o^ 
breafts. But let ui rejoice that the accufer of the Brethren Ihatt 
b« caft ou», and the God of Peace bruUe Satan under our feet 

l^douht not but that we ere partfcuMy remembered by yon 
and other dear friends on board the Ama*ona, and I truft you are 
all remembered at a Throne of Grac* by us. I hope that Mrs, 
Gregory hat recovered from her indilpofition, and that Mrs. 
Hawkins ia better, None of us *re pofitively ill, but molt of us 
Very weak, owing to the in creating badnela of the provifiom, 
from which our ftomachs recoil, though we arc generally hungry 
to an extreme. But it ia written, « Af<ro shall not lice by . bread 
alone, but by every word that preceedeth out of the month of God: 
This heavenly manna lofeth nothing of its fweetnefs in a ftate ot 
affliction, but rather increafe*; I find the fpecial fpiritual prefenco 
of God makea my heaven in every (Me; with this, 1 truft, I 
have been favoured on board of this flrip, and it gives us no 
fmall pleafure to undcrftand by your letters that the lame goodnefa 
and mercy dairy fol ow you. And while the Lord is gracioufly 
favouring us with a wind fo propitious to our lpeedy paffage, we 
look forward with joy to the time when we (half, I hope, meet 
together to worlhip and praife that God, who hath loved us, and 
done fo great things for us. To whom be glory for ever and 
ever. Amen. Be fo kind as to remember me refpe&fully and 
affectionately to the dear friends on board. 

*• I remain, dear Sir, 
w Your unworthy but affectionate Brother, 
"(Qujte in hafte) " J. GERRARD* 

AH our flour being Contained, as we patted a fhtp this evening 
our Captain hailed her, and pleaded" for a fmall fupply for our 
tablet when the boat being tent, we received the fame, with 
> Jbovep'gt, and through thia providence we were fupplied a few 
slays longer. 

Monday, 2d. We held the Miflionarv prayer-meeting in the 
• Capuin's;cabin, which he had kindly offered to us on the occa- 
sion, and we enjoyed a folemn and profitable meeting. Drawing 
near the weftem ifland of Corva, one of the fleet hoifted the 
. fignal that land was in fight, which in looking out for, we faw a 
. fl range (ail, but as the fleet was now fcatrered, our Captain, inftead 
of receiving orders to chafe, was commanded to collect the (hips, 
m and no land could be fcen. f 

Tuefday, 3d. Men being continually at the maft-head to look 
out for land, at nine A. M. it was again fuppofed to befeen, 
bearing fcuth; but after waiting in the expectation of enjoying 4 

Digitized by 

*40 &+ fk 

cleater&Tcorrety, aft to it We fdflpdfed we* a^a^WWf, ft dff*^ 

pear^d, and proved to be only a ctoud. 1%e> boat being Tent tb 
the Medufca, I received (fever*! plcaftn£ cptftlrs of love- fret% ths 
Btethretr, but learned that their* fane of health was tha feme- a* 
before. Mrs. HiU had befe* font to the brig oil Wednesday hft. 
tobe rt»ady at flie time of MfSiBeHttfe'sdeMvfcrV, but W* leceived 
no intelligence from them. -By the boat we received a ft»*H 
ftrfjply or <Lur, fuflSciifnt fo* thfe ebnfumptfcm of tw* or three 

Wednefday. 4th. The Commodore, who was naw * gr*at way 
a-be^d of the fleet irt fearebof land; alien A. W. fcoifled the fignal 
that ft wsj teen, but tfce fight oFa Squadron of three? mips •mda 
brigantnie fotm drew out attention from land, with the e*pet>atidn 
that more wotfld fpeedily appea* in fight. Thfo flee* watf eh>fo 
battled* ailfattofet getting td windward of us, and we expected 
them qmikly to beat down upon us, and that a few hours wouM 
deeMfe the? evenfa of rhU meeting, frfcfftidiatety all our boxes, 
bed*, &e. w*re taken b<*lbw, the deelts cleared foraftfow, and we 
^waiting at times iri expe&atiori of being removed into *roetbfr 
Hate of tiial. However, m the midft of t&e tonfuftofl, in pre- 
paring fbt an engagement, moft of u* found opportunity tb 
fcffemble, and commit om-ielVfes to the Lord by prayer and 
fupplication, wi»h peculiar cempofure, as the myftetious Way of 
tbe Lord with us on the great Water, teemed to I peak, " Be ft ill, 
and know that I am God/* At three P. M. they difcppeared, but 
fevetalwerc the conjeeWesrefpccVng this, *• fome imagined that 
k Was only a manoeuvre fo* thfepurpofe of bearing down uport <n 
in the night, fo that trie chefts, &c. remairted below* and tbe 
people under arms, 

Tb* land ttow was clearly v4ffbTe, lflSnds of Corva and 
Florence bearing S. E; and towards them we fteereo' out couffe, 
being about twelve leagues diftart. The fight of iflands fixed in 
the ocoam by the almighty Archite&, affords a grand and pleafing 
fight tb thofe foeniigbtened, *s to behold the tttmitrt tfthel.Gpd 
m the grtat deep, and with us who were tidt inda*ged with a *iew 
«rf land for ntany days. Sotfl tfafc M4nH are *«gb, but tfeat ef 
Florence is the higheft, and feparated from each other by tbe fea, 
about three leagues* from what 1 could conjeCkire. 

Thurfday, 5th. We had reafon to he tbanfctbl far another . 
ni^bt'S trahquiih'ty, as we were not m4erwpt<td by the ftrattge 
fleet, but permitted to contirme our courfe. 

Frkky, 6th. This was tbe firft day that we Wete, Ibt&fy <p^- 
ing, in want of bt«ead, though we had been cempeUed to have 
only two meals per day : fc<*t the icindftefs of our OpWn arfd 
officers was the fame, as they put themselves on^the fam* allow, 
ancie, arid we were convinced tkvt if they had pofleffed k to give, 
we fbduld hate prtaken of it* Mrs, Gregory barring "littler Ebe- 
aitaer toiwddc, d»riog ^ fcttg a v#y*fg* } «nd Mrs* Jonca harthg 

Digitized by 


the fame ditty to perform in the brig, felt 0»f trial the mot 
fcvere. Knowing the fcarcity on hosed, we could no; take the 
liberty to a (k *or food, and my wife retiring to reft under the 
painful fenfatiorvoi hunger, through the child's fucking all nighty 
flic has occasionally fainted away with weaknefia by morning. Yet 
the Lord gave flrenjjth Efficient for the day, pteftrved in every 
ftate, and in every tr}*I made a vay, far our escape. The (ubdirutb 
fcrbread, called fennea, of which we now partook, isawhtt 
root, which grows in South America* the juke of which L fatal 
poifpr^ to cxtra& which they have boi kilns to drv ai»d pr fs the 
feme from trie roof., which is then. beat as Ima ia^faw-d-ilt, when 
it is£t to eat, but exceedingly dry, and a fmali quantity or thai 
l*outh will immediately dry up ail mojftute. 

For our break faft thU morning u was boiled like water-gruel, 
toea* with coffee, and. at dinner peift&ly dry. 

Saturday, yth. The wind continued favourable* but in confe- 
rence ©t our neceffitous (late, and that of the poor teamen, 
which, was ftill worf'e, we were concerned at feeing the little 
prog re fs made by the Commodore. It wa* daily aflcrtcd, tfcat thai 
peculiar pecuniary advantages arifmg from. hi* bang out at fea, 
was the caufe of our d«lay, which Unfavourable opinion, Ikar, 
was too often confirmed* 

Sunday, $tb. Hitherto the Lord had continued to uaour gofcel 
ordinances on this day, and favoured us with many cojniortable 
inoments. . The wind now (htfted againft u$, which made fume 
ifnprefljon on our minds. 

. Monday, f^h. In the night we wejre awakened by the roaring 
of the wind, and violent heating of the fea again!! the £b^p: the 
ftern window, under which 1 slept, being iorced open, every 
fjbing was Mattered about us till I. got it fli.ut ; chairs, tables, &4 
in the cabin, were, going from fide to fide, and the water pouring 
in at the ports, rolled in the fame manner, during w hick time wo 

iad enough to do to keep ouxfelvcs and child ten together on thai 
cd. At three, the gale blew with violence, all the tails and top* 
p&ds were (truck, and the frigate lay to. At day light, the ocean 
jprefented a tremendous, grand, and awful fccne; the fea ran 
mountains high, and appeared ready to fwaJiow up all in to 4aa 
Bofom; but wcknew safety to bc oftfo Lord. If manners may 
lea fatisfied refpe&tng fheir fafety, from i>k* knowledge ol their 
/jttps being found, much more may the. man who U intertfted io 
Chrift, to .whom the language of fcripture U appli-d : 4< Happy 
nrt thou, 0 Israel, who U Uke unto thee % a people mved by tit 
Iflri" ^ . . , * 

This gale djtfperled the flee t, not a fingl* (hip was in fight, an 4 
ve entertained fears for the fafety of our Ar/cihreji and Siitria in 
jbelittje V>rig : we aLfo fuppoCed that we ihoula prooe -d alone tar 
|te .remainder of our voyage^ ayf our Captain could noA toll what ' 
courfe to fteer in order tQlall in with themj men were* futioned 

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148 JOURNAL or A. 

tt the maft,head toMc out, and in the eoorfe of the day four far! 
were feen, towards which we (kaped our courfe, and before it w» 
dark faw feveral others, when the Commodore fired a gun, and 
aJteredhis cou/fe : a brig, which we taw a great way to leeward, 
prevented us, however, from reaching them; our Captain bore 
down towards Her, and hoifted^he fignal for her to fet Cail, when 
fte hoiffed the fignal of diflrefc, and on our approach informed us by 
the fpcaking trumpet; that (he was very leaky, (hipped much water, 
wid was fo much damaged in her malls and rigging, as to be able 
only to fet her fore-fail ; the fea ran too high to get out a boat % our 
Captain hoifted a lanthorn, as did (he alio during the night, and 
kept as near her a prudence would admit. Greaj fears were enter- 
tained refpeaing fome of the fleet, and Captain Carcao was much 
diftreflTed. The (bip f s company experienced this day an additional 
trial, as, through our reduced circumftances, they were put upon an 
allowance of about a wine-pint of water per day. 

Tuefclay, 10th. The Commodore was out of fight, but the dorm 
Had now in fome meafure fuhfided, and early the boat was Cent to the 
veffel, when we learned that her bowfprit had fprung in three places, 
the main topmaft alfo was in the fame ftate, and (he had much water 
in her hold: (he was now taken in tow at our flern, and we failed 
after the reft, which we overtook in the afternoon, atidpafled, when 
we were indulged with a view of feveral of our Brethren. 

Wednefday, 1 ith. We faw another (hip which had loft her maitf- 
roaft, and the boat was fent to her afliftance. There Was little wind, 
and that gradually declined till it was calm, which occafioncd mod of 
us great anxiety, and our kind Captain, who had been a father and 
friend in the day of adverfity to us, was driven even to rebellion 
againft the God of heaven : though his natural difpofitiOn was kind, 
lie yet exhibited a convincing proof of human depravity, and that 
the carnal mind is enmity against God ; for, on my coming upon 
deck, when be fpoke to me about the calm, he fpat agamft the 
heavens to (hew his difapprobation. I was fo much grieved that I 
am compelled to notice the circumflance, though with no evil inten- 
tion. I pray God that it may not be laid to his charge, but that for 
hisunparallcled humanity, and many cups of cold wpter fciven to us, 
he may be blefled triih grace and glory* and every real good 2 but to 
confirm thole eflcntial Joannes which are taught in the Bible, that 
whatever goodnef* mortab have to boaft of, yet the fame evil remains 
in the human heart, apd that there is none righteous, no not one. The 
evening profentfd a folemn filence, and again we united in pleading 
for a, favourable w»nd. 

Thurfday, 12. At fix, A. M. we received the wonted blefling; 
tfie fleet began to make progrefs, end we being encouraged to believe 
that our God was yet mindful of us, joined in a tribute of praife, 
Mr, Levefigue and 1 went this afternoon in the jolly-boat to vifit the 
itoihl^ and Slier* on board of the brig: we faw: each other witfc 

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j^eafure, and were happy to find mofiof them well, Mrs. Hughes 
was ft i II very weak, and her indifpofition feemed to be daffy jrf> 
creating : the littls* appetite wh ch the had for food could not be 
fatisfied by the putrid beef and fcanty allowance of water given, and* 
the other articles of prcvifion, black beans boiled in the dirty, rainy- 
water, taken from the deck, and ferinee, were fu rely very improper 
for her afflicted (late; yet thefe only wete provided for tfccm Dy 'the 
inhuman Commodore. However* it afforded us no fmall" pleaPure to 
hear and fee how the Lord had fupported them in a ftate of trial, and 
the risible display of his providence in fupplying their wants. Pro- 
videntially, on their part, the boat went to the French lady N (hip, 
when one going in her, received a fnpply from this companionate 
female, one bag ofbread, another of rice, fome fweetmeats, coffee, 
fugar, with fome fweet bread for the children, befides a couple cf 
fowls, and a bottle of wine for Mrs. Beattic ; and the good pro- 
vidence of God had often fupplied them with fome fmall filh, all 
of which, in their fifuation, were received as manna from heaven, 
Mrs. Beattic was not yet delivered, and Mrs* Hill, after flaying 
nine days, was compelled, on account of her health, to be removed 
R> the Meduta. After converting together for a toon time, we 
returned, in hopes of meeting foon to offer up praifca to the Cod of 
•ur fatvaiion. 

On the return of the boat, fent to the Commodore, I received 
feveral letters from the Brethren on board, which proved that tfcey 
were yet in the furnace of affliction, and that this tedious voyage was 
fatiguing both to body and mind, that hope deferred made the heart 
sick, and that a good word from the Lordauld lift it vp; to prove* 
which, I infert the following letter, being one out of eight, r&at I 
received this day. . . 

•« Very dear and Rev. Sir, September 5th , \j& f 

" I was very much honoured, and highly gratified, with 
the letter fent : it was refrefliing as the cooling dream re- thethi4jy 
heart : but what mud the fountain be which fends forth fuch extol*- > 
rating ftreams: O ! what a bleiOnjr to have € heart teeming with lov* 
to God and man, How like ro Chrift to be ready to forgive injuries I 
4 heartily agree with you that it is pleafant for Brethren to dwell 
together in unity; it is like the dew on Hermoa's top, fructifying 
what was hitherto barren as the mountains of Gilboa: but, oh I 
what it our love when Compared with the • Jove of Chrift ; it 
dwindles into nothing; it is like the feeble light of the glow- 
worm to the blaze of the meridian fun : tatny Waters could 
not quench it, nor the floods drown it ; ftrohg it was as death, pow- 
erful a* the grave. O ! to be permitted to ride in that chariot which, 
he has burlt of the wood of Lebanon, the pillars whereof are of filver, 
the bottom of gold, the covering of purple, the midift thereof being 
paved wjfh love for the daughters of Jcrufalem, Will you go forth, 
Sir, and behold Ring Solomon with the crown* wktrcwiik bis 

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Irunber f cr«wi<W iiKi : lie fers it Wi ; look tt -UsfWefled face, 
k is White and ruddy ; 4et him kifs me with the kiffes of 4ms mouth, 
jbr fc>Ts love i* better than wirre : yes, as Jefus, rr:ru» act altogether 
lovely? in {be pretence of a bleffco* trinity of Angels that -excel 'ia 
flrength, cf nomiral, ahncft cbrrfliaris, *we declare that this h «chit 
betcved, and -this hour friend. 

. Wit, youtate charged by all his Irtvely names, fey all his Wehr 
jircttiifts. by atl hifc fcove-token*, when you are permitted to ride 
with faim, and have freedom *m unbofom vcmr foul, to tell "him that 
there are form- tn the Medusa that are Tick of love: why tarty hit 
chariot- whet a P for months jwft he has been coming out of his place 
with a rcd'to thaflife us. Ccmc, iet us enter into our chamber, and 
(hut the doorabout us, until the indignation *be over and paft. The 
boat 'is a going, fo he<e I -lcfeveaytni lafe, as^Neah was when Aut up ♦ 
fn ifce'ark, byJGcd^ own hand.. 

" the Steward prefent* hi< beft wiwes; All the Brethren ttsd 
greeting to- the Brethren * rd *Siflers on board of the Amazona. 

•« 1 remain, your-V, Ac. * £>AN I£L M 1LLAR," 

Scwn^ter tKcrrettirn^of the boat arrange fail appeared, bearing 
lown to the ftect, and our Captain received orders to give chafe, 
wh ch was done, when {he hoifled American colours, and our heat 
wasfent to bring rhc captain on board. Afterthe ufua-l interrogation, 
we -found that her name was the Murphy, of Providence, North 
America^ <£abr« in Clicks, ftom Lilbon. Captain *Gsrcao putchaJcd 
a fmallh4gt>rwine, and would hate aflfogot hread, f bathehad none 
go tpare; ne fen f, "however, a&out cwenty ♦biftuits to *be females, 
Whtch uroved highly acceptable. The Nvindhe^ngflrong and? fatr t in 
co/fecjuence of the delay occafioned by this vcflfcl, the ^floet was eut 
of fight. 

Friday," rath. The w^nd Mew powerfully hut fair, whkhnot«only 
penetrated my ear bfjfh can, whtm, in reviewing-fisy journal, 1 faW 
that never once frton the time of <o»r capture had we- held a prayer- 
meeting upon pari iciflar oceafiona, rbnt'our rcquefl was granted, and, 
that what' we^fo^d j\ct rtct rvtd was, a* ^feiih -the Apoftie, bt&mewc 
faked Itot. "lowaids evctrmg we > perceived a (hip in -dfftrefs, and 
Were compelled to remain nearher aU at£ru,-tilUhe' fee- abated-, fib as 
with fafety tcrfend' the-hoat. 

. Saturday,^ ^trfT The'w.iiM having decceafed, early in the, morning, 
the boa t was font- to! this 1 (hip, wbch was mweh damaged in her matt* 
and riggin2,"»wrn4e : her hull remained; found. -Some aflifla^ce was 
givers and we proceeded flowiy, tiH the fr>et, byiO A. M. Avaa 
teen fiom the maft-head. ^Receiving fbme prhrate information^ the 
(rate oftour fluip, in eoffetjuence of the ^g*le, « ind that the huee -of 
the head and gripe had toted off from the hows fix inches, Brother 
Letfefqueand I 1 went to furvey the fame unnoticed^ 4eifl we fbbuld 
alarm our wives ; we found that we hod -been lightly informed, -hut 
that nutans had been -trfe<r>«o 4e«p tam^Ugetker, . ym$ that another 

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gale muft carry the gripe wholely away, and wc were glad we drew 
ij;gh our designated pjrt. 

Suddenly we p« rceived all the fleet in full fail, turned back and 
coming to meet us, and apprehenfions were entertained that fome 
her fleet was in purfuit of" them, which however was not the cafe. 
As we failed through the fleet, in pa fling the Poflillihto, Captain 
Rubfen hailed us, and afked for fome* medicine. The boat was 
accordingly Tent, and our kind Captain, who knew in fome degree 
the fituarion of our fifteis, fent them two fowls, fix bottles of wine, 
and fix of brandy, fome lugar, and a fmall keg of Brazil rum. A 
fupply like this, in their fl ate, muft have proved acceptable at any 
eriod of this voyage, but mote fo at the prefent time, and we ac- 
nowledged the hand of God in it. When the boat returned, we 
learned that Mrs. Beatiie had been delivered of a fon, and was in a fair 
way of doing well. We were much rejoiced at this news, and faw a 
visible display of mercy even in the return of the fleet, as by it they 
were relieved, and we received this intelligence. Doclor Turner's 
Utter to me upon this occafion, is more exprcflive. on the fubjeft, 
which 1 here infert. 

" Postillihu De Amerique, Sept. 17 th, 1799- 


*« YOUR {hart and kind note of Saturday I received, 
and am happy to hear that I have a place io your memory, and I 
doubt not but that I am alfo remembered, when you approach the 
throne of grace* May the Lord grant I may experience the benefit 
of your prayers. I was happy to learn that you and your family were 
in good nealth, and I hope you continue to enjoy the fame valuable 
bie fling. 

** You would, no doubt, be all highly pleafedat hearing that Mrs. 
Beattie had been fafely brought to bed. 1 am happy to have it in my 
power to lay, that both {he and the big boy are doing . well, and I 
hope he will be an additional one to our fociety, on our arrival in 
England. I am in good health, Mrs. Hughes continues weak, but 
I hope will be better when {he arrives at Lifbon, a period I flatter 
myfelf not fardiftant. The reft are all well. Time will not permit 
me 10 write much. I truft you ftiil find the Lord among you, blefling 
and doing you good. I truft wc do the fame, and what he fent us on 
Saturday was not a fmall token. We could not but obferve how 
that day's providence was cleared up to us. We felt ouifelves not a 
little diftreffed at having not only to lay to, -but to lofe. ground by the 
delay, which the {hip you were after, occafioned. But 4 shall not the 
Judge of all the earth do right?'' It was a way by which He would 
fupply us with what we ourfelves thought we ftood in need of. If it 
had not been for that {hip, it is probable that we had not come near 
enough to have hailed you, and if fo, thofe very articles with which 
you fupplied us, muft abfolutely have failed. May we not, from this 
jnftance, expect that even in time God will clear up many difpenfa- 

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tions of Provide™* with us ; and Ample as the above circiimftarrre " 
may appear in the eyes of the world, what a call is it to believers to 
exercifc faith in God, and commit into his hands all our cares and 
concerns. He hath faid, ' I will never leave thee nor forsake thee* 
but in fix troubles, yea, in feven, I will he with thee, and furely do> 
thee good. Let us be no longer faithlefe, but believing. Remember 
me to your fpoufc, and all the Brethren and Sifters* 
•* I am, dear Brother, 
<• *» Your's fincerely, 


The wind was now very favourable, and it was expeded that we 
fbouid reaph Lifbou in a few days* 

Wednefday, 1 8th. At 3 P. M. an unufual noife of joy took place 
throughout the Ihip, when, on enquiry, we heard the welcome news 
that terra firma was in 6ght : but, after two hours had elapfed, the fup- 
pofed land disappeared. We agreed this day to prefent a letter of thanks 
to our kind Captain Garcao, forhis humane attention to us. We ac- 
cordingly did, and delivered itinabody, when, on his receiving it, and 
underftanding its contents, he returned his fincere thanks,' with this 
observation, u that he did not merit the refpefr which we had (hewn 


" Hokourid $ik, dmazova, Sept. l$th, 1799* 

*♦ WE, a part of the late captured Mi (nonaries, pad en- 
gers in the (hip Duff of London, impreffed with a grateful fenfe of 
your unparalleled kindnefs manifeftcd towards us, and your unbounded 
attention to our wives and children, fince we were received on board 
of the Amazona, humbly pray your acceptance of this feeble, but 
grateful acknowledgement of the fame. 

" We entertain a higher opinion of your honour, than to believe 
that a multitude of words arc necefTary to exprefs the fame, to your 
conviction. Be affured that We retain a grateful impreffion of your 
. humanity and kindnela; and confider you, as under God, the inftru- 
jnent of our prefervation, and (hall believe ourfelves bound by every 
fenfation of love, to tranfmit to the lateft pofterfty, in our native 
country, the memory of a man whom we cannot but efteem, and pray 
that the Lord of heaven and earth, the giver of every good and .perfect 
gift, may return it fevenfol<T1nto your Honour's bofom. 

* So pray your Honour's rood humble and obliged fervants* 
«' William Qregory, William Soddy, 

Peter Levefque, James Reid, 

Tofiifla L. Vardy, Jofcph Cooper, 

John Levefque, Griffith Parry, 

Waker Hawkins, John Guard. 

" P.S.We humbly requefl you to prefentour mod grateful acknow* 
ledgemenis to M. D. Mint and Senor Naronha, for their kindnefs, 

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liberality, aijd attention to us, and our thank* to all your officers for 
their politenefs." 

" Franmco de Borja Sallama Garcdo, Capitan de Mar 9 # 
Gverra, e Commandante da fragate Amazona" 

Tburfday, 19th. No land was in light in the morning, but when 
the day advanced it was again reported that it was feen 2 our expec- 
tations, however* were difappointed as brfore. At fix P. M. our 
attention was arretted by the fight of fix firange fail, which feemed to 
have a defign of ftirrounding the fleet in the night : our Captain now 
appeared more alarmed than ever be was before, and we concluded 
that none of us would enjoy any reft during thit night. At eight 
o'clock the Commodore hoifted the night- fignil to prepare for action, 
and the ufual fcenes were prefented to our view : we dared not undreft 
any of the children, nor had we any place in which we could put 
them to reft. The ferious apprehenfions entertained of the force of 
thefe fhips conveyed to us an idea that we fhould foon be removed 
into captivity ; in expectation of which we fat with our clothes, 
ready to fliift ourfelves and to remove) if another feparation mould 
take place, in which fituation my wife and 1 remained with the 
youngeft of the children in our arms, while the others by our fide 
fell fail afleep upon the deck. At ten, one {hip crofled the fleet a- 
head, but yet the others did not bear down, when waiting till pail 
midnight, we all enjoyed a temporary repofe upon deck* 

Friday, 20th. Praife mull be afcribed to our God, that we were 
^rote&ed the laft night, and met with tto interruption* At one, P. M. 
from the malt-head land was difcovered, but we had heen fo often 
difappointrd, we thought it beft not to be too fanguine in our hopes* 
At ten P. M. a ftrange fail was very near us, which we boarded, and 
the CaptaiH, who was a Swift, was brought en board the Amazon** 

CttAJr\ VIII. 

Arrival, with ether Particulars, at Portugal; rt-cmlbarkattim at 
JJsbon, txnd Arrival hi England* 

Saturday, Se*txm*i* tift. 

T AND was now clearly difcovered, and beheld by us and all oil 
J^* - * board with pleafuxe, but we were yet uncertain whether we 
ihould reach the port without interruption, as five ftrange fail 
where in fight, three of which we pafled. At noon We were off the 

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rock of Lifbon, amd fome fifhing- boats brought us fclongfidc f >ro« 
grapes, melons, &c. which we received, as an evidence nf the good nt fs 
of oar God towards us. We now met two Englifh Hoops of war, 
when ihe Commodore fent on board of the Spaniftifchooner, which 
he had taken under his Convoy at fea, the Portuguefe colours to ho»ft, 
which they did, as they parted the Britifti (hif s, but afyr they 
had paffed, and the fchooner had got within the fort, (he hoiftel 
the Spanifh, on perceiving which, one of the floops returned, 
and coming near the Commodore, the Captain required of him to 
furrendcrher in his Britannic Majefty's name, and went in hit 
boat on board for that purpofe : the requifitton, however, was not 
-regarded, .and the Englifh {loop ftiil keeping near, and running 
between the Meduzi and the Spaniard, the Commocore fired a 
gun without (hot, foon after which, about five P. M. all the 
fleet came to an anchor, and the Spanifh Captain continued in 
poffeflion of his vetTe!. This was referred fordif* 
cuflion at Lifbon, and ths caufe, I underftand, was decided in 
favour of the Portuguefe Commodore. We all remained on 
bo?rd, and abundance of fruit Was brought from the fhore, while 
our profpe&s became very pleafant, as well as our enjoyments. 

Sunday, 22d. We agreed among ourfdves tha% if we were 
permitted, none of us would go on Chore this day, but unite in 
afenbing falvation to our God in the ordinances of his gtacc, 
which we accordingly did. Brothers Levefque, Vardy, and I, 
preached, and in the afternoon we were vifued by Captain Rob- 
ion and Dr. Turner. 

Monday, 23d. Captain Robfon, Meflrs. Smith, Howell, and 
Broughton, went on fhore, for the purpose of laying before the 
Englifh Conful fome particulars refpe&ing our capture, and the 
conduct of the Commodore, I fhaH only remark upon this head, 
4 that our reception at Lifbon dirfeied much from that which we 
had experienced st the enemy** port of Monte Video, as it was 
fome time after our arrival before any appeared to pay any atten- 
tion to our deftitute i\ate« We had not yet received any intelli- 
gence from our native country, but thts evening Dr. Turner 
brought us ( wo l r n >iifh newfpa^ers, containing two accounts, in 
which we were deeply interefted. and which I read to Brethren 
and Sifters; thefe were Mr. Wilfon's letter from America, rela- 
tive to our capture, and the expulfion of our Brethren from 
Otaheite. From the firtfc we were fatisfied that our captivity was 
J<nown, and the fecond made a mod powerful impreffion on our 
mind?, as it tended to unravel fome of the Lord's myfterious 
dealings with us, and ws each could justify the ways of God 

Tuefday, 24th. 1 went on fhore with my wife, accompanied by 
McflVs. Levefcjue and their wives, and walked round the town, 
which, to us, feemed to be wholly given vp to idolatry , as aljars 
and images, with inferiptions, are numerous, to which the 

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devotees evidently pay adoration as to an unknown pod. We 
Were met by one of the priefh belonging to the frigate, wh© 
accompanied and entertained us in a liberal mann r, after which 
we returned on board. 

Wednefday, 95th. All our officer* having T eft the (h»p. and 
others coming on board. Brothers Levefq^e ar.d I went on fhorr, 
for the purpofe of procuring lodgings, which, after forne time, we 
were compelled to hire at a public-hoiife, which was kept by an 
Eng'ifh woman. For a (ingle room v/e engagd to ray, for any 
time not exceeding a month, three moidores, equivalent 104/ 1.9. 
We thm brought our wi^ea and my children and beds on Ihore, 
and ail the three Tarn i lies took up their refidence at the inn, 
flee ping on our own beds, which were placed upon the floor for 
the firft time on (hore for thefe 1 39 days. We fourd this place un- 
comfortable, and our living, though indifferent, very expenfive. 
Moftof the Brethren were now on Chore, but no fupply was yet 
granted tp any. The money which could now be colle&ed was 
rapidly expending, and we longed for the time of our departure 
from this inhofpitable place and people, 

Mrs. Hughes had been previoufly taken on (hore, on account 
ofh:rfevere indifpofition, which had gradually in created from 
the want of the proper neccfLries of life. She was now fo far 
advanced towards the grave, as to be ab'e to receive but little of 
thofe bleflings of which (he had been fo long deprived by the 
fecond capture, and the inhumanity of the Portuguefe Commodore. 
After (he reached the (hore, we hoped that with proper attention, 
it would have yet pleafed the Lord torcftorc her to her wonted 

Mrs, Hill, who was on board of the Meduza, and approaching 
to the hour of Nature's forrow', on Sunday, felt herfclf much 
indifpofed, when her huftund requefted permiflion to bring Dr. 
Turner from the brig to her afliftance, but wa< abfolutely denied 
by the unfeeling Captain, who was again requefted on Monday fo 
fufTerherto go on (hore; but this was alfo refufed, as he faid 
they were prifoners, and could not be liberated before the Englifh 
Conful came to take cognisance of them. Brother Hill's extra&s, 
from which I received the above, account, gives this farther 
information. 14 After my wife/' fays he, " was denied a requeft, 
fo abfolutely neceflary in her Stuation, her mind was di ft re (Ted, 
and (he pleaded the neceflity of her being fuffered to depart, 
when, at laft, (he and I were ordered to go on (hore, This, 
however, was effected with much difficulty in her descending 
from the fide of a (hip fo high as this feventy-four. Immediately 
upon landing, I was compelled to apply to the firft place I could 
find, to obtain a lodging, which was in a public inn, when Mrs. 
Hill yn continued ill. , Next day I went for Dr. Turner, who, 
according to his uniform conduit, paid her the greateft attention, 
and at half paft ten o'clock at night, Tuefday the 84th, (he was 

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150 journal 0* A 

delivered of a dead child* My partner was enabled to acquicfp« 
in what it had pleafed the Lord to do, and faid, It is the Lord, 
let him do what scemcth good m his sight, and that the Lord mould 
be better to her than ten sons. Brother Broughton and l interred 
the body near the remains of the worthy Dr. Doddridge, and my 
wife was fo ill that her life was defpaired of, and a hafty dttfbiiw 
tion threatened." 

Thurfday, 26th, Our Captain was yet unable to obtain any 
pecuniary affiftance, and feveral of the Brethren were in muck 
want. I yet remained in my lodgings with my company, wiftu 
ing much for deliverance. 1 was glad that one Gentleman had 
(tepped forward to provide a paffage for us to our native, country-; 
a Mr, Jofeph Lyne, merchant, who offered money in exchange 
for bills upon the Society, to pay our pafcge in the packet and 
other (hips. This proved highly acceptable to us, as aboard of 
the packet ready money was requifue before we could be re- 

Saturday, 28th. Agreeable *o appointment I went with Captain 
Rohfon, Meffrs. Howell, P. Lcvefqur, and Vardy, on board of 
the EnglUh packet to break faft, ana fettle about our paffage: home. 
We returned about One o'clock on (bore, and proceeded toward* 
pur apartments. At this time an Englifh gentleman, whom I 
had feen the day before, overtook me in his coach, and informed 
me that he was going to my lodgings, to fee Mrs* Gregory and 
children, and wiflied me to accompany him. To this I confented, 
when, after a (hort interview with my family, he requeued me 
to go with him to a merchant, and when we arrived, expreffed his 
anxiety, alluring me that he was much grieved at what he had 
seen, that after fo long and painful a voyage, Mrs* Gregory and 
her children fhould be in fuch a mtferable fituation, a (ituation 
which he could never bear to witnefs. 1 informed him that 
painful neceffity had forced me to the inn, and that it was my 
mercy the time of our continuance, 1 hoped, would not be long \ 
to which he anfwered, that neceffity did not compel me to re* 
main ; that although he had never heard of the Miflionary Society 
or the (hip Duff, or knew an individual belonging to the inftitu. 
tion, yet for my own credit* and the honour etf the Society, t 
ought -to remove, and wiflied to know if I had any objection* to 
the meafurc, fuppofing that a proper provifion was made for it. 
On my anfwering that I had none, he departed* obfisrving that 
he fiiould fee me again. About four in the afternoon he came to 
my lodgings, and calling me out, informed me that be wifhed 
Mrs* Gregory, the children and me to accompany him to a 
place whijh he had appointed for our reception at ijucnoa Ay res, 
and that the coach was waiting at the door to take us away im» 
niediately. This I communicated to tny wife, who began to 
prepare for a removal while I returned to him and continued the 
cot* vejf* tion. fie (aid that be hoped I would find the Dew.hQufe. 

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comfortable, and that as there was probably more* rooms and beds 
thin I fhould need, 1 was at liberty, on finding this to . be* the 
cafe, to take a friend with rre, but that I had belter not come to 
any reiolution on this head, until we had feen the place, and 
what room could be fpared. I thanked him for hiskindnefs, but 
obferved trmt if there was more room, a Brother and Sifter might 
as well accompany us* Brother Levefque coming up flairs at the 
fame time, I propofed that Mrs« Levefque fhould go with my 
wife, while Mr. Levefque and I walked* Thefe matters being 
arranged, we fet out. On our arrival at our new dwelling, we 
were aftonifhed at feeing it, as it furpafled any that we had feen 
at Lifbon. It was the firft fl^or of a large houfe confiding of * 
(even rooms, five elegant beds, &c. but to particularize would 
appear an indulgence of vanity. He now requeued me to accept 
uf this place during our refidence at Lifbon, obferving that he . 
was certain that Mrs. Gregory and the children required every 
poflible comfort after fuch a diftrefsful voyage, and as far as it lay 
in his power fhould have them. We drank tea^ together, when 
he d/»fired that I would mention every thing which I recolle&e4 
to his fervant, whom he would fend every dav to know what was 
wanted; then requeuing that he might dine with us the next day, 
be departed. Within half an hour after he had left us, a fervant 
was fent with the following note, and the prefents which it fpe- 
tifies. The name, however, of the gentleman is omitted, as I 
promikd to take no public notice of it* 

« Mr. — has fent Mr. Gregory twelve bottles of 

port, fix of porter, and two of fweet wine for the ladies. He 
wifhes to know if the party recoiled any thing elfe in his power 
to fend them. ' i 

« The Rev. Mr. Gregory: 9 

I returned myfincere thanks for the favour, but declined naming 
anything effe; yet he fent a large piece of beef, half of an excel, 
lent cheefe for (upper, and two fervants, a man and a woman, to 
watt upon us. However, as we had not feen any appearance for a 
long time of having fuch a comfortable night's repofe, we foon ' 
retired to bed, and once more flept on a bedftead, which neithejr 
my wife nor I had done for an hundred and forty-three nightf 

Sunday, 49th. This morning we attended worfhip at the Eng. 
lilh Ambaffador's chape^ which is within his houfe, and after 
having heard the Rev. Mr. Hill, the Chaplain, partook inamo^ 
friendly manner of a dinner of our benefa&or's providing, when 
he invited me to breakfaft with him on Tuefday morning. Bro- 
thers Jones and Beattie, with their families, ftill remained on, 
board of the brig, and this afternoon Mr, Howell baptized Mr. 
Beattie 's child, naming him Thomas, 

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Monday, 30th. Mr. Lyne having advanced the money to Captam 
Robfor, a paifage was provided fur us; iome were appointed to join 
the packet, and fome in a (hip which would foon fail in the fleet. 
W e expe&cd fpecdily to re embark, and hoped that by the good 
providence of God we Ihould be able to land where we now defired, 
which we had not been permitted to do before, at the place of our 
designation. Mrs. Hill and Mrs. Hughes yet continued ill, and 
were not expelled to fail wifhus: the laiter, we feared, was too 
much reduced, to encourage -a hope that {he would again unite with 
us in this vile of (ears. The trial had proved too great for her to 
fuppot t •. yet her mind wa< daily firengthencd, and {he was enabled 
to look forward, though not to the land of England, to the Spiritual 
la* d of Canaan, where we hope that we {hall be re-united, never 
wore to part. Mrs. Hilfs indifpofition alfo feemed to predict the 
i;»rne event laft week, but the Lord had vifibly interpoftd in providing 
the means of her refloraticn, which" he fo blefled as to begin her 
recovery. The gentleman who tendered the money for our paffage, 
came and offered Mr. Hill his own phyfician, with any thing in his 
power. The medicine which {he ufed aniwered the de fired end, and 
•v-e was yet in the land of the living to " praife the Lord for bis 
good, efs, and declare the wonders which he doeth for the children of 

Thurfday. Ocl. ift. I went this morning to breakfaft with my 
kind benefactor, who had hitherto provided for us in abundance.* I 
took with me a few odd numbers of the Evangelical Magazine, which 
i had preserved, and (hey teided to afTord him fome information 
rifpeftin^the Miflfionary Society, which he much wanted. Thefe 
were accepted with pieafure, and we enjoyed a very agreeable con- 
verfat'oi'. Some extia&s which I rrad from my Journal gave him 
much fatisfa&ion. He exprefled a wifli that it might be publifhed, 
and that he might be indulged with a copy of ir, together with my 
Correspondence, and what information icfpecling the Miffionaiy 
caule f cculd fend, all of which I in return promifed. He again 
enquired if any ihihg was wanted, and hoped I would not omit men- 
tioning a fingle aiticle. But his liberality had completely put it out 
of my power to name any thing, as we had enough and to fpare. He 
informed me that he had taken the houfe for a month, and would 
defray all expences during our flay at Lifbor:, with the greateft- piea- 
fure ; that if I' could point ont any way in which he could ferve me, 
he Would do it to the utmoft of his power, and if my paffage had not 
already been ft cured, by his interelt, my defire in that refpeft mould 
have been gratified. In anfwer to ib kind a declaration of a ftrange 
friend, in the day of adverfity, what could I do left, or in my fixa- 
tion, more than return him my moft grateful thanksfor his kindnefs? 
and believing that the Directors of the Miffionary Society would join 
with me in every fenciment of love and gratitude, aflurehim that I 
conceived rayfel* to be anthorifed to return him the fame thanks in the 
name of the D iraclor^ of that refpeftable Society, by whom I was 

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CAPTUttO ms*i©*Aaty, &c. *$j 

eogafje^ *ndf that every information tn^my power Ihould ^be given 
on my return to England. Upon this he ffc^ucfted me to takeno 
public notice of wrurfcehad dome* After fpendmS' fowe conffoN* 
able time together I returneti home, and he-protnffed to fee us 
^eTure 'we Tailed. TbatI m»y not be loo 'tedious, : I .bt •nocroe^ 
lhat his kind neTs continued undetiiii»ifhed during 1 our ttav. kithe 
morning, on whrcKhe came to take his leave of 'Mrs. Levekjue, "M m. 
'Gregory and the children, as we left the honfc, I we*tto gwe fome 
Kccojnpeiifc to the'fervanis, but each of them faid they were *oo*- . 
yelled to decline the otter* as Mr. —*— had'been'hetow/and made 
them proflitfe that they- would not receivea^artuoig, 

I am corfftraint'd to make a few '(hot t -reflection* *on *hts «ther 
Xhible.\iu^laj of the % ^dnM tfYroxidthce^^ho m every placchad 
•raifedjir) a'friend in my behalf, fo jfiat we were ytf entreated well 
in the'time.df evil,*' and "goodnefs andinercy followed- us/* * 

Brother Leveftjur, "his fpotife, ami -my family were 'fupported 
• without any cxpence' dither to outfelves or the ♦Society, in;a plwfc 
whereliving was very expenfive« Ircoft me for thetfewdays only*. 
k£fore , I teceivCd thjs .oiFer, < W&ty-1ive' 'dollars, procured 'by dil- 
,poGn£ of part oTtny-wife and child reh's*Temnants of apparel, twenty- 
} feven Ihillings of which was paW^orbtfr three-night's lodging. HThc 
tent df^ the premlfes which we occupied gratis, I was informed <by 
our' landlady, was eighteen mofdorcs, or 2*41. '6s, per -month,- niwe. 
'lhrilings ^>cr bead .irt A the fimify^and t&o for each fervartt per 

I cannot ojntt noticing whaJITonceis-e a Jispfay of Providertte 
^throughout the voyage. It is feaforrable' to fuppofe that the ex- 
penses^ incurred by women %a*ra i: diildren, a^e fafficient to^furrrifh 
*m*oy \\uih'powcTfurargum^rtts a'gainfl the propriety of female 'and 
ffamily Miffionaries. i .only. SiQti'ce* What experience taught us m 
this Afflictive ,proviidence/ W^'were entreated -well fbi" emr wive** 
«fake, them w*4s 'be cJliarlCindnefs mimifefled cm'ae^omit of the 
children. The.'fupport 3t my wife* my • four chiWren*»and tny fePf, 
inducing* the txpences -of her laying-m, '(withontarenrioning what 
mre procured on our .account), coft ljfile more than <rx -gpineas only, 
which we received, from our Captain* at the expence of «hfe Society, 
«heihg part of jhe expence" incurred in ^ providing' for the* table ?at tmr 
♦houTe at Paraguay, where,' before we' lift the place, we amounted in 
nurr>ber,. including tjie children, to nirietren arid our' pa Rage fee 
~2bur months, from'! the So^uth 'Sejis to ^Lifbon, though the cap* 
^ture, although trving in one refpecl," was providential in anotbeV, 
x feeitoginifuv6or ©f the .Society,' as pur conveyance to Europe was free 
-of ' ' • 

I;iha]i ority notice a Tew things, relative to drls country and peopfe, account df my cotinne'd limits,' but as it may appear'fupdr* 
^ftfbu* tofay.much refp^&ing a place fow,d Known.*' -* . 

'lu'Lifbon, the capiul brtNrrtugal, ire fevteral magnificent palaces, 
-churches, %ud •ther public hulidmgs, >Jt5f fiiuatxon, as it'it&r^ia 

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the Tagto, in the form of a crcfccnr, renders its appearance at 
oner delightful and fupcrb , and the harbour is certainly both fpa- 
cjous and fecure. The .city is guarded from any fudden attack, 
toward? the fea, by forts. There arc feveral good flreets, which 
turn ofl at nght-angl- s where part of the late city was defiroyed • by 
the earthquake, one of which is chiefly compofed of filverfmith/ 
Ihops ; but others, for the mod part, are vciy difagreeable and 
ofienfive, from the continual nuifanccs which are thrown into them 
from the windows. There was little here to excite an inclination to 
remain ; it produced quite a different effeft from that which I felt 
when 1 was in South America. The Exchange forms a capital 
{quart, and the aqueducl, without the town, is defervediy entitled to 
admiration. 1 his water-bridge is built of large ftone, and i$ 9 from 
hill to hill, about 15.OCO yards long. The middle arch is fo high,, 
that were the river in the valley, I fuppofe a line of battle flrip 
mignt fail through, completely rigged. Sixteen fmall towers are 
built upon it, and, from its fummit, we enjoyed a beautiful profpeQ. 

The principal part of the inhabitants feemed to be devoted to fu- 
perftitton, and friais of every order compoie a mofl numerous body 
of men, who evidently poflefs that art and influence which are fuf- 
ficient to enable them to retain their port. At the corner of feveral 
Creels, boxes are placed to receive the liberal donations of the feeling 
heart for the deccafed, who are fuppofed to be in purgatory, over, 
which, with the view of penetrating the feelings, is fufpended a 
pointing, rcprefenting the diUreffcd flate of feveral frittering Cnriiliam, 
with the flames flying round them, while they are in the aft of fup- 
plicating the beholder for deliverance, by their putting money into 
the box. for mafles, to be paid fur that purpofe. 

Several images in the ftreet are inclofed and glazed, with lights 
burning all day and night, to which they bow in palling, fey fome a 
number of reheks are placed in a cafe, which are preferred to record 
th* miracles which are faid to have been performed by the faints, 
each of them being a reprefentation of the- objeft on wnich the mi- 
racle was wrought ; as a leg, an hand, a finger, tooth, &c. On one 
fide of a fquart, which reminded me of Smithfield, is the moft holy 
inquihtion, and in the middle of this building is the flatue of Truth. 
The power of the rulers of this mod abominable place, is in full force, 
and eleven Engliflimen, I was informed, were confined in it, for 
being f ee-mafons, one of whom was the hulband of the woman at 
whofe houfe I firft lodged, who told me that fhe alfo had been com* 
mi tied for having a bible in the houfe, againft. which the law is* 
levelled, arid I was told when I landed, that I muft not bring mine on 
fliore, which, however, I did. Their hatred to the facred oracles of 
truth is an evidence to me, that however they profefs to revere the 
image, they deteft it in reality, for if they loved and knew the truth, 
it would mike them free from fuch enmity to God and his word*. 
In the churches, and chiefly at the front of the building, are many 
good paintings ; and to manifefl their peculiar piety ana attachment 

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to. their religion, they have crofles, images of the. Virgin Mary, 
&c &c. There is an excellent market* which is well fupplied wiih 
fiuij and fifli. The grapes are large, and of a fine quality. Horfes, 
though flight, are. lively ; but the mules being furer footed, are more 
u(ed for carriage and draught. The ladies., however, feern to prefer 
the affes to either, as they ride on them through the ftreets, with no* 
frriall appearance of dignity. The country in gereral is mountainous, 
are faid tocontain all kinds of ore, particularly of filver, copper, tin, 
iron, with a variety of gems, &c. &c. but none of the metal mines 
here are worked, the inhabitants being fupplied with thefe articles 
from their foreign fettlements. 1 

-The ftreets abound with beggars of different descriptions, both 
friars and paupers, who equally make a trade of their crucifixes ; and 
on my beholding them fo frequently producing the fame, I have been 
led to fuppofe they were convinced, that by no other part of iheir 
conduct would they be known, even to have the lead attachment to 
the name of a chriftian; 

Lifbon hath been much reforted to of late by valetudinarians and 
confumptive perfon* from Great Britain, on account of its air. The 
foil is very fruitful in producing oranges, lemons, pomegranates, figs, 
raifins, almonds, chefnuts, and other good fruit, and their meat, 
though lean, is tolerably good. Almoft all the? water ufed by the 
inhabitants is fupplied by means of the aqueduct before noticed, 
without the town, which conveys the water over the valley of Al- 
cantara, in a channel in the middle, through which the water runs, 
and there is room enough left for three or four men to walk abreaft 
jliong the architrave, on each fide the canal, which is vaulted the 
whole length. 

1 now proceed to entjr upon our re- embarkation from this place 
for our native Ihore. Molt of our feamen had (hipped themfelves on 
board of different (hips in the harbour; Mrs. Hughes and Mrs. Hill 
being ill, were compelled to be left with their huibands, and Captain 
Robi'on to fettle his accounts, when the remainder waited the order to 
goon board of the (hips, alout to fail for England, Mr. Lyne had 
advanced the money to our Captain neceflary for our pafTage, and 
we who were to embark in the packet, entered into a bond for the 
payment of ihe fame; thus every pecuniary afliftance being given, a 
paflage was provided, and we indulged the hope of foon feeing again, 
the land of our nativity. 

Thurfday, Oclober 4th. This afternoon we left the (bore, and the 
following was the diftribution of our embarkation : 

On board of the Prince of Wa*es packed, Captain Todd— the 
Rev. W. Howell and fon ; Rev. L. Vardy and wife; Rev. P. Le- 
vefque and wife ; Rev. W. Gregory, wife and four children ; viz. 
Martha, John, William, Otaheite, and Ebenezer Gerfhom ; J. Le- 
vefcjue and wife; VV. Hawkins, wife and daughter ; J. Beattie, wife 
and. two children ; G.Grieg and wife; S. Turner, T. Fitzgibbons, 
J. /Smith* Dm Millar, C. Wilfon, J. Cooper, J. Macdonald, 

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*"5>6 , t*»tlTA*,i>*- 4. 

•J: Gnariy J/Hayward, and f. Ypul> MiflSonaries,; D. Smtth; Brf 
'. trtai*, J. Curing,- ju«v a»d W.-GrotiifoUt-fca-mcn. : 

Ob 1 hoard of* the Fortitude, to fowl with the fleet-* J, " fones, w fc 
wdnbree ehiWten; vi*, Maiy* Sarah, and Ruth ; C. Benton* Sw 
•BfGughum, j. Jerrard,, G. Parry, J; Mitchell,, J.' Smith, W. 
Soddf* J. R«i<V< and W. Waters,. Mifa*>aiic$, aod B. Can*, 
ireward ; J. Gflearbead, aod }.. Wcbller, bay i. 1 
1 At fbur>P* M.ihepucket weighed anchor^, and ye I ft the haihoujf 
. of Ufbon^ pffcd the other {hip^.whfcre our Brethren were; wdeft 
them- urrtnosredj * and were foon oyer the bar with a fine breeze. Our 
filiation, through fo many being on bqard^, was rendered rather uh- 
rwjfetl-ahle, but we weie not d^rbed. with thofe/ troublesome 
*armnta^ coektoache* and rats* a* an ©ur paffage. to Europe ; of the 
rtoft, I haVe-rirrown overboard, in ©ac pi^ ^upwards of fevemy, 
Whiclfr'ra^ab&at us^ ai»d we ha*e lwd and, kicked the r«tt* from oif 
dir/beda* th«y pranced <yvoc;u$> .One .nig^ii they, eat entirely tKe 
flcevc and, part of tb.e fide of one of the chtldstns' frocks, „and we 
f^rfd'tfiwi in general di {agreeable, 

' Sunday, We heM> public worfl«p>0R board ; Mr. HoweH'and 
•l^en^ged in the fcriPtceef thp day. Saw two. ftrangcfarl. , 

Thutf&y* tctbu fchrfc^ this*nocning J we faw/ailrangf M, wkich 
"fowfcore dowm and gave u*ch*ce, from the manner in wliich fie 
•ws' worked by ri» mariners* h.was.nearlr certain Che was a French 
^vtteCT; fhexontinuedjth*^ M, but did 

not 'gain tfpon *is, wjrefr "fbe< oeliftfaiihed the chace, and we purfuejl 
■u\it r*#ht cotn*f<*. 

Jrateyyi'ita Saw aaothen ft^nge fail, which, did' not offer to 
romc near, and was foon out of fight. 

SaHittray,*fcthw W-iiid'bkwfi«(k r in the. afternoon it was fogSTt 
HrWh rain. At four P. M. fuddsnly wet^e oifcovered near us thrte 
•£ri»r»cfe' fir!, v'm tmo frigate* and. a! brig,;, the packet'* nYnal w^s 
rto'f!t«d, (lerowrrby owfiowmrrtefiof.warf) xojfee if they -wc re friends or 
^r^i**, wfoem <we -perceived *ha: f thfey were 0 rangers tsa die fign, ; and 
w wed toiaftfw«r*hte>fa*ie;;ut .left it without a doAabf to moft th^t 
' 't»ryi^re"iiie*hrtter. WchBdmot*yeffeeri4a^d^Vut : we^^agerly . wah- 
^tg trtbeifl bulged r WTth'the£g1it,t ©jppe^ing , ik/> view this- nigjit or in 
■•• thefmosnmg, but were -now* eofnpoii<fd,tp k-^enwh* fame.courle as 
: thift,fr^g^<rliipft,* *» if bouftdfrom . the ^fefiredi flwre. . Several fcafi 
were now entertained of our fafety from another cap^mty^ as our 
"fvtU3tienfltt(l>4*s to^fiippofr that, we^houlrl be carried tq France ; the 
wind increa fed andr-blew'rtolemiy*, ibe Tea ran high* and the heavens 
fr^CTTied to pOfTenoVa.dreadfiir rrigtit, .while, we continued ia the iame 
manner ttll if was daik >; ,afetfr dawwief* had completely/ fconred-us 
-itbui thcrr ftghi-our Captatm/pm about the ftip, lhaped: liis cour(e 
-trvward.^the land and efcapedy whemabout tw,o harrs aftor the wind 
and fea abated, th^mooa .broken through, rthe clouds, and we per- 
icerved-ourfekes ©nt rjf daugert At eleven-o'clock- we law clearly the 

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Li*jrd lfgfcs, **d about four A. on^t>«4a^ Qc*^^ 
~pleafure we came to anchor in/F^^ui^haftau**- 

Tbu », t(V th* end of ou*' my H* ^oiftfevpyfigfy^v** qpuJ<L ffngtof meicy 
of judgment* and aftribfc ^Or-y, to- t^e £f©^ o**r satyatiw f 
ftoyr aU dangers- we, were pfe^vejl, aod^r^r^.^/ (jttwuy w» 
Itwidfjfor our estepe; . even dUf^rv»(ii and |^e- Opna pro>a4. |bo fluaM 
ofou* proteftion, a«d Uko tbf Iffat^cs'in iheiv pattafCf. through tba 
Red-Sea, flood* of tiwlcr# hard heme pall on- <#* right ■Jwnd <uuLo* 
f&,~\&W&(rint<xm&meM$ jfriUwied vA> , tilM wc*wetfc *,rfto*qd 
*$iirr to our iva*iv*tlwil f wh?c$,j!n,otoKli©ft€0 to tjw cOfAm^ ofv ti^ 
Lord JefusXfewft lathe reftot*d. jn**., ? " Go bom^ to^ thy-fHUKcU, 
telj them bow thH^th* :I?q#Ukafch. dofce jo* tfiae*, aad Haifa 
^<O^0io,n-oJi tfctc.?'. • - .... 

... ' . ' 7 . 

N T ow^»U we tell to, firiners round, " 
" What a dear Saviour* wc hive found; 
'* Arwl pointtohis redeeming blood, 
41 And fay, behold the way to God. 

* Early this morning w e. landed t and were kjndly received by Mr, 
Macdowall, the Rev., Mr. Wildbore, and the friends at Falmouth: 
in the afternoon I addrefTed the congregation from thai text fo visibly 
accomplifhcd in our experience, 44 He hath done ail things well." 
This, .in pact, we can prove, while he further aJTuresms, that." what 
We know not noW wi fliallloriow fereafter.' r 

The.Bretheren in the Fortitude failed' from Exftitfa; with thefleet^ 
bn Saturday the 5th; (bon after Mf. and' Mb. Jones were called t6 
the additional trial, by the lofs of their lfttte Jtufh, who dtfed'on the 
jpaflage. Brother Jones irrfbrmV me, thar 44 fhc' was HI previous to 
fheir embarkation," but got "wor few heft they were at ft*, which m* 
creafed till Mbndify motnirtg trie? 7th iimstnt; when, > about three 
, o'clock, (he expired, being five months and fifteen days old. Ai twd 
F. W. the Brethren met to improve the event,' read the word of God, 
and give out a hymn, after W^ich'Brothef Jerrard engaged in prayer", 
when the mortal part of the Hitler one was brought upon deck; and 
laid on a mutter of -the cabin window; all thelhip's company attended 
with becoming fdlemniiy, '•hbtMe^'hyn^waspV^fl r our , , and the body 
removed to the gangway'. Where 1 bag pt fand and ff ones were tied 
toiler little feet ' for the pUrpofe i of finxinjf hety Brother Jones then 
grayed, and at thefe wortfs,* • Kow great God^vte'comtiAt the mortal 
part t of our lit fie one to the great deep: 9 a Brother let down the- 
poard, and bid adieu to the remains of the ihfaht Ruth*.'*' 
•Tie (hips-whiclii .we efcaped \t\ coitfe'querice of 'the gale fell in with 
the fleet, and captured lev erat. The Impregnable, Vrhich convoyed 
them, was drove on fttorc by the 'wind aid Ion \ the Foftftudet hoW- 
•cver, with others, efcaped, and all the Brethren larfde'd in fafety. 
» .Mrs* Hill, who recovered from fit'r iMfpofitton, left JLiihon, 

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tj$ ■ JOUEHAl ©T A 

with *Mf. Hill and Captain Robfon, on the 12th of Oftober, and 
arrtved'fafely in London on the 11th of November. 

Mrs. Hughes, Who Wat left alfo at Li(bon 9 died on Sunday the- 
•7th of O&ober, and was interred in the Proteftant burial-ground at 
that place. Mr* Hughes (ailed from Lifbon in the Navigator brig, 
bound to London, on the sift of November, was captured by a French 
privateer, on the 5th of December ; on the 1 5th indant was re- 
captured by a Giiernfev cutter, and on the s ill of January arrrived in 
fmfety at Plymouth ; Mr. Hughes was the laft of us who embarked in 
thefecond Mi (Bon, and was reftored back again to our native 1and f 
to confefs that the judgments of the Almighty are a great deep, his 
ways are in the sea, his paths in the great waters, and his footsteps 
not (folly) known : the living to praise the' Lord for his goodness, 
and for his wonderful works, to the children of men. 

AS it may afford Ibme information at the pnbli filing of the Second 
Edition, to add a few particulars which have fince tranfpired. which 
have any reference to perfons and circumilances noticed in the Journal, 
1 briefly date the following : 

After we parted with the Buonaparte at the mouth of Rio de la 

Plata, (he failed for France, arrived fafe at B— , when Captain 

Carbonelle gave up his command of her ; married, and is now fettled 
on Shore, 

No intelligence has ever been received from thofe of our feamen 
belonging to the Duff, whom we left behind at Rio de la Plata. 

Captain Garcao, after our arrival at Portugal, was appointed to 
command another Frigate, when off a Spanifh port up the Straits, a 
mijCunderftanding taking place between fome of his men and the 
French feamen, many lives were loft ; when on complaint lodged 
againft him by the Spanifti Governor, on his return to Lifbon he was 
imprifoned, and I have not heard if he has been liberated. 
I The Poruiguefe owner of the brig Poftillihio> in which we failed 
From Paraguay, was detained fome time a prifoner at Lifbon, when 
liberated he came over to England, and is at prefent a pnfoner in the 
KingVbench, London. The brig was lately loft on the coaft of 
Portugal, and mod of the crew perifhed. 

The Duff, at the end of laft year arrived in Lifbon harbour, 
where Ihc remained when Signior M— left that place. 

William Greenfield, one of our feamen who returned to England 
with us, has lately on a return from a voyage been drowned at Hull. 


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Captain Robfon, on his return, took the command of a {hip 
bound to America, but of whom fome ferious thoughts are entortained 
as to his fafety, it having been fuppofcd that the £hip on her return tm 
England foundered at fea. 

Dr. Turner, whofe memory will ever be dear to every Mifliooary, 
was engaged as furgeon to the convi&s on board of the Royal Admi- 
ral, died foon after his failing from England of a fever, which carried 
off many of the convi&s. Six of the Miffionaries went out in that 
fame fhip for the South Seas* all the others, except Mr. Ben torn, are 
yet in their native country. The Author being engaged as a Mifliona* 
ry in Ireland the laft fummer. it engaged this alio under the General 
Evangelical Society of Dublin* 

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Zjm jhavgk ribs North jtf Marti, 

Evawijgelfeal' iS^ieiy df Ulster, 

In the Summer of theJK&r M&bt ' 

Containing some' interesting Particulars relative to the State 
of Religion in that Country, Success of the Gospel, &c, 


Jttnrtnt Puachtr of ikt GosptL 

TN presenting the following extracts to the public Tome apology 
**■ may be thought necefTary, as it would certainly have appeared 
with £ better grace from others in a more exalted fphcre .- but as it 
hath pleaied tbc Almighty fome times to work by the weakeft means, 
and to leave on record fo many inflances of this truth, I am led to 
fuppofe, that even in this day, the grandeur and dignity of mortals is 
not ftriclly neceflary to aid the Lord in promoting his own glory, by 
the inflruments and means which he is pleafed to employ to accom- 
plifli bis own purpofes and promifes, in turning finners from darknefs 
to light, and from the power of Satan to God. 

On reprinting my Journal of my Miftionary Voyage, many of 
my friends thought there would be no necefltty to print the names of 
the numerous fubferibers who- condefcended to fanclion my work. 
And as, on my return from Ireland, fome particulars of my Miifionary 
Tour in that country appeared interefling, and hoping that through 
the divine bleffing, that fome good has been done in the name of the 
Lord Jefus Chriff, it was thought that even angels in heaven rejoice 
•tthe cnlargemeBtof the kingdom of Chrift, that at leaft fome of us 

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*n earth would not ro&fc to >mki ite harmony, raife s long aC 
* profpeft of the tared** of that kingdom whkbis to have, ro end. 

Tne lone; negle&ed Rate of religion in Ireland fureJy demands faaae> 
afttemiotr from thofc who profrfa to have, at theobjeft in vew, dm 
coiWerfion of fionw. Will not (hat declaration of the Son of Qo4 
flare us in the fece, The ehMdren oftkm world are vmer in thdr 
generation than the children ef tight When it is refledel (hat an 
rfland fo near to England, under the fame government, wberc tho 

Sofpel is tolerated, but where fo many tnoufands are under he grab 
arkuefs of fuperftition, and have never an opportunity of one* 
hearing the glorious gbtpel of the grace of Goo; means hull been 
employed and have proved fuccefsfbl to anfwer a political puspotc* 
The civrl fword has made rebels ftihje&s of King George, aada new 
century is ufhered in with a new onion. But, alas I httje hat. been 
dqne in England to extend rn Ireland thetarritory of ChrtjPs king-* 
dom, or bring fpirttuat rebels by the fword of tha fpirit to tfce feet of 
Jfefus, or to bring about a onion with the Son of God. 

Every fubjeft in the kingdom of grace wilt deubtlefs rejoice at the 
eftahtilhment of the Evangelical Society of Dublin and Ulfter, whom 
Cod hath fo highly honoured at to be tnftrumcetal in unfurling thf 
frforious Banner of the Croft of Chrift among tpeir coantryawn, and 
tnatthe work of the Lord hath profpered in their hands, ^aad as k 
hath pleated a gracious God, fince my retwro from the SoffcV Sear, 
To highly to favour me as to be engaged (o preach Chrift and him 
tnicified, under thefaȣtion of fo refpecWblea Society. Afaw ex- 
tracts from my Tour being recjuefted I fubmit (he following praying 
the Lord to blefs the fame, fbr the crfcouragetnent of aH engaged in 
treading the Gofyel, and inclining others to unke fn the ftnw work* 
The Lord having opened a door m hts providence fbr me to go to 
Ireland, believing ft my duty to engage.- On TWfday, June 10^ 
1800, I left London with the Rev. Mr, Cooper, whorhe lafcyear 
had been engaged in Ireland, with the greateft profpeft of abundant : 
fuccefs. — We embarked at Holyhead, and arrived fafe in Dublin on 
Saturday the 14th, where we were krndly received by fevtral 
Chriftian friends, when after preaching on Sunday and Tuesday at 
IHunket-ftreei chapel, on Wednefday morning left Dublin, to go 
Into the North, being engaged under the Ulfter Society. 

Stppt at Drogheda, and having letters from a gentleman in Dub- 
lin to the Mayor, I applied to him for the ufe of the Town-hall, to 
preach in, which he Very readily tendered, when 1 engaged to preach 
on the morrow-morning and evening. % 

Thurfday, 19th. Preached agreeable to appointment; mo* of 
die congregation Were catholicks ; in the mprning the auditor* 
were hot more than 200, but in the evening it was much better. 
This city and fuburbs isfuppofed to contain 30,000 fouls, and from 
what information I could obtain, not above one thoufand jprofeflied 
the Proteftant religion, and fhat in two parilhes; butafewmikt 
l&om town not one frotefttttfilmity itfded. 

j6» EXTRACTS Of A TOUit Tutor** 

i -* FridaJ, *cth. Left Drogfceda for Armagh, whefe T arrived 
fcy mne* o'clock, and met with a heaity reception from a 
*;alous frvantof Chrifr, the Rev. C. H, ar wb<>fe ho.ufe I re- 
torted, vho with (everal lively friends of the golpel were come 
H> fee mr, gave me the u<uai Mutation. Wefcr/me tQ Ireland* 
' Saturday, ttfh Early thta morning mounted a hotfe, ard rode 
with myvajuable friendaMr. and Mrs. H. to attend a preparatory 
fccramejtal fervice at TafTafch, agreeable to the rft btiuVd older 
of the Seceding Prefbyterim Church, which was here attend- d 
to, r>n Thurfday, a* a day of humiliation, Saturday of prepa-ra'ton, 
hnnd »v of ad mini ft ration, and Monday, a day of thankfgfvipg; 
two ferrnons, eachday* A Mr. H. preached the firft fermon 
i>n thia tlav, and 1 the fecund; a large congregation had affembled, 
and wetnjoyed a good opportunity. In the even ng I returned 
to Arma|H, having to go another road on the morrow. 
* SuncUv* fur y this corning rode with a warm friend of the 
fofpel ♦* Mov, i< having ,bcen given our before, a number of, 
people bad col ected and were waiting: a field was pr-curcd, to' 
arhich ss 1 walked fome hundreds followed, ' A table being 
placed ander the (hade of fome large trees at the back of a garden, 
awd tht people being felted on the graft, 1 began the worfhip of 
Cod atftvis place. It pleafed the Lord to give me much liberty in 
jrcy cwfHoul, and ItruftVtiie presence of God was evidently felt, 
and tkefoltmniiy that appeared gave me much pleafure. A num. 
ber of Englifb military officers,, who /rood a,t the top of the flreet, 
followed the people, and a number of ladies who came to hear, 
lent for chair a from the town, and gave every Heady attention, 
3 be congregation con ft fled of about 1000 people, and more fo- 
aVmnity 1 fcarce ever witneflVd. A chimney in the barracks at 
our baek ought fire, but to our furpnfe only a part of the officers 
JeA the field, and who returned again when extinguifbed. After 
;J had engaged near two hours and an h^Jf and conc'uriea 1 , but 
{ fl>e people requeued me. to preach t<> them again, which 1 agreed 
lo> hut as I was engaged in the evening at Armagh, 1 could only 
-give half an hour between the morning and afternoon feivire, when 
I renewed the worfhip, and concluded at four o'clock, mod of the 
people having been in the field five hours. Br fore feven o'clock we 
rerU'ncd to Armagb,vv h*n 1 r?e4ched to a full hpufe, in my wor- 
thy friend's mxciing, alter t wh»ch when I retired to reft, I found 
myf;*U much fatigued by fpeakmg and riding, but much ftrength- 
eneff in my own- foul, and defire to be very thankful for the 
'b!cffinjg$;of this day. . 

Monday, 13d. Kode this morning again to Taffagh meeting- 
. fconfe, (to unite with the Rev. Mr. H. the miniftcr and congre- 
gation, on the concluding d*v of ihe iacramental occafton. Mr. 
JH. of Armagh and the Author preached; the congregation was 
large ; enjoved a comfortable and hope a profitable day. After 
the fcrvkc it was given out, that I Ihuuld preach on Wcdnefday 

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evening *t Keady, in a field, and in the evening I rturncd to 
Armagh, m i 

Wed lefdav, 25th. Rode to Keadycwith three zealou Minift^ra 
of ihe gofpcl, h<-re wc found the people wailing. \]e entered 
up >n ih»? w» rfhip in a ruld, the Rev. Mr. II. ga]e oui the 
pfdm*, Rev, Mr. R. Curate o£ Drumeree prayed, and he Author 
preached. A fyirit of hearing was very evident, anl the Lord 
favoured me with much liberty in my own foul. 

Thutfday. Preached at Arnngh, Friday at EUckwrter town, 
und-rr a large cart-houfe. lhed, and on Saturday afteiipon in the 
Prelbyterian Meoting.houfe, at Rich Hill, and retorted to Ar- 
magh. , 

Sunday, 24th. Early this morning rode to Drumhilery, arid 
preached in the Meeting*houfe green, the fyfceting-tyufe beiqg 
/hut againft mr, to about 5OO people, after which rod^ to Middle 
Town, and at three o'clock preached in a large yard ta about the 

; lame number, many of whom were Catholicks ; whci I rode to 
Glaflough, and again preached to about 2000, in a |irge fquare 
yaid. At each place the people paid the greateil attrition, and 
feveral, at each place, walked from town to town When I 

' cn gaged 10 preach again on the mo/row, which 1 dd in aa or- 
chard near the town. Lodged with a valuable irient of the gof- 
pel, Mr. M. 

Tuefday, July ift. The annual Burgher's Allocate Synod 
be ; ng held this day at Monhagan, 1 attended, and was happy to 
perceive that the violent oopontion manifefted at the iaft xneeitog 
againft the Evangelical Society, had nearly fubfidcd ; inthc evening 
1 preached in the Preibyterian kirk, to a large congregation. Qa 
Thurfday returned to Armagh, and on Friday evening rode to 
the fmall town of Kellyleagh, and preached in a field to a imail 
congregation of not above 200. 

Sunday, July 6th. Preached in the fame field at Moy agreeable 
to my engagement ; at eleven o'clock- began the firft iervice, and 
with three quarters of an hour's intermiffion, between the morn- 
ing and afternoon fervice, we continued in the field tiLfour 
o'clock ; upwards of 10OO people attended, and this field truly 
appears ripe for harveft. A fubfeription is now entered into to 
build a chapel, and the ground procured. At fix o'clock, on my 
return home, preached at Black water Town, after drinking tea 
at the fame place with Efquire J, and family, returned to Armagh 
by ten o'clock. 

Monday evening preached in the Rev. Mr. H's. Meeting, 
Armagh, and gave Come account of my voyage in the Miflionaty 
fhip Duff, it being the morwhly Milfionary meeting, a large con. 
gregatton attended. 

Tuefday. Preached ihi a large fione in the Meeting. houfe green, 
belonging to the Quaker's, at Rich Hill, as the key or the Preibyte- 
rian Mceting-houte could not be found,— Hovtcvcr, I found as 

X 2 

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v *w»c1i lifer t}r en toiafon* pulpit i* if it had heftn * wooden «*e, 
and I neer heard that it fpoilt the people's hearing. 

Wedtiftty , rerarnfag to Armagh for feme clean linen, I rode , 
l ftrr Dunjmnoa, and V*e««hed <tn the Prefiayterian Meeting, he* 
longing *t> Hie Rev* Mr. S» who .received me in a very friendly 
tenner, and ^compelled me to iflteepat hi* .houfo.— Agood con- 
^revatmr attended, 

Thurlay. P readied m the Svev. Mr* A*a. tMeetongibou/e, y»t 
Steward Fown, vvtoo *lfo received me very friendly, end the 
hotifc w* aWb well attended. W.a* heartily received under the 
hofyiu/tA toafc of "the'valuable iamiiieiof W. and S. wiih who** 
I lived tie remainder of the week* 

Yrida) evening, pfreaflheacl in fcray MeeringJHoyfe tf>* large 
congregaton, tbc Mimftcr <tf>which, the eW* Mr. jC. . received 
' me krndh A T fter «het«rM»ceit<was<givcn out,*hat i fhould^rearth 
■at CookrVToWn^ttd Ce*a>, *>n Sunday irvceu. 

Sunda*, jolv f^h. Early thi* morning >rc*de /With roy. friend* 
Weffrs. V. to f Cooky's Tewn, when we ja»rived, we Bound chat 
feme oppfifidn 4»^;heenirnai>rfefied «r> my jM»aehtrtg injhe.K.irk, 
' thoogb tit Miuifter wasabfem third**. A I *rgC' majority, how- 
ever, bcvig ki'rty- favour, the doorf were opened, and thought 
"very latfge. f late Wat ^fi^cMcoanpl^tbly lfilled^ ,Tne foldierawho 
were dravn up in the ftreeta were marchrd to attend, and -tie 
pTe/ence tf the Lord we« evidently to he kcwin the falernnity 
that oniv?HaUy prevailed throughout :the congregation. After 
dining with a ffiewd, 'Mr.. D. Several mounted their horfc*, ; a 
'car was filled w*h 4a&rs, and.vae: proceeded towards Coagh, 
where tmny r¥avi«fi> waveilcd onlfoot. we. found above *000 cel. 
lefteo together waiting. At *t he Preflxy terian meeting this, day, 
Waaafaciamef)t«tf#fvioe^cevding to the eiiablifhed C butch ( f>f 
Scotland, and I h*d been en gage dxo: preach on • the rnceafion, <feut 
Under (hrtd«ng that though* both: the ^people and feffions had •voted 
.'lnc-in, imt the Clergymen who attended on thU t occafion were 
^ not agreed, I requ^fted to he exempted, and agreed to.proaeh 
: Without -doors to-day >and unite < w ith them on - the fnpitrow. . A 
tent made of two ears croft covered, had been erected an the 
' Meeting* hoUfe Green, when about five -o'clock we » began our 
tiervke; it coming on o rain, >a< motion vn made to^seach U/ithin 
the Me^trng-hoiik, ^vhen n«ar tv^as ioon as the doors was opened 
J itwiar Jthed, and 'about goooxautd not ente^ who, were *n>t twil- 
ling to let me enter, when the rain coming yet (after Blade, tit 
uncomfortable, I did not experience that liberty in my,pwa 
fcnl which 1 h*d iriooiged myfclf wnhx! ho hopes of, .and 1 taag^u 

Monray it rained very hard, I had given it out that 1 woujd 
preach at ten o'clock -in the 'matting,' hut I did not think *any one. 
'^wouki have attended, at (he time the fexton came to, my lodging*! 
»ndiftioimed«l»e4he-pe«pie were » waiting, whfia I fimnd AaUkf 

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pfyce was nearly filled. I preached, aterwWch the Rev, Mr. C* 
one of the Minifters prcfeot, preached and concluded the facra* 
m^alfcrvice of thie day. Haven giving it out when at Dun- 
gannon, that I Should preach at CeEle Caulfield this evening, * 
toad fcatxe any time to fpare, *ode therefore for tWt nface, but 
abd not atrive by the time given out, and found :the people 
waiting. <St. Michael's, the parifh church, was opened for me 
mn my coming, mrhich was foon .filled, when jI pleached, and 
gave out, that at Ceven o'clock inthe morning (hould preaqh again 
an the &ev. :Mr. L's. meeting, which I did, *nd JCtumcd to 

Wednefday, Breached at MtrkefcHffl, in the Meeting-houfh 
Xjreeu, andoiiiThurfaay fetnff forNewiy, ialhe evening preach- 
ed at Clare, and on Sa'urday^ot to Newry. 

iSunday, Jady soth. tPiejtfhecUbaree timet an eifieU belonging te 
Air. >fi. a warm friend *of the goipel, c* whdfe .hotffcl lod#&. 
.Berth the morning and afternoon fervice waa well attended, ,but 
in the evening a very large ^congregation. • 
: .Monday, JU>de>o W*ti*oppint,a watei^-plai^, aiid pleached 
do the evening to^the, bathers *n iheneceffi^offlptt^ 
in the Redeemer'* blood. 

/ITuefday . /Rode to dCirkel, efier epplybg for tbe JPrc&yteriaii 
iMeetrngthoufe, ,and refuied, obtained a belloaaaiQ announce mar 
preaching in the ftreet, which was done,. feon the people ooltcfted, 
latnil befcml.begtmthe RleWt oftthe .kirk offered ;me the -place in 
3Whtch I ;preached, and received many applications to preacfc 
legain, but my prcfrnt plan would net admit ,of it. Bx>de to 
sCaftie Wi elfen, and preached in the evening tn the Townuball, 
hich was offered, me while I was efkingf or * field* 
rWedndUay. JSet out far Down Patrick, the county .town, 
j*We there was a hcnrf**aec this iday. I found great difficulty 
thereto obtain, a fmg)e perfon who would give me the. Jeaft notice, 
tAOr could I obtain thebeljmin topublMh pwaching, or any niece 
ithat appeared fuitabte. Being much dejected, I concluded that I 
albouldbe compelled to leave the town without Ipeaking a word* 
After (we thought, I refolded in mylelf totry at the left effort to 
obtain a congregation to put on my gown, and walk round Abe 
4own with) my book in my hand, when: fliouJd any be induced: to 
ioHo w me 1 would begin. I did fo, .proceeding through the towjn 
towards the Cathedral, which I walked round; when by thi* 
time about ten per font had come, butwitbin five minutetrthey 
rMicreafed to fifty, when getting on the upper Hep, of the middie 
ipof c,h, I gave out a pfabn, on which a party of foldteraem parade 
twere.imnwdiatciy dtfmifled by theotfeert, and many of Which 
{ aupnded, who with others who cc^eQed* made a much better 
>ce^gicgatipiMhan A I s*^pe#edj . J***? I enjgig^aUhw rc^ueft to 
preach again in the morning, which 1 did at leven o'clocky t in the 
MethodiU Meeting, after which I rode of for BcHaftt Stopt at 

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Saintfield on the road, went to view the (own, which if much de. 
'flrovedby me rebellion; lent for the bellman, whom I could hardly 
perfuade to announce my intention to preach, which, however, after 
(bins time he did, and <n the green ; where the Rebels were buried I 
pieached, and both military and others gave great attention, afief 
which I' mounted my h<»rfe aud rode., for Belfaii, but before I got 
there my horfe was fo fet up that 1 was compelled to get off and lead 
him, and juft got over the. bridge as the troops took their poll at ten 
o'clock, and elcaped being, detained by them all night.. 
' Sunday, July 427th- Preached/ three times, in; the new Sociniao 
Meeting ht ufe, the Calvinift Prelbyterian houfc being refufed. On 
Monday evening preached * here again, when- the Rev. Mr. S. of 
Saintfield came to offer me his place to preach in, and requeiied mb 
once more to vifit that town, winch I pioroifed. » 

Tuefday. Rodo to>Hplywood, preached on a tomb ftone in the 
church-yaro 1 , to about goo people, and rode to Donagbadte, on 
Wednefday morning. * The bellman having anounced my intention, 
preached at the Meeting-houfe Green, in the morning, and at 
Bangor/ in a field, m the afternoon, where, though many appeared 
at firft much prejudiced againft my conduct, yet afterward* gave me 
fome pre fling invitation to come again. * 
fhurfday, July 31ft. This day the Ami- Rnrghers*. Synod was 
held at Bclfati, when their ufual Auti-Chriftian fptrlt was mamfefted 
in the proclamation of an addrefs. . . " f 

Being alarmed at the progrefs of itenerant preaching, and of their 
crofs being in danger, this epiflle was judged neceflary, tc* prevent 
their people from hearing the gofpel from any others' but their own 
-Miniflers. h had been proved that feveral had attended to hear fome 
of the Evangelical preachers — (hat the Clerk of the Meeting at Bcl- 
feft had been guilty of (inging pfaims with them, and that fome had 
fung hymns, prayed iand held prayer-meetings, with fome % Anti- 
Burghers, and were not under the good old furru of Prefbyterian 
Chuich government, which in this addtefs they declared 44 Was the 
only form \ of Church Government delivered by Christ*' The poor 
Clerk was obliged to confefs the ciimr, and on this confeffion was 
again reftored* while rtieans were recommended to reclaim th* others, 
but which 1 doubt will not prove effeclual, — as fome think that 
through the blood and righteouitiefs of the Lord Jffus Chrift, thejr 
will join the ranfomed hoft in -Heaven, and unite in one fong of 
praife with people of different nations an 1 tongues, and that if it is 
no crime with the ranfomed in glory to unite, it cannot be any here'; 
and they appear perfuaded (hat none will be admitted into- heaven 
but fiich 4s are willing to unite with all the redeemed of God, and 
that this An ti- Burghers * fpirit^Will never be found thsre. In the 
evening I preached at BallycUre,' in Antrim, in the Sbcinian 
meeting, but no notice being previoufly given, the congregation wa*s 
but fmaJI. 

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. TUR NOUTS Of | \ I LAN D. % l£j 

/ Fr'day noon. Preached at Temple Patrick, in the Prefbyterian 
meeting, {he Minifter of which .received mc very friendly ; in the 
evening returned to BelfaA. t , ; 

Sunday, Anguft 3d' ' Preached in the Linen-hall Marl<<*t-plice, in 
the worn ng, during which ume a friend) < to »ipe unknown), net 
feeing f.*(isfied with the conduct uf trie f'-flions who ha$? objt thd 10 my 
preach their meeting, *niopofed tothe public (ongrcgatir n. a vote 
©ppofue 10 thc.femons ; f //at the Meeting /tops? should Ce open iu thi> 
Ministers cf the F^angclicnl Society, tphefleter they came to Dc/faxf', 
which was unanimonfly finclioned bv (be congr^ginon, and in the 
evening ... I preached within,, agreeable ' to the fentim<-nts o r the 
people* In Bclfaftihere are. many friends to the Society, who have 
jfnited together as a branch of % the f true, and held weekly prayer- 
fneeting^ &c. which^are well attended. \ ■ , 

f Monday* Left Belfaft, preached at, Saimfeld «igrxeab ? e to ap- 
pointment^ during the p? eat hi r,g .thrcej Kebeli were taken by the 
fold ier** but no diforder took pJ -cf*. .-.[ 
^ Tucfday evening preached at JLUburn, „a« . about to begin wi/hout 
jjoprs, in the, |,irien-hail Market -pi ac^, the gibers , of the" Prefbyl 
terian Church req weft ed me . to preach with»n tHeif kirk, -to which I 
Agreed ; — was well attended, and the, vp^d appeared to he well re- 
ceived ; found fevcral friends in this town, ^an^ tJWt^pea rupees here 
/are truly very encouraging. • Received J^veralpreffm^ invitations to 
(lop all the week but could not complyi being, e-ngaged eyery day in 
different places. . . ; ' . 

Wednefday. Po^e in the morning to ^illfborpugh, it being mar- 
ket day, preached near the markets, a congregation of a.eo6 withdrew 
irom the! market,- who gave a very fleady and qu^et attendance ; feve- 
jat ladies from Lifburn came on purpofe to attend, and a clcrgymap 
who was prefent, offered his church to me jf ever 1 came that way 
again. Afterwards rode to Bally nahinch, thj* town appeared much 
,deflroyed by the rebellion, part pf which is. only a heap of ruins. 
Took a view of the two hills where the King's army and ftebels en- 
campedj and where ihe battle toojc place, and took up my loding at 
a newxhoufe juft cre&ed in the midft of the ruins. The Pre (by terian 
Minifler, at this place, refufed me the Meeting houfe, and I preached 
in ihe Market-place with fame interruption, and perhaps there would 
have been more, but for the= fold iers who behaved with nmch attention. 
In. the morning feveral appeared anxious to hear the word again, and it 
Jbeing market-day I fejj an inclination, though J * was engaged to 
preach as far as. Bamj>ridge; in the evenings wa)kipg»along $he (Ireef, 
-1 perceived a Catholic chapel door open,- %nS\ reiurnipg to my lodg- 
ing, underftariding that no objection. wouliihe in&diB to my preaching, 
J immediately repaired to the chape^.;h5wing?obtaincd a fotdjer to cry 
mv preaching in the market-place ; >I entejedv took poffe$fpn pf the 
altar and tKgan. The chapel was foon crouded. licit much liberty 
in my own foul, and both Catholics tnd ProtefUnts, paid great at- 
tention, and before 1 concluded fevcral were all round the altar on 

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their ineei* and whctt 1 departed met arppedreid rfuctf ftt**1i*<l. 
XrVivcd at Cambridge by (he ap^pohtted tixrie, i nd preached in i fcg& 
full yard, to about 600 people, many of Which defired to h£4t 

Friday. Rode to Rathfry Land, fouridtwd valuable 1 clergymen of 
fhe Church of England, waiting my arrival, Who received me #itf? 
tJeafure. Neither of their churches being fappofed tdbe large enough* 
tjie Reftor obtained the Prefbylerian kirk, where I preached at one* 
o'clock, and af erwards took op my lodging* and fpent fome 
jortable hours with them, both thefe fervant* of God appear to be* 
devoted to the gofpel, and one of them breaches at the foot of thi 
mountains every Lord'* day evening, ana is much bleft to many. 

Saturday, Auguft 9th. Returned to Newry, Caw my worthy friend, 
Mr. B« and on Sunday preached three times irr the Greet, to a very 
lerious congregation. In the evening I fuppofe not left than 1400 
attended, and appeared to receive the word with much fatisftttion. 

Monday. Rode to Armagh, met the Committee of the Society^ 
Ind in the evening preached at Mr. HV Meeting,' havrajj been abfent 
froto Armagh twenty-three day s^ travelled above 240 miles, preachk 
ed jn nineteen different towns thirty-two times. 

Wednefday. Preached at Loutngall, under fome large trees, tfe 
about koo people. And on Thursday and Saturday preached on thfc 
'ficramental oceafion, at the Rev. Mr. ti 9 u at Armagh. 

Sunday, Auguft 1 7th. Preached twice in a field at Keady, to k 
large congregation ; the Lord hath flirted up the people here to attend 
ihe gofpel in a very pleating degree, and 1 felt myfelf very comfort* 
Ible among them. 

Tuefdiy. Rode to Caflle Blahey, obtained of the Curate the- 
cbufch.yat'd, and preached to a good number, ana* gaVe out I ihoulA 
jpteach again when the Curate, who waa prefent, offered the peopfe 
the ufe of the church, arid 'I appointed feven o'clock in the racTnrn£, 
when the teople attended, but this Clergyman had retraelrd hffc 
offer, and I preached in the Town-hall to a good congregaticm. tm 
the evening preached in afield at Glrntibut, on the crofs-rode, t6 
about five or 660 people/ ana 4 On IWfday and Friday preached & 
Monaghau and GlaKough. atid returned to Armagh. 

Sunday, Auguft 24. Preached in the feme field at Moy, to a very 
fatee congregation ; the pebble hcie received the word with pteafure, 
and more regu'arfy attend the fieTd than the panfh churcli. The 
Meeting began here is eVeA'irig fail, and the \>c6fit *Heuibk foV 
jniles rburid. Reached in the evening at Black water town. 

Tuef8ay. Rode to Pbrtadown-4>oih the Rc&or arid Curate ai*e 
Evanjelrcal preachers, arid at the Recicr** hbbfe Hived. At my 
>eqqefl f %>pofinjj that more would attend without than in the 
thufA/preacl^On a gyeeh at the head of the main ffirett 5 a goodly 
liomber atten^i.'. and tjteCtirat'e engaged in bhtyer. 


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friend's boufe at Clair, and early in the rooming to Portaown, and 
preached in the church at nine o'clock, to a good congregaon. 

Sunday, Auguft 31ft. At nine o'clock preached at Glaough, it 
being a wet Burning preached in the Prelbyterian Meetinjhoufe, a 
mile out of town, which was full. Rode to Keady, a gentman had 
prepared his mill, the floto of which was very large, an fo com- 
f teiely filled, that fome of the pillars fell down. A delihtful day 
to me and to many. Several females and men attended at ech place, 
though the diftance was fo great and the day wet, they wated more 
than twenty .four miles before they got home. 

Sunday, September 7th. Preached in the field at Moyo a large 
congregation as ufual, in the afternoon, at Loughall, under (me large 
trees, the church being denied, to about 800, and in the eening at 

Tuefiday, Rode to Stewart's Town, and preached in th, evening 
in the Prelbyterian Meeting-houfe, and early on the morrsv fet ojt 
for Cooke's Town, to preach at nine o'clock in the mornig. The 
Meeting-houfe being denied, I was about to pi each in a gotleman's 
garden, when a large alTemblv-room, at an inn, was offerd me by 
the landlord, when 1 preached to a full room. Returning to Stewart • 
Town, it being market-day* preached on a table rear the market. 
Immediately nearly all left trie market, and about lpOO gav< a Heady 
attendance, and I enjoyed a comfortable time. When, afer I par- 
took of a little' refreshment rode to Cough, and preachd in the 
meeting belonging to the General Synod. 

Sunday, Sept. 14. The Lord having inclined feveral in Fewry to 
receive the gofpel, they rented a large new School- room for the 
-worfhipof God; here I preached three times this da' ; many 
in the evening were not able to get adiriiffion, and were compelled to 
return. The Lord appears to Wefs my poor labours in his town, 
and the profpe& of a gofpel intereli being eflabliOied here is very t 

Monday. Rode to Parfon's-Hill, to fee my valuable trends the 
Reclor and Curate, early the next morning the Reclor accompanied - 
me into the town of Rathfry Land ; the church being ofmed, the 
bell tolled at nine o'clock, and I preached. Rode to Warren point, 
and preached in a field at four o'clock, after which rode to Newry, 
and preached at feven o'clock in the evening to a good aggregation* 

Wednefday. On my way to Armagh, preached in the Prelbyterian 
Meeting-houfe, to a very large congregation, the Minifter of which 
received me very friendly, and fome of the congregation tif a neigh- 
bouring Minifter at King's-railN, who is very unfriendly te the So- 
ciety, gave me a very preffing invitation to come there and preach, 
which after fome time I pfomifed. 

Sunday, Sept. 21ft. Preached in the Orchard at Glallough, to 
about 1000. 1 he morning was rather wet, and it held up only about 
five minutes while we engaged with pleafure in ; our worlhip. Afier 
which* rode to Kcady, and preached again in the mill, it being aTery 

Y 1 

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wet aforbotn The prace wai completely crouded, and I trWl the 
jnrefenee f the Lord wis there. 

Tuefcty. Preached at Kin* Vmills meeting; after the fervice, I 
Hinderftod that iriuch oppofition had been mantfefted by the Mi- 
iiifler onlaft Lord's day, who had told the people, " That if I ever 
preachedn his pulpit he would never enter it again," and he locked 
the dooTd but whrch, however, they ©petted, and I preached before 
lknew\4at had taken place. On WerfneTday preac&ed in e round 
mitl at Hmihon's Bawh. 

Thurfay. At Drumcree parifh church, the Reftor engaging, in 
prayer fc me in the deft, the church was well " attended. This 
zealous Cergymeh and his Curate arc devoted tb the gofpel, prayer 
and exh(?tation meetings are held almoft every evening an »ne -pan dr 
other ofisparifh, and their labours appear to be much blefled. 

Sund?, Sept. a8(h. Thenetv Meeting-hoofe waBs being com- 
pleted, aoiigh the rotsf was not on, opened for the public wor- 
Jhrp of <od. 1 his is the firft houfe erecled for the Evangelical 
Society ^ in Ireland. It was completely filled, and a very cbm- 
fortable&pportunity enjoyed. At two and fix o'clock preached at 

Thurdiry, Ottober 2d. Preached in a Mr. L's. large barn* near 
Keady, which was completely filled, and enjoyed a very comfortable 


SunflV, O&. 5^. Preached a collection and parting fertndn at 
GlaQoufh, .in my friend Mr, M's. Mdlthoufb, which not being 
able to toritain all the people T flood at the door* .when f could ad- 
dtefs' bah thofe within and without; many fhed tears wheH I tokd 
them ofmy departure to England* Preached irl the evening at Me- 
' nahgan \o a large congregation. 

Satuda^Oft. 18. Being about to return to EnfcWd; the next 
t?eek rede to Newryj to bid farewell to thtde a* 'friend* of the gof- 
pel thert. This, vifit was unexpected as they thought I- was gefre 
from tie country, arid the/ appeared' to receive mb with peculiar 
joy. Ifhifc day was a preparatory facramental d*y, among the Anfi- 
Burghes of this pfate, Who hiahifefted the latee old lav en of maitee 
' againft itl oat of the pale ef their churtfe. Several of their memftees, 
' who hii attended my mtniftry, were denied fitting dowo at the 
' facramertaT table dn that account, tinlefs they wtxild make cotrf&fion 
cif the crime, and prornife never td attend ' agjalnu One of the 
i Elders was charged with being guilty of walking through Ae 
"'ftVeet hiVirtg hold of my *rm, artd for bettigTeen one* e^etriog'sat 
' the Evangelical Preaehirg-houle, in the aft of herptog' wfe tm wdh 
tf»y gfewni whidh wa* confide^ed of too heniotas* a nature to be for- 
given, unlefs, upon contrition, which could ndt be obtained; From 
vrfvat I have feen abroad and in Ireland, of the A«ti-Chwftian Ofcurch 
ofRdme, the Anti-Burghers of Ireland appear to excel them in 
/bigotry arid prejudice, A gt sd old man, now at Ratohfry Lafed 

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was lately excommunicated for going to hear his own fc preach' 
becaufe he was not an Anti-Burgher. 

Sunday. Preached three times to a full hqufe, the people ere very 
relutlantly give me Up, with many tears. I have reafon I believe 
thar the Lord ha?h blefied the gofpel in this town, and hoe it will 
yet prove a blefiing to many. On Monday very relu£tany parted, 
and went to Armagh, and as relu&antly parted with th friend* 
there which I did. On Wednefday arrived at Dublin, o Thurf- 
day embarked on board of a packet, on Friday arrived at hrgate on 
Saturday evening, fpent a very pleafant Sunday at Chefiei preach- 
ing Sunday and Monday evening, when 1 fet off for Lonon in the 
mail, and through mercy was reltord to my family again w:h joy. on 
Wednefday, Ottober acjth, having been abfent four moths and 
twenty days. 


r I ^HE following lines, as the fragment of a captive Mffionary, 
are, after many Jtrisgglea with ray own feelings fubmitted to 
thofe to whom a&one 1 expeft they will prove acceptable, vho feel 
experimentally the truth of that fcripiure, u When one member 
fuffereth, all fuffer with, it." and who •* we&p with thofe who weep, 
and rejoice with thofe whq rejoice." To fuck 1 indulge the hope, that I 
need only fay, they werp written when aod where I fcarce enter- 
tained the thought of their reaching ray native lh ore, a prifoner in 
a flate of trial in the Southern HeinVphjer-e ; but, at the requeft of 
many, who, from my arrival, have defired both by word and letter, 
I confent to their appearing in public, while I confefs that many 
glaring imperfe&iens will be found by the eye of oriticifm, and that 
they cannot be fonorious to the poetic ear. To gratify fome friends 
they are printed ; others, I hope, will not he offended, and enemies 
to Miflionary efforts have no ground to triumph in our calamity, for 

? panting that we havodone little* " The Lord baihdone great things 
or us, whereof we arc glad." 


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h I N E S. 

Writtenm reviewing my Journal, after the Capture of the Buff* by 
Le (rand Buonaparte, off Cape Frio, from Dcuf . viii. a, 3* 

2. * ^fffi thou shalt remember all the way which the Lord thy Gotf 
led the these forty years in the wilderness, to humble thee, and to 

. prove kee, to know what was in thine heart , whether thouwouldest 
. facp hs commandments, or no.' 

3. * Andhe humbled thee, and suffered thee to hunger, and fed thee 
mthtnnna, which thou knewest not, neither did thy fathers know; 
that htmight make thee know that ntan doth not live by bread' 
only, ht by every word that proceedeth out of the mouth of the 
Lord 6th man live.' 

MY foul in contemplation (lands 
To view the wonders of thy hands : 
While I attempt thy way to trace, 
Thjr works of providence and grace. 
When I review thy way, O Lord I 
Which (lands recorded in thy word- 
How haft thou led to make appear, 
Thy grace and pow'r to fouls fincere— • 
Pain wOuW I ft rive to recolieeV, 
And on thy footfteps, Lord, refie& : 
(Thofe ft eps which thou haft trod with me* 
Thro' all the dangers of the fea,) 
In vain I ftretch my feeble pow'r, 
To trace thy hand in ey'ry hour, 
Which has, in thou fanis dangers, been 
Jn my behalf, moil clearly feen. 
That hand which fram'd me at tne firft> ; 
And ftiil fupports this feeble duft.*— 
God fenf h's word to diftant ifles, 
That heathens might enjoy his fmiles.-* 
For this — fo glorious an intent, 
To Southern ifles our Duff* was fent— 
For this, we left, December laft, 
Our native (bore, and feas o'erpaft.— 
But, O the wonders of the Lord J 
Unfearchable, I read bis word J 

* The name of the Miffionary Ship. 

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His judgments ever will be Teen, . 
Paft finding out, by fonsof men!— , f 
When Britain's fliores we did forfake, 
In union on our quarter deck, ^ r r t , 
We join'd to ling— »V At thy.cqmm*nd } 
We launch — and leave our native land.*' , 
Soon did we feel God's mighty powV, 
Which prov'd to us a trying hour: 
M Deep unto deep aloud did call,". 
Waves after waves tumultuous rolh-^» . 
The raging billows rofe fo higlj, ■ 
They taught us to our God to fly : 
He chargM the floods not to prevail, 1 I 
Nor left one trembling heart to fail.— 
u Peace faid the Saviour — " lam near-f* 
" Altho' exposM to ev'ry fnare, 
« Lo ! I am with you — I'll defends 
«« I am your help till time (hall end."— 
The florm allay'd— our fears difperfe, 
And we aflemble to rehearfe, 
With praifes new, the mighty pow'r, 
Reveal'd to us in that dark hour. 
Lord !— I remember and record,, 
Thy faithfulnefs to thine own word ! 
And pray that this may be impreft \ 
For ever, deeply, on my breaft ! 
(Salvation wrought doth not protect 
The fpirits bleftrd with its effeft, 
From tribulation and diftrefs, 
While they are in* the wildernefs.) 
•« To humble and to prove, — God fay*, 
«« 111 lead them by myfterious ways, 
«« And clearly Ihew that none can live 
•« Without the blefling I will give." 
Soon were we taught that trials paft, 
Were not to be with us the laft : 
Frefti dangers round began to fpread, 
But yet thy ftrield did guard each head* 
Our temp'ral convoy being gone, 
Strange ftitps appearM as we fail'd on : 
When one fev'n hours did give us chace— • 
Then were we taught to feek thy face. 
Again thy promife is fulfill'd, 
Thy pow'r and grace again reveal'd : 
That pow'r and, grace we muft confefsj 
Deliver* d us from our diftrefs. 
Again the pleafant iftes regale, 
And cheer the eye as on we kit : 

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Yea, every week, and every day, 
New wonders on the deep difplay; 
Day unto day brings fome new fcene, 
Superior to the works of men ; 
The (hining orbs, the burning fun, 
Proclaim the wonders God hath done. 
The heav'ns declare thy glory, Lord, 
The mighty deep fulfils thy word, 
Whilft we thy children learn to trace, 
The wonders of redeeming grace. 
Thro' dangers feen, we have been brought. 
To fee the wonders thou haft wrought .- 
And unfeen da»gers thou couldft pry 
With thine omnifcient, piercing eye. 
The Cape St. Roque can witnefs bear 
To thine almighty loving care : 
When we beheld the Southern Coafr, 
Thy guardian care was there our boaft. 
Beneath the mighty deep unfeen, 
By shoals for many leagues w'd been : 
At break of day our eyes explore, 
The perils of the fandy more. 
Strong currents, and the boifl'rous main, 
Confpire to force us back again : 
And here detain'd for many days, 
We pray— God hears — and God we praifc. 
This way did humble us, and prove 
Our faith, our confidence, and love : 
Lord, fearch our hearts— do thou appear. 
And let us fee our duty clear ! 
Soon did each heart glow with delight. 
Cape Frio now appears in fight : 
We" then our ftrength hop'd to renew, 
And glorify our God anew. 
A calm is not the fafeft hour, 
That foul's experience from thy pow'r^ 
As this day (hew'd — it prov'd to be 
The day of our captivity ! 
Thisdiy will be remember'd long, 
Recorded by the plaintive tongue : 
No danger fcen— no danger fear'd — • 
No altar for our pray'rs was rear'd ! 
The morn difplay'd a pleafant fcene, 
No boift'ious wind — the waves fcrene— 
The cv'ning clos'd this folemn day, 
Our capture by the enemy ! 
Thy ways of providence, O Lord, 
A? c more than I eari now record : 


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Yet at thofe ways I wond'ring look, 
While I perufe thy facred book. 
I blefs thy name I can record, 
Thy faithfulnefs to thine own word ; 
And lira *1 never could complain, 
Th. t he y e'er fou,h t ,h y face in vain. 

LI N <fi S, 

Written on board of the Prist Bng, where the , Author was placed 
time, with 180 iiakedNegr<^ y m Stowfay, Mareh Sd, 1799* 

O Gracious God, do thou look down, 
On nwytby d«ft, noW hrfttlotk* 
To thee I lift my heart, njy l|and^ 
Now botlndto fowign hoftilelabdsi 
By Bab'Iori waters herclfct, 
By her own fom a pristoer kept ; 
No hatfp— no lutc*-<jari Iwrtbte-fotrti^ 
To tune \hy pfcatfe in foknrn found. 
Tis with a rrtourntfolpiealbre now. 
I-fnpplicate thy face,; and botfr, , 
Ana think on Jdajrs in dtVkain fj^esAt^ 
. t>r in the Duff to Jefos lent J 

That fccred, (hip* where pray'r and pfifi&L 
Thy lid* flock efid daily wife, 
To epve thee glory for thj grace, 
And fupplicatethy friviftng fate. 
Our children round her mads did play, 
A nd pa fs'd their chi bdift boon away : 
Did hfp with joy when praife begtrn, 
And ftcove to join in Zion's fbng* 
Alas! no more tkv Saints patoake, 
Thy mercies on that favburd deck, 
Our Teats of Worfblp now are broke, 
And captors to their enfigns leok. 
Our deareft partners from our hreaft, 
OuV children from our anas they wreft^ 
As captive lead to diftant fhore, 
, Feeing they ne'er ibottld fee us more J 
O God of gface, he to the end, 
Their hofcand, father^ and tbelWfrie^a I 
Check all their foes, and ev'ry fear f 

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Haukab, my fpoufe, I bleed for you, 
My Sifter Jones, I feel for too, 
Your times of Nature's forrow nigh, 
And enemies *ie Handing by ! 
My children, peaceful way yvu. reft, 
While forrows fill my anxious bread! 
* Martha, and John, and Otaheiti, 
Diflrefs my day.--difturb my night ! 
My brethren in the Buonaparte, 
YovT forrows too lie near myjheart : 
With you I'll cry to God nffift high, 
" O turn again Caftivity !'• 
My Sifters dear left in the D o p r, - 
Your troubles futely are enough 
To bring your feeble frames to dull : 
For yovr affli&ions grieve I muft! 
Ready I am with you Co cry- 
si Was ever forrow brought fo nigh?'* 
Alt ye that paf?, but never fee 
Anguifb of foul, now think on me ! . 
Ye relatives, we've left behind, 
Fathers,, and mothers, brethren kind, 
Wyi ye hot pray that we once more, 
May meet upon our native Ihore ? 
Did ye but know, ye men of God, 
This heavy flroke, this cbaft'ning rod,— 
Did ye but know, who fent us forth, 
How would ye weep from fouth to north! 
Z ion's a ftcmb lies foon would fpread, 
Sackcloth and alhes on their head, 
Apd forrowing weep a flood of tears, 
Till hope prevailed above their fears! 
What troubles do our fouls endure, 
While finners and their cannons roar ! 
And we're forbidden to proclaim, 
The glories of Emanuel's name j 
My heart in filence pants for thee, 
To thee I would for fuccour flee. 
Parted from partner, friend, and all, 
To thee, my all in all, I call! — 
How glad Uiould 1 Be now, to hear 
The Biethicxi fay— " Come join in prayfi 
u To Zion let us off 'rings bring. 
" The Lord our God is fov'reign King ! ,# 
O God of my falvaiion, hear 
A tinner's groanings mix'd With pray'r, 


*^ Names of the Author's th^ee children. 

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A*P*NDIX. - *7J 

Let not thy love forget to look 
On fouls that mourn beneath thy flroke. 
To Monte Video now we go, 
Whcie, what's thy will I do not know. 
Inspirit bound, like Paul, I go, 
To fuffer all thy will below. — 
Oh! in this Mount may it be feen,' 
How ifrael's God can intervene : 
That fouls depending on his word, 
Are by his fov'reign grace reftor'd. 
Look on us, Lord, and deign to fmilc 
Ou each benighted Southern Ifle : 
That heathens may. thy glory fer , 
And own Salvation is of thee! 

Written on the Baptism of my Son, 'Ebenezir Gershom, and 
Circumstances attending the same, Sunday, April 1 At h, 1799, in 
Paraguay ; chiejly selected from the following portions of scripture' 

Num. xxiii. 23. " According to this time it shall be said of Jacob and 
" of Israel, what hath God wrought?" Exod. ii. 22. 
" And she bare him a son, and he called his name Gershom, 'for 
" he said, I hare been a stranger in a strange land/* 1 Sam. vii * ia. 
n Then Samuel took a stone, and stt it between Mispeh and Shen t 
u and called the name ofitEsxm&zzR, saying, hitherto hath th% 
*' Lord helped us." , 

WITH all my pow'rs may I make known, 
The merqies of my God now fhewn, 
And to his name give glory due, 
Till endlefs years his praife renew. 
This day I (irive to raife my voice, 
And in his potent arm rejoice ; 
"While I ftlcci my every thought, 
To fpeak the wonders God hath wroughtt 
The tribes of Ifrae! in that hour, 
God wrought falvation by his power : 
Twelve ftones reai'd up, to make appear, 
Deliverance was for them wrought there. 
Samuel in Mifpeh took a ftone, 
1 When he furvey'd what God had done : 

His Ebbnezer rear'd on high, 
The monument of viclory. 
Mofes, when brought to a ftrange land, 
A child reeciv'd from God's kind hand ; 

Z • . , • 

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When to proclaim what God had done, 

The little ftranger nam'd Gershom, 

Declar'd an Alien he had been, 

In lands by Ifrael's race not feen. 

Yet even there he flood to prove 

f e hovah's faithfulnefs and love. 

Now l' t me try to prove the fame, 

On 'diftant Chores proclaim his name ? 

Which through the deep hath fcreen'dmy head, 

And hitherto my footfteps lead. 

Tho' bound to Southern Ifles, I'm brought 

A pris'ner to a Spanifiiport : 

This Continent for to behold, 

Where Gofpel truths were never told : 

But Satan as afov'reign reigns, 

And binds her fons in heavy chain* 

Of darknefs, fuperftition, pride, 

Without one true enlighten'd guide. 

Yet Jefus', my all-conquering King, 

Whofe vicVries may I ever fing, 

Doth here his mighty arm unfold, 

The trophies of his conquefts told. 

What hath God wrought ? may I now fay, 

While I furvey this light to day ; 

And fee my Brethren round me join, 

To fing the praife of love divine. 

What hath God wrought ? may Zion fay, 

To bring us here on this Lord's day ; 

An Ebenezer for to raife, 

And give our glorious Vi&or praife. 

What hath God wrought ? again I fay, 

To bring thefe Grangers here to-day. 

Six different nations, tongues diverfc, 

Who witnefs what we now rohearfe. 

Each view with wonder, and record *' 

An ordinance received from God ; 

In South America difpens'd; 

Through a peculiar providence. 

What hath God wrought f that I fliould fee, 

This favour {hew M to fuch as me ; 

That Ebenezer, mould be firft, 

Of many myriads on this cqaft. 

The little ftranger now enjoys 

Thisordinance by Gofpel Jaws ; 

When I to tell what God'hath done, 

Name him Ebenezer Gershom. 

Abundant caufe have I to raife 

My Ebeneze r to God's praife; * 

APPENDIX, ; t77 

May little G s r s h om loud proclaim, 

The value of a Saviour's name. 

Surrounded by a hoftile band, 

Who brought us captives to this Una 1 ; 

I (land a witnefs of that word, 

" I'll never leave thee, faith the Lord. " 

With admiration they now fee, 

Aftrange afferribly wofftiip thee. 

Thou Sov'reign of the Univerfe, % 

May they with me thy fame rehearfe. 

T ho* prisoners, in this folemn hour, 

T he Lord difplays his fovereign power. 

Lord, who am I, that mine fliould be 

Bleft with fuch love and care from the«? 

Amaz'd, I view thy hand, that we 

From ftrangers fhouJd fuch kindnefc fee; 

Ourev'ry want they do fupply, 

And fanguine wifhes gratify • 

Come, Brethren, join with me alouc?, 

To praife the goodnefs of the Lord ; 

United let us be to blefs, 

The Lord our refuge in diftrefs. 

We each can Ebenezer raife, 

A grateful fong of folemn praife : 

Our God hath loos'd our heavy band, 

And mercy fhewn in a ftrange land, y 


Written on board of the Meduza, on a Sense of God's Protection, 
on a siprmy Night, Tuesday, August 20th, IJ99 9 inclosed in a 

Letter to the Author. 


E fti'll, my foul, call home each ferious thought, 
1 Banifh each care, and fct the world at nought ; 
Amaz'd, behold ! with admiration trace ! 
God's mighty hand upon the tracklefs fpace : 
Myfterious oft, with daggering faith we view, 
His wond'rous works— ftill they are juftand true. 
Tho' clouds and darknefs may his throne furround, 
Judgment and truth are there forever found, 
Tho' raging feas may terrify the foul, 
E'en raging feas arc under his conirouL 

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1?8 APfENDl*. 

Th©' vivid light'ning in its forked track, 
With dreadful claps of thunder at its back, 
Alarm the minds of thofe who've caufe to fear, 
Adore, my foul, thy God that's ever ne^r ; 
'Th he commiflions water, wind, and fire, ? 
Averfe alone to th* objefts of his ire ; f 
But to his own he grants their hearts defire : 
His fniall fliil voice their ravift'd ear fliall charm, 
Whilfl. foft he whifpers nought fhall do thee harm : 
I will fupport thee even to the end, 
I am thy God, thy Saviour and thy Friend. 
Come then, thou dear Redeemer of my foul, 
PolTefs my heart entire, yea take the whole; 
Beev'ry dreg of felfiflwefs eras'd, 
And iri its room thy blefTed image plac'd. 
With characters indelible imprefs, 
The deepeft fenfe of genuine thankfulnefs; 
So (hall my every faculty enjoy, . \> 

Its higheft blifs in fiich a fweet employ ; 
Till death fhall waft me to thy bleft abode : 
There fhall I be eternally with God. 
Prepare me, Lord, for that eternal* home, 
Then when thou wilt, dear blefled Jefus come. 
Yea, come Lord Jefus, come quickly. Amen. 


riNis # 

Skirven, Typ, Ralcliff.Hjghway, London. 

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